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H3C路由器交换机配置命令详解

交换机命令
[Quidway]super password ;修改特权用户密码
[Quidway]sysname ;交换机命名
[Quidway]interface ethernet 0/1 ;进入接口视图
[Quidway]interface vlan x ;进入接口视图
[Quidway-Vlan-interfacex]ip address 10.65.1.1 255.255.0.0 ;配置VLAN的IP地址
[Quidway]ip route-static 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 10.65.1.2 ;静态路由=网关


[Quidway]user-interface vty 0 4 ;进入虚拟终端
[S3026-ui-vty0-4]authentication-mode password ;设置口令模式
[S3026-ui-vty0-4]set authentication-mode password simple 222 ;设置口令
[S3026-ui-vty0-4]user privilege level 3 ;用户级别


[Quidway-Ethernet0/1]duplex {half|full|auto} ;配置端口工作状态
[Quidway-Ethernet0/1]speed {10|100|auto} ;配置端口工作速率
[Quidway-Ethernet0/1]flow-control ;配置端口流控
[Quidway-Ethernet0/1]mdi {across|auto|normal} ;配置端口平接扭接
[Quidway-Ethernet0/1]port link-type {trunk|access|hybrid} ;设置端口工作模式
[Quidway-Ethernet0/1]undo shutdown ;激活端口
[Quidway-Ethernet0/2]quit ;退出系统视图


[Quidway]vlan 3 ;创建VLAN
[Quidway-vlan3]port ethernet 0/1 to ethernet 0/4 ;在VLAN中增加端口
[Quidway-Ethernet0/2]port access vlan 3 ;当前端口加入到VLAN
[Quidway-Ethernet0/2]port trunk permit vlan {ID|All} ;设trunk允许的VLAN
[Quidway-Ethernet0/2]port trunk pvid vlan 3 ;设置trunk端口的PVID


[Quidway]monitor-port ;指定镜像端口
[Quidway]port mirror ;指定被镜像端口
[Quidway]port mirror int_list observing-port int_type int_num ;指定镜像和被镜像


[Quidway]description string ;指定VLAN描述字符
[Quidway]description
 ;删除VLAN描述字符
[Quidway]display vlan [vlan_id] ;查看VLAN设置


[Quidway]stp {enable|disable} ;设置生成树,默认关闭
[Quidway]stp priority 4096 ;设置交换机的优先级
[Quidway]stp root {primary|secondary} ;设置为根或根的备份
[Quidway-Ethernet0/1]stp cost 200 ;设置

交换机端口的花费


[SwitchA-vlanx]isolate-user-vlan enable ;设置主vlan
[SwitchA]Isolate-user-vlan secondary ;设置主vlan包括的子vlan
[Quidway-Ethernet0/2]port hybrid pvid vlan ;设置vlan的pvid
[Quidway-Ethernet0/2]port hybrid pvid ;删除vlan的pvid
[Quidway-Ethernet0/2]port hybrid vlan vlan_id_list untagged ;设置无标识的vlan
如果包的vlan id与PVId一致,则去掉vlan信息. 默认PVID=1。
所以设置PVID为所属vlan id, 设置可以互通的vlan为untagged.
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路由器命令

[Quidway]display version ;显示版本信息
[Quidway]display current-configuration ;显示当前配置
[Quidway]display interfaces ;显示接口信息
[Quidway]display ip route ;显示路由信息


[Quidway]sysname aabbcc ;更改主机名
[Quidway]super passwrod 123456 ;设置口令
[Quidway]interface serial0 ;进入接口
[Quidway-serial0]ip address ;配置端口IP地址
[Quidway-serial0]undo shutdown ;激活端口
[Quidway]link-protocol hdlc ;绑定hdlc协议
[Quidway]user-interface vty 0 4
[Quidway-ui-vty0-4]authentication-mode password
[Quidway-ui-vty0-4]set authentication-mode password simple 222
[Quidway-ui-vty0-4]user privilege level 3
[Quidway-ui-vty0-4]quit


[Quidway]debugging hdlc all serial0 ;显示所有信息
[Quidway]debugging hdlc event serial0 ;调试事件信息
[Quidway]debugging hdlc packet serial0 ;显示包的信息


静态路由:
[Quidway]ip route-static {interface number|nexthop}[value][reject|blackhole]
例如:
[Quidway]ip route-static 129.1.0.0 16 10.0.0.2
[Quidway]ip route-static 129.1.0.0 255.255.0.0 10.0.0.2
[Quidway]ip route-static 129.1.0.0 16 Serial 2
[Quidway]ip route-static 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 10.0.0.2


动态路由:
[Quidway]rip ;设置动态路由
[Quidway]rip work ;设置工作允许
[Quidway]rip input ;设置入口允许
[Quidway]rip output ;设置出口允许
[Quidway-rip]network 1.0

.0.0 ;设置交换路由网络
[Quidway-rip]network all ;设置与所有网络交换
[Quidway-rip]peer ip-address ;
[Quidway-rip]summary ;路由聚合
[Quidway]rip version 1 ;设置工作在版本1
[Quidway]rip version 2 multicast ;设置工作在版本2,多播方式
[Quidway-Ethernet0]rip split-horizon ;水平分隔


[Quidway]router id A.B.C.D ;配置路由器的ID
[Quidway]ospf enable ;启动OSPF协议
[Quidway-ospf]import-route direct ;引入直联路由
[Quidway-Serial0]ospf enable area ;配置OSPF区域


标准访问列表命令格式如下:
acl [match-order config|auto] ;默认前者顺序匹配。
rule [normal|special]{permit|deny} [source source-addr source-wildcard|any]
例:
[Quidway]acl 10
[Quidway-acl-10]rule normal permit source 10.0.0.0 0.0.0.255
[Quidway-acl-10]rule normal deny source any


扩展访问控制列表配置命令
配置TCP/UDP协议的扩展访问列表:
rule {normal|special}{permit|deny}{tcp|udp}source {|any}destination |any}
[operate]


配置ICMP协议的扩展访问列表:
rule {normal|special}{permit|deny}icmp source {|any]destination {|any]
[icmp-code] [logging]


扩展访问控制列表操作符的含义
equal portnumber ;等于
greater-than portnumber ;大于
less-than portnumber ;小于
not-equal portnumber ;不等
range portnumber1 portnumber2 ;区间


扩展访问控制列表举例
[Quidway]acl 101
[Quidway-acl-101]rule deny souce any destination any
[Quidway-acl-101]rule permit icmp source any destination any icmp-type echo
[Quidway-acl-101]rule permit icmp source any destination any icmp-type echo-reply


[Quidway]acl 102
[Quidway-acl-102]rule permit ip source 10.0.0.1 0.0.0.0 destination 202.0.0.1 0.0.0.0
[Quidway-acl-102]rule deny ip source any destination any


[Quidway]acl 103
[Quidway-acl-103]rule permit tcp source any destination 10.0.0.1 0.0.0.0 destination-port equal ftp
[Quidway-acl-103]rule permit tcp source any destination 10.0.0.2 0.0.0.0 destination-port equal www



[Quidway]firewall enable
[Quidway]firewall default permit|deny
[Quidway]int e0
[Quidway-Ethernet0]firewall packet-filter 101 inbou

nd|outbound



地址转换配置举例
[Quidway]firewall enable
[Quidway]firewall default permit
[Quidway]acl 101
[Quidway-acl-101]rule deny ip source any destination any
[Quidway-acl-101]rule permit ip source 129.38.1.4 0 destination any
[Quidway-acl-101]rule permit ip source 129.38.1.1 0 destination any
[Quidway-acl-101]rule permit ip source 129.38.1.2 0 destination any
[Quidway-acl-101]rule permit ip source 129.38.1.3 0 destination any
[Quidway]acl 102
[Quidway-acl-102]rule permit tcp source 202.39.2.3 0 destination 202.38.160.1 0
[Quidway-acl-102]rule permit tcp source any destination 202.38.160.1 0 destination-port great-than
1024


[Quidway-Ethernet0]firewall packet-filter 101 inbound
[Quidway-Serial0]firewall packet-filter 102 inbound


[Quidway]nat address-group 202.38.160.101 202.38.160.103 pool1
[Quidway]acl 1
[Quidway-acl-1]rule permit source 10.110.10.0 0.0.0.255
[Quidway-acl-1]rule deny source any
[Quidway-acl-1]int serial 0
[Quidway-Serial0]nat outbound 1 address-group pool1


[Quidway-Serial0]nat server global 202.38.160.101 inside 10.110.10.1 ftp tcp
[Quidway-Serial0]nat server global 202.38.160.102 inside 10.110.10.2 www tcp
[Quidway-Serial0]nat server global 202.38.160.102 8080 inside 10.110.10.3 www tcp
[Quidway-Serial0]nat server global 202.38.160.103 inside 10.110.10.4 smtp udp



PPP验证:
主验方:pap|chap
[Quidway]local-user u2 password {simple|cipher} aaa
[Quidway]interface serial 0
[Quidway-serial0]ppp authentication-mode {pap|chap}
[Quidway-serial0]ppp chap user u1 //pap时,不用此句


pap被验方:
[Quidway]interface serial 0
[Quidway-serial0]ppp pap local-user u2 password {simple|cipher} aaa


chap被验方:
[Quidway]interface serial 0
[Quidway-serial0]ppp chap user u1
[Quidway-serial0]local-user u2 password {simple|cipher} aaa

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