S2：场景：独白--Music courses in17Th century
15174XCM2summer3bottle4map5baseball6pump7 Taupo8.509rubber10tools难易度：较难细节：填表格;不要塑料的、要金属的盘子，女接线员重复four plates，题目是a set of Metal xxx;听写表格单号、家庭住址
SECTION2场景：独白--Music courses in17Th century
12.说话的两人觉得教授怎么样：B his subject
13.学生认为老师为什么没讲某些内容：C teacher has a bad memory
14.为什么这个学生要学17世纪的音乐：A he uses the knowledge already learned15.女的对这些设施有什么态度：B disappointed
15.why content for this course of17th music的音乐课程还有这样的内容：C influenced by a previous staff's research
16.material-C individual ability
17.concert group-G shared the interpretation
18.reviewing system-A help to be a musician
20understanding directions-D historical reason
1.Describe a trip by public transport
2.Describe a time that you were shopping in a street market
3.Describe something you do to keep you concentrated
4.Describe a favorite song of yours
5.Describe a popular comic actor in your country
Describe a trip by public transport You should say:Where you were going What kind of public transport it was What you did during the trip And explain how you felt during this trip When I was young,probably prior to primary school, I went back to my grandma’s home with my parents by boat,a motorboat.I went there because it’s a tradition to celebrate a family reunion during festivals,and we live in zhoushan,whereas my grandma lives in an inner land city.It took approximately3days,because shipping would be one of the least efficient means of transportation in the contemporary world.Even driving is faster than shipping I suppose.I remember this trip because that was the first time I travelled by boat,and prior to that,I heard someone is seasick on the boat,so I was slightly worried.But after boarding,everything was fine;there was no feeling of vomit. So such an expectation gap kind of strengthened my impression of this trip. Another reason is the food on the boat,which was completely a nightmare to me, because usually the cuisine served in south-western china is hot and spicy.But I was grown up in the southwest,so I cannot eat any spicy food at all,I have to drink so greedily to alleviate such a pain that sometimes I was full because of water rather than the meal.Besides,the commodity,snacks on the boat is also quite limited. It seemed that the only snack available was instant noodles.And even those noodles were a spicy flavour.So during those days,I hardly had anything but noodles with boiled water.
Passage1：题目：Dinner of Rome2000Years Ago罗马晚宴
1-7)判断题 1.NOT GIVEN.没提到Rome第一个将仪式和晚宴联系到一起。 2.TRUE.
某些庆典是为了社会的所有人。 3.TRUE.文学中有consistent的体现。 4.FALSE.
6.NOT GIVEN.文章中只提到了木头贵，没有提到最贵，所以bronze是most expensive没有提到。
14-19)段落信息配对题14.B.The definition of phenology15.C.How Sparks first became aware of amateur records16.E.Records of a competition providing clues for climate change17.G.A description of using amateur records to make predictions18.H.How people reacted to their involvement in data collection 19. A.A description of a very old record compiled by generations of amateur naturalists
参考文章：Amateur Naturalists You should spend about20minutes on Question 14-26which are based on Reading Passage below.A Tim Sparks slides a small leather-bound notebook out of an envelope.The books yellowing pages contain beekeeping notes made between1941and1969by the late Walter Coates of Kilworth, Leicestershire.He adds it to his growing pile of local journals,birdwatchers'lists
and gardening diaries,"We're uncovering about one major new record each month,”he says,“I still get surprised."Around two centuries before Coates,Robert Marsham, a landowner from Norfolk in the east of England,began recording the life cycles of plants and animals on his estate when the first wood anemones flowered,the dates on which the oaks burst into leaf and the rooks began nesting.Successive Marshams continued compiling these notes for211years.B Today,such records are being put to uses that their authors could not possibly have expected.These data sets,and others like them,ire proving invaluable to ecologists interested in the timing of biological events,or phenology.By combining the records with climate data,researchers can reveal how,for example,changes in temperature affect the arrived of spring,allowing ecologists to make improved predictions about the impact of climate change.A small band of researchers is combing through hundreds of years of records taken by thousands of amateur naturalists.And more systematic projects have also started up,producing on overwhelming response."The amount of interest is almost frightening,"says Sparks,a climate researcher at the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology in Monks Wood,Cambridgeshire.C Sparks became aware of the army of"closet phenologists",as he describes them,when a retiring colleague gave him the Marsham records.He now spends much of his time following leads from one historical data set to another.As news of his quest spreads,people tip him off to other historical records,and more amateur phenologists come out of their closets. The British devotion to recording and collecting makes his job easier-one man from: Kent sent him30years'worth of kitchen calendar,on which he had noted the date that his neighbour's magnolia tree flowered.D Other researchers have unearthed data from equally odd sources.Rafe Sargarin recently studied records of a betting contest in which participants attempt to guess the exact time at which a specially erected wooden tripod will fall through the surface of a thawing river. The competition has taken place annually on the Tenana River in Alaska since1917, and analysis of the results showed that the thaw now arrives five days earlier than it did when the contest began.E Overall,Such records have helped to show that,compared with20years ago,a raft of natural events now occur earlier across
much of the northern hemisphere,from the opening of leaves to the return of birds from migration and the emergence of butterflies from hibernation.The data can also hint at how nature will change in the future.Together with models of climate change, amateurs'records could help guide conservation.Terry Root,an ecologist at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor,has collected birdwatchers'counts of wildfowl taken between1955and19%on seasonal ponds in the American.Midwest and combined them with climate data and models of future warming.Her analysis shows that the increased droughts that the models predict could halve the breeding populations at the ponds."The number of waterfowl in North America will most probably drop significantly with global warming,"she says.F But not all professionals are happy to use amateur data."A lot of scientists won't touch them,they say they're too full of problems,"says Root.Because different observers can have different ideas of what constitutes,for example,an open snowdrop.The biggest concern with ad hoc observations is how carefully and systematically they were taken,"says Mark Schwartz of the University of Wisconsin,Milwaukee,who studies the interactions between plants and climate."We need to know pretty precisely what a person's been observing-if they just say'I noted when the leaves came out',it might not be that useful."Measuring the onset of autumn can be particularly problematic because deciding when leaves change color is a more subjective process than noting when they appear.G Overall,most phenologists are positive about the contribution that amateurs can make."They get at the raw power of science:careful observation of the natural world,"says Sagarin.But the professionals also acknowledge the need for careful quality control.Root,for example,tries to gauge the quality of an amateur archive by interviewing its collector."You always have to worry things as trivial as vacations can affect measurement.I disregard a lot of records because they're not rigorous enough,"she says.Others suggest that the right statistics can iron out some of the problems with amateur data.Together with colleagues at Wageningen University in the Netherlands,environmental scientist Arnold van Vliet is developing statistical techniques to account for the uncertainty in amateur phenological data.With the enthusiasm of amateur phenologists evident from past
records,professional researchers are now trying to create standardized recording schemes for future efforts.They hope that well-designed studies will generate a volume of observations:large enough to drown out the idiosyncrasies of individual recorders.The data are cheap to collect,and can provide breadth in space,time and range of species."It's very difficult to collect data on a large geographical scale without enlisting an army of observers,"says Root.H Phenology also helps to drive home messages about climate change."Because the public understand these records,they accept them,"says Sparks.It can also illustrate potentially unpleasant consequences,he adds,such as the finding that more rat infestations are reported to local councils in warmer years.And getting people involved is great for public relations."People are thrilled to think that the data they've been collecting as a hobby can be used for something scientific-it empowers them,"says Root.Questions14-19The reading Passage has seven paragraphs A-H Which paragraph contains the following information?Write the correct letter A-H,in boxes27-33on your answer sheet14.Definition of Phenology introduced 15.How Sparks first became aware of amateur records16.Records of a competition providing clues for climate change17.A description of using amateur records to make predictions18.How people reacted to their involvement in data collection19.A description of a very old record compiled by generations of amateur naturalists Questions20-22Complete the sentences below with NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS from the Reading Passage for each answer.Write your answers in boxes34-36on your answer sheet.20.In Waiter Coates'records,there are plenty of information of.21.Robert Marsham is well-known for noting animals and plants'.22.The number of waterfowl in North America decreases because of increased according to some phenologists.Questions23-26Choose the correct letter,A,B,C,or D.Write your answers in boxes37-40on your answer sheet23Why do a lot of scientists question the amateurs’data? A.Data collection is not professional B.Amateur observers are careless. C. Amateur data is not reliable sometimes. D.They have one-sided work experience 24Example of leaves Mark Schwartz used to explain that? A.Amateur records arc
not reliable at all. B.Amateur records arc not well organized. C.Some details are very difficult to notice. D.Valuable information is accurate one. 25What suggestion of scientists for the usage of amateur data? https://www.sodocs.net/doc/ee61966.html,e modified and better approaches. B.Only Observation data is valuable. https://www.sodocs.net/doc/ee61966.html,e original materials instead of changed ones. D.Method of data collection is the most important.26What's the implication of phenology for ordinary people?
A.It enriches the knowledge of the public.
B.It improves ordinary people's relations with scientists.
C.It encourages people to collect more animal information.
D.It arouses public awareness about climate change.
TASK1Word count：189The two maps illustrate the current school layout and its projected change.At present,there is a car park in the northeast side of the campus,and at the west side is a land covered with trees.The cluster of many other tress can also be seen at the southwest corner of the schoolyard.At the very south side of the car park,there are three buildings,among which one is for biology and another is for genetics.In the upcoming future,the campus is projected to experience tremendous change.The original car park would be converted to student car park.In the meantime,the original genetic building is planned to expand with a brand-new biology building to its south.The vast forest is predicted to be cut off to make room for the other genetics building and a new chemistry building. What is more,the rectangular building,sited in the middle of the school,would be changed into a L-shaped one close to which there would be a triangle-shaped car park.Overall,more buildings are planned to constructed in the future at the cost of clearing the vegetation.TASK2题目类别：生活方式类提问方式：混合点考试题目：More and more people want to buy famous brands of clothes,car and other items.What are the reasons?Do you think it is a positive or negative development?(Word count：334)It is commonly believed that there is a trend in owning a famous brand names with clothes,cars and other items. It is understandable that people tend to purchase top ranked labels due to the high quality of products that are provided to consumers.From my perspective,I do not
agree with the idea of owning expensive items even though it may be warranted.On the one hand,there are many reasons can be given to explain the rapid increasing in the number of clients using luxury products.People usually purchase high ranked products because these items often have the luxurious and come along with the unique appearances.Such products normally will offer the customers who wear it the strong confidence towards other people and also bring them the chances to show off their prosperity and social status.High quality products,such as Rolex Watch,often being crafted by professional craftsmen,which will give the owner of the products enjoy using it for many years.On the other hand,there are some drawbacks on our families and also the society when following this trend.Besides from the high quality the products given,some people purchase these brand items are not because they need it but because it is trendy.For instant,lots of young middle-class people in Viet Nam spend a great deal of money into latest smartphone like the iPhone6 plus currently,even though their old phone still functioning perfectly.This may cause some risks in the security of financial in the future.Moreover,this trend is usually happening in developed countries to symbolize the high classes people, however,we Vietnamese are not aware of our currently financial status,resulting in the fact that people’s belongings are considered a more important factor than who they really are.In conclusion,the growing consumption of brand name products might be explained with their luxurious appearance,excellent quality and so on,however,I believe this trending is a disadvantage to all our families and society.