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全新版大学英语综合教程3课文原文与翻译

unit 4

Was Einstein a Space Alien?

1Albert Einstein was exhausted. For the third night in a row, his baby son Hans, crying, kept the household awake until dawn. When Albert finally dozed off ... it was time to get up and go to wor

k. He couldn't skip a day. He needed the job to support his young family.

1.阿尔伯特 .爱因斯坦精疲力竭。他幼小的儿子汉斯连续三个晚上哭闹不停,弄得全家人直

到天亮都无法入睡。阿尔伯特总算可以打个瞌睡时,已是他起床上班的时候了。他不能一天不上班,他需要这份工作来养活组建不久的家庭。

2Walking briskly to the Patent Office, where he was a "Technical Expert, Third Class," Albert w orried about his mother. She was getting older and frail, and she didn't approve of his marriage to Mileva. Relations were strained. Albert glanced at a passing shop window. His hair was a mess; he had forgotten to comb it again.

2.阿尔伯特是专利局三等技术专家。在快步去专利局上班的路上,他为母亲忧心忡忡。母亲年纪越来越大,身体虚弱。她不同意儿子与迈尔娃的婚事,婆媳关系紧张。阿尔伯特瞥了一下路

过的商店的橱窗,看见自己头发凌乱,他又忘了梳头了。

3 Work. Family. Making ends meet. Albert felt all the pressure and responsibility of any young h usband and father.

3.工作,家庭,维持生计——阿尔伯特感受到了一位年轻丈夫和年轻父亲所要承担的全部压

力和责任。

To relax, he revolutionized physics.

他想放松下,却使物理学发生了突破性进展

4In 1905, at the age of 26 and four years before he was able to get a job as a professor of physic s, Einstein published five of the most important papers in the history of science--all written in his " spare time." He proved that atoms and molecules existed. Before 1905, scientists weren't sure abo ut that. He argued that light came in little bits (later called "photons") and thus laid the foundation

for quantum mechanics. He described his theory of special relativity: space and time were threads

in a common fabric, he proposed, which could be bent, stretched and twisted.

4. 1905 年,在他被聘为物理学教授的前四年,26 岁的爱因斯坦发表了科学史上最重要论文

中的五篇——这些论文都是他在“业余时间”完成的。他证明了原子和分子的存在。 1905 年之前,

科学家们对此没有把握。爱因斯坦论证说光以微粒形态出现(后来被称为“光子”),这为量子力学奠定了基础。他把狭义相对论描写为:时空如同普通织物中的线,他提出,这些线可以弯曲、拉长和交织在一起。

5 Oh, and by the way, E=mc2. 5. 对了,顺便提一下, E = mc2 。

6Before Einstein, the last scientist who had such a creative outburst was Sir Isaac Newton. It ha ppened in 1666 when Newton secluded himself at his mother's farm to avoid an outbreak of plagu e

at Cambridge. With nothing better to do, he developed his Theory of Universal Gravitation.

6.在爱因斯坦之前,最近一位迸发出如此创造性思想的科学家当数艾萨克牛顿

爵士。事情发生在 1666,为了躲避在剑桥爆发的瘟疫,牛顿去母亲的农场隐居。由于没有什

么更好的事可做,他便建立万有引力理论。

7For centuries historians called 1666 Newton's “ miracleyear ”Now. those words have a differe nt meaning: Einstein and 1905. The United Nations has declared 2005 "The World Year of Physics " to celebrate the 100th anniversary of Einstein's “ miracleyear.”

7.几个世纪以来 ,历史学家称为 1666 牛顿的“奇迹年”。现在这些话有不同的意义:爱因斯

坦和 1905。联合国已经宣布2005 年“世界物理年“庆祝爱因斯坦“奇迹年”的100 周年。8Modern pop culture paints Einstein as a bushy-haired superthinker. His ideas, we're told, were improbably far ahead of other scientists. He must have come from some other planet--maybe the s ame one Newton grew up on.

8. 现代流行文化把爱因斯坦绘画成一位长着蓬乱头发的超级思想家。据说他的思想不可思议地远远超过其他科学家。他一定是从其他星球来的——也许是牛顿长大的同一个星球。9"Einstein was no space alien," laughs Harvard University physicist and science historian Peter Galison. "He was a man of his time." All of his 1905 papers unraveled problems being worked on, with mixed success, by other scientists. "If Einstein hadn't been born, [those papers] would have b een written in some form, eventually, by others," Galison believes.

9.“爱因斯坦决不是外星人,”哈佛大学物理学家、科学史家彼得加里森笑着说。“他是他那个时代的人。”他所有发表于 1905 年的论文解决了当时其他科学家正多多少少在解决的问

题,“如果没有爱因斯坦,其他科学家最终也会以某种形式撰写出这些论文来的”加里森

相信。

10What's remarkable about 1905 is that a single person authored all five papers, plus the origina l, irreverent way Einstein came to his conclusions.

10.1905 年不同寻常的是,爱因斯坦一个人撰写的五篇论文,而且他得出结论的方法既富原

创性又显得不合常规。

11For example: the photoelectric effect. This was a puzzle in the early 1900s. When light hits a metal, like zinc, electrons fly off. This can happen only if light comes in little packets concentrated enough to knock an electron loose. A spread-out wave wouldn't do the photoelectric trick.

11.例如:光电效应。这在 20 世纪初期的一道难题。当光照射到金属(如锌)上时,电子飞速

飞离电子表面,这种现象只有当光的粒子集聚的程度足以把电子击撞松动的时候才会发

生。漫延波不会产生光电效应。

12The solution seems simple--light is particulate. Indeed, this is the solution Einstein proposed i n 1905 and won the Nobel Prize for in 1921. Other physicists like Max Planck (working on a relat ed problem: blackbody radiation), more senior and experienced than Einstein, were closing in on t he answer, but Einstein got there first. Why?

12. 答案似乎很简单——光是粒子。事实上,这是爱因斯坦1905 年提出的解答,并因此于1921 年获得诺贝尔奖。其他物理学家们,比如比爱因斯坦资历更深、经验更丰富的麦克斯

普兰克(从事研究相关的问题:黑体辐射),其研究正接近

该问题的答案,但爱因斯坦捷足先登。为什么?

It's a question of authority. 这是对权威的看法问题

13"In Einstein's day, if you tried to say that light was made of particles, you found yourself disa greeing with physicist James Clerk Maxwell. Nobody wanted to do that," says Galison. Maxwell's equations were enormously successful, unifying the physics of electricity, magnetism and optics. Maxwell had proved beyond any doubt that light was an electromagnetic wave. Maxwell was an A

uthority Figure.

.

13. “在爱因斯坦的时代,如果你试图说光由粒子组成,你就会发现自己与物理学家杰姆斯

克拉克 .马克斯威尔持不同观点。没有人想那么做,”加里森说道。马克斯威尔的方程式把物

理学中的电学、磁学和光学统一起来,获得了巨大的成功。麦克斯威尔毫无疑问地证明了光

是电磁波。他可是权威人物。

14Einstein didn't give a fig for authority. He didn't resist being told what to do, not so much, but he hated being told what was true. Even as a child he was constantly doubting and questioning. "

Your mere presence here undermines the class's respect for me," spat his 7th grade teacher, Dr. Jos eph Degenhart. (Degenhart also predicted that Einstein "would never get anywhere in life.") This

c haracter flaw was to be a key ingredient in Einstein's discoveries.

14.爱因斯坦豪不在乎权威。他不太反对别人要求他做什么,但是他不喜欢别人告诉他什么

是正确的。即使在小时候他也不停地质疑和问问题。“ 你呆在这里损害了全班学生对我尊敬,”他第七年级的老师约瑟夫狄根哈特博士愤怒地说。(狄根哈特还预言爱因斯坦“永远不会有出息”)这一性格缺陷成为日后爱因斯坦作出种种发现的主要因素。

15"In 1905," notes Galison, "Einstein had just received his Ph.D. He wasn't beholden to a thesis advisor or any other authority figure." His mind was free to roam accordingly.

15. “在 1905 年,”加里森着重指出,“爱因斯坦刚刚获得博士学位,他不感激于论文导师或

任何其他权威人士。”因此,他的思想在自由漫游。

16In retrospect, Maxwell was right. Light is a wave. But Einstein was right, too. Light is a parti cle. This bizarre duality baffles Physics 101 students today just as it baffled Einstein in 1905.

How can light be both? Einstein had no idea.

16.回想起来,麦克斯威尔是正确的。光是一种波。但爱因斯坦也是对的。光是粒子。这种

异乎寻常的二象性使今天选修无力101 课程的同学们感到困惑,就像在1905 年使爱因斯坦感到困惑一样。光怎么可能既是波又是粒子呢?爱因斯坦无法理解。

17That didn't slow him down. Disdaining caution, Einstein adopted the intuitive leap as a basic tool. "I believe in intuition and inspiration," he wrote in 1931. "At times I feel certain I am right w

hile not knowing the reason."

17.困惑并没有使爱因斯坦放慢探究的脚步。爱因斯坦不屑谨小慎微,他采用直觉跳跃思维

作为基本工具。“我相信直觉和灵感,”他在 1931 年写道。“有时尽管不知道原因,但是我肯

定我是对的。

18Although Einstein's five papers were published in a single year, he had been thinking about p hysics, deeply, since childhood. "Science was dinner-table

conversation in the Einstein household," explains Galison. Albert's father Hermann and uncle Jako b ran a German company making such things as dynamos, arc lamps, light bulbs and telephones. T

his was high-tech at the turn of the century, "like a Silicon Valley company would be today,"

notes Galison. "Albert's interest in science and technology came naturally."

18.虽说爱因斯坦在短短的一年内发表了五篇论文,其实他童年时代就一直深入地思考物理

的问题。“科学是爱因斯坦在餐桌上聊天的话题。”加里森解释道。爱因斯坦的父亲赫尔曼和叔

叔雅各布经营一家德国公司,制造发电机,电弧灯,灯泡、电话等诸如此类的产品。这是

(20)世纪之初属于高科技,“像今天的硅谷公司,”加里森着重提到。“艾伯特对科学技术与

生俱来怀有兴趣。”

19Einstein's parents sometimes took Albert to parties. No babysitter was required: Albert sat

on the couch, totally absorbed, quietly doing math problems while others danced around him. Pencil and paper were Albert's GameBoy!

19.爱因斯坦的父母有时会带儿子参加聚会。她们不常请人看孩子:当其他人在他周围跳舞

时,阿尔伯特坐在沙发上,全神贯注,静静地做数学题。笔和纸是阿尔伯特的玩具!

20He had impressive powers of concentration. Einstein's sister, Maja, recalled "...even when the re was a lot of noise, he could lie down on the sofa, pick up a pen and paper, precariously balance an inkwell on the backrest and engross himself in a problem so much that the background noise sti

mulated rather than disturbed him." 20. 他有极强的集中思想的能力。爱因斯坦的妹妹玛雅,回忆说:“,, 即使周围非常吵闹,他也能躺在沙发上,拿起纸和笔,悠悠地把墨水池放在一个

靠背上,专心致志得解题,北京声音不但没有打扰他,反而激励他。”

21Einstein was clearly intelligent, but not outlandishly more so than his peers. "I have no specia

l talents," he claimed, "I am only passionately curious." And again: "The contrast between the pop ular assessment of my powers ... and the reality is simply grotesque." Einstein credited his discove ries to imagination and pesky questioning more so than orthodox intelligence.

21. 爱因斯坦显然很聪明,但不比他的同龄人超出多少。“我没有什么特别的才能,”他说,“只是我的好奇心非常强烈。”还有:“大众对我能力的评估 , 和现实之间的差异简直大得荒唐。”爱因斯

坦把他的发现更多地归功于想象力和不断提问而不是普通所谓的智慧。

22Later in life, it should be remembered, he struggled mightily to produce a unified field theory, combining gravity with other forces of nature. He failed. Einstein's brainpower was not limitless.

22.应该记住的是,爱因斯坦在晚年竭尽全力想象提出统一场论,把万有引力和自然界中其

他的力结合起来。但他失败了。爱因斯坦的智力不是无限的。

23Neither was Einstein's brain. It was removed without permission by Dr. Thomas Harvey in 19 55when Einstein died. He probably expected to find something extraordinary:Einstein's mother P auline had famously worried that baby Einstein's head was lopsided. (Einstein's grandmother had a different concern: "Much too fat!") But Einstein's brain looked much like any other, gray, crinkly, and, if anything, a trifle smaller than average.

23. 爱因斯坦的大脑也是如此。他1955年去世的时候,托马斯哈维医生在未经许可的情况下

解剖了他的大脑。也许他期盼发现一些惊人的东西。但是爱因斯坦死的大脑看起来和其他人的

大脑很相似,灰色,波状的。如果非要说什么不同,那就是他的大脑比正常人的小一点。

轶事爱因斯坦

废纸篓他的错误时,艾伯特爱因斯坦抵达美国,在54 岁驶入纽约港的远洋班轮

westernland 十月171933,官方欢迎委员会正在等着他。爱因斯坦和他的随行人员,

然而,不知去向。亚伯拉罕弗莱克斯纳,导演在普林斯顿高等研究院,新泽西,被

屏蔽他的名人教授从宣传。所以他派拖船精神伟人从 westernland 尽快通过检疫。他的头发拨出一个宽边黑帽,爱因斯坦偷偷地到拖船上岸,这使他和他的党下曼哈顿,在车接送到普林斯顿。”爱因斯坦博士是想求得和平和安静,”弗莱克斯纳告诉记者。诺贝尔奖得主在 1921 他对理论物理学,爱因斯坦得到一个办公室在学院。他问他需要什么设备。”一个写字台或桌子,椅子,纸和铅笔,”他回答说。“哦,和一个大篓,所以我可以扔掉我所有的错误。”他和埃尔莎,他的妻子,租了一个房子和定居生活在普林斯顿。他喜欢美国的事实,尽管其不平等的财富和种族不公正,更多的是一

个精英比欧洲。”让新来的

致力于这个国家的民主特质的人,”他后来奇迹。”没有人谦卑自己,在另一个人。” 不是一个爱因斯坦爱因斯坦,然而,没有爱因斯坦的时候他还是一个孩子的成长。

在慕尼黑,德国,第一个孩子的赫尔曼和保罗爱因斯坦,他在缓慢的学习说话。“我的父母非常担心,”他回忆道,“他们找医生。”当他开始使用的话 2 岁之后,他制定了一个怪癖,促使他的保姆给他迟钝的人。”他所说的每一句,无论多么常规,”回

忆起他的妹妹,玛雅,”他轻声地反复,动动嘴唇。”他缓慢发展的结合是一个厚脸皮的叛逆的权威,从而导致一个德国校长把他包装。另一个说,爱因斯坦不会多。“当我问自己这是怎么发生的,我发现了相对论,它似乎躺在下面的情况,”爱因斯坦后来解释说。“普通成人不会困扰他的头问题的空间和时间。这些都是他认为作为一个孩子。但我发展很慢,我开始思考的空间和时间,当我已经长大了。我更深入

探讨的问题不是一个普通的孩子都有一个快乐的科学。”鼓励他的和蔼的父亲,谁经营家族生意,和他热爱音乐的母亲,爱因斯坦花了几个小时的工作上的难题和建筑

塔的玩具。”的毅力和韧性是他性格中的一部分,”他的妹妹说。一次,爱因斯坦生

病在床上作为一个孩子,他的父亲带他一个指南针。爱因斯坦后来想起这么激动,

当他检查了它的神秘力量,他颤抖着越来越冷。磁针的表现好像受到一个隐藏的力

场,而不是通过机械的方法接触或接触。”深深的藏得背后的东西,”他说。他对磁域,重力,惯性和光束。他保留的能力,将两个念头的同时,感到困惑时,冲突和

喜悦时,他看到一个潜在的团结。”像你我这样的人是永远不会老的,”他写道,一个朋友多年以后我们从来没有停止过。”都是好奇的孩童面前的伟大神秘的,我们是

天生的。”普遍的看法相反,爱因斯坦擅长数学。在13 岁的时候,他已经有了一个

偏爱解决复杂问题的应用数学,他的妹妹回忆说。一个叔叔,雅各布爱因斯坦,工

程师,把他介绍给欢乐的代数,称它是“快乐的科学,”当爱因斯坦取得了胜利,他“很高兴不已。”他从阅读科普书籍,这表明他“圣经不可能是真的,”爱因斯坦制定了一个抵制一切形式的教条。他写了1901,“一个愚蠢的信仰权威是真理最大的

敌人。”

一个骄傲的美国在15 岁时,爱因斯坦离开德国去了意大利北部,在那里他的父母迁

往自己的业务,并在16,他写了他的第一篇文章在理论物理。爱因斯坦发现了相对

论,他毕业于苏黎世理工大学1900 当他 21,涉及的直觉知识以及个人的经验。他

发展的理论,从1905 开始,后一个工作在瑞士专利局。但他的理论并不完全接受,

直到 1919,当观测在一次日食证实他的预测多少太阳的引力弯曲的光束。在年龄40,

1919,爱因斯坦突然被世界著名。他也结婚的埃尔莎和他的妻子,是父亲的儿子从

他的第一次婚姻。 1921 的春天,他的名声大爆炸导致盛大月访问美国,在那里他收

到热烈欢迎,他会唤起大众疯狂所到之处。世界从未见过这样一个科学名人明星。

爱因斯坦热爱美国,欣赏其连发繁荣的结果,自由和个人主义。在 3 月 1933,希特

勒在德国,爱因斯坦意识到他可以不再生活在欧洲的。秋天,他定居在普林斯顿,

和1940,他是美国公民,自豪地称自己美国。自然界的和谐和数学

他的第一个万圣节生活在美国,爱因斯坦解除了一些捣蛋的小夜曲惊讶他们在门口

和小提琴。在圣诞节,当成员的本地教会来唱圣诞颂歌,他走到外面,借了一把小提

琴,愉快地陪他们。爱因斯坦很快获得的图像,它长到附近的一个传说,是一个

亲切的教授,分散在次但始终甜,谁很少梳头穿袜子。”我已经到了一岁时,如果有人告诉我穿袜子,我不去,”他告诉当地的一些孩子。他曾经帮助一个 15 岁的学生,亨利·罗索,以新闻类。我们的老师提供了一个高档的人得分采访的科学家,所以

我们出现在爱因斯坦的家,却被拒绝在门外。送牛奶的人给了他一个提示:爱因斯坦走了一段路每早晨 9: 30.rosso溜出学校,同他搭讪。但学生,突然所有的困惑,不知道问什么。所以爱因斯坦提出的问题,关于数学的。”我发现大自然是建造在一个美妙的方式,我们的任务就是找到我们的 [ 它]的数学结构,”爱因斯坦解释了自己的教育。”它是一种信念,帮助我通过我的整个生活。”访谈获得亨利罗索 A。

unit 5 Writing Three Thank-You Letters

Alex Haley served in the Coast Guard during World War ll. On an especially lonely day to

be at sea -- Thanksgiving Day -- he began to give serious thought to a holiday that has become, for many Americans, a day of overeating and watching endless games of football. Haley decided to celebrate the true meaning of Thanksgiving by writing three very special letters.

亚历克斯· 黑利二战时在海岸警卫队服役。出海在外,时逢一个倍感孤寂的日子――感

恩节,他开始认真思考起这一节日的意义。对许多美国人而言,这个节日已成为大吃大喝、没完

没了地看橄榄球比赛的日子。黑利决定写三封不同寻常的信,以此来纪念感恩节的真正意义。

Writing Three Thank-You Letters

Alex Haley 1It was 1943, during World War II, and I was a young U. S. coastguardsman. My ship, the USS Murzim, had been under way for several days. Most of her holds contained thousands of cartons of canned or dried foods. The other holds were loaded with five-hundred-pound bombs packed delicately in padded racks. Our destination was a big base on the island of Tulagi in the South Pacific.

写三封感谢信

亚利克斯·黑利

那是在二战期间的1943 年,我是个年轻的美国海岸警卫队队员。我们的船,美国军舰军市一号已出海多日。多数船舱装着成千上万箱罐装或风干的食品。其余的船舱装着不少五百

磅重的炸弹,都小心翼翼地放在垫过的架子上。我们的目的地是南太平洋图拉吉岛上一个规模很

大的基地。

2I was one of the Murzim's several cooks and, quite the same as for folk ashore, this Thanksgiving morning had seen us busily preparing a traditional dinner featuring roast turkey.

我是军市一号上的一个厨师,跟岸上的人一样,那个感恩节的上午,我们忙着在准备一

道以烤火鸡为主的传统菜肴。

3Well, as any cook knows, it's a lot of hard work to cook and serve a big meal, and clean up and put everything away. But finally, around sundown, we finished at last.

当厨师的都知道,要烹制一顿大餐,摆上桌,再刷洗、收拾干净,是件辛苦的事。不

过,等到太阳快下山时,我们总算全都收拾停当了。

4I decided first to go out on the Murzim's afterdeck for a breath of open air. I made my

way out there, breathing in great, deep draughts while walking slowly about, still wearing my

white cook's hat.

我想先去后甲板透透气。我信步走去,一边深深呼吸着空气,一边慢慢地踱着步,头

上仍戴着那顶白色的厨师帽。

5I got to thinking about Thanksgiving, of the Pilgrims, Indians, wild turkeys, pumpkins, corn

on the cob, and the rest.我开始思索起感恩节这个节日来,想着清教徒前辈移民、印第安人、野火鸡、南瓜、玉米棒等等。

6Yet my mind seemed to be in quest of something else -- some way that I could personally apply to the close of Thanksgiving. It must have taken me a half hour to sense that maybe some key to an answer could result from reversing the word "Thanksgiving" -- at least that suggested a verbal direction, "Giving thanks."

可我脑子里似乎还在搜索着别的事什么――某种我能够赋予这一节日以个人意义的

方式。大概过了半个小时左右我才意识到,问题的关键也许在于把Thanksgiving 这个字前后颠倒一下――那样一来至少文字好懂了:Giving thanks 。

7Giving thanks -- as in praying, thanking God, I thought. Yes, of course. Certainly.

表达谢意――就如在祈祷时感谢上帝那样,我暗想。对啊,是这样,当然是这样。

8Yet my mind continued turning the idea over.

可我脑子里仍一直盘桓着这事。

9After a while, like a dawn's brightening, a further answer did come -- that there were people

to thank, people who had done so much for me that I could never possibly repay them. The embarrassing truth was I'd always just accepted what they'd done, taken all of it for granted. Not one time had I ever bothered to express to any of them so much as a simple, sincere "Thank you."

过了片刻,如同晨曦初现,一个更清晰的念头终于涌现脑际――要感谢他人,那些赐我以诸多恩惠,我根本无以回报的人们。令我深感不安的实际情形是,我向来对他们所做的一

切受之泰然,认为是理所应当。我一次也没想过要对他们中的任何一位真心诚意地说一句

简单的谢谢。

10At least seven people had been particularly and lastingly helpful to me. I realized,

swallowing hard, that about half of them had since died -- so they were forever beyond any possible expression of gratitude from me. The more I thought about it, the more ashamed I became. Then I pictured the three who were still alive and, within minutes, I was down in my cabin.

至少有七个人对我有过不同寻常、影响深远的帮助。令人难过的是,我意识到,他们中有一半已经过世了――因此他们永远也无法接受我的谢意了。我越想越感到羞愧。最后我想到了仍健在的三位,几分钟后,我就回到了自己的舱房。

11Sitting at a table with writing paper and memories of things each had done, I tried composing genuine statements of heartfelt appreciation and gratitude to my dad, Simon A. Haley, a professor at the old Agricultural Mechanical Normal College in Pine Bluff, Arkansas; to my grandma, Cynthia Palmer, back in our little hometown of Henning, Tennessee; and to the Rev. Lonual Nelson, my grammar school principal, retired and living in Ripley, six miles north of Henning.

我坐在摊着信纸的桌旁,回想着他们各自对我所做的一切,试图用真挚的文字表达我

对他们的由衷的感激之情:父亲西蒙· A ·黑利,阿肯色州派因布拉夫那所古老的农业机械

师范学院的教授;住在田纳西州小镇亨宁老家的外祖母辛西娅·帕尔默;以及我的文法学校

校长,退休后住在亨宁以北 6 英里处的里普利的洛纽尔·纳尔逊牧师。

12The texts of my letters began something like, "Here, this Thanksgiving at sea, I find my thoughts upon how much you have done for me, but I have never stopped and said to you how much I feel the need to thank you -- " And briefly I recalled for each of them specific acts performed on my behalf.

我的信是这样开头的:“出海在外度过的这个感恩节,令我回想起您为我做了那么多

事,但我从来没有对您说过自己是多么想感谢您――” 我简短回忆了各位为我所做的具体事例。

13For instance, something uppermost about my father was how he had impressed upon me from boyhood to love books and reading. In fact, this graduated into a family habit of after-dinner quizzes at the table about books read most recently and new words learned. My love of books never diminished and later led me toward writing books myself. So many times I have felt a sadness when exposed to modern children so immersed in the electronic media that they have little or no awareness of the marvelous world to be discovered in books.

例如,我父亲的最不同寻常之处在于,从我童年时代起,他就让我深深意识到要热爱书

籍、热爱阅读。事实上,这一爱好渐渐变成一种家庭习惯,晚饭后大家围在餐桌旁互相考

查近日所读的书以及新学的单词。我对书籍的热爱从未减弱,日后还引导我自己撰文著书。

多少次,当我看到如今的孩子们如此沉迷于电子媒体时,我不由深感悲哀,他们很少,或者根本

不了解书中所能发现的神奇世界。

14I reminded the Reverend Nelson how each morning he would open our little country town's grammar school with a prayer over his assembled students. I told him that whatever positive things I had done since had been influenced at least in part by his morning school prayers.

我跟纳尔逊牧师提及他如何每天清晨和集合在一起的学生做祷告,以此开始乡村小学的一天。我告诉他,我后来所做的任何有意义的事,都至少部分地是受了他那些学校晨祷的影响。

15In the letter to my grandmother, I reminded her of a dozen ways she used to teach me how to tell the truth, to share, and to be forgiving and considerate of others. I thanked her for the years

of eating her good cooking, the equal of which I had not found since. Finally, I thanked her simply

for having sprinkled my life with stardust.

在给外祖母的信中,我谈到了她用了种种方式教我讲真话,教我与人分享,教我宽恕、体谅他人。我感谢她多年来让我吃到她烧的美味菜肴,离开她后我从来没吃过那么可口的菜肴。

最后,我感谢她,因为她在我的生命中撒下美妙的遐想。

16Before I slept, my three letters went into our ship's office mail sack. They got mailed when we reached Tulagi Island.

睡觉前,我的这三封信都送进了船上的邮袋。我们抵达图拉吉岛后都寄了出去。

17We unloaded cargo, reloaded with something else, then again we put to sea in the routine familiar to us, and as the days became weeks, my little personal experience receded. Sometimes, when we were at sea, a mail ship would rendezvous and bring us mail from home, which, of course, we accorded topmost priority.

我们卸了货,又装了其它物品,随后我们按熟悉的常规,再次出海。一天又一天,

一星期又一星期,我个人的经历渐渐淡忘。我们在海上航行时,有时会与邮船会合,邮船会

带给我们家信,当然这是我们视为最紧要的事情。

18Every time the ship's loudspeaker rasped, "Attention! Mail call!" two hundred-odd shipmates came pounding up on deck and clustered about the two seamen, standing by those precious bulging gray sacks. They were alternately pulling out fistfuls of letters and barking successive names of sailors who were, in turn, shouting back "Here! Here!" amid the pushing.

每当船上的喇叭响起:“大伙听好!邮件点名!” 200 名左右的水兵就会冲上甲板,围

聚在那两个站在宝贵的鼓鼓囊囊的灰色邮袋旁的水手周围。两人轮流取出一把信,大声念收信水手的名字,叫到的人从人群当中挤出,一边应道:“来了,来了!”

19One "mail call" brought me responses from Grandma, Dad, and the Reverend Nelson--and my reading of their letters left me not only astonished but more humbled than before.

一次“邮件点名”带给我外祖母,爸爸,以及纳尔逊牧师的回信――我读了信,既震

惊又深感卑微。

20Rather than saying they would forgive that I hadn't previously thanked them, instead, for Pete's sake, they were thanking me -- for having remembered, for having considered they had

done anything so exceptional.

相反,他们向我致谢,天哪,就因为我记他们没有说他们原谅我以前不曾感谢他们,

得,就因为我认为他们做了不同寻常的事。

21Always the college professor, my dad had carefully avoided anything he considered too sentimental, so I knew how moved he was to write me that, after having helped educate many young people, he now felt that his best results included his own son.

身为大学教授的爸爸向来特别留意不使用任何过于感情化的文字,因此,当他对我

写道,在教了许许多多的年轻人之后,他认为自己最优秀的学生当中也包括自己的儿子时,

我知道他是多么地感动。

22The Reverend Nelson wrote that his decades as a "simple, old-fashioned principal" had ended with schools undergoing such swift changes that he had retired in self-doubt. "I heard more of what I had done wrong than what I did right," he said, adding that my letter had brought him welcome reassurance that his career had been appreciated.

纳尔逊牧师写道,他那平凡的传统校长的岁月随着学校里发生的如此迅猛的变化而结

束,他怀着自我怀疑的心态退了休。“说我做得不对的远远多于说我做得对的,” 他写道,接着

说我的信给他带来了振奋人心的信心:自己的校长生涯还是有其价值的。

23 A glance at Grandma's familiar handwriting brought back in a flash memories of standing alongside her white rocking chair, watching her "settin' down" some letter to relatives. Character by character, Grandma would slowly accomplish one word, then the next, so that a finished page would consume hours. I wept over the page representing my Grandma's recent hours invested in expressing her loving gratefulness to me -- whom she used to diaper!

一看到外祖母那熟悉的笔迹,我顿时回想起往日站在她的白色摇椅旁看她给亲戚写信

的情景。外祖母一个字母一个字母地慢慢拼出一个词,接着是下一个词,因此写满一页要花上几

个小时。捧着外祖母最近花费不少工夫对我表达了充满慈爱的谢意,我禁不住流泪――从前是她

给我换尿布的呀。

24Much later, retired from the Coast Guard and trying to make a living as a writer, I never forgot how those three "thank you" letters gave me an insight into how most human beings go about longing in secret for more of their fellows to express appreciation for their efforts.

许多年后,我从海岸警卫队退役,试着靠写作为生,我一直不曾忘记那三封“感谢”

信是如何使我认识到,大凡人都暗自期望着有更多的人对自己的努力表达谢意。

25Now, approaching another Thanksgiving, I have asked myself what will I wish for all who

are reading this, for our nation, indeed for our whole world -- since, quoting a good and wise friend of mine, "In the end we are mightily and merely people, each with similar needs." First, I wish for us, of course, the simple common sense to achieve world peace, that being paramount for the very survival of our kind.

现在,感恩节又将来临,我自问,对此文的读者,对我们的祖国,事实上对全世界,

我有什么祝愿,因为,用一位善良而且又有智慧的朋友的话来说,“我们究其实都是十分相像的凡人,有着相似的需求。”当然,我首先祝愿大家记住这一简单的常识:实现世界和平,这对我们自身的存亡至关重要。

26And there is something else I wish -- so strongly that I have had this line printed across

the bottom of all my stationery: "Find the good -- and praise it."

此外我还有别的祝愿――这一祝愿是如此强烈,我将这句话印在我所有的信笺底部:

“发现并褒扬各种美好的事物。”

Thanksgiving, like Spring Festival, brings families back together from across the country. Waiting for her children to arrive, Ellen Goodman reflects on the changing relationship between

parents and children as they grow up and leave home, often to settle far away.

如同春节那样,散居各处的美国人到感恩节就回家团聚。埃伦· 古德曼在等待着子女回

家的同时,思索着当子女长大离家,常常在远方定居之后,父母与子女关系的不断变化。

找不到 b 了

unit 6 The Last Leaf

When Johnsy fell seriously ill, she seemed to lose the will to hang on to life. The

doctor held out little hope for her. Her friends seemed helpless. Was there nothing to be done?

约翰西病情严重,她似乎失去了活下去的意志。医生对她不抱什么希望。朋友们看来也爱莫能助。难道真的就无可奈何了吗?

The Last Leaf

O. Henry 1 At the top of a three-story brick building, Sue and Johnsy had their studio. "Johnsy" was familiar for Joanna. One was from Maine; the other from California. They had met at a cafe on Eighth Street and found their tastes in art, chicory salad and bishop sleeves so much in tune that the joint studio resulted.

最后一片叶子

欧·亨利

在一幢三层砖楼的顶层,苏和约翰西辟了个画室。“约翰西”是乔安娜的昵称。她们一位

来自缅因州,一位来自加利福尼亚。两人相遇在第八大街的一个咖啡馆,发现各自在艺术品味、菊苣色拉,以及灯笼袖等方面趣味相投,于是就有了这个两人画室。

2That was in May. In November a cold, unseen stranger, whom the doctors called Pneumonia, stalked about the district, touching one here and there with his icy fingers. Johnsy was among his victims. She lay, scarcely moving on her bed, looking through the small window at the blank side of the next brick house.

那是 5 月里的事。到了 11 月,一个医生称之为肺炎的阴森的隐形客闯入了这一地区,

用它冰冷的手指东碰西触。约翰西也为其所害。她病倒了,躺在床上几乎一动不动,只能隔

着小窗望着隔壁砖房那单调沉闷的侧墙。

3One morning the busy doctor invited Sue into the hallway with a bushy, gray eyebrow.

一天上午,忙碌的医生扬了扬灰白的浓眉,示意苏来到过道。

4"She has one chance in ten," he said. "And that chance is for her to want to live. Your

little lady has made up her mind that she's not going to get well. Has she anything on her mind?

“她只有一成希望,”他说。“那还得看她自己是不是想活下去。你这位女朋友已经下决

心不想好了。她有什么心事吗?”

5"She -- she wanted to paint the Bay of Naples some day," said Sue.“她――她想有

一天能去画那不勒斯湾,”苏说。

6"Paint? -- bosh! Has she anything on her mind worth thinking about twice -- a man, for instance?"

“画画?――得了。她有没有别的事值得她留恋的――比如说,一个男人?”

7"A man?" said Sue. "Is a man worth -- but, no, doctor; there is nothing of the kind."

“男人?” 苏说。“难道一个男人就值得――可是,她没有啊,大夫,没有这码子事。”

8"Well," said the doctor. "I will do all that science can accomplish. But whenever my patient begins to count the carriages in her funeral procession I subtract 50 per cent from the curative power of medicines." After the doctor had gone Sue went into the workroom and cried. Then she marched into Johnsy's room with her drawing board, whistling a merry tune.

“好吧,”大夫说。“我会尽一切努力,只要是科学能做到的。可是,但凡病人开始计

算她出殡的行列里有几辆马车的时候,我就要把医药的疗效减去一半。”大夫走后,苏去工作室

哭了一场。随后她携着画板大步走进约翰西的房间,口里吹着轻快的口哨。

9Johnsy lay, scarcely making a movement under the bedclothes, with her face toward the window. She was looking out and counting -- counting backward.

约翰西躺在被子下几乎一动不动,脸朝着窗。她望着窗外,数着数――倒数着数!

10"Twelve," she said, and a little later "eleven"; and then "ten," and "nine"; and then "eight" and "seven," almost together.

“ 12,”她数道,过了一会儿“ 11”,接着数“ 10”和“ 9”;再数“ 8”和“ 7”,几乎一口同时数下来。

11 Sue looked out of the window. What was there to count? There was only a bare, dreary yard to be seen, and the blank side of the brick house twenty feet away. An old, old ivy vine

climbed half way up the brick wall. The cold breath of autumn had blown away its leaves,

leaving it almost bare.

苏朝窗外望去。外面有什么好数的呢?外面只看到一个空荡荡的沉闷的院子,还有

20英尺开外那砖房的侧墙,上面什么也没有。一棵古老的常青藤爬到半墙高。萧瑟秋风吹

落了枝叶,藤上几乎光秃秃的。

12"Six," said Johnsy, in almost a whisper. "They're falling faster now. Three days ago there were almost a hundred. It made my head ache to count them. But now it's easy. There goes another one. There are only five left now."

“ 6”,约翰西数着,声音几乎听不出来。“现在叶子掉落得快多了。三天前差不多还

有 100 片。数得我头都疼。可现在容易了。又掉了一片。这下子只剩 5 片了。”

13"Five what, dear? "

“ 5 片什么,亲爱的?”

14"Leaves. On the ivy vine. When the last one falls I must go, too. I've known that for

three days. Didn't the doctor tell you?"

我也就得走了。三天前我就知道会“叶子。常青藤上的叶子。等最后一片叶子掉了,

这样。大夫没跟你说吗?”

15"Oh, I never heard of such nonsense. What have old ivy leaves to do with your getting well? Don't be so silly. Why, the doctor told me this morning that your chances for getting well real soon were ten to one! Try to take some soup now, and let Sudie go and buy port wine for her sick child."

“噢,我从没听说过这种胡说八道。常青藤叶子跟你病好不好有什么关系?别这么傻。

对了,大夫上午跟我说,你的病十有八九就快好了。快喝些汤,让苏迪给她生病的孩子去买些

波尔图葡萄酒来。”

16"You needn't get any more wine," said Johnsy, keeping her eyes fixed out the window. "There goes another. No, I don't want any soup. That leaves just four. I want to see the last one fall before it gets dark. Then I'll go, too. I'm tired of waiting. I'm tired of thinking. I want to turn loose

my hold on everything, and go sailing down, down, just like one of those poor, tired leaves."

“你不用再去买酒了,”约翰西说道,两眼一直盯着窗外。“又掉了一片。不,我不想

喝汤。这一下只剩下 4 片了。我要在天黑前看到最后一片叶子掉落。那时我也就跟着走了。

我都等腻了。也想腻了。我只想撇开一切, 飘然而去,就像那边一片可怜的疲倦的叶子。”17"Try to sleep," said Sue. "I must call Behrman up to be my model for the old miner. I'll

not be gone a minute."

“快睡吧,”苏说。“我得叫贝尔曼上楼来给我当老矿工模特儿。我去去就来。”

18Old Behrman was a painter who lived on the ground floor beneath them. He was past

sixty and had a long white beard curling down over his chest. Despite looking the part, Behrman was a failure in art. For forty years he had been always about to paint a masterpiece, but had never yet begun it. He earned a little by serving as a model to those young artists who could not pay the price of a professional. He drank gin to excess, and still talked of his coming masterpiece. For the rest he was a fierce little old man, who mocked terribly at softness in any one, and who regarded himself as guard dog to the two young artists in the studio above.

老贝尔曼是住在两人楼下底层的一个画家。他已年过六旬,银白色蜷曲的长髯披挂胸前。贝尔曼看上去挺像艺术家,但在艺术上却没有什么成就。40 年来他一直想创作一幅传世之作,却始终没能动手。他给那些请不起职业模特的青年画家当模特挣点小钱。他没节制

地喝酒,谈论着他那即将问世的不朽之作。要说其他方面,他是个好斗的小老头,要是谁表现出一点软弱,他便大肆嘲笑,并把自己看成是楼上画室里两位年轻艺术家的看护人。

19Sue found Behrman smelling strongly of gin in his dimly lighted studio below. In one corner was a blank canvas on an easel that had been waiting there for twenty-five years to receive the first line of the masterpiece. She told him of Johnsy's fancy, and how she feared she would, indeed, light and fragile as a leaf herself, float away, when her slight hold upon the world grew weaker. Old Behrman, with his red eyes plainly streaming, shouted his contempt for such foolish

imaginings.

苏在楼下光线暗淡的画室里找到了贝尔曼,他满身酒味刺鼻。屋子一角的画架上支着

一张从未落过笔的画布,在那儿搁了25 年,等着一幅杰作的起笔。苏把约翰西的怪念头跟

他说了,并说约翰西本身就像一片叶子又瘦又弱,她害怕要是她那本已脆弱的生存意志再软下

去的话,真的会凋零飘落。老贝尔曼双眼通红,显然是泪涟涟的,他大声叫嚷着说他蔑视这种

傻念头。

20"What!" he cried. "Are there people in the world foolish enough to die because leafs

drop off from a vine? I have never heard of such a thing. Why do you allow such silly ideas to

come into that head of hers? God! This is not a place in which one so good as Miss Johnsy

should lie sick. Some day I will paint a masterpiece, and we shall all go away. Yes."

“什么!”他嚷道。“世界上竟然有这么愚蠢的人,因为树叶从藤上掉落就要去死?我

听都没听说过这等事。你怎么让这种傻念头钻到她那个怪脑袋里?天哪!这不是一个像约翰西小

姐这样的好姑娘躺倒生病的地方。有朝一日我要画一幅巨作,那时候我们就离开这里。

真的。”

21Johnsy was sleeping when they went upstairs. Sue pulled the shade down, and motioned Behrman into the other room. In there they peered out the window fearfully at the ivy vine. Then they looked at each other for a moment without speaking. A persistent, cold rain was falling, mingled with snow. Behrman, in his old blue shirt, took his seat as the miner on an upturned kettle for a rock.

两人上了楼,约翰西已经睡着了。苏放下窗帘,示意贝尔曼去另一个房间。在那儿两人惶惶不安地凝视着窗外的常青藤。接着两人面面相觑,哑然无语。外面冷雨夹雪,淅淅沥

沥。贝尔曼穿着破旧的蓝色衬衣, 坐在充当矿石的倒置的水壶上,摆出矿工的架势。

22When Sue awoke from an hour's sleep the next morning she found Johnsy with dull,

wide-open eyes staring at the drawn green shade.

第二天早上,只睡了一个小时的苏醒来看到约翰西睁大着无神的双眼,凝望着拉下的绿色窗帘。

23"Pull it up; I want to see," she ordered, in a whisper.

“把窗帘拉起来;我要看,”她低声命令道。

24Wearily Sue obeyed.

苏带着疲倦,遵命拉起窗帘。

25But, Lo! after the beating rain and fierce wind that had endured through the night, there yet stood out against the brick wall one ivy leaf. It was the last on the vine. Still dark green near its stem, but with its edges colored yellow, it hung bravely from a branch some twenty feet above the ground.

可是,瞧!经过一整夜的急风骤雨,竟然还存留一片常青藤叶,背靠砖墙,格外显目。这是常青藤上的最后一片叶子。近梗部位仍呈暗绿色,但边缘已经泛黄了,它无所畏惧地挂在离地20 多英尺高的枝干上。

26"It is the last one," said Johnsy. "I thought it would surely fall during the night. I heard

the wind. It will fall today, and I shall die at the same time."

“这是最后一片叶子,”约翰西说。“我以为夜里它肯定会掉落的。我晚上听到大风呼啸。今天它会掉落的,叶子掉的时候,也是我死的时候。”

27The day wore away, and even through the twilight they could see the lone ivy leaf clinging to its stem against the wall. And then, with the coming of the night the north wind was again loosed.

白天慢慢过去了,即便在暮色黄昏之中,他们仍能看到那片孤零零的常青藤叶子,背靠砖墙,紧紧抱住梗茎。尔后,随着夜幕的降临,又是北风大作。

28When it was light enough Johnsy, the merciless, commanded that the shade be raised.

等天色亮起,冷酷无情的约翰西命令将窗帘拉起。

29The ivy leaf was still there.

常青藤叶依然挺在。

30Johnsy lay for a long time looking at it. And then she called to Sue, who was stirring

her chicken soup over the gas stove.

约翰西躺在那儿,望着它许久许久。接着她大声呼唤正在煤气灶上搅鸡汤的苏。

31"I've been a bad girl, Sudie," said Johnsy. "Something has made that last leaf stay there to show me how wicked I was. It is a sin to want to die. You may bring me a little soup now, and some milk with a little port in it and -- no; bring me a hand-mirror first, and then pack some

pillows about me, and I will sit up and watch you cook."

“我一直像个不乖的孩子,苏迪,”约翰西说。“有一种力量让那最后一片叶子不掉,好让我看到自己有多坏。想死是一种罪过。你给我喝点汤吧,再来点牛奶,稍放一点波尔图

葡萄酒――不,先给我拿面小镜子来,弄几个枕头垫在我身边,我要坐起来看你做菜。”

32An hour later she said:

一个小时之后,她说:

33"Sudie, some day I hope to paint the Bay of Naples."

“苏迪,我真想有一天去画那不勒斯海湾。”

34The doctor came in the afternoon, and Sue had an excuse to go into the hallway as he left.

下午大夫来了,他走时苏找了个借口跟进了过道。

35"Even chances," said the doctor, taking Sue's thin, shaking hand in his.

“现在是势均力敌,”大夫说着,握了握苏纤细颤抖的手。

36"With good nursing you'll win. And now I must see another case I have downstairs. Behrman, his name is -- some kind of an artist, I believe. Pneumonia, too. He is an old, weak man, and the attack is acute. There is no hope for him; but he goes to the hospital today to be made more comfortable."

“只要精心照料,你就赢了。现在我得去楼下看另外一个病人了。贝尔曼,

是他的名字――记得是个什么画家。也是肺炎。他年老体弱,病来势又猛。他是没救了。不过今天他

去了医院,照料得会好一点。”

37 The next day the doctor said to Sue: "She's out of danger. You've won. The right food and

care now -- that's all."

第二天,大夫对苏说:“她脱离危险了。你赢了。注意饮食,好好照顾,就行了。”38And that afternoon Sue came to the bed where Johnsy lay and put one arm around her.

当日下午,苏来到约翰西的床头,用一只手臂搂住她。

39"I have something to tell you, white mouse," she said. "Mr. Behrman died of pneumonia today in the hospital. He was ill only two days. He was found on the morning of the first day in his room downstairs helpless with pain. His shoes and clothing were wet through and icy cold. They couldn't imagine where he had been on such a terrible night. And then they found a lantern, still lighted, and a ladder that had been dragged from its place, and some scattered brushes, and a palette with green and yellow colors mixed on it, and -- look out the window, dear, at the last ivy

leaf on the wall. Didn't you wonder why it never fluttered or moved when the wind blew? Ah, darling, it's Behrman's masterpiece -- he painted it there the night that the last leaf fell."

“我跟你说件事,小白鼠,”她说。“贝尔曼先生今天在医院里得肺炎去世了。他得病

才两天。发病那天上午人家在楼下他的房间里发现他疼得利害。他的鞋子衣服都湿透了,冰冷冰冷的。他们想不出那么糟糕的天气他夜里会去哪儿。后来他们发现了一个灯笼,还亮着,还有一个梯子被拖了出来,另外还有些散落的画笔,一个调色板,和着黄绿两种颜色,――看看窗外,宝贝儿,看看墙上那最后一片常青藤叶子。它在刮风的时候一动也不动,你没有

觉得奇怪吗?啊,亲爱的,那是贝尔曼的杰作――最后一片叶子掉落的那天夜里他画上了这

片叶子。”

He did not trust the woman to trust him. And he did not trust the woman not to trust him.

And he did not want to be mistrusted now.

他不敢相信这个女人居然会信任自己。他也不认为这个女人就不信任自己。不过,现在他不想失去别人对自己的信任。

全新版大学英语综合教程3课文原文与翻译

全新版大学英语综合教程3课文原文与翻译

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