5.at the sight of
2. sprang up/rang out
4. came to
5. track down
10. emerge / spring up
11. at the sight of
12. made for
14. colonial 四）
1. Jimmy has outgrown the shirts his aunt made for him a few years ago.
2. Does the doctor think the elderly lady is likely to survive the operation / it is likely that the elderly lady will survive the operation?
3. The other day your cousin paid us an unexpected visit.
4. Don't you see the nurse motioning us to be silent?
5. Her face lit up with joy at his return.
6. The sound of her footsteps grew fainter as she walked farther away. 五）
1.The people questioned gave very different opinions on the issue.
2. Can you see the man climbing on that rock?
3. Several days passed before they came up with a satisfactory solution to the problems discussed.
4. We were woken early by the sound of the birds singing.
5. The chairman made it clear that those objecting should explain their reasons.
6. After a day’s work, I felt I had little energy left.
7. I knew of some of the athletes taking part.
8. The success obtained surprised those who had given up the project as impossible.
1. During the time that
2. As long as
4. as long as
1. They frightened the child into telling the truth.
2. He tricked her into marrying him by pretending that he was the son of a millionaire.
3. My tactless words forced the old gentleman into buying something he could not possibly afford.
4. He finally talked me into accepting his terms.
5. The girl persuaded her father into giving up smoking.
6. Their severe criticism shocked her into realizing her selfishness.
1. Guests are to be back in the hotel by twelve o’clock.
2. An investigation is to be made next week.
3. I am to meet them at the airport.
4. You are to finish your homework before you watch TV.
5. The medicine is to be taken three times a day after meals.
6. Bob and Susan are to get married in October
1.do the cooking 3.hardly thought so 3.settled down
7.why things were so quiet
Their argument ended when she slammed the door and left without a word. 2. 出席晚宴的客人对那个美国人威严的语气感到有点意外。
The guests at the dinner party were slightly surprised at the commanding tone of the American.
Johnny has outgrown the fear of staying at home alone.
4. 当全部乘客都向出口处 (exit) 走去时，他却独自留在座位上，好像不愿意离开这架飞机似的。
While all the other passengers made for the exit, he alone remained in his seat as if unwilling to leave the plane.
The letter is to be handed to Dr. Wilson himself.
While she felt like joining in the argument, Nancy was too shy to open her mouth.
What do you think is the likeliest time to find him at home?
8. 猎人一看见有只狐狸从树丛中出现并向他设下 (lay) 的陷阱 (trap) 方向跑去，脸上顿时闪出了兴奋的表情。
The hunter’s face lit up with excitement as soon as he saw a fox emerge from among the bushes and run in the direction of / make for the trap he had laid. 学英语精读第二册（第三版）Book2Unit3答案上海外语教育出版社董亚芬主编
1)were short of
2)attached any importance to
3)have applied for
3) in turn
4) smelled of
11) Having little in common
1) A résumé generally consists of personal information, work experience and educational background.
2) In today's job market, importance is attached to practical experience as well as formal education.
3) The pay for this type of work ranges from ten to fifteen dollars per hour.
4) The thought of having to take the exam again depressed me./ I was depressed at the thought of having to take the exam again.
5) Tony and his brother have little in common except that they share the same interest in cricket./ Tony and his brother have little in common except their shared interest in cricket.
6) England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland constitute the United Kingdom.
1) a blue-eyed girl
2) a kind-hearted woman
3) a simple-minded young man
4) a double-faced guy/a double-faced fellow
5) a long-haired rabbit
6) a white-haired girl
7) a left-handed person
8) a red-tailed bird
9) a narrow-minded man
10) a short-sighted woman
1) smells lovely/smells sweet
2) could smell cigarettes
3) Smell the milk
4) smells stale
5) smells of wine
6) can smell something burning
7) was smelling a ball of wool
8) smell of fish/smelt of fish/smelled of fish
3) excited interested
5) bored closing
9) amusing thinking 10) lost
1) The rumour proved (to be) true.
2) The experiment proved (to be) a success in the end.
3) The student proved (to be) much brighter than he had first appeared.
4) His experiences on the farm proved (to be) a turning point in his writing career.
1) I could say "Thank you"
2) I had time to look over my answers
3) most of the students understood the first problem
4) I could stop him
1) the letter must have been written by a small child
2) they are probably Japanese
3) he might have failed in his English exam
4) the performance must be a great success
6) consisted of
7) attached importance
9) in common
3) college graduate
5) find out
6) checked with his university
7) he'd be right for the job
9) left me with only one other question
10) call on
1. She got a post as a cashier at a local bank. But she was soon fired because she proved to be incompetent.
2. It is obviously/clearly his young assistant who is running the book store. 很明显是他的年轻助手在经营这家书店。
3. No sooner had the proposal been announced at the meeting than she got to her feet to protest.
4. Bill has applied to Harvard University for a teaching assistantship, but his chances of getting it are slim.
5. Being short of funds, they are trying to attract foreign capital.
6. The room smells of stale air. It must have been vacant for a long time. 这个房间有股霉味，一定是好久没人住了。
7. As far as hobbies are concerned, Jane and her sister have little in common. 就业余爱好而言，珍妮和她妹妹几乎没有什么共同之处。
8. It is self-evident that the education of the young is vital to the future of a country.
1) live with
5) drawing to a close
7) dwelt on
8) sat on
9) had butterflies in his stomach
1) open up
5) live with
6) at one time or another
9) was sweating
11) in advance
12) in practice
1) I was confident that I would win the race. /I was confident of winning the race.
2) With determination and hard work, you are bound to succeed eventually.
3) The burglar walked very fast in order to avoid being seen by the policeman behind.
4) Driving a car after drinking alcohol will inevitably lead to an accident or arrest by the police.
5) You must take (full) responsibility for losing the money.
6) Great success at such an early age made the young businessman quite a conceited fellow.
1) efficiency 2) emergency
1) have enriched
2) had enjoyed
8) have been embodied
1) I'll get you one
2) I'm thinking of getting a new one
3) must buy some bigger ones
4) The one at the front
5) have eaten all the soft ones
6) decided to catch a later one
7) I want to borrow one
8) the ones you had on yesterday
1) Once a good beginning is made
2) Once you understand these rules
3) Once he makes a promise
4) Once they are put down in black and white/Once put down in black and white
5) once you get into the habit of smoking
6) Once she began to write in English
1) I had a lot of trouble getting the car started this morning.
2) You won't have much difficulty getting to know people in Italy.
3) The conceited young man said he had no difficulty whatsoever reading technical drawings.
4) To the teacher's surprise, most of the students in his class had little difficulty working out the hard maths problems.
5) Did you have any trouble finding the butterfly specimen Prof. Nolen wanted?
6) The shepherds had a great deal of trouble driving the sheep to a place of safety in the snowstorm.
1) Einstein is so famous that there is no one who doesn't know him.
2) There is almost nothing that his dog won't eat.
3) There is no one who doesn't make any mistakes in his lifetime.
4) There is no goal that you cannot obtain so long as you have an honest attitude and a strong will.
5) There is nobody here who won't lend you a helping hand when you find yourself in difficulty.
6) John is called Mr. Fix It because there is almost nothing that he cannot fix.
3) dwell on
7) at one time or another
7) ago 8) advice
1) By most standards
5) a different way of practicing medicine
6) show concern for
7) stand apart from
9) by my first name
If / As long as you keep (on) trying, you will be able to resolve this difficult problem sooner or later.
2) 我们预料我们的计划会受到抵制 (resistance)。
We anticipate encountering / that we will encounter resistance to our plan / our plan will meet with resistance.
Jim's friends said that the noise pollution in their city was terrible, but they had to live with it.
4) 汤姆起初认为，凭他的知识、技术和经验，一定能够找到一份称心如意的工作。At first Tom thought that with his knowledge, skill and experience he was bound to find a satisfactory job.
5) 冷静耐心地处理这个微妙 (delicate) 问题是明智的。
It would be wise / advisable to handle this delicate problem with calmness and patience.
Dick thought that if he wasn't able to take the machine apart, chances were that no other worker in the plant could, either.
Do you think bus drivers should take full responsibility for the passengers' safety?
You needn't dwell on your mistakes in judgment any more. What's important is to try your best to avoid repeating them.
2) right off/right away
4) checks on/checks in on
5) take to
8) impact 9) established
12) ran into
14) get through to
2) has established/established
4) took to
5) talk back
6) take a stand
8) have stepped up/stepped up
9) get through to
1) Famine followed the war, one tragedy after another.
2) We're praying for good weather for tomorrow's cricket match.
3) This sofa can be extended into a bed.
4) The Jackson family have occupied this gray row house for two and a half years.
5) It was reading his books that prompted me to write to him.
6) Are you positive the hospital has no vacant beds?
1) in several different ways
2) the right way of saying/the right way to say
3) the wrong way
4) the way/the way that/the way in which
5) way of telling his story
6) her way
7) that way
8) his way of helping the poor
2) to pay
3) being dropped becoming
4) to leave
5) to fight
8) to be
1) It is / was the first time (that) Tommy has / had talked back to his parents.
2) It is / was the first time (that) I have / had ever been in a plane.
3) It is / was the first time (that) John has / had spoken in public.
4) It is / was the first time (that) she has / had ever taken a strong stand against raising taxes. 1) moved in
4) take a stand
9) took to
10) got through to
11) ran into
2) two and a half packs
3) lung cancer
5) pull a blanket over my head
10) sharing his experience
Under the leadership of the local government, the villagers rose to the serious food crisis caused by the floods.
The exhibition is very popular and is attracting a steady stream of visitors.
When Mom came upstairs to check on us kids, I turned over and pretended to be asleep.
Waging a battle against the drug pushers was a challenge to Armstead. She felt rather nervous but she decided to confront them.
The old lady told me to be cautious and not to talk to the guys hanging out on the street corner.
A health organization prompted the local government to raise a three-million-dollar fund for a new hospital.
Opening the door, the man who had set fire to the church found himself confronted by a dozen policemen with guns.
It is reported that the fire which raged for more than two hours started in an abandoned warehouse / store.
16) at least
1) is on the rise
3) was launched
4) come to no good end/come to bad ends
5) different from
6) go down
7) being hard on/being so hard on the child
8) an indication
10) a case in point
1) out of style
2) In the case of
4) on the other hand
10) lay in
1) We think of the Great Wall of China as one of the wonders of the world.
2) Medical scientists have long recognized that heart disease is linked to cigarette smoking.
3) San Francisco and Shanghai are both major seaports and financial centers, but unlike Shanghai, San Francisco is hilly and surrounded by water on three sides.
4) An increase in investments will lead to a corresponding rise in profits in times of rapid economic growth.
5) The size of the prize tempted many people to enter the competition.
6) All the candidates for the position must meet the requirement of successful completion of secondary school.
14) misguide 15) dishearten
1) shoe repairers
2) clothes shops
3) cigarette packets
4) customs duties
5) child welfare
6) arms control
7) a salesperson/a sales clerk
8) a ticket office
1) Helen will have that dress altered to fit her.
2) It was Qin Shi Huang who had all the walls joined up.
3) I had my meals brought to me when I was ill in bed with a bad cold.
4) He had three of his teeth knocked out in the fight.
5) Bill had his hat blown off when (he was) crossing the bridge.
6) The sleeping cat lay too near the fire and had its tail slightly burned.
1) Our team is likely to win the game.
2) Davis is not likely to get home before dark.
3) These old buildings are very likely to be knocked down in a year or two.
4) As the young man is very short of money, he is likely to apply for the dangerous job advertised in the paper.
5) The old lady was even less likely to survive the operation if she got any worse.
6) As Nancy is one of the best tennis players on the school team, she is most likely to be singled out for special training.
1) The wish of the scientists is to find new resources for mankind.
2) Her goal in life is to work hard for the happiness of all people in the world.
3) The object of my visit was to consult your uncle as to how I could learn English better.
4) Jefferson's / His purpose in making on-the-spot observations of the James River was to find out whether its South Branch was deep enough to be used by large boats.
5) No. My approach is not to learn everything about something, but rather to learn something about everything.
2) on the rise
4) won 5) On
1) computer games
2) was getting married
5) Worse still
9) learn a lesson
10) it's too bad I won't be able to replace it
Vast amounts of investment have enabled the economy of the area to grow rapidly.
They launched a campaign to raise money for a new hospital.
Success lies in diligence. Dr. Nolen is a case in point.
Men of high moral standards, they are never to be tempted into taking such expensive gifts.
There are indications that numerous factories are faced with a very difficult situation.
The police arrested the criminal on a charge of armed robbery several hours after they found an important clue to his identity.
Investigation has revealed that retirement tends to cause psychological troubles for some people.
The medical team did more than complain about the relatively poor working conditions at the local hospital. For instance, several doctors bought simple medical instruments with their own money.
7) girl student
12) actress 1) like
2) fished out
4) nothing but
5) made out
6) only too
7) much of an
3) live on
5) passed on
10) shrugged off/ignored
1) Heavy smokers generally shrug off the warning that smoking is harmful to health.
2) Pleased with his students' progress, Professor Tyler gave them a pat on the back on more than one occasion.
3) We have come to know it is important to apply theory to practice.
4) When first learning to speak Spanish, I was often embarrassed at my errors in pronunciation.
5) The prospect of working under a conceited man made him reluctant to take the job.
6) Have you any idea of how the management reacted to Sam's suggestions for improvement?
3) carelessness 4) coldness
1) the productive forces
2) protective measures
3) constructive criticisms
4) instinctive fear/ instinctive dread
5) large, expressive eyes
6) an impressive movie/ an impressive film
7) creative work
8) a decisive victory
9) defensive arms/ defensive weapons
10) an explosive situation
1) at fault
2) was to blame
3) were blamed for
5) blamed for
7) was to blame
8) at fault
1) It is a pity that he did not come earlier.
2) It's a well-known fact that smoking can cause lung cancer.
3) It is true that I encouraged him, but didn't actually help him.
4) It didn't seem likely that they would ever keep their promise.
5) It was hard to understand why Prof. Hardy had singled out Mary for criticism.
6) It's unfair that most women do not earn equal pay for equal work.
1) Instead of criticizing Susan for what she has done, we ought to praise her
2) Instead of going straight home after school, Helen went to work as a waitress in a restaurant.
3) Instead of sending the book to Allan by post, I'm going to take it to him myself.
4) Instead of going to New York yesterday to attend his daughter's wedding, Dr. Wilson flew to Florida for an emergency case.
5) Instead of using oil lamps, the villagers have electric lights now.
6) Instead of disturbing Cathy, the news had a strangely calming effect on her mind.
1) much bigger
2) a little more difficult
3) slightly more encouraging
4) far more constructive
5) considerably more efficient
6) 25 per cent higher
6) pat on the back
9) things 10) strike
2) known as
4) a cow with wings
7) With her continuing support
10) powerful deeds of kindness
Through the article the author wants to convey to the readers her views on praise and criticism.
As parents we should know that for children an ounce of praise is worth a pound of scolding.
3) 这位教师并不是一个了不起的学者，但他的确懂得怎样把一门课教得活泼而有趣。(in a ... manner)
The teacher isn't much of a scholar, but he does know how to teach a course
in a lively and interesting manner.
We often find it much more difficult to apply a rule than to know it.
5) 她从不因为孩子们争吵而责骂他们，而是在他们安安静静地玩耍时赞扬几句。She never scolds her children for squabbling. Instead, she gives them a few words of praise when they play quietly.
Mr. Green was always critical of his daughter's writings, but somehow he commented favorably on that poorly written poem of hers.
Quite a few students in our class were publicly criticized by the teacher for failing to hand in their compositions on time.
A good teacher should be very alert to the progress his students make / are making. If their progress is ignored / goes unnoticed, the students will feel discouraged.