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必修三第3模块教案

德教为先 识传为本 绿色发展 全面育人 营中质控·教案设计

营山中学高2017级英语学科B3 Module 3

The Violence of Nature

【学情分析】

班 : 班 : 【教学内容】

通过学习关于自然灾害的描述,学会如何用英语地道的描写、记述自然灾害。

【教学目标】 1.学习目标:(1)学习一些关于描述自然灾害的词汇及有用表达;

(2)学会运用正确的阅读策略。如: 运用视读、略读、查读快速阅读方法先从文章的整体结构上来把握文章的大意,然后通过细读把握文章中更多的例

证,理解段落中各句子之间的逻辑关系,并能根据上下文和构词法推断,以有效提高阅读理解技能。 (3)分析文章篇章结构,学会用英语描述自然灾害,不断提高写作能力。 2.语言技能目标:(1)学会对人对事物进行比较的能力 (2)运用所学词汇,发展和创造语言,学会对人对事物进行比较的能力

(3)巩固对词汇的理解和运用,提高语言表达能力。

3、情感态度与价值观:通过阅读学习关于自然灾害的相关描述,培养分析问

题能力及跨文化交际的能力。了解世界灾害的情况,树立远大理想,开扩心胸,放眼世界,培养国际意识;树立为国家、为人类服务的抱负。 【教学策略】

1、通过运用正确的阅读方法,培养阅读理解技能

2、通过运用对比和分析,作出判断,培养分析问题能力

3、通过分析篇章结构,学会运用比较对比句型,提高写作能力 【教学重难点】

1、 教学重点:通过阅读课文,让学生了解自然灾害,训练学生的理解和分析能力。

2、教学难点:学习直接引语变简接引语 【教学过程设计】

Period 1

Step1 leading in

1.Get students to match the words in the box with the definitions below. Then ask individuals to show their answers.

A flood is a lot of water in an area which is usually dry. A hurricane is a very strong wind and storm.

Lightning is the flash of light which occurs during a thunderstorm.

A thunderstorm is a lot of rain falling quickly, with loud noises and flashes of

…………………………………装…………………………………………订……………………………………………线………………………………………………

备课札记

light.

A tornado is a column of air that turns very quickly.

2.Show some pictures:

必修三第3模块教案

必修三第3模块教案

Step 2. Warming up

Remind the students of the tsunami in 2004 with a picture and talk about it.

T: As we know, at the end of 2004, a massive earthquake sent tsunami smashing into Indian Ocean coastline. Many heavily populated areas disasters from it.

Ask the students to talk about it, such as Sri Lanka , Indonesia , Thailand , India, Malaysia and East Africa destroyed by the monster waves, causing millions of deaths. We human

being saw the violence of natural disaster from it.

Ask the students to talk about the pictures in the Introduction, page 21.

Step 3Discussion

1.Put the students into groups of four to discuss the questions.

2. Then open up the discussion to the whole class. If you wish, make notes on the

board, especially of relevant vocabulary which may be new.

Step 4 Words study (Workbook Page 80)

Ask the students to turn to Page 80 and begin the task in vocabulary. In Activity 5.

Choose one student to read out the answers and check them with the whole class. Then the students read the sentences together.

Answers: volcano, eruption, ash, lava, tidal wave, flood

Step 5 speaking

Student A: You are a television reporter. You are reporting on a natural disaster.

1 Make a list of questions to ask.

Student B: You are local residents in the area of the violent natural event.

1 Decide which kind of violent natural event you

2 Think of things that happened to you or things that you saw.

3 Tell the reporter where you are and what you saw.

Step6 homework

Surf the Internet for ways to avoid much damage from disasters.

Make three sentences to define the words earthquake, volcanic eruption, and plane crash, using the Attributive Clause.

Period 2

Step 1 Revision

Ask three or four students to read the word list and other students to correct their wrong pronunciations.

Step 1 Presentation.

Student A: reporter from one of the newspapers.

Student B: interviewee.

Now you are working on a special report about disasters, you need to interview some people Questions like these:

1 Have you ever experienced (a flood, a tornado a thunderstorm, a hurricane)?

2 Do you know anyone who has experienced one of the events?

3 Have you ever read a news story about one of the events? Can you describe it?

4 Do you know anything about the events? For example, what causes them?

Step 2 Read the Gulf Stream and check the meaning of the words.

1. What is a current?

A. A kind of electricity

B. A movement of water

C. A kind of wind

2. What kind of things flow?

A. Water

B. Time

C. Money

3. If two places are on the same latitude, they are on the same line______.

A. east/west

B. north/south

Step 3 Fast-reading

Read the passage, then finish the exercise at Activity 2, page 22.

1. More than 400 Km/h.

2. It stays where it was.

3. About 800.

4. More than 700.

5. It has huge waves.

6. 8th September, 1900

7. No, he wasn’t

8. His coffin was dropped in the sea by a hurricane and carried to Canada by the Gulf Stream. Step 4 Detailed-reading (True or False)

1 All tornadoes have winds of more than 400 kilometres per hour.

2 There are more tornadoes occurring in the US than in other parts of the world.

3 Tornadoes can’t destroy furniture b ecause they are not violent enough.

4 In the US, there are usually about 80 people killed in tornadoes every year.

5 The worst tornado in history killed at least 700 people

6 Every year there are six Atlantic hurricanes.

7 Both the worst tornado and the worst hurricane occurred in the US.

8 The worst hurricane of all time killed about one-sixth of the population in the US.

9 Charles Coghlan didn't become famous until he moved to New York.

10 Coghlan’s coffin was destroyed by the 1900 Galveston hurricane.

11 It was only because of the hurricane that Coghlan’s body could travel back to Canada.

Step 5 Fill in the form.

Tornado Hurricane

Definition

Place

Phenomena

Bad results

The worst example

Step 6 language points.

1 Tonadoes can pick up cars, trains and even houses and put them down in the next street

pick up: 1)拾起,捡起The monkey picked up a stone.

2)用车接,搭人或带货Wait at the gate after school and I’ll pick you up.

放学后在门口等我, 我会去接你。

2 Almost all of them occur in the US, in the area from Texas in the southeast to South Dakota

in the north.

occur:发生=happen He told me how the accident occurred.

他告诉我那事故是怎样发生的.

occur to(想法念头等)想起,浮现

An excellent idea occurred to me when I woke up this morning.

今天早上起床时,我突然想到了一个好主意.

It occurred to me that I would travel to Europe.

我突然想到要到欧洲旅游.

3 On average, there are 800 tornadoes in the US each year, causing about 80 deaths and 1,500 injuries.

on average:平均起来The price of the egg is eight yuan per kg on average

鸡蛋价格平均为每公斤8元.

Causing…是形式作结果状语, 表示两个动作之间具有必然的因果关系,通常放在句末.

Football is played in more than 80countries, making it the most popular game in the world. 80多个国家都踢足球,使得它成为世界上最流行的运动.

4 The cemetery where Coghlan was buried was destroyed by the hurricane and Coghlan’s

coffin ended up in the sea.

end up with 以…结束

begin with 以…为开始

start with 以… 为开始

Without your help, the experiment will end up with failure.

没有你的帮助, 这实验将以失败告终.

5 The Gulf Stream had carried it 3000 kilometres up the eastern US coast to Prince Edward Island.

Up to a place 沿着某个地方,常常是由南向北由下至上.假如方向相反,则用down.

Step 7 Exercises

Period 3

Step 1 Have a dictation of the words and useful expressions learnt in the text.

current, latitude, furniture, bury, feather, fur, occur, tropical, equator, rotating, violent, wave, strike, cemetery, coffin.

Step 2 Read the passage at Activity 1, Page 25, then fill the map and explain the process of eruption.

Step 3 Listen and answer the following questions at Activity 4, Page 25.

Answers: 1 In the center of Plymouth, capital of Monserra

2 A reporter and Frank Savage , Governor of the island.

3 No, it isn’t.

4 About 6,000.

5 None.

6 They don’t know.

Step 4 Listen to the tape and fill the blank.

Reporter: I’m standing in the center of Plymouth, the capital of Montserrat, where just one week ago, a ______ _________ took place.With me is Frank Savage, the_________ of the island. Mr Savage, thank you for talking to us.

Savage: You’re welcome.

Reporter: What exactly _________ last week?

Savage: Well, the volcano ________, and ____ and _____ poured down the mountain towards the sea. ___________, there are several villages in its path.

Reporter: That’s _________. Was anybody hurt?

Savage: No. _________, we had plenty of ________ and I told people who lived in the path of the ash and lava to leave the island. We ______ get half the population to another island before the eruption took place.’

Reporter: Why are you still here?

Savage: Well, I’m still working because there’s a lot to do.

Reporter: How many people live on the island?

Savage: Eleven thousand people live here and about six thousand people have left. Reporter: Which areas are the most__________?

Savage: Well, the most dangerous places are between the ______ and the sea. There are a lot of villages there. And it was very dangerous. _________, hundreds of houses________ when the lava reached them.

Reporter: Oh, I’m very sorry to hear that.

Savage: _____________, no one was killed.

Reporter: Are the houses still _____ _______?

Savage: No. Fortunately, we _____ all the fires _____ quite quickly.

Reporter: That’s very good news. Well, it’s a beautiful sunny day here in Plymouth.

Does this mean that the danger ________?

Savage: No! The volcano could erupt again! People must understand that it is still very dangerous and they ca n’t ________to their houses.

Reporter: OK-So that’s the message from th e governor_______________. When will people be able to return home?

Savage: We don’t know at the moment.____________, it won’t be too long.

Reporter: Thank you for your time, Mr Savage.

Savage: Thank you.

Step 5 Pronunciation

Listen and underline the words which the speaker stresses. These key words contain the main ideas.

Period 4

Step 1 Presentation: page 26

一字不改地引述别人的话叫做直接引语;用说话人自己的话转述别人的话叫间接引语。这两种引语都是宾语从句,但是直接引语放在引号内,不用连词连接;间接引语不用引号,通常用连接词与主句连接。

e.g. “I am a student,” he said.→He said he was a student.

直接引语变间接引语时的几个变化

1 句式的变化

(1)陈述句变为以that引导的宾语从句

He said, “I’m very glad.”→He said that he was very glad.

(2)一般疑问句变成为if (whether)引导的宾语从句

He said, “Can you come this afternoon, John?”

→He asked whether (if) John could come that afternoon.

(3)特殊疑问句变为由who, what, when等疑问词引导的宾语从句(但注意从句中要变回陈述句语序)

He said, “Where is Mr Wang?”→He asked where Mr Wang was.

(4)祈使句变为“主语+谓语+宾语+宾补(动词不定式)”这一句型。常用于这种句型的动词有ask, order, tell, beg等

The teacher said, “Listen to me carefully.”→The teacher told us to listen to her carefully. The teacher said, “Please sit down.”→The teacher asked us to sit down.

“Don’t touch anything in the lab.”the teacher said to us.

→The teacher told us not to touch anything in the lab.

2 人称的变化

直接引语I we you me us

间接引语He\she they I him\her

e.g. “Do you like English?” he asked me.

→He asked me if (whether) I liked English.

“I’ll help you with your maths, Wang Lin, ”Wei Fang said.

→Wei Fang told Wang Lin that she would help him with his maths.

“Are you going to see a film this evening?” Li Ping asked.

→Li Ping asked if (whether) I was going to see a film that evening.

3 时态的变化

直接引语的时态间接引语的时态

一般现在时一般过去时

现在进行时过去进行时

一般将来时过去将来时

一般过去时过去完成时

现在完成时过去完成时

过去完成时过去完成时

e.g. He said, “I’m using the knife.”→He said that he was using the knife.

Zhou Lan said, “I’ll do my hmework after class.”

→Zhou Lan said that she would do her homework after class.

提示:1当直接引语中的谓语动词为一般过去时时,如果与一个具体的表示过去时间的状语连用,变为间接引语时,时态可以不变。

My father said to me, “I read the book in 1996.”

→My father told me that he read the book in 1996.

2 当直接引语表达的是客观真理,变为间接引语时时态可以不变

The geography teacher said to us, “The earth turns around the sun.”

→The geography teacher told us that the earth turns around the sun.

4 指示代词时间状语地点状语和动词的变化

直接引语间接引语

指示代词this that

these those

时间状语now then

today that day

this week/ month that week/ month

yesterday the day before

last week the week before

three days ago three days before

tomorrow the next day

the following day

next week the next week

地点状语here there

动词come go

练习-------将下列句子变为间接引语

1 “I saw the tornado,”said the woman.

2 She said, “I’ll come again tomorrow.”

3 He said, “Did you see the film last night?”

4 The doctor said, “Are you feeling better today?”

5 “Which one do you like best?” he asked me.

6 “Where did you spend your holiday this year?” he asked me.

7 “Don’t take off your coat,”she said to her sister.

8 “I have already finished my homework,” Lily said.

9 The teacher asked her, “Why does she have so many strange questions?”

10 She said, “Are you busy?”

Period 5

Step 1 Speaking

Student A: You are a television reporter. You are reporting on a natural disaster.

1 Make a list of questions to ask.

Student B: You are local residents in the area of the violent natural event.

1 Decide which kind of violent natural event you

2 Think of things that happened to you or things that you saw.

3 Tell the reporter where you are and what you saw.

Step 2 Function

1 Try to find sentences in the text which gives a definition of a word.

A flood is a lot of water in an area which is usually dry.

A lightning is the flash of light which occurs during a thunderstorm.

A tornado is a column of air that turns very quickly.

2 Give definitions of the words following the patterns listed above.

An earthquake a volcanic eruption a plane crash

Step 3 Writing

1 Read the passage and answer the questions.

(1) Where did this happen? Near the beach.

(2) What happened to the trees? Begin to move from side to side.

(3) Where did the person have to stay? In their rooms.

(4) For how long? About two days.

2 Fill the blank first , then reorganize all information into a passage.

Violent natural event

When

Where

Why

How strong

Damage

3 Read your writing to your partner. Check and rewrite your writing according to the following. Then share it with the whole class.

Are you clear what happen (4W and 1H)?

Do you know the writer’s attitude and emotion?

Are there any good connecting words or phrases?

Are there any good phrases or sentence s?

Are there any spelling mistakes?

Step 4 Everyday English

Finish the exercises at Activity 2, Page 28.

1 Fortunately/ Thankfully/ Luckily

2 Unfortunately/ Sadly

3 Fortunately/ Thankfully/ Luckily

4 Hopefully/ Fortunately/ Thankfully/Luckily

5. Unfortunately/ Sadly

6. Fortunately/ Thankfully/ Luckily

Step 5 Homework

Go to the library or surf the Internet to find some information about the volcanic eruption, then do a presentation for tomorrow.

Step 5culturai corner

1.S elf-study: Finish the exercises on the textbook

1 从一边到另一边___________

2 持续两天_________

3 总共__________

4 丢掉性命_________

5 发生___________

6 自然灾害_____________

2 .Read the article and answer the questions.

1 Where was the worst Chinese earthquake?

It was in Hua County in Shananxii Province.

2 What was the most dangerous thing about the California Earthquake of 1906?

The fires that started.

3 Is it possible there could be another earthquake there?

Yes, there is.

3. Find the useful words and phrases used to describe the earthquakes

Hua County California

terrible earthquakes occur

affect

cover

be killed

in all

lose one’s life the worst earthquake the fires

burn

destroy

be killed

be made homeless cause…deaths

4 .Language points

1 worldwide adj. found in the whole world 遍及全世界的

In a word, worldwide economic trends are good.

adv. all over the world 遍及世界各地,全世界

Our products are sold worldwide.

2 active adj. 活跃的;积极的

be active in在…方面活跃/积极take an active part in 积极参与

3 in all 总共,共计 e.g. There are twelve of us in all for dinner.

That’s 25 pounds in all.

all in all 总的说来above all 首先;最重要的是first of all首先;最先at all 竟然,终于not at all 一点也不;不用谢

after all 到底;毕竟;终究;别忘了

4 damage n. 损失;损害,损坏

do damage to sth. 危害/损害…对…造成损失

e.g. The storm did a lot of damage to the crops.

Step 6 Exercises