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2021-2022学年辽宁省铁岭市调兵山第一高级中学高二英语月考试卷含解析

2021-2022学年辽宁省铁岭市调兵山第一高级中学高二

英语月考试卷含解析

一、选择题

1. Disabled people are not chosen to be disabled. _______, they are not willing to lose hearing or eyesight.

A. In other words

B. On the other hand

C. For one thing

D. As a matter of fact

参考答案:

A

A. In other words 换句话说;

B. On the other hand另一方面;

C. For one thing首先;

D. As a matter of fact事实上。句意:残疾人没有被选择去当残疾人,换句话说,他们不情愿失聪或失明。根据句意故选A。

2. ---Why don’t we choose that road to save time?

---The bridge to it _______.

A. has repaired

B. is repaired

C. is being repaired

D. will be repaired

参考答案:

C

3. Why not try your luck downtown, Bob? That’s the best jobs are.

A. where

B. what

C. when

D. why

参考答案:

A

4. Among the young people, there is a growing tendency ______ money more highly than the quality of life.

A. regarding

B. to regarding

C. to regard

D. regarded

参考答案:

C

5. The Monument______the People's Heroes was built as a memorial______ those who died for the Chinese people.

A. for, to

B. to, for

C. for, for

D. to, to

参考答案:

D

6. Will these vegetables ____________ for four to five days in the fridge?

A.be stayed fresh

B.stay fresh

C.stay freshly

D.be stayed freshly

参考答案:

B

7. It is really a challenging job to deal with people _____ various ages and backgrounds.

A. in

B. at

C. with

D. of

参考答案:

D

8. It is reported that the united states uses _____ energy as the whole Europe.

A. as twice

B. twice much

C. twice as much

D. twice as more

参考答案:

C

9. Many Chinese brands, ______ their reputations over centuries, are _______ new challenges from the modern market.

A. having developed, facing

B. being developed, faced

C. developed, faced

D. developing, facing

参考答案:

A

【详解】考查现在分词和时态。句意:很多中国品牌历经几个世纪,树立了声誉,它们正面临着当代市场面临的新挑战。their reputations over centuries在句中作状语,修饰整个句子。句子主语many Chinese brands与动词develop之间是主动关系,且句中有延续性的时间状语over centuries,第一个空应该用现在分词的完成式表示主动和延续性的动作;表示正在进行的动作,用现在进行时,故选A。

10. . This kind of cloth feels _____ and sells_____.

A. softly; nice

B. soft ; good

C. soft ; well

D. soft ; nice

参考答案:

C

11. ________ that he made an obvious mistake, Jeff went on with his speech.

A.Not realized B.Not realizing

C.Not to realize D.Not to have realized

参考答案:

B

12. Although cats can not see in complete darkness, their eyes are much more _______to light than human eyes.

A. brilliant

B. attractive

C. available

D. sensitive

参考答案:

D

13. This kind of paper was as soft and light as silk but _______ expensive.

A. much less

B. much little

C. many less

D. much more than

参考答案:

A

14. —For weeks after the crash, divers had searched accessible areas for the body of the Indian man who was a Concordia waiter.

—Yes, they did their best and were not to blame for the unfortunate result.

A. in reward

B. in trouble

C. in vain

D. in reality

参考答案:

C

考查介词短语辨析。句意:——车祸后数星期,为了找到那名印度人,一个Concordia服务员的尸体,司机们徒劳地搜寻了能进入的区域。——是的,他们竭尽全力,不应该因为不幸的结果受到责备。A. in reward作为报答;B. in trouble处于困境中;C. in vain徒劳地;D. in reality事实上。根据语境,故选C。

15. We will never give in ______ they do or say about our plan.

A. No matter when

B. how

C. whatever

D. although

参考答案:

C

whatever引导让步壮语从句,并在从句中作宾语。

16. ____________ we did not have the chance to get close to the ancient Bible there.

A. It is a pity that

B. It happens that

C. It is important that

D. It is said that

参考答案:

A

二、新的题型

17. Have you ever felt sick to your stomach during a test? Have you ever been so worried about something that you ended up with a terrible headache?

If so, then you know what it's like to feel stress. You've probably heard people say,“Wow,I'm really stressed out.” 56 But children have lots of things going on in their lives that can cause stress, too.

What is stress?

Stress is what you feel when you are worried or uncomfortable about something. This worry in your mind can make your body feel bad. You may feel angry, frustrated, scared, or afraid—which can give you a stomachache or a headache.

What causes stress?

Plenty of things can cause stress in a child's life. 57 Good or normal stress might show up when you're called on in class or when you have to give a report. Have you ever gotten butterflies in your stomach or sweaty hands? Those can be signs of good stress. 58 For example, you may do a better job on your book report if the anxiety inspires you to prepare well before you get up and read it to the class.

But bad stress can happen if the stressful feelings keep going over time. You may not feel well if your parents are fighting, if a family member is sick,if you're having problems at school,or if you're going through anything else that makes you upset every day. 59 Once you recognize that you're feeling stressed, there are several things you can do. You can try talking about what's bothering you with an adult you trust,like a parent or teacher. 60 An adult may have ideas about how to solve whatever is worrying you or making you uncomfortable.

A.This kind of stress can help you to get things done.

B.Maybe you hear adults say those kinds of things all the time.

C.Bring up what's been on your mind and how it makes you feel.

D.Everyone experiences stress at times—adults, teens,and even kids.

E.There are ways to reduce stress and manage the stress that's unavoidable

F.That kind of stress isn't going to help you,and it can actually make you sick.

G.The trick is to remember that some types of stress are good and others are bad.

参考答案:

56.B

57.G

58.A

59.F

60.C

18. Have you ever asked ___36___ (you) why children go to school? You will probably say that they go to learn languages, arithmetic, history, science and some other ___37___ (subject). That is quite accurate. But why do they learn these things?

We send our children to school ___38___ (prepare) them for the time when they will be big and will have to work for themselves. Nearly everything they study at school has some

___39___ (practice) use in their life. But is that the only reason for ___40___ they go to school?

There is more in education than just ___41___ (learn) factors. We go to school to learn how to learn, so that when we have left school, we can continue to learn. A man who really

___42___ (know) how to learn will always be successful, because when he has to do something new, he will not only be able to do it well himself, ___43___ be able to teach others how to do it in the best way. The uneducated person, on the other hand, is either unable to do something new, or just does it ___44___ (bad). The purpose of schools, therefore, is not to teach languages, arithmetic, history science, etc., but to teach pupils ___45___ way to learn.

参考答案:

36. yourself 37. Subjects 38. To prepare 39. Practical

40. Which 41. Learning 42. knows 43. but 44. Baclly 45. the

【分析】

本文是一篇议论文。文章论述的是孩子们为什么上学,为什么要学习那么多科目。

【36题详解】

考查反身代词。句意:你有没有问过自己为什么孩子要上学吗?结合句意可知此处用反身代词作宾语,故答案为yourself。

【37题详解】

考查名词复数。some other+ 名词复数,“一些其他的---”,故答案为subjects。

【38题详解】

考查动词不定式作目的状语。句意:我们送孩子上学是为了让他们为将来长大后自己工作做准备。此处是动词不定式作目的状语,故答案为to prepare。

【39题详解】

考查形容词修饰名词。句意:几乎他们在学校学习的所有东西在他们的生活中都有一些实际用途。此处use“用途”是名词,用形容词来修饰,故答案为practical。

【40题详解】

考查定语从句。句意:但是这是他们上学的唯一原因吗?此处reason做先行词,在后面的定语从句中作原因状语,所以用why引导定语从句,why相当于for which,故答案为which。

【41题详解】

考查动名词作定语。句意:教育不仅仅是学习因素。结合句意可知答案为learning。

【42题详解】

考查主谓一致。句意:真正懂得学习的人永远是成功的。句子用一般现在时态,且句子是who引导的定语从句,先行词A man在定语从句中作主语,是第三人称形式,故答案为knows。

【43题详解】

考查固定结构。句意:他不仅能够自己做好这件事,而且能够教别人如何以最好的方式去做。固定结构:not only---but also“不但---而且---”,故答案为but。

【44题详解】

考查副词。句意:另一方面,没受过教育的人,要么不能做一些新的事情,要么只是做的非常糟糕。此处是副词修饰动词,故答案为badly。

【45题详解】

考查定冠词the。句意:教小学生学习的方法。the way to do sth.“做某事的方法”,故答案为the。

【点睛】reason理由(名词),reasonable合情合理的(形容词)

1. reason (1)the reason for sth. /doing sth.为某事或做某事的理由。the reason for his being late他迟到的理由

(2)reason理由(名词),在句中做主语,后面的表语从句用that引导。The reason was that he had little education.理由是他受教育少。

(3)reason理由(名词),作先行词,在定语从句中作原因状语时用why引导定语从

句,比如:The reason why he was late for class was that his mother was ill.他上课迟到的理由是她的妈妈病了。reason理由(名词),作先行词,在定语从句中作主语或宾语时用

that/which,比如:The reason that/which she gave me was that she had got up late.他给我的理由是他起床晚了。

2. reasonable合情合理的(形容词),连系动词后面作表语。

What he said sounded reasonable.他说的话是合情合理的。

三、阅读理解

19. Since the late 1980s,nothing has made Peccioli residents happier than collecting garbage.At that time,the small town built one of the most advanced dumping sites(垃圾堆积场)in Italy,designed to recycle and produce green energy.For 20 years,it’s been Peccioli’s most profitable business.

So when a group of young scientists from a nearby university in Pisa called Peccioli’s city hall and asked for permission to run a robotics test,all they had to do was say the magic word:trash.

During a recent test at Peccioli’s main street,the strange garbage collecting robot came into people’s sight:It had two wheels,rounded arms,and two big inspiring eyes,seeming to have escaped from the cartoon movie “Wall-E”.

Like a taxi answering a call,DustCart rode across the street to meet the caller. nce the robot arrived,it asked for a personal ID number that both identifies(识别)the user and tracks the garbage. t also sorted out the trash being dumped—organic,recyclable or waste. ustCart then opened its belly bin(垃圾肚),collected the trash and took it to a fake dumping site.

Besides replacing the garbage man,Dario,the head scientist,said DustCart could also be an answer to the noise pollution that comes with traditional trash collection in Italy. n cities like Rome,for example,noisy trucks collect garbage in the middle of night. o solve that problem,DustCart runs on a silent,specially-designed battery operated engine.

However,its whole reaction time still seems too slow to deal with any real situation. lacing DustCart throughout the crowded streets of European capitals is an even farther reach.

“We still need to work on it,”admitted the scientists,“but we are on the right track.”

Fortunately,the research team has time and money to do it.

DustCart is part of a project called “DustBot”,a $3.9 million research program that started in 2006 to implement robotics in society in useful ways,such as cleaning the streets.

It was given a friendly look to encourage interaction with humans. ut for many Italians,who believe in drying their shirts on clothes lines even in December and still look at microwaves with suspicion,the idea of handing their trash to robots seems a little too advanced—or odd. ven in Peccioli.

“Perhaps I find it hard to give my final opinion on a project like this,”said Luca Di Sandro,a small business man from the town. But I have become curious.”

32.From the first paragraph we learn that ____________________.

A.Peccioli met the serious garbage problem in the 1980s

B.Peccioli owns the biggest dumping site in Italy

C.people in Peccioli benefit a lot from collecting trash

D.people in Peccioli only use green energy from garbage

33.Compared with traditional trash collection,DustCart ____________________.

A.reduces the cost greatly

B.makes much less noise

C.works better in trash recycling

D.can work in the middle of night

34.It can be inferred from the passage that __________________.

A.the dumping site is causing serious pollution

B.there are not enough garbage men in Italy

C.DustCart will not come into use very soon

D.traditional trash collection causes traffic problems

35.According to the passage,we can infer that many Italians’attitude towards DustCart is ______________.

A.satisfied B.doubtful

C.worried D.critical

参考答案:

CBCB

语篇解读:意大利科学家研制出新型的“垃圾回收机器人”,它可以随时听候用户的差遣,主动上门分门别类地收取垃圾。

32.C细节理解题。根据文章第一段的介绍,尤其是最后一句可以看出,Peccioli人以垃圾回收为业,从中获益颇多。故C项正确。

33.B 节理解题。根据第五段中的“Dario,the head scientist,said DustCart could also be an answer to the noise pollution that comes with traditional trash collection in Italy”可知,与传统垃圾回收方式相比,DustCart能够降低噪声。

34.C推理判断题。根据第七段可推知,DustCart还存在一些不足有待改进,故其真正投入使用还有待时日。

35.B观点态度题。由第十段话推断很多意大利人对这种新型的“垃圾回收机器人”持的态度是怀疑的。故答案为B。

20. Do you have a health problem, such as high blood pressure or obesity? Did your doctor tell you that you can improve your condition with better nutrition? Do cancer, heart disease, or diabetes run in your family? 36 Meanwhile, you also need to improve your eating habits for better nutrition.

It can be hard to change your eating habits. However, you are sure to benefit from making changes to your diet if you have diseases that can be made worse by things you are eating or drinking. 37

◆ Find the strengths and weaknesses in your present diet. Do you eat 4-5 cups of fruits and vegetables every day? Do you get enough calcium(钙)? Do you eat whole grain, high-fiber foods? If so, you’re on the right track. Keep it up! 38

◆ 39 If you eat a lot of fat at present, cut back and change your habits. For example, reduce any extra fat. This includes butter on bread, sour cream on baked potatoes, and salad dressings.

◆ Keep track of your food intake(摄入量). 40 This record will help you assess(评价)your diet. You’ll see i f you need to eat more or less from certain food groups.

◆ Think about asking for help from a nutritionist. They can help you follow a special diet, especially if you have a health issue.

A.If your answer is yes, talk to your doctor about your health.

B.If not, add more of these foods to your daily diet.

C. Cut back on unhealthy fat.

D. Below are suggestions to improve your health.

E. You should eat foods that contain vitamins and minerals.

F .Write down what you eat and drink every day.

G. Balanced nutrition and regular exercise are good for your health.

参考答案:

36-40:A D B C F

试题分析:这是一篇健康类说明文。主要阐述了五条改善健康的饮食习惯。

【36题详解】

考查上下文理解和推理判断能力。空格上文提出了几个有关健康的问题,A项的“answer”给出了提示,结合下文“同时,你也需要改善你的饮食习惯得到更好的营养”推断,A项“如果你的答案是“是的”,与你的医生讨论一下你的健康”符合语境,承上启下。故选A。

【37题详解】

考查上下文理解和推理判断能力。由下文的段落小标题可知,下文给出了五条改善身体健康的建议,故D项“下面是一些改善身体健康的建议”符合语境。故选D。

【38题详解】

考查上下文理解和推理判断能力。空格上文提出了一些健康饮食的问题,由“If so, you’re on the right track. Keep it up!”可知,如果是这样,你的做法是对的,坚持。因此推断B项“如果没有,在日常饮食中添加更多这些食物”符合语境,故选B。

【39题详解】

考查段落总结能力。空格处是段落标题。由下文可知,本段讲述如果你现在吃了很多脂肪,减少并改变你的习惯。例如,减少多余的脂肪。这包括面包上的黄油,烤土豆上的酸奶油和沙拉酱。因此推断本段建议减少不健康的脂肪。故选C。

【40题详解】

考查上下文理解和推理判断能力。由段落标题“Keep track of your food intake(摄入量).”可知,本段建议记录你的食物摄入量,因此推断F项“把你每天吃的和喝的都写下来” 符合语境。故选F。

【点睛】七选五文章多是说明文,考查考生对文章整体内容和结构以及上下文逻辑意义的

理解和掌握。解答这类试题时要注意运用一定的解题技巧:利用上下文所重复的关键词,即词的复现原则进行判断,其中包括同义词、原词和反义词的复现,要注意空前空后的名词、代词和动词,寻找答案时注意在选项中查找同义词、近义词、反义词或者表示同一类事物的词语等。

2021-2022学年辽宁省铁岭市调兵山第一高级中学高二英语月考试卷含解析

2021-2022学年辽宁省铁岭市调兵山第一高级中学高二 英语月考试卷含解析 一、选择题 1. Disabled people are not chosen to be disabled. _______, they are not willing to lose hearing or eyesight. A. In other words B. On the other hand C. For one thing D. As a matter of fact 参考答案: A A. In other words 换句话说; B. On the other hand另一方面; C. For one thing首先; D. As a matter of fact事实上。句意:残疾人没有被选择去当残疾人,换句话说,他们不情愿失聪或失明。根据句意故选A。 2. ---Why don’t we choose that road to save time? ---The bridge to it _______. A. has repaired B. is repaired C. is being repaired D. will be repaired 参考答案: C 3. Why not try your luck downtown, Bob? That’s the best jobs are. A. where B. what C. when D. why 参考答案: A 4. Among the young people, there is a growing tendency ______ money more highly than the quality of life. A. regarding B. to regarding C. to regard D. regarded 参考答案:

2022年辽宁省大连市第二十二中学高二英语期末试卷含解析

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