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Unit 1

1. Finally, with my mother red in the face and short of breath, we find Room 8, I unlock the door, and we all walk in.(?介词with 表示状态,不必直译。)


2. She impresses me, and I feel so ignorant that I shouldn’t even breathe the same air as her. 她给我留下了深刻的印象,我觉得自己太无知了,甚至不配跟她呼吸同样的空气。

3. I don’t know why I have to be introduced to literature but the woman in the admissions office

says it’s a requirement even though I’ve read Dostoyevsky and Melville and that’s admirable for someone without a high school education.(?翻译时将be introduced to literature 变成主动语态更通顺。)我不知道为什么我非得了解文学。可是招生办公室的那位女士说这门课是必修课,即使我读过陀思妥也夫斯基和梅尔维尔的小说也得选,一个没上过高中的人能读这些书的确令人敬佩,但这门课是必修课。

4. I’m in heaven and the first thing to do is buy the required textbooks, cover them with the purple and white NYU book jackets so that people in the subway will look at me admiringly.(?I am in heaven 不能直译成“我上了天堂”,这句话应意译。)我乐得飘飘然了,第一件事就是去买所需要的课本,然后用纽约大学紫白相间的护封把它们套起来,这样地铁里的乘客就会向我投来艳羡的目光了。

Then the professor tells us ideas don’t drop fully formed from the skies, that the Pilgrims were, in the long run, children of the Reformation with an accompanying world view and their attitudes to children were so informed.(?注意两个children 的翻译,第一个需意译。)


1 他们对业余剧社的介绍给苏菲留下了深刻的印象,于是她就报了名。(Amateur Dramatics; sign up for)

Their introduction of Amateur Dramatics impressed Sophie so much that she signed up for it.

2 网络教育为全职人员提供了利用业余时间接受继续教育的机会。(work full-time)

Online education provides those who work full-time with opportunities to receive further education in their spare time.

3 刚上大学时,他不知道是否需要把老师讲的内容一字不落地都记下来。(be supposed to do; scribble down)

When he first arrived at university, he was not sure whether he was supposed to scribble down every word out of the professor’s mouth.

4 没人觉察出他隐藏在笑容背后的绝望。(detect)

Nobody detects his despair well hidden behind his smile.

5 有些学生能轻松自如地与陌生人交谈,可有些学生却很难做到这一点。(be easy about) Some students are easy about talking with strangers, while some others find it hard to do so.

Unit 2

1 Outside the skies were grey and a strong wind was blowing off the sea. It looked as gloomy as I felt.


2 “Now, stop complaining, try one oyster for me, then you can have something nice and easy to eat, maybe some prawns with bread and butter,”he suggested, striking a note of compromise for the first time during the whole meal. “好啦,别抱怨了,就给我尝一只牡蛎,然后你就可以吃些好吃的、顺口的东西,比如黄油、面包加对虾。”他提议说。吃了这么长时间的饭,他的话里头一次有了妥协的意思。

3 But with the clear conception which only a ten-year-old boy can have, I still understood that the compromise included eating that oyster, sitting on the side of my father’s plate. 但是,尽管清晰地感觉到了他的妥协——只有一个十岁的男孩才有这样的感觉,我仍然明白这妥协包含着吃掉那只牡蛎,那只放在我父亲的盘子边上的牡蛎。

4 The chocolate sets into bars which will easily snap into pieces and then melt in the mouth.


5 But what accounts for its amazing popularity or even the properties that have made millions of people confess to being chocaholics? 但是,是什么原因使得巧克力出奇地畅销?又是什么造成了巧克力的上瘾特性,致使无数人承认自己是巧克力瘾君子呢?

1 他们这儿不卖薯条,如果你想吃,得去肯德基或麦当劳。(serve)

They don’t serve French fries here. If you want it, you have to go to a KFC or McDonald’s.

2 他拣起一个核桃,想用锤子把它砸开,可没想到却把它砸烂了。(crack; crush)

He picked up a walnut and tried to crack it with a hammer, but instead he crushed it.

3 由于雨后道路又湿又滑,今天早上路上行车比较缓慢。(slippery)

As the roads are wet and slippery after the rain, the traffic is rather slow this morning.

4 当金子加热融化后,他们把金水倒进模子,铸成金条。(melt; mould)

When the gold was heated and melted, they poured it into a mould to form a gold bar.

5 他承认是他打破了教室的窗玻璃。(admit to)

He admitted to breaking the window of the classroom.

6 令我们欣喜的是,新的经济计划开始对经济发展产生积极影响。(have…effect on)

To our delight, the new economic policy is beginning to have a positive effect on the economy.

Unit 3

1 When was the last organizational vision statement you saw that included the words “…to develop ourselves into a model environment in which everyone at every level can think for themselves”?

(?注意can 的译法,在上下文中,这个字不指“能”,而是指“可以”。)



2 Had she affirmed our intelligence first and spoken about the joy of thinking for ourselves, had she not fanned our fear of her, we would all have learned even more powerfully what it meant to do our thinking. And we might have been able to think well around her too.

(?抽象词翻译:learned evenmore powerfully 的直译是“更强有力地学到”,不太好懂,最好意译。)


3 Like everyone else, students have their fair share of problems. Getting to know a new environment, forming relationships with other students, and surviving on limited financial resources are all typical problems.



4 Talk to some of your friends after a lecture or a tutorial and you will probably find they remember

different things about it –which may be more or less relevant to the teacher’s aims. 下课后或是听过一次个别指导后,如果你和朋友们聊一聊,你可能会发现他们所记住的东西不尽相同,但或多或少都与老师的教学目的相关。

5 Effective reading requires you to vary your rate and style of reading according both to the type of reading material and your purpose in reading it.


1 老师很有可能不欣赏不会独立思考的学生。(not think much of …; think for oneself)

It is most likely that a teacher won’t think much of a student who cannot think for himself.

2 他上中学的时候,几乎没有什么人被鼓励去做科学实验,更谈不上接受这方面的训练了。(hardly; much less)

When he was in high school, hardly anyone had been encouraged, much less trained, to do scientific experiments.

3 嫉妒是由懒惰和无知造成的。(the result of …)

Envy is the result of laziness and ignorance.

4 有些大学生是根据自己的专业来选择志愿服务的,而不是碰到什么就做什么。(volunteer job; rather than)

Rather than picking any volunteer job, some college students choose activities based on their majors.

5 最好的办法就是把学生分成若干小组,让他们针对具体的问题进行讨论。(break up …into …; focus on)

The best approach is to break the students up into several groups so that they can focus their discussion on specific problems.

Unit 4

1 据估计,目前中国4亿手机用户中,有大约一半人的隐私受到了威胁。(it is estimated that …;privacy)

It is estimated that today, the privacy of half of the 4 billion mobile phone subscribers is


2 人们在购买生活必需品上的花费越少,他们安排诸如旅游等娱乐活动就越多。(the less …the more …)

The less they spend on daily necessities, the more arrangements they will make for such leisure activities as travelling.

3 对我来说,旅游最大的好处就是可以去不同的地方,了解于不同文化背景下人们的生活方式以及传统习俗。(What I especially like about …is …)

What I especially like about travelling is that I can go to different places and know about particular lifestyles, conventions and customs in different cultures.

4 在大多数情况下,文化碰撞激起的是人们对不同文化的好奇心,只是在极少数情况下,文化碰撞才会造成尴尬。(culture bump; on rare occasions)

In most cases, a cultural bump arouses our curiosity about a different culture. Only on rare occasions can it cause embarrassment.

5 你可以保留自主选择的权利,但作为一个成年人,你做事不要冲动。(reserve the right; act on impulse)

You can reserve the right to make an independent choice, but as an adult, you should not act on impulse.

Unit 5

1 那位身穿红衬衫的人突然收起假笑,露出他的本来面目。(turn off; false smile; true colour) Suddenly the man in red shirt turned off his false smile and showed his true colours.

2 妻子声称丈夫很懒,不愿做家务,丈夫对此予以坚决否认。(contradict; flatly)

The husband flatly contradicted his wife’s claim that he was too lazy to do the housework.

3 经理已经做出保证,在他的任期结束之前,他不会离任。(pledge one’s word; leave office; term)

The manager pledged his word that he would not leave office until the last day of his term.

4 他没有意识到,对她美貌的迷恋使他对她的缺点视而不见。(blind v.)

He did not realize that his love for her beauty has blinded him to her faults.

5 当得知警察终于在树林里找到她的孩子时,这位年轻的太太流下了眼泪。(shed)

On hearing that the police had finally found her child in the woods, the young lady shed tears.

Unit 6

1 一定要先确认把邮票贴牢了,再把信投入信箱。(attach)

Make sure the stamp is firmly attached to the letter before you drop it into the mailbox.

2 很多青少年痴迷网络游戏,这会对他们的身心健康造成损害。(be addicted to)

Many youngsters are addicted to net games, which can damage their physical and mental health.

3 她坐在桌子旁边读报,看上去好像什么事也没发生过。(for all the world)

She sat at the table reading the newspaper, looking for all the world as if nothing had happened.

4 我本打算去购物中心购物以缓解压力,但后来我改主意了。我决定好好睡一觉。(change one’s mind)

I had intended to reduce stress by shopping in the mall, but I changed my mind. I decided to have

a good sleep instead.

5 议会否决了总统提出的最新经济提案,因为它引起了广泛的批评。(reject; put forward; provoke)

The Congress has rejected the latest economic proposal put forward by the President because it provoked widespread criticism.

Unit 7

1 As a small boy I was always fascinated at the sounds the coins made as they were dropped into the jar.They landed with a merry jingle when the jar was almost empty. Then the tones gradually muted to a dull thud as the jar was filled.


2 My dad was a man of few words, and never lectured me on the values of determination, perseverance,and faith. The pickle jar had taught me all these virtues far more eloquently than the most flowery of words could have done.(?注意values 和the most flowery of words 的意思。)


3 To my amazement, there, as if it had never been removed, stood the old pickle jar, the bottom already covered with coins.(?这句话的主体结构是there stood the old pickle jar。)令我感到惊讶的是,那儿放着那个旧泡菜坛,坛底已经铺满了硬币,就好像它从来不曾被拿走过。

4 And I’m thankful for that because, even though we’re still relatively young, I can already see how it’s been an important building block in both our characters. (?注意:that 指的是前一句提到的那个事实。building block 应意译成“塑造……的基本因素”。) 我对此心存感激,因为虽然我们还年轻,可我已经认识到,这对塑造我们的性格起了很大的作用。

5 What with playing tennis together and sharing bedrooms until I was 15, Serena and I have always been close. (?注意what with 的意思。)


1 你只要将这张桌子移到另一间办公室就行,剩下的事由我来负责。(see to)

You just remove the desk to another office, and I’ll see to the rest.

2 有些美国人认为,对隐私和个人资料的保护妨碍了对恐怖主义和有组织犯罪的打击。(hold back) Some Americans believe that the protection of privacy and personal data holds back the fight against terrorism and organized crime.

3 这位著名的科学家将在北京大学发表有关全球气候变化与公共政策的演讲。(lecture on; global climate change)

This well-known scientist will lecture at Peking University on global climate change and public policy.

4 鲍勃需要控制自己,别再贪玩和浪费机会了。(get oneself together)

Bob needs to get himself together and stop playing around and wasting his opportunity.

5 当约翰踩到香蕉皮滑倒的时候,那几个搞恶作剧的男孩放声大笑。(fall over; mischievous; laugh one’s head off)

As John slipped on the banana skin and fell over, those mischievous boys laughed their heads off.

Unit 8

1 For George, the city was like an over-familiar elderly lady, who in the right light, reminded him of her past beauty, but who had lately become rather tiresome.


2 Despite his cynical and pessimistic nature, he especially enjoyed the classic works of travel writing,so that from the deep warmth of his armchair, he could travel in his mind to the farthest reaches of the world.


3 George was suddenly struck by the realization that as a stranger, he would never experience the warmth and colours of his mind. Perhaps the Provence of Pagnol, like elsewhere in the world, might be the reality.


4 But unfortunately, not one but two song-and-dance groups had been booked, not only rivals but deadly enemies, and neither wanted to yield to the other.


5 A hundred or more people were squashed into a large cupboard, everyone too embarrassed to correct their mistake by leaving, everyone laughing as quietly as they could.


1 他抑制不住自己的好奇心,决心立刻出发,去看看真实的普罗旺斯是什么样子。(contain one’s curiosity; resolve; set off)

He couldn’t contain his curiosity, so he resolved to set off immediately to see what Provence was really like.

2 随着截止日期的临近,他花更多的时间搜寻线索,以确保结论与事实相符。(be matched by)

As the deadline approaches, he is spending more time searching for clues, making sure that the conclusion is matched by the fact.

3 他们大约每隔两天就争吵一次,整整持续了半年多,谁也不肯认输。(at …intervals; yield to)

Their quarrels continued at approximately two-day intervals for more than half a year, and neither

wanted to yield to the other.

4 我们刚躺下,旅店的大门就被撞开了,一群士兵冲了进来。(no sooner …than …)

No sooner had we gone to bed than the door of the hotel burst open and a group of soldiers rushed in.

5 由于突然下起了大雨,他们在路上花的时间比预计多了一倍。(due to; intend to)

Due to the unexpected heavy rain, the time they spent on the road was twice as long as they had intended to.

Unit 9

1 This never-say-die spirit is best represented by the 19th century maxim, “If you don’t succeed, try, try again.”

19 世纪的格言“如果你一次不成功,就再试一次”充分体现了这种永不言败的精神。

2 They found that people who readily jumped back into life had a greater sense of purpose and were less likely to think about the past.


3 For young people, it’s part of creating an individual identity in the world.


4 The impact of weight on your limbs and joints will strengthen them against bone disease, and although this happens more with older people, it’s never too late to build up bone density. (?代词的翻译:this 指骨科疾病,翻译的时候只说“这”会造成指代不清,因此此处需要将this 指代的内容完全译出。)


5 Scientists estimate that walking as little as 30 minutes a day will help the immune system and give greater protection against ill health. (?注意:help 的意思是make something better。)科学家们估计每天只要步行30 分钟就能改善免疫系统,更好地保护身体免受疾病的侵害。

1 在灾难面前,人们不惜一切代价挽救生命。(in the face of; at any cost)

In the face of a disaster, people save lives at any cost.

2 他认为在整个项目开始之初就对计划进行调整没有意义。(there’s no point in doing …; adjust)

He believed that there would be no point in adjusting the plan at the beginning of the whole project.

3 学生们正在集中精力复习功课,突然之间这座城市发生地震了。(concentrate; all of a sudden)

Students were concentrating on reviewing lessons when, all of a sudden, an earthquake struck the city.

4 他答应坚持锻炼身体,但是我们都清楚,他迟早是要放弃的。(keep on; a matter of)

He promised to keep on taking exercise, but we all know it’s just a matter of time before he gives up.

5 他以专心从事慈善事业而闻名。(distinguish oneself; commit oneself to)

He distinguishes himself by committing himself to charities.

Unit 10

1 The actions that people are asked to take are so small as to seem meaningless, and many people simply lose hope, or are becoming increasingly cynical. (?副词翻译:simply常常会漏译,但是不译的话就会减弱语气。)


2 Even the use of celebrities may not always bring the advantages their fame would otherwise ensure. (?长句翻译:定语从句their fame would otherwise ensure如果直译的话难以达意:“甚至利用名人也未必得到他们的名气在别的情况下能得到的好处。”因此译文应体现原文的逻辑,可译为“换在别的场合……,而在……情况下,也未必能达到目的”。)


3 “Think local, act global”seems to be the message.


4 Without plants we would not have oxygen, or much of the clothing, food, or medicines that we take for granted.


5 We were complete amateurs, out of our depth and fuelled only by the belief that the “can do”culture of Heligan would somehow find a way through.(?长句翻译:本句主语后跟的补语太多,不易翻译。后半句可以用“信念”作主语,切断长句。)我们是纯粹的业余爱好者,做着力所不及的事情。只有一个信念支撑着我们继续做下去,那就是赫利根花园的“做得到”文化无论如何总能为我们找到一条出路。

1 人们担心温室效应给环境带来的巨大威胁。(fearful; pose)

People are fearful of the huge threat posed by greenhouse effect on the environment.

2 在大城市里生活一段时间后,他发现自己已经很难再适应乡村生活了。(be conditioned to) After living in a big city for a while, he found that it was hard for him to be conditioned to rural life again.

3 他渐渐意识到没有人能够对这件事做出一个令人信服的解释。(dawn on sb; come up with) It has gradually dawned on him that no one would come up with a convincing explanation of this incident.

4 人们想当然地认为苦干有助于成功。(take for granted; contribute to)

It is taken for granted that hard work contributes to success.

5 他总是找理由逃避集体活动。(walk away from; collective)

He is finding excuses to walk away from collective activities.

Active reading 2

Dealing with unfamiliar words

4 Match the words in the box with their definitions.

1 very interesting (fascinating)

2 the ability to continue doing something difficult or unpleasant (endurance)

3 to take hold of something roughly (grab)

4 an individual thing (item)

5 the feeling of being very interested in something or excited by it (enthusiasm)

6 a strong belief or opinion about something (conviction)

7 the word “yes” or a sign that you agree with something (affirmative)

8 the proof that something you believed is definitely true (confirmation)

5 Complete the sentences with the correct form of the words in the box.

1 I think you’re a very good chap to go shopping with your girlfriend.

2 When a woman finds something which suits her, she’s not simply a woman, she becomes a princess.

3 It’s important not to provoke your boyfriend by spending too long at the shops.

4 Your boyfriend will not cooperate with you if you spend all day shopping and buy nothing.

5 For some women, the sheer excitement of a day’s shopping is almost too much to bear.

6 The football commentator screamed wildly when Italy scored.

7 Replace the underlined words with the correct form of the words in the box. Many women like to wear clothes which are (1) popular at a particular time. The problem is their boyfriends (2) don’t often enjoy shopping. So before you leave home, it’s important to have specific (3) plans about what you hope to achieve. While you’re shopping, it’s (4) essential to get your boyfriend to show he’s (5) approving when you choose something new. You can visit as many (6) shops as you like, as long as you buy something. When you get back you should (7) show your kindness by allowing him to (8) drop into a comfortable chair, drink beer and watch television. But if it isn’t your (9) plan to spend money but only to window-shop, maybe you shouldn’t take your boyfriend along.

Key: (1) fashionable (2) rarely (3) objectives (4) crucial

(5) favourable (6) retail outlets (7) demonstrate (8) collapse (9) intention Language in use

1 Complete the sentences so they’re true for you.

There’s nothing comparable to ...

1 the sound of fresh cool water from a fountain at the end of a hot day.

2 the taste of really fresh seafood straight off the fishing boats, cooked and eaten with my mother’s special sauce.

3 the smell of pine trees on a mountain in the early morning mist after the spring rain.

4 the sight of the front door of my home when I get back home after I being away for most of the year.

5 the feeling of nostalgia when we all look through an old photo album.

if / when

2 Rewrite the sentences using if / when .

1 I see something I like. I buy it.

If / When I see something I like, I buy it.

2 Someone loves shopping so much. It’s not good.

It’s not good if / when someone loves shopping so much.

3 You go shopping. You make a list of what you need.

If / When you go shopping, make a list of what you need.

4 You don’t have time to go to the mall. There are many other ways to shop till you drop.

If / When you don’t have time to go to the mall, there are many other ways to shop till you drop.

5 We come home wi th absolutely nothing. We still feel as if we’ve had an exciting day.

If / When we come home with absolutely nothing, we still feel as if we’ve had an exciting day.

6 You can’t go shopping with a friend. You go with your boyfriend.

If / When you can’t go s hopping with a friend, go with your boyfriend.

word formation

4 Form new words with the following words and the suffixes in the table.

alcohol – alcoholism addict – addiction affect – affection / affecting amuse – amusing attend – attendance attract – attraction

combine – combination comfort – comfortable enjoy – enjoyable

excite –exciting / excitable except –exception / excepting intend –intention tempt – temptation / tempting

5 Answer the questions with the words you formed in Activity 4.

What’s the wo rd for:

1 a strong need or wish to spend as much time as possible doing a particular activity? (addiction)

2 what something is if it is interesting and full of action especially when you don’t know what’s going to happen next? (exciting)

3 a plan in your mind to do something? (intention)

4 what something is if it is funny or entertaining? (amusing)

5 someone or something that is different in some way from other people or things? (exception)

6 something that makes you feel you would have it or do it? (temptation)

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