大学英语精读book4第四册第三版课后翻译答案 (2010-06-28 16:00:33)转载
We were informed that the Minister of Finance was to give us an audience /receive us the next day.
I thought it odd that he didn't seem to remember his own birthday.
Next Tuesday is the deadline for handing in the term papers, but most students have hardly made
a dent in the work so far.
It pained the headmaster to find the number of students shrinking.
5) 在那个国家一般用现金付账，但支票变得普遍起来了，不久会代替现金作为人们结账的一种方式。Cash is commonly used in paying bills in that country, but checks are becoming more popular and will, in a short while, replace cash as a way for people to settle their accounts.
The company claims that it is not responsible for the pollution in the river.
Bill is a mature young man who is no longer dependent on his parents for decisions.
There are abundant supplies of meat in this region, but fresh fruit and vegetables are scarce.
Drawing on the wisdom of the workers, the engineers invented a new production method that led to increased productivity.
He spent a lot of time preparing for his math exam. Hence he was somewhat disappointed to learn that he got only a B.
We have ample time for a leisurely lunch.
The local government had to draw on its grain reserves and take other emergency measures so as to pull through the food crisis.
In the preface to one of his plays, Bernard Shaw advances the idea that people are more superstitious today than they were in the Middle Ages.
After her husband died, she had to bear the severe financial burden of raising five children by herself.
One of the best ways to prove or refute a point is to cite examples from your own experience.
Hunt's statement that Betty always exaggerates his faults may well lead to a quarrel.
I trusted her so much that I would have swallowed any story she told me.
When the family gathered to discuss matters of finance, Father started off by saying that it was absolutely necessary to set aside some money each month, for in an emergency we could fall back on our savings.
Sometimes bad luck seems to follow you everywhere. Take, for instance, what happened to me not long ago. One day I drove to a nearby city on business. At a junction I pulled the car to a halt as the red light was on; however, a black Buick suddenly collided into my car from behind. I was slightly injured. Wild with anger I cursed and got out only to find that the woman driver of the other car appeared to have been knocked unconscious and her young child, who was sitting in the rear of the car, was hurt, too. I had to fumble in my pockets for my mobile phone and call the police. In a few minutes a police car came and rushed the lady and her child to hospital. I was, however, asked to stay where I was. In fact, I didn't leave the scene until two hours later although I was not to blame at all. By the time I got home all my energy seemed to have deserted me. As to the business trip, I had to cancel it. As a result, my work suffered enormously. Up to now, I still can't make sense of the accident.
1) 我确信这项所谓 (so-called) 明智的决定，与期望相反，会带来极其严重的后果。
I am convinced that, contrary to expectations, the so-called informed decision will bring very grave consequences.
It's true he once deceived you, but he has admitted he has done wrong and apologized. So you shouldn't always treat him with suspicion.
He had taken a stand on the issue before it was openly debated.
4) 在调查过程中，他们发现了种种形式的政治腐败，并揭露了许多贪官污吏 (corrupt officials)。
In the course of their investigation, they discovered various forms of political corruption and exposed a number of corrupt officials.
Mary's dilemma was whether to betray her colleagues by telling her boss the truth or to betray his trust by keeping him in the dark about it.
Now, in the first place, what has made you think (led you to think) this program will promote reforms, and in the second, how do you know these reforms will benefit the whole county?
The vice minister of health has emphasized time and again how important it is to integrate traditional Chinese medicine with western medicine.
In hot weather it is rather difficult to preserve food and keep it fresh and safe to eat. Naturally, many people prefer not to eat in restaurants during the summer months.
It will do us good to underline the points that the author emphasizes in his book.
After days of inquiry the police finally tied up the murder with the case of the recent escape from prison.
I want to persuade them to adopt our plan, because, in the first place, it calls for less funds and, in the second place, it will not cause environmental pollution.
6) 父亲用绳子把芹菜 (celery) 扎在一起，放在河里浸了浸，然后拿到菜场去卖。
Father bound the celery together with a rope and dipped it in the stream for a while before he took it to the market for sale.
The court's judgment aroused anger among Mr. Smith's friends, who believed that he was innocent.
2) 当我们经过那家价格昂贵的餐馆时，父亲催我们快走，他说在这样高档的 (fancy) 地方用餐是大大超过我们的经济能力的。
As we passed the expensive restaurant, father hurried us along saying that it was well beyond our means to have dinner at such a fancy place.
3) 老师在评价一篇文章并给它打分 (grade vt.) 时，可能是根据总的印象而不是根据仔细的分析(analysis)。
A teacher may evaluate and grade an essay on the basis of his general impression rather than on
a detailed analysis.
4) 小狗 (puppy) 将我的一张画搞坏了，我真想对它发火，可它那十分可爱 (cute) 的样子使我不禁笑着把它从地上抱了起来。(be inclined to, ruin)
I was inclined to get angry at the puppy for ruining my painting but he was so cute that I could not help but laugh and pick him up.
5) 爱德华 (Edward) 常常喜爱在那间可以眺望大海的房间里朗诵诗歌。
Edward was in the habit of reciting poems in the room overlooking the sea.
6) 安东尼 (Anthony) 彻夜未眠，因为他对于是否得插手此事举棋不定。
Anthony stayed up all night because he just could not make up his mind whether or not to take
a hand in the matter.
Someday people need not get away from the city to find peace and quiet. When we withdraw into underground dwellings, the surface ground now occupied by cities can be turned over to park and to wilderness for recreation.
2) 请你注意并非所有的学生都愿意出席毕业典礼(graduation ceremony)，所以学校才要求凡是想领取毕业证书(diploma)的毕业生(graduating students)都得出席。
Not all of the students, mind you, are willing to attend the graduation ceremony so the school has to require that all graduating students attend the ceremony if they want to receive a diploma.
3) 对于妇女在社会中的地位问题，我们的许多看法来自封建时代(feudal times),与今天的社会是格格不入的(not relevant)。
Many of the ideas we have about the role of women in society are derived from feudal times and are not relevant in today's society.
People today are more mobile than ever before; perhaps this is why mobile phones have become so common.
Virtually every child has dreamed of traveling in space and experiencing what it would be like to live in a gravity-free environment.
6) 我们学校鼓励学生独立思考(do independent thinking),不要受老师观点的束缚。(restrict) Students of our school are encouraged to do independent thinking and not to be restricted by the teacher's points of view.
When my parents took me to America several years ago, everything there felt very alien to me. Soon after I attended an American high school, I felt desperately lonely because my lack of competence in English formed a barrier separating my new schoolmates and myself. When my parents found out why I was in such low spirits, they encouraged me to improve myself in English and enrich my vocabulary by reading extensively. From then on I spent many hours reading English books and magazines. I was always intrigued by good mysteries, but what fascinated me most was stories of outstanding scientists. I remember I was greatly impressed by Albert Einstein whose ideas profoundly changed mankind's basic concepts of space, time, matter and energy. And I found it
amazing that Aristotle had written about 400 books on a variety of subjects. Stephen Hawking is physically disabled and unable to speak; nevertheless, he has made a notable contribution to science. What a miracle! Brilliant deeds of the great scientists led / prompted me to make up my mind to dedicate my life to the pursuit of science.
1) 关键证人的缺席有可能削弱对被告的指控力度(weaken the case against)。
The absence of the crucial witness was likely to weaken the case against the defendant.
To prepare us for the debate, the coach wanted us to be always aware of arguments that are quite the reverse of ours.
3) 尤其是, 人们指望你表现出能激励和领导一班人的潜力。
Above all you are expected to demonstrate a potential to motivate and lead the team.
A doctor often prides himself on the ability to cure his patient of a rare disease.
If books are not returned to the library on time or not renewed before they are due, a fine must be paid in accordance with the regulations.
On the whole, few people do not complain about their jobs. On the other hand, they would be very unhappy if they got no chance to work.
The spokesman made it clear that the President would not cancel the trip under any circumstances.
Jack didn't know anything about any of the books on the bookshelf, so his choice was quite arbitrary.
The subsequent events confirmed my suspicions once again.
I think we should encourage high school students to find temporary jobs / employment during their summer holidays.
5) 令我们吃惊的是，这位常被赞为十分正直的州长（governor）竟然是个贪官（corrupt official）。
To our surprise, the governor who had often been praised for his honesty turned out to be a corrupt official.
6) 少数工人得到提升（be promoted），与此同时却有数百名工人被解雇。
A few workers were promoted, but meanwhile hundreds of workers were dismissed.
Given the chance, John might have become an outstanding painter.
Several hours later, the boy was found wandering around in the woods.
It is important to have easy and quick access to information, but it is even more important to learn to look at / view information in new ways. A major medical breakthrough may illustrate the point. Scientists had intended to find a cure for smallpox, but they got nowhere. Edward Jenner, a British physician, abandoned the quest for a cure and conquered the disease by finding a way to prevent it. Obviously, it was creative thinking that led to his fruitful work. In short, it definitely pays to keep this in mind: there is more than one way to look at / view volumes of data you download.
Many American students apply for government loans to pay for their education / tuition.
Besides reading materials, the use of films and multimedia can stimulate students' interest in
3) 这位律师试图说服陪审团（jury）他的当事人（client）是无辜的。 (convince sb. of)
The attorney / lawyer tried to convince the jury of his client's innocence.
Asking questions often generates the spark of creativity.
I have sent off my résumé to several corporations, but haven't yet received a reply.
Her conclusion is built / based on a careful analysis of current international affairs.
We came to the meeting full of expectations, yet we left very disappointed.
At the moment he has to take the job of distributing leaflets to promote products for a cosmetic company.
Could you imagine a woman with a severe physical handicap running a website on her own and covering the Los Angles Dodgers as extensively as a professional sportswriter? I would never believe it if I had not seen her with my own eyes, curled up in a wheelchair, typing her comments by hitting the key with a pointer fastened to her head. I had driven a long way in hopes of uncovering an elaborate hoax, but watching her strain in the gloom of her shanty to add to her story, I knew I had found a true winner. Her enthusiasm for the game and her trust in the athletes brought me
back to a positive attitude.
As far as ability is concerned, I am sure he will qualify for the job.
2) 认为约翰会因为他的失礼(being impolite)而向他们正式道歉，那就错了。
It is wrong to assume that John will formally apologize to them for being impolite.
3) 这一丑闻(scandal)对正在力争赢得大选的工党(the Labour Party)来说，无疑是一件尴尬的事。This scandal will undoubtedly be an embarrassment to the Labour Party, which is trying hard to win the election.
4) 我正在努力地写学期论文(term paper)，可是我的小妹妹却不断冲进我的房间打扰我。 (at work on ...)
I was hard at work on a term paper, but my baby sister kept interrupting me by bursting into my room.
I asked her several times, but she refused to respond to my question.
In the West, people often send away for mail-order goods, which can save a lot of time.
7) 抱歉, 时间不多了，我建议我们跳到最后一章。
Sorry time is running out; I suggest we skip to the last chapter.
8) 既然你决心尽快完成硕士课程(master's program), 那就别让你的社交生活(social life)妨碍你的学习。
Since you have set your mind to finishing your master's program as soon as possible, don't let your social life stand in the way of your studies.
1) 装了(fitted with) 假肢(artificial leg)，他起初走路走不稳，但经过锻炼他的步子(step) 稳了。Fitted with the artificial leg, he walked unsteadily / shakily at first, but with practice his steps became steady.
2) 医生说我得了重感冒，给我开了四种药，三种是药片，饭后服，另一种是药水 (liquid)，睡前服。The doctor said I had caught a severe cold and she prescribed me four different medicines. Three of them are pills to be taken after meals and the other is liquid to be drunk before going to bed.
My sister felt miserable for weeks after she had her pet dog stolen.
4) 汽车早已开走看不见了，珍妮 (Jenny) 还站在大门口凝视着路的尽头。
Jenny was still standing at the gate gazing at the end of the road long after the car was out of sight.
As far as I know, they have been emotionally detached from each other for some time.
In general, prices may be brought down by increasing supply or decreasing demand.
1) 像平常一样，他在开始洗漱（get washed）前，将收音机调至早晨七点的新闻广播。
As usual, he tuned his radio for the 7 a.m. news broadcast before he began to get washed. 2) 有许多文件要签，但紧急的只有这份合同。
There are a lot of papers to sign, but the only urgent one is this contract.
3) 在该市，因吸毒（drug abuse）和赌博（gambling）而引发的罪行在发展，当地政府似乎找不出对付这一问题的办法。
In that city crime born of drug abuse and gambling is on the rise, and the local government seems unable to figure out a way to cope with it.
4) 在那些日子里，我能弄到什么就看什么，只要是用英文写的。(get one's hands on)
In those days I would read everything I could get my hands on so / as long as it was written in English.
5) 我敢肯定那座楼在空袭（air raid）中一定被完全炸毁了。
I bet the building must have been completely destroyed in the air raid.
6) 她被这突如其来的打击（unexpected blow）吓得好几分钟讲不出一句话来。
She was so scared by the unexpected blow that she could not speak a word for several minutes.
7) 幸好惊慌中她抓住了他的大衣, 否则她会从栏杆上掉下去。
Lucky enough she grabbed hold of his overcoat in panic, otherwise she would have fallen over the rail.
We didn't like his attitude that he deserved special treatment.
Even if you are one of the best students in class, in order to maintain your grades you must review your lessons often.
Some of the old fantasies about the space age have come true.
4) 情况确实是如此，有些人一生中很早就获得成功，而另一些人则要工作很长时间方能实现自己的目标。It is true that some people achieve success very early in life, while others must work a long time before attaining their goals.
He maintained that the failure of the experiment was largely due to inadequate preparation.
Researchers now recommend that we take time every day to project our desired goals onto the screen in our minds.
今年三月初的一个美好夜晚，我和我的家人到上海大剧院（Shanghai Grand Theater）看著名的音乐剧（musical）《剧院魅影》（#The Phantom of the Opera#）。爱情是该剧的主题, 然而它说的却是一场三角恋爱的故事（a love triangle）。一位名叫克里斯汀（Christine）的年轻的女高音歌唱家引起一个经常戴着面具出没于（haunt）巴黎歌剧院的幽灵的注意，他爱上了她。可是，克里斯汀的一位从前童年的朋友，如今是一位年轻而又富有的美男子也爱上了她。剧情围绕他们三人展开。他们的演唱和演技都非常好，他们演出时充满情感，同时，合唱部分也很和谐。自始至终，演出就像放在我们面前的佳肴，那绝对是一种享受。演出在观众雷鸣般的掌声中结束。该音乐剧于1986年首次上演，其原创人员（creative team）几乎一夜成名。迄今该剧已在全球22个国家对一亿多人演出过。这确实是一次巨大的胜利。
One beautiful evening in early March this year my family and I went to see the famous musical "The Phantom of the Opera" at the Shanghai Grand Theater. Love is its theme; yet love in a love triangle. A young soprano named Christine attracts the attention of the phantom who, always wearing a mask, haunts the Paris Opera House, and he falls in love with her. However, Christine's former childhood friend, now a handsome, wealthy young man, loves her, too. The plot unfolds around the three of them. The singing and acting were superb; all performed with passion while the chorus parts were done perfectly in tune. From beginning to end the performance was like a delicious banquet spread out / delicious food put in front of us. It was sheer joy, ending amid the thunderous applause of the audience. This musical was first staged in 1986 and its creative team made a name for itself almost overnight. It has so far played to over 100 million people in 22 countries around the world, a tremendous triumph indeed.
In fact, there are different accounts of the shipwreck in the newspapers.
It is said that the area was well advanced in agriculture as early as 2,000 years ago.
Watch how he operates the machine and then do likewise.
Kong Fansen embodies all the fine qualities of a communist.
Among the professional women in these countries, there is a trend towards having children in their thirties.
There is an interval of a week between Christmas and New Year's Day.
Book2 Unit1 翻译
Their argument ended when she slammed the door and left without a word.
The guests at the dinner party were slightly surprised at the commanding tone of the American.
Johnny has outgrown the fear of staying at home alone.
4. 当全部乘客都向出口处 (exit) 走去时，他却独自留在座位上，好像不愿意离开这架飞机似的。
While all the other passengers made for the exit, he alone remained in his seat as if unwilling to leave the plane.
The letter is to be handed to Dr. Wilson himself.
While she felt like joining in the argument, Nancy was too shy to open her mouth.
What do you think is the likeliest time to find him at home?
8. 猎人一看见有只狐狸从树丛中出现并向他设下 (lay) 的陷阱 (trap) 方向跑去，脸上顿时闪出了兴奋的表情。
The hunter’s face lit up with excitement as soon as he saw a fox emerge from among the bushes and run in the direction of / make for the trap he had laid.
Book2 Unit2 翻译
It was suggested at the meeting that a committee of eleven be appointed to make a new constitution.
By making on-the-spot observations, the young scientists obtained first-hand information they needed in their research work.
It is very likely that he will be rejected by the army because of his bad eyesight.
4) 委员会成员在新机场最佳选址 (location) 这一问题上持有不同意见。
The committee members have conflicting opinions as to the best location of the new airport.
Henry's works of art are superior in many respects to those of his brother's.
The steady rise in the quality of our products owes much to the improvement of our equipment.
Jim would have preferred to act on his own judgment, but he didn't because as a soldier he had to obey the order.
Were it left to me to decide whether we should have a city without bikes or one without cars, I should not hesitate a moment to prefer the latter.
Book2 Unit3 翻译
1. She got a post as a cashier at a local bank. But she was soon fired because she proved to be incompetent.
2. It is obviously/clearly his young assistant who is running the book store.
3. No sooner had the proposal been announced at the meeting than she got to her feet to protest. 这项建议在会上一宣布，她就站起来提出异议。
4. Bill has applied to Harvard University for a teaching assistantship, but his chances of getting it are slim.
5. Being short of funds, they are trying to attract foreign capital.
6. The room smells of stale air. It must have been vacant for a long time.
7. As far as hobbies are concerned, Jane and her sister have little in common.
8. It is self-evident that the education of the young is vital to the future of a country.
Book2 Unit4 翻译
The little girl ran so fast that she was thrown off balance and fell over / down.
2) 他致力于研究工作的精神 (devotion to research) 给我留下了很深印象，但我对他那些深奥的理论丝毫不感兴趣。
I was impressed by his devotion to research but I did not have the slightest interest in his profound theories.
Be sure not to say anything capable of being misunderstood.
I was so bewildered by their conflicting advice that I did not know how to act/what to do.
At first this complicated problem frustrated them, but after thinking it over carefully they finally worked out a solution.
The head of the sports delegation beamed with delight when a young pioneer presented him with
a bunch of flowers.
I really don't see why our English teacher should single out our monitor for praise since we have all done quite well this term.
8) 我相信比较高级的| (higher) |动物是由比较低级的|（lower）|动物进化而来|（develop from）|的这一学说。
I believe in the theory that the higher animals developed from the lower ones.
Book2 Unit5 翻译
If the rich countries spent more money on green industries, instead of on building up military machines and nuclear weapons, many of today's widespread pollution problems would gradually disappear.
The burning of coal not only consumes the oxygen in the house but also gives out poisonous gases.
Apparently, finding alternative energy sources is essential to the steady development of our economy.
4) 太阳能电池（solar cell）能吸收阳光并把它变成电。
Solar cells can absorb sunlight and convert it into electricity.
If the temperature on the Earth continues to go up from year to year, the polar ice caps will
begin to melt and, in all likelihood, half of the buildings in coastal cities will disappear beneath splashing sea waves.
Because these creatures are small and tend to hide beneath leafy plants, they are not always visible to the naked eye.
As a result of exposure to atomic radiation, he finally collapsed at work.
There is distinct evidence of the connection between heavy pressure of work and some disorders of the body.
Book2 Unit6 翻译
If / As long as you keep (on) trying, you will be able to resolve this difficult problem sooner or later.
2) 我们预料我们的计划会受到抵制 (resistance)。
We anticipate encountering / that we will encounter resistance to our plan / our plan will meet with resistance.
Jim's friends said that the noise pollution in their city was terrible, but they had to live with it.
At first Tom thought that with his knowledge, skill and experience he was bound to find a satisfactory job.
5) 冷静耐心地处理这个微妙 (delicate) 问题是明智的。
It would be wise / advisable to handle this delicate problem with calmness and patience.
Dick thought that if he wasn't able to take the machine apart, chances were that no other worker in the plant could, either.
Do you think bus drivers should take full responsibility for the passengers' safety?
You needn't dwell on your mistakes in judgment any more. What's important is to try your best to avoid repeating them.
Book2 Unit7 翻译
Under the leadership of the local government, the villagers rose to the serious food crisis caused by the floods.
The exhibition is very popular and is attracting a steady stream of visitors.
When Mom came upstairs to check on us kids, I turned over and pretended to be asleep.
Waging a battle against the drug pushers was a challenge to Armstead. She felt rather nervous but she decided to confront them.
The old lady told me to be cautious and not to talk to the guys hanging out on the street corner.
A health organization prompted the local government to raise a three-million-dollar fund for a new hospital.
Opening the door, the man who had set fire to the church found himself confronted by a dozen policemen with guns.
It is reported that the fire which raged for more than two hours started in an abandoned warehouse / store.
Book2 Unit8 翻译
Vast amounts of investment have enabled the economy of the area to grow rapidly.
They launched a campaign to raise money for a new hospital.
Success lies in diligence. Dr. Nolen is a case in point.
Men of high moral standards, they are never to be tempted into taking such expensive gifts.
There are indications that numerous factories are faced with a very difficult situation.
The police arrested the criminal on a charge of armed robbery several hours after they found an important clue to his identity.
Investigation has revealed that retirement tends to cause psychological troubles for some people.
The medical team did more than complain about the relatively poor working conditions at the local hospital. For instance, several doctors bought simple medical instruments with their own money.
Book2 Unit9 翻译
Everything points to the fact / indicates that something has gone wrong with his project / plan.
The author argues that we should not take it for granted that those who score high on intelligence tests will naturally do well in practical work.
I picked out some English idioms and tried them on my classmates.
Three professors were asked to make an evaluation of the teaching plans devised by the new teachers.
It is a very small loss to / for us. Don't make such a fuss over it.
He scored far more points / much higher than any of his rivals and proved himself a worthy winner.
The two animals are similar in appearance, but they belong to different species.
I don't know for sure whether the bank will grant him the loan he has applied for.
Book2 Unit10 翻译
Through the article the author wants to convey to the readers her views on praise and criticism.
As parents we should know that for children an ounce of praise is worth a pound of scolding.
3) 这位教师并不是一个了不起的学者，但他的确懂得怎样把一门课教得活泼而有趣。(in a ... manner) The teacher isn't much of a scholar, but he does know how to teach a course in a lively and interesting manner.
We often find it much more difficult to apply a rule than to know it.
She never scolds her children for squabbling. Instead, she gives them a few words of praise when they play quietly.
Mr. Green was always critical of his daughter's writings, but somehow he commented favorably on that poorly written poem of hers.
Quite a few students in our class were publicly criticized by the teacher for failing to hand in their compositions on time.
A good teacher should be very alert to the progress his students make / are making. If their progress is ignored / goes unnoticed, the students will feel discouraged.
Mrs. Smith complained to me that she often found it simply impossible to communicate with her 16-year-old daughter.
2) 我坚信，阅读简写的 (simplified) 英文小说是扩大我们词汇量的一种轻松愉快的方法。
I firmly believe that reading simplified English novels is an easy and enjoyable way of enlarging our vocabulary.
3) 我认为我们在保护环境不受污染 (pollution) 方面还做得不够。
I don’t think we’re doing enough to protect our environment from pollution.
In addition to/Apart from writing compositions on a weekly basis, our English teacher assigned us eight books to read during the summer vacation.
We’ve learned from reliable sources that a native English speaker is going to teach us spoken English next term/semester.
Seeing English movies on a regular basis will not only improve your ear, but will also help you build your speaking skills.
If you have any questions about these learning strategies, please feel free to ask me. And I’ll explain them in greater detail.
8) 那个加拿大女孩善于抓住每个机会讲汉语。这就是她为什么三年不到就熟练地掌握了汉语口语的原因。The Canadian girl is good at seizing every opportunity to speak Chinese. That’s why she has gained a good command of spoken Chinese in less than three years.
Fortunately there was a hospital nearby and we took him there at once.
2) 胜利登上乔治岛 (George Island) 后，船长向指挥部 (the headquarters) 发了一份无线电报。
After succeeding in landing on George Island, the captain sent a radio message to the headquarters.
He is determined to continue his experiment but this time he'll do it another way.
When she read the novel, she couldn't help thinking of the five years she had spent in the countryside.
Mary thought it difficult to carry out her plan all by herself.
We didn't think he could cover the distance in a quarter of an hour, but he succeeded in doing it.
Even after his doctor told him he had lung cancer, Chichester would not give up his old dream of sailing round the world.
8) 我正忙着做一种新的捕鼠 (rats) 装置时，马克走来拖着我出去看花展了。
I was busy making a new device for catching rats when Mark came and dragged me out to a flower show.
That famous actor seemed content to play a minor part in the play.
National Day is round the corner. Let's give our bedroom a thorough clean.
She agreed, very reluctantly, to be operated on by a young doctor.
They've arranged for us to visit the Great Wall tomorrow. I'm sure we'll have a good time there (we'll enjoy ourselves there).
After reading the letter the old man was so disappointed that he tore it into little bits with trembling fingers.
6) 老两口为他们的孙子感到骄傲，因为他在第28届奥运会上获得了两枚金牌和一枚铜 (bronze) 牌。The old couple were proud of their grandson, who won two gold medals and a bronze at the 28th Olympic Games.
7) 即使他的祖母不能来参加他的生日宴会，她也会寄给他一件可爱的礼物。对这一点汤姆深信不疑。Even if his grandmother could not come to his birthday party, she would send him a lovely present. Tom was sure of that.
8) 昨天是玛丽的二十岁生日。她父亲寄给她一双靴子，她母亲为她买了一盒巧克力 (chocolates)，而她的男朋友则带给她一束红玫瑰。
It was Mary's twentieth birthday yesterday. Her father sent her a pair of boots. Her mother bought her a box of chocolates. And her boyfriend brought her a bunch of roses.
To take this job would involve working on weekends frequently, but John didn't mind.
It is well known that lung cancer is caused at least in part by smoking too much.
My grandparents said that the man who invented television had once lived in their neighborhood.
I propose that we go to find Prof. Smith in his office right after the meeting and invite him to our English evening.
Having been operated on twice for the disease, she was so weakened that she could barely stand up.
6) 教育家们认为，伴随着电视机长大的一代人，在电视机前花的时间太多，以致没有足够的时间学习了。Educators think that the generation growing up with television spend so much of their time in front of the TV that they do not have enough time to study.
7) 我真希望你能拿出一个比这更好的解决办法 (solution) 来。
I do hope that you can come up with a better solution than this one.
8) 乍一看，这幅画并不好，但经过仔细观察，我们才发现它的确是一幅杰作 (masterpiece)。
At first glance the picture didn't look very good, but after examining it carefully, we found that it was indeed a masterpiece.
Jane picked up a magazine from the bookshelf and started reading here and there at random.
With this letter I enclose some illustrations for the story.
The ancient building was enclosed by a high wall.
4) 格林大夫忙着研制一种治艾滋病 (AIDS) 的药物，但从下月起他就能安排时间在星期一上午看二十个左右的病人了。
Dr. Green is busy working on a cure for AIDS, but from next month on he'll be able to fit in twenty patients or so on Monday morning.
5) 他讲了个故事来说明为什么在详细查看其条款 (provisions) 之前决不要在任何合同上签字。
He told a story to illustrate why you should never sign any contract before you have examined its provisions in detail.
She was embarrassed when they kept telling her she had a genius for mathematics.
God knows when that dumb kid of ours is going to graduate from high school.
Henry's latest novel and his daughter's first book were both published three months ago, and to their astonishment, the latter has already sold over a million copies.
It was reported that the building of the railway had been held up by a flood.
The strike resulted in the management's accepting the workers' demands.
The coalminers decided to go on strike for better working conditions.
I'd like very much to buy the English dictionary. Unfortunately, I haven't got enough money on me.
I'd like to talk over with you about the English translation of the article before sending it to Mr. Hobbs.
The foreign expert hopes to achieve all his aims in three years.
What do you think a scientist must do in order to keep up with the latest developments in his field?
The author thinks that if excellent workers get frequent pay increases and promotions, they will have greater incentive to produce.
Sam could not afford (to buy) the camera he longed for because it was too expensive.
He was busy writing the story all the morning, only breaking off occasionally to have some / a cup of tea.
He is the son of a wealthy family, but he seems to have come down in the world.
4) 他常利用她缺乏生意头脑(business sense)而欺骗她。
He often took advantage of her lack of business sense to cheat her.
Prof. Wang, would you do us a favor by coming to our English evening this Saturday?
He does not seem to be an old man in his eighties, considering his appearance.
Undoubtedly they do not have the intention of making an engineer of him, and I suspect they never will.
I suspected there was no quality control whatsoever in the factory. After making observations for a week I found this was indeed the case.
I am lucky to have acquired a wide range of skills when I was young.
These drawings, which are worth something like 50 million dollars, must not be exposed to direct sunlight.
I knew my son got talent when he composed his first poem.
4) 由于流感(the flu)在社区传播，她用暖和的冬衣将自己裹起来，以防传染上这种疾病。
As the flu was spreading in the community, she wrapped herself in warm winter clothing to avoid catching the disease.
The defendant denied that he had ever made any payment to the government official to get a contract.
I was startled to see he slapped his wife in the face when she revealed a family secret.
He astonished everyone present by saying that he possessed a secret paper about the war. He then snapped open his briefcase and began to read it.
As he gradually acquired confidence, his tone became natural and his words came out spontaneously.
Gases such as carbon monoxide, emitted by factories and automobiles, have seriously polluted the
The industrial engineer's letter indicates that he doubts the feasibility of the plan.
Many parents in the United States set aside a fund for their children's education before they are born.
I have made sure that her conclusion is based on facts.
The medical team, composed of three doctors and two nurses, set off for the mountain area a few days ago.
The village is named after the high mountain that stands in front of it.
He was ill for about a month, which has really set him back in his studies.
The war that broke out between the North and the South in 1861 is known in history as the American Civil War.
1) 教授走进教室时，我们正兴致勃勃地讨论中东(the Middle East)的形势。
We were caught up in a discussion about the situation in the Middle East when the professor walked into the classroom.
A truck pulled into the snow-covered playground of the school.
Sometime after midnight, the enemy was/were forced to retreat.
It was in that small room that they worked diligently and dreamed of better days to come. 5) 老太太听到铃响，便从椅子上站起来，向门口走去。
When she heard the bell ringing, the old lady rose from her chair and made her way to the door.
After a day's fight, our soldiers succeeded in taking over some important enemy positions. 7) 老妇人愤愤地大声叫喊说，那个女店员骗了她。
The elderly woman angrily exclaimed that she had been cheated by the shop girl.
8) 我上汽车不久就注意到一个外貌很怪的男人。他穿着一件不合身的上衣，一动不动地坐在位子上。Soon after I boarded the bus, I noticed a strange-looking man. He wore an ill-fitting coat, and sat rooted in his seat.