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新世纪大学英语综合教程1课后答案全

---------------------考试---------------------------学资学习网---------------------押题------------------------------

The Answers to Unit 1

Enhance Your Language Awareness

Working with Words and Expressions

(5) relevant (6) helpful (7) extreme (8) enjoyable

(9) means (10) process (11) particularly (12) characters

(13) astonished (14) apparently

3. (1) fond of (2) is…related to (3) according to

(4) To a certain degree (5) vice versa (6) no doubt (7) rid…of (8) cleared up (9) or else (10) at all costs (11) sure enough (12) let alone (13) similar to (14) It's no use (15) in my opinion (16) was worth

Increasing Your Word Power

1. (1) c (2) d (3) b (4) b (5) b (6) d

2. (1) highly/very (2) quite/very (3) quite/very/increasingly (4)

quite/simply/very

3.

No Mistake

especial→especially

necessarily →necessary

frequent →frequently

No Mistake

easily →easy

1 / 23

No Mistake

individually →individual

much →many

high →highly

apparently →apparent

remarkably →remarkable

probable →probably

No Mistake

Grammar

Task 1:

would/should (2) should/would (3) might (4) would (5) must (6) can't (7) should would (8) must

Task 2:

We passed the afternoon very pleasantly, roller-skating in the sun and

talking

about our childhood under a tree. / The afternoon passed very pleasantly, while we

roller-skated in the sun and talked about our childhood under a tree. On entering the lecture hall, I was surprised at the size of the crowd. / When I

entered the lecture hall, I was surprised at the size of the crowd. When I was only a small boy, my father took me to and we had a lot of fun

together.

To write well, a person must read good books.

Cloze

(1) doubt (2) efficient (3) where (4) advantage (5) afford (6) claim

2 / 23

(7) fluently (8) qualified (9) extent (10) ridiculous (11) perfect

(12) as

(13) because (14) individual

Translation

1. Translate the sentences

(1) The baby can't even crawl yet, let alone walk.

(2) claimed he was dining with a group of friends at the time of the murder,

but in my opinion he told a lie.

(3) To a certain extent the speed of reading is closely related to reading skills;

and with reading skills you can cope with outside class reading better.

(4) According to the regulation/rule, they both can play the

game/participate in

the game.

(5) Some people assume that there is a Chinese equivalent for every Japanese

word.

(6) We have passed all the relevant information on to the police.

(7) There/ It is no use asking me any more questions about that matter because I

won't answer.

(8) It was a mistake on 's part to sign the contract without reading it carefully.

(9) They refused to provide us with all the information we need.

(10) This accident is very similar to the one that happened three years ago.

(11) The film is based on a play by/ of .

2. Translate the paragraph

近年来英语教学法有了很大的改变,但是还是有大量的教学活动建立在行为主义心理学基础之上。那些信奉行为主义心理学理论的教师热衷于让学生复述短语,并迫使学生做一些只需不断更换句中某个词的练习。假如我们是鹦鹉3 / 23

或黑猩猩,那么这些方法或许能奏效。但我们不是。人类的语言交际必须是真实、有意义的。

The Answers to Unit 2

Enhance Your Language Awareness

Working with Words and Expressions

2. (1) create (2) conflict (3) involved (4) overcame

(5) have survived (6) attend (7) frowned (8) wander (9) guilty (10) sustained (11) survey (12) awkward (13) recall (14) terrified (15) insurance (16) Adapting

3. (1) was sick of (2) choking back (3) Compared with

(4) settled into (5) would give anything (6) in the midst of (7) in his own right (8) on my own (9) fit in with (10) grew apart from (11) No wonder (12) staying up (13) was annoyed with (14) was scared of (15) in trouble (16) For

Increasing Your Word Power

1. (1) possessive (2) overprotective (3) frustrated (4) possessive

(5) lenient strict (6) rebellious (7) frustrated (8) restless (9) stubborn

2. (1) survey (2) sustain (3) attend (4) terrify (5) wrap (6) recall

3.

4. (1) dangerous (2) ironic (3) fury (4) heroic (5) adventure fame

4 / 23

Grammar

Task 2:

1. ×(argue with each other)

2. ×(The accident happened….)

3. ×(enjoy it)

4. √

5. √

6. ×(shouted at)

7. √

8. √

Cloze

(11) insurance (12) surveyed (13) groaning (14) recognition Translation

1. Translate the sentences

Many teachers frowned on this practice.

An old man glared at me when I was trying to cut across the lawn. When I mentioned my father, she showed a smile of recognition on her face.

My firstborn was quite obedient, whereas my younger child was very stubborn. I

can still recall now how the younger child insisted on going abroad to study after he

finished his secondary school.

Countries in sustained great losses when the tsunami struck the area.

5 / 23

He found himself unable to fit in with his classmates when he first came to this

school.

The fury on her face terrified me. I dared not say no to her again.

No wonder you ended up in trouble. You never followed your parents'

It took him two years to adapt to the new environment.

2. Translate the paragraph

我还是个婴儿的时候,我的父母就搬到了佛蒙特州。我那温文尔雅的父亲在那儿的一个小镇上毫不张扬地开业行医了。很快,他就赢得了当地人对他的尊敬。我每到一处,也被人尊称为埃普利医生的儿子。一开始我很高兴同学和老师们因为我有一个受人尊敬的父亲而善待我,但随着我的长大,事情起了变化。我开始讨厌父亲的好名声像影子一样跟着我。我要独立。我变得顽固倔强又反叛,还开始对我父亲直呼其名,令他伤透了心。但有一天,发生了一件事令我的态度彻底改变了。

The Answers to Unit 3

Enhance Your Language Awareness

Working with Words and Expressions

1. (1) reveals (2) behaving (3) handle (4) influenced

(5) satisfied (6) entertain (7) inherit (8) affect (9) confronted (10) sought (11) isolated (12) restrict (13) optimistic (14) selfish (15) sensitive

2. (1) summed up (2) have an impact on (3) respond to (4) In

general (5) falls into (6) at work (7) shut off

from

(8) in control of (9) free from (10) in good shape Increasing Your Word Power

6 / 23

1. (1) aggressive, sarcastic, harsh, negative

(2) magical, mystical

(3) negative, critical

(4) magical, outgoing, optimistic

(5) intellectual

2. (1) Evidently (2) individually (3) absolutely (4) consistently/evidently/absolutely (5) Consequently (6) mentally, physically (7) probably/absolutely (8) eagerly enthusiastically (9) easily (10) Normally

3.

(1) submissive (2) aggressive (3) possession (4) created

(5) negative (6) defense (7) sensitive

Grammar

Task 1: (1) all (2) many (3) a (4) much (5) some (6) every (7) an (8)

any

Task 2:

Cloze

(1) indicate (2) responds (3) reflect (4) absolutely (5) preference

(6) harsh (7) specific (8) traits (9) individual (10) immature

(11) effort (12) persistent (13) achieve (14) inherits Translation

1. Translate the sentences

7 / 23

likes the girl a lot so he tries very hard to impress her and is optimistic that he

will win her heart.

He is very creative and has a good vision of the future, but he likes to keep

things to himself.

They came from a poor village where people were shut off from modern civilization.

We must work hard and make an effort to achieve the goals that we have set.

We should learn to be content with all that we have and should not be too

critical about things around us.

Through reading, not only has he expanded his horizon, he has also learned to

keep improving his character.

Two policemen sacrificed their lives in order to save that girl from the fire.

A stable relationship without conflicts between husband and wife benefits the

children in the family.

2. Translate the paragraph

虽然有许多关于性格的理论,但是任何一个都没有绝对地对错之分,因为每个心理学家对性格的观点都有所不同。所以,除非某个人已有明显的症状,否则很难断定这个人患有精神疾病。心里学家普遍认可绝大多数人是因为过度的压力才引起情感和精神上的疾病。所以重要的是人们要去寻找可以让自己放松、开心的方法。

Enjoy English

Across: 1. optimistic 2. opportunity 3. expand 4. represent 5. mature

Down: 6.outgoing 7.consistently 8.intellectual 9.primary

10.inherit

11.affect

The Answers to Unit 4

8 / 23

Enhance Your Language Awareness

Working with Words and Expressions

2. (1) exclaimed (2) arrange (3) aroused (4) resembles

(5) volunteered (6) appreciate (7) requires (8) cracked (9) miracle (10) victims (11) precious (12) delicate (13) expected (14) interviewed

3. (1) take over (2) get through (3) no way (4) Leave off

(5) put…together (6) in touch with (7) No sooner…than (8) in advance

(9) looking forward to (10) arrange for (11) in contrast (12) took on

(13) made sure (14) move in (15) in the hands of (16) go with (17) in

poverty

Increasing Your Word Power

(9) spilt (10) volunteer (11) contrasts (12) crashed

2. (1) e (2) e (3) a (4) a (5) c (6) d

3. (1) happy (2) impulsive (3) carelessness (4) calmness (5)

firm

(6) illness (7) awareness (8) weakness (9) submissive Grammar

Task 2:

No Mistake

has lived →has been living

enjoyed →enjoys

No Mistake

9 / 23

have tried →tried

No Mistake

No Mistake

No Mistake

visit →have been visiting

has been liking →likes

got →had I got

broke →had broken

No Mistake

No Mistake

had suffered →was suffering

No Mistake

received →have been receiving

No Mistake

has insisted on →insisted

No Mistake

No Mistake

Cloze

(1) chilly (2) sooner (3) than (4) exclaimed (5) fabric (10) sacrificed (9) miracle (8) that (7) joints (6) delicate

(12) loving

(11) precious

10 / 23

Translation

1. Translate the sentences

Let's get in touch as soon as we know the results of the test / exam. The music aroused an intense feeling of homesickness in him.

You've been working all morning —you deserve a rest now.

I had no sooner lain down than the telephone rang. / No sooner had I lain down

than the telephone rang.

My doctor says I'm too tired and has advised me not to take on any more work.

volunteered to clear up after the gathering.

The subject of the talk is announced a week in advance, but the name of the

speaker is not.

Your performance in the exam did not reach the required standard —

in other

words, you failed.

She was so ill that she had to leave off work.

There is no way to tell what is going to happen. The case is in the hands of the

judge, and all we could do is to wait.

2. Translate the paragraph

当人们变得很老时,像祖父母或曾父母那样,他们有时不再能够照顾自己。他们会生病,或者摔倒而折断股骨,或者他们根本都不记得该如何穿睡衣。有时候虽然有些老人看起来还健康,但是因为他们自己独居,所以觉得很孤单。这时候全家人要碰个头,商讨一下让他们日渐衰老的家人去养老院居住是否是一个较好的办法,因为在那里他们可以得到更好的照顾。

The Answers to Unit 5

Enhance Your Language Awareness

11 / 23

Working with Words and Expressions

2. (1) senior (2) defined (3) occur (4) options (5) disturbed (6) soak (7) tossed (8) navigate

(10) depressed

(9) matters

(3)

(2) took us by surprise 3. (1) became well acquainted with (6) in reality gather our thoughts (4) turned out (5) hang up

(7) In spite of

(10) turned into

(8) lit up (9) hemmed and hawed

Increasing Your Word Power

(4) e 1. (1) a (2) e (3) c

(8) b (6) d (7) d (5) b

(6)

(4) attack 2. (1) covered (2) fears (3) covers (5) fears attacks

(8) touched (9) chat (7) visits; visited (10) touch (11)match

(13) match

(12) chats

(6) advertisements (7) developments (8) argue

(5) excitement

(9) enjoyed (10) encouragement

Grammar

Task 2:

1) I saw the door open 2) the office had been broken into

6) had just bought

5) the 200 dollars he had locked in his drawer was gone

Cloze

12 / 23

(1) recent (2) surprise (3) sad (4) keeping (5) disturbing

(6) inquiries (7) admitted (8) occurred (9) surgery

(10)

options

(11) tightly (12) soaking (13) scent (14) gatherings

Translation

1. Translate the sentences

We are good friends; however, he kept such an important matter from me,

which took me by surprise.

It doesn't matter if you can not get full marks for the exam; what matters

is not

to lose confidence in yourself.

He chatted with me last night and assured me that the disease was not hard to

cure and that nobody had ever died of it.

It turned out that he had already received my money, but did not acknowledge

the receipt of it on purpose. This really drove me crazy.

He is a shy and silent boy. Before he went onto the stage to share his experiences, he sat quietly in a corner of the auditorium, gathering his thoughts.

He admitted on the spot that he would go overseas for further study as he

believed overseas education would open the door to his future research. into a pretty young lady 's uncle's face lit up when he saw his neice had turned

in just a few years.

2. Translate the paragraph

她非常高兴地看到我已长成一个健壮的小伙子。我回去看我外婆的时候,

我们一起聊天,回忆我小时候的一些事情。谈到一半的时候,外婆突然叹了一她的话使我震惊得拱起了眉头,不明白口气说,“大概以后

再也见不到你了。”

她为什么说出这么令人不安的话来。我们静静地坐了一会,外婆的眼里噙满泪13 / 23

水,她终于告诉我说,医生诊断出她得了严重的心脏病,已经发作了好几次,也一直在治疗,但情况一点也没有进展。我怪外婆一直把这坏消息瞒着我,并告诉她一定会有办法医治的,她却摇头否认。我伸出双臂抱着外婆,多么希望我们能在一起度过更多的时间。

The Answers to Unit 6

Enhance Your Language Awareness

Working with Words and Expressions

2. (1) delivered (2) released (3) permission (4) rented (5) miserable (6) exploded (7) pressed (8) motion (9) barely

(10) enthusiasm (11) knelt (12) request (13) policy (14) necessities

3. (1) go wrong (2) broke down

(3) on my way to (4) by himself

(5) in time (6) set the stage for

(7) set out for (8) make fun of

(9) pleaded for (10) in disbelief

Increasing Your Word Power

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