搜档网
当前位置:搜档网 > 大学英语综合教程

大学英语综合教程

Unit1

Oxford University is the oldest university in Britain and one of the world's most famous institutions of higher learning. Oxford University was established during the 1100's. It is located in Oxford, England, about 80 kilometers northwest of London.

The university has over 16,300 students (1999-2000), almost a quarter of these students are from overseas and more than 130 nationalities are represented. It consists of 35 colleges, plus five private halls established by various religious groups. Three of the five private halls are for men only. Of the colleges, St. Hilda's and Somerville are for women, and the rest are for men and women.

大学英语综合教程

At Oxford, each college is a corporate

body distinct from the university and is

governed by its own head and fellows. Most

fellows are college instructors called tutors,

and the rest are university professors and

lecturers. Each college manages its own buildings and property, elects its own fellows, and selects and admits its own undergraduate students. The university provides some libraries, laboratories, and other facilities, but the colleges take primary responsibility for the teaching and well-being of their students.

Each student at Oxford is assigned to a tutor, who supervises the student's program of study, primarily through tutorials. Tutorials are weekly meetings of one or two students with their tutor. Students may see other tutors for specialized instruction. They may also attend

lectures given by university teachers. Students choose which lectures to attend on the basis of their own special interests and on the advice of their tutors.

The university, not the individual colleges, grants degrees. The first degree in the arts or sciences is the Bachelor of Arts with honors. Oxford also grants higher degrees, diplomas, and certificates in a wide variety of subjects.

The Rhodes scholarship program enables students from the United States, Canada, and many other nations to study at Oxford for a minimum of two years. The British government grants Marshall scholarships to citizens of the United States for study at Oxford and other universities that are located in Britain.

The competition for scholarships and grants is, however, extremely strong and there are usually strict requirements. Students should check carefully that they are eligible to apply for a particular scholarship before making an application as most of the schemes are restricted to certain nationalities and/or programs.

The students and staff at Oxford are actively involved in over 55 initiatives (2001), including visits to more than 3,700 schools and colleges, to encourage the brightest and best students to apply to Oxford, whatever their background.

The university has been named the UK's most innovative university in the Launchit 2001 competition, which aimed to discover which British university has demonstrated the greatest achievements in innovation and enterprise across the broadest range of activity. In the national Teaching Quality Assessment exercises for 2000, Oxford was awarded top marks in

six out of ten subjects assessed.

Oxford, Stanford and Yale Universities have recently become partners in a joint 'distance learning' venture, the Alliance for Lifelong Learning, which will provide online courses in the arts and sciences.

The mission of Oxford is to aim at achieving and maintaining excellence in every area of its teaching and research, maintaining and developing its historical position as a world-class university, and enriching the international, national, and regional communities through the fruits of its research and the skills of its graduates.

In support of this aim the university will provide the facilities and support for its staff to pursue innovative research by responding to developments in the intellectual environment and society at large; and promote challenging and rigorous teaching which benefits from a fruitful interaction with the research environment, facilitating the exchange of ideas through tutorials and small-group learning and exploiting the University's resources in its libraries, museums, and scientific collections, to equip its graduates to play their part at a national and international level.

1. Oxford University is the oldest university in Britain and one of the world's most famous institutions of higher learning. (para.1)

牛津大学是英国最古老的大学,也是世界最著名的高等学府之一。

(简单句)

2. Oxford University was established during the 1100's. (para.1)

牛津大学始建于12世纪期间。

(简单句)

3. It is located in Oxford, England, about 80 kilometers northwest of London. (para.1)

它位于英格兰的牛津郡,在伦敦西北约80公里处。

(简单句)

4. The university has over 16,300 students (1999-2000), almost a quarter of these students are from overseas and more than 130 nationalities are represented. (para.2)

牛津大学有16,300多名学生(1999-2000),其中留学生占将近四分之一,来自130多个国家。

(并列句)

5. It consists of 35 colleges, plus five private halls established by various religious groups. (para.2)

牛津大学有35个学院,还有5个由不同宗教团体建立的私人学院。

(简单句)

6. Three of the five private halls are for men only. (para.2)

5个私人学院中,有3个只招男生。

(简单句)

7. Of the colleges, St. Hilda's and Somerville are for women, and the rest are for men and women. (para.2)

学院中,圣希尔达和萨默维尔学院只收女生,其他均为男女兼收。

(并列句)

8. At Oxford, each college is a corporate body distinct from the university and is governed by its own head and fellows. (para.3)

牛津的每个学院都是独立于大学的实体,由该学院的院长和管委会成员负责管理。

(简单句)

9. Most fellows are college instructors called tutors, and the rest are university professors and lecturers. (para.3)

大部分管委会成员都是学院教师或称“导师”,其余的是大学教授和讲师。

(并列句)

10. Each college manages its own buildings and property, elects its own fellows, and selects and admits its own undergraduate students. (para.3)

每个学院管理自己的房产和资产,遴选自己的管委会,选择和招收自己的本科生。

(简单句)

11. The university provides some libraries, laboratories, and other facilities, but the colleges take primary responsibility for the teaching and well-being of their students. (para.3)

大学提供某些图书馆、实验室和其他设施,但教学和学生生活主要由各学院负责。

(并列句)

12. Each student at Oxford is assigned to a tutor, who supervises the student's program of study, primarily through tutorials. (para.4)

牛津大学给每个学生配一个导师,主要通过导师制监督学生的学习。

(复合句)

13. Tutorials are weekly meetings of one or two students with their tutor. (para.4)

导师每周和1到2名学生见面一次。

(简单句)

14. Students may see other tutors for specialized instruction. (para.4)

TOP相关主题