unit 1. 我们接到通知，财政部长将于次日接见我们。
We were informed that the Minister of Finance was to meet us the next day.
I thought it odd that he didn ' t seem to remember his own birthday.
Next Tuesday is the deadline for handing in the term papers, but most students have hardly made a dent in the work so far.
It pained the headmaster to find the number of students shrinking.
Cash is commonly used in paying bills in that country, but checks are becoming more popular and will, in a short while, replace cash as a way for people to settle their accounts.
the company claims that it is not responsible for the pollution in river. unit2
Bill is a mature young man who is no longer dependent on his parents for decisions.
There are abundant supplies of meat in this region, but fresh fruit and vegetables are scarce.
Drawing on the wisdom of the workers, the engineers invented a new production method that led to increased productivity.
4. 他花了许多时间准备数学考试，因此当他获知自己只得了个 B 时感到有点失望。
He spent a lot of time preparing for his math exam. Hence he was somewhat disappointed to learn that he got only a B.
We have ample time for a leisurely lunch.
The local government had to draw on its grain reserves and take other emergency measures so as to pull through the food crisis.
In the preface to one of his plays, Bernard Shaw advances the idea that people are more superstitious today than they were in the Middle Ages.
After her husband died, she had to bear the severe financial burden of raising five children by herself.
One of the test ways to prove or refute a point is to cite examples from your own experience.
Hunt ' s statement that Betty always exaggerates his faults may well lead to a quarrel.
5. 科学家发现产生日全蚀这一现象的原因之前，每当黑暗在大白天降临时人们就怕得要命。Before scientists discovered the cause of the total eclipse of the sun, people were extremely frightened when darkness fell in the middle of the day.
When the family gathered to discuss matters of finance, Father started off by saying that it was absolutely necessary to set aside some money each month, for in an emergency we could fall back on our savings.
The strong teams from these provinces declared unanimously at the meeting that they would take part in the next national football matches.
George was severely punished for kicking an opponent in an attempt to put him out of action.
The pharmacologists have carried out a series of experiments to test the new medicine for cancer, and doctors who have heard of this are anxiously awaiting their result.
It is incredible that the amateur singer could have beaten the large number of professionals at the singing contest.
On my way home from hunting, I found Mr. Smith and his children straining to get their car out the mud and went immediately to help them.
6. 市领导为国家赢得荣誉的运动员举行了宴会，其中有一名来自我县的杰出田径运动选手。The city leaders held a banquet in honor of the sportsmen who had won glory for our nation, and among them was the outstanding track-and-field athlete from our county.
I am convinced that, contrary to expectations, the so-called informed decision will bring very grave consequences.
It ' s true he once deceivdeyou, but he has admitted he has done wrong and apologized. So you shouldn ' t always treat him with suspicion.
He had taken a stand on the issue before it was openly debated.
In the course of their investigation, they discovered various forms of political corruption and exposed
a number of corrupt officials.
Mary ' s dilemma was whether to betray her colleagues by telling her boss the truth or to b etray his
trust by keeping him in the dark about it.
Now, in the first place, what has made you think this program will promote reforms, and in the second, how do you know these reforms will benefit the whole county?
One of the most effective means of absorbing knowledge from a book is to make intelligent notes in the margins.
In hot weather it is rather difficult to preserve food and keep it fresh and safe to eat. Naturally, many people prefer not to eat in restaurants during the summer months.
It will do us good to underline the points that the author emphasizes in his book.
After days of inquiry the police finally tied up the murder with the case of the recent escape from prison.
I want to persuade them to adopt our plan, because, in the first place, it calls for less funds and, in the second place, it will not cause environmental pollution.
Father bound the celery together with a rope and dipped it in the river for a while before he took it to the market for sale.
The cou rt ' s judgment aroused anger among Mr. Smith 's friends, who believed that he was
2. 当我们经过那家价格昂贵的餐馆时，父亲催我们快走，他说在这样高档的地方用餐是大大超过我们的经济能力的。hurry sb along / a fancy place / well beyond our means As we passed the expensive restaurant, father hurried us along saying that it was well beyond our means to have dinner at such a fancy place.
A teacher may evaluate and grade an essay on the basis of his general impression rather than on a detailed analysis.
I was inclined to get angry at the puppy for ruining my painting but he was so cute that I could not
help but laugh and pick him up.
Nowadays people take it for granted that their homes have running water, but only a short time
ago almost everyone had to carry water from a well or a stream to their home.
Anthony stayed up all night because he just could not make up his mind whether or not to take a
hand in the matter.
get away from / break down
Last weekend we drove out on vacation hoping to get away from the noise and pollution of the
city, but the car broke down on the way and we had to return home by taxi.
mind you / the graduation ceremony / require（从句谓语要用虚拟语气） / graduating students Not all of the students, mind you, are willing to attend the graduation ceremony so the school has to require that all graduating students attend the ceremony if they want to receive a diploma.
the role of women in society / derive from / be not relevant
Many of the ideas we have about the role of women in society are derived from feudal times and are not relevant in today ' s society.
mobile / than ever before / mobile phones
People today are more mobile than ever before; perhaps this is why mobile phones have become so common.
5. 几乎每个孩子都曾梦想去太空旅游，体会一下在失重环境下生活是什么样子。virtually /
dream of / experience / in a gravity-free environment
Virtually every child has dreamed of traveling in space and experiencing what it would be like to live in a gravity-free environment.
Students of our school are encouraged to do independent thinking and not to be restricted by the teacher' s point of view.
Environmental protection should be given priority for any country that plans to provide a secure future for the younger generation.
Life in the cities is hectic and noisy compared with rural life which is quiet and peaceful.
In many countries schools require students to pledge loyalty to the flag of their country before beginning class every morning.
The impact of a drought on the environment can be more destructive than that of a flood because it lasts for a longer period of time.
recede / drain the water out of the fields / replant
When the flood receded, the soldiers came to the villages to help drain the water out of the fields so that crops could be replanted in time.
At one time everyone at least knew some of their neighbors, but today it seems that people are too busy to have time to stay in touch with one another.
Retired people are often depressed if they can' t find something to do.
To prepare us for the debate, the coach wanted us to be always aware of the arguments that are quite the reverse of ours.
On weekdays the whole family were busy working, but when the weekend came they loved to get in the car and drive around the nearby countryside.
A doctor often prides himself on the ability to cure his patient of a rare disease.
not renewed before they are due / in accordance with regulations / pay a fine
If books are not returned to the library on time or not renewed before they are due, a fine must be paid in accordance with regulations.
On the whole, few people do not complain about their jobs. On the other hand, they would be very unhappy if they were unable to work.