Unit 1 Personal Relationships
1 1 A
2 1 killed 2 wounded
5 badly / seriously
9 type 10 orphans
11 French 12 difficulty 13 frightened 14 would 15 cried
16 Vietnamese 17 found 18 understand 19 willing 20 friend
V = Vietnamese nurse H = Heng N = Navy nurse
V: Is it hurting, Heng?
V: So why are you crying? Is there anything wrong?
H: I’m sad that I will have to leave the world. I’m a little scared before I die. I don’t want to die, but I don’t want my friend to die, either.
V: Why do you think you are gong to die?
H: The doctor said unless I gave my blood to my friend, she would certainly die.
V: You must have misunderstood him. You only have to give some of your blood to the girl.
This won’t do any harm to your health.
H: Really? Are you sure?
V: Yes. Have a good sleep now. When you wake up, I’m sure you’ll be as strong as before.
V: (to the Navy nurse): He thought he was dying. He misunderstood you. He thought you had asked him to give all his blood to the little girl so that she could live.
N: But why would he be willing to do that?
V: Heng, the Navy nurse wants to know why you would be willing to give all your blood to the little girl?
H: She’s my friend.
7 wounded 8 supplies 9 sign 10 balancing 11 land 12 balance
run: 1 D 2 A 3 C 4 E 5 F 6 B
match: 1 D 2 B 3 F 4 C 5 E 6 A
2 in the balance
5 let out
9 limited 10 action
When I knew the details I realized that I should not have lost my temper in the office.
I don’t / didn’t know Bob very well, but we go / went out for an occasion al drink together.
The meeting is supposed to take place on Tuesday, but we have to postpone it / put it off. Our government took action to bring / get all the Chinese in that country back to China. Including weekends, there are only 12 more days to buy Christmas presents / gifts. Without immediate action, many kinds / species of wild animals would die from hunger. Part 3 Further Development
1 Grammar Review
A: Did you hear that Tom failed the English final? He was 10 minutes late for the final because he woke up late.
B: That’s too bad. But he should have asked his roommate to wake him up.
A: Well anyway, he got to the classroom before the listening part finished. But then he found the batteries for his radio were dead.
B: Well, he should have bought new batteries the day before.
A: Yes, very true. He then had to borrow two batteries from his classmate. But when Tom was doing the exam, he found there were many words that were new to him.
B: He should have spent more time memorizing new words and phrases before the exam.
A: Yes, and then Tom had a splitting headache because he had studied until two in the morning.
B: That’s too bad. But he really shouldn’t have stayed up the night before the exam.
A: And what’s more, Tom was so afraid to fail the fin al that he peeped at his neighbor’s paper. He was caught and would be punished.
B: Really? He shouldn’t have cheated on the exam.
2 Vocabulary Review
1 A Though / Although B though C though
A Both “although” and “though” can be used as conjunctions to in troduce a subordinate clause of concession (让步状语从句) in which you mention something which contrasts
with what you are saying in the main clause.
B “Though” is sometimes used as an adverb. When used as an adverb, it is not used at the beginning of a clause. “Although” cannot be used as an adverb.
C When a clause beginning with “though” ends with a complement or adverb, you can bring the complement or adverb forward to the beginning of the clause. However, when a clause beginning with “although” ends with a complement or adverb, you cannot move the complement or adverb to the beginning of the clause.
2 A reply / answer B answer C replying
Both “answer” and “reply” can be used as nouns and verbs. With a noun object we use the verb “answer” or “reply to”. e.g. We must answer / reply to these questions as soon as possible.
3 A speaks B speak C talking D speak / talk
You say that someone “speaks” or “can speak” a foreign language. If someone is giving a speech, you say they are “speaking”. If two or more people a re having a conversation, you say that they are “talking”. You do not say that they are “speaking”.
If you “speak to / talk to” someone, you have a conversation with them.
4 A injured / hurt B hurt / injured C wounded / injured D wounds
You can be “wounded” or receive a “wound” from any attack in which a gun or sharp instrument such as a sword or knife is used. You can be “hurt” or “injured” or receive an “injury”, a) when any other weapon such as a heavy stick or bomb is used, b) in an accident. Both “wound” and “injure” are more serious than “hurt”. Note that “hurt”
can be used as an intransitive verb but not “wound” or “injure”. e.g. It hurts when I try to move my leg.
5 A houses B apartment, apartments
A “house” is a building for people to live in and o ften has more than one level. An
“apartment” in American English or a “flat” in British English refers to a set of rooms within a larger building, usually on one level.
6 A aside B apart C aside / apart
Both “aside” and “apart” can be used as adverbs. “Aside” means “away or to the side”.
“Apart” means “separated by a distance”. The phrase “aside from / apart from” means
a) except for, b) in addition to.
7 A requests B requested C demanded D demands
Both “request” and “demand” mean “ask for sth. or ask sb. to do sth.”. “Request” is more formal and stronger than “ask (for)”. “Demand” is even stronger. If you “demand” something, you feel strongly that you have the right to get it, and will not take “no” for an answer. Both “request” and “demand” can be used as a verb or as a noun. A “request” for something is a polite demand for it.
8 A border B boundary
The word “border” refers to the dividing line between two countries or states or the land near that line. A “boundary” is a precise line marking the outer limi ts of an area.
3 Roommates and Friends
In addition to those listed in the book, my ideal roommate would also be: someone who does not smoke; a responsible and honest person; someone who does not snore while sleeping; the best student in my class; someone who does not stay up too late;
an independent person; someone who does not interfere in my private affairs; a tolerant person; a trustworthy person, etc.
? No, I don’t think roommates are usually friends. Living in the same room doesn’t necessarily mean that friendships will develop. Although roommates are usually friendly to each other, not all of them are friends because friendliness is not always an indication of friendship. It’s true with classmates. Only when people have similar interests and a common outlook on life will they become friends or close friends.
? I think more often than not roommates will become friends. Obviously, roommates spend much time together and therefore will learn a lot about each other. When people get to know each other, friendship often develops. Many people could have become friends if they had met and got together often or long enough. Sharing rooms paves the way to friendship. We often hear older people say they were roommates or classmates and therefore good friends. It doesn’t mean roommates will surely become friends. They’re more likely to become friends.
4 It Made Me Feel So Good
? As a newcomer in this university, the first letter I’ve received here is from my best friend, Dong Ming. Dong Ming and I were classmates in high school and we spent a lot of time together, studying, talking and playing around. I can safely say that not a single day was spent without our being together during our senior high school years.
But no w we’re studying at two different universities far apart from each other.
His letter makes me feel as if we were together again, talking. And what’s important is not the letter itself but what he said in the letter.
Dear Dong Hao,
I felt sad when we left each other last Friday and yet a little happy about all the new things and the excitement ahead of us in our new college life. It’s what we want and need.
One thing is very important to both of us: to make more friends and to learn to get along with others. To do so I believe we should respect others—their point of view, their way of doing things, etc. Only in this way can we make more friends and make our campus life more interesting. What do you think? I look forward to your reply.