4. It has been replaced by dead-bolt locks, security chains, electronic alarm systems and trip wires hooked up to a police station or private guard firm. Many suburban families have sliding glass doors on their patios, with steel bars elegantly built in so no one can pry the doors open.
5. It is not uncommon, in the most pleasant of homes, to see pasted on the windows small notices announcing that the premises are under surveillance by this security force or that guard company.
它并不少见,在最舒适的房子,可以看到贴在窗户上的小告示：该房屋被监视安全部队或保护公司所监视。6. The lock is the new symbol of America. Indeed, a recent public-service advertisement by a large insurance company featured not charts showing how much at risk we are, but a picture of a child's bicycle with the now-usual padlock attached to it.
A homesteader (自耕农) is a person who lives a self-reliant lifestyle with major emphasis on home production. While the Industrial Age is being replaced by information and electronics, some people try to seek an escape from the social, environmental, and economic madness of the modern age and begin to consider returning to the country. As this lifestyle is so enjoyable, satisfying and rewarding, more and more people are prepared to quit their job in the city and start a new and more meaningful life on their various farms. For some it has become not only a way of life, but a way of looking at the world.
Of course, life in the country can be pretty tough. While it is an enjoyment to be so close to Nature, you may have to reduce your dependence on fuels by cutting back on your daily consumption. You may also have to prepare your own meals every day and provide your own low-cost entertainment without the luxuries that are common in cities. On balance, however, living in the country has long been a part of the American Dream. Generations of Americans have considered the country an ideal setting in which to live and raise a family.
Five years ago a female inmate(犯人) at Riker’s Island told Jane Paley that she smelled wonderful. As president of Friendly Visitors, a 50-year-old organization whose mission is “acts of loving kindness that don’t involve large sums of money or hours of work.” Paley frequently went to the New York City jail. That day, though, a spray of perfume went off in her hand.
Her group had long donated money so that the 100 women in the jail could buy food and treats. Why not give them fancy toiletries（化装用品）too?
Parley and her crew of 35 women figured out the perfect way to get the goods. They asked friends to collect
hotel soaps, shampoos and lotions when they travel. V olunteers bundle them into goody bags and deliver them to Riler’s several times a ye ar, including Christmas and Mother’s Day.
“These mini-donations make the women feel beautiful,” says Paley. “You can see them turn themselves around a little bit.”
So, Paley continues, “If you’re lucky enough to afford a vacation , take the soap and shampoos. Bring them to homeless shelters battered women shelters or any organization in need. It’s a small act that may mean a great deal.”
五年前在瑞克岛上的女性犯人告诉Jane Paley她闻起来很棒。作为总统的友好访客，一个50 岁的组织，其使命是“爱的善举：不涉及大笔的钱或工作时间的仁慈的去爱”。佩利经常去纽约城监狱。虽然这一天，她的手喷了香水。
Even the automobile industry, which has remained largely unchanged for the last seventy years, is about to feel the effects of the computer revolution.
2. The automobile industry ranks as among the most lucrative and powerful industries of the twentieth century. There are presently 500 million cars on earth, or one car for every ten people. Sales of the automobile industry stand at about a trillion dollars, making it the world's biggest manufacturing industry.
3. The car, and the roads it travels on, will be revolutionized in the twenty-first century. The key to tomorrow's "smart cars" will be sensors. "We'll see vehicles and roads that see and hear and feel and smell and talk and act," predicts Bill Spreitzer, technical director of General Motors Corporation's ITS program, which is designing the smart car and road of the future.
The growing importance of airpower in World War II, combined with its sensitivity to weather, led to an ever greater military reliance on accurate forecasts. Knowing the weather was of vital concern to combat commanders of that war.
As much an art as it is science, predicting the weather is dependent on the accurate tracking of weather phenomena, particularly storm fronts, from the areas where they originate. Though meteorologists(气象学家) of the 1940s had none of the weather tracking satellites which make that job so much simpler today, they were still able to generate usably accurate forecasts as much as 72 hours in advance-as long as they could get the data they
The need for that data gave birth to one of the most interesting and unique campaigns of the Second World War, the so-called “Weather War.” Although it was not a war of major commands and of troops, ships, or aircraft, it had an important impact on the fighting in the Atlantic and European Theatres. It was the weather data secured by this campaign which enabled the planning and execution of such critical operations as the Allied landings at Normandy and the entire strategic bombing campaign against Hitler’s empire.
The Weather War began with the German invasion of Denmark and Norway in April 1940. prior to that, those nations allowed their arctic weather stations to report the weather in the clear so all countries could use the information. Germany’s occupation of mu ch of Scandinavia gave Berlin a monopoly(垄断) over arctic weather data-a development the Allies could not allow.
The British, in fact, began planning to seize the weather stations even as the campaign for Norway progressed. Of course, the Germans had plans for those same stations too, but Allied dominance over the sea, coupled with the unexpectedly high German naval losses in the Norwegian invasion, allowed Britain to score the first successes. But the weather itself proved the most serious obstacle to the start of the Weather War’s operations, del aying the first moves until August. In fact, throughout the Weather War, both sides found the elements a more formidable(可怕的) foe than the enemy.
Like many other small boys, I was fascinated by cars, not least because my oldest brother was a bit of a car guy and subscribed to cool magazines like Car and Driver and Motor Trend. Every so often, one of those magazines would run an article on the "Car of the Future". They featured unconventional styling and things like small nuclear reactors as power sources. Yet, frankly, my car doesn't do anything that my brother's Studebaker didn't do. It goes, it stops, it burns gasoline, it plays music. I still have to steer it, and it still runs into things if I don't steer it carefully.
But guess what? All of these things are subject to change in the not-so-distant future. It will still go and stop, but
it may not burn gasoline, I may not have to steer it, and it may be a lot better at not running into things.
Airbags aren't the be-all and end-all in safety. In fact, considering the recent news about people occasionally being killed by their airbags in low-speed collisions (碰撞),they obviously still need some development. But they aren't going away, and in fact, you can expect to see cars appearing with additional, side-impact airbags, something some European car manufacturers already offer.
Better than systems to minimize (使减少到最低限度) injury in the event of an accident, however, are systems that minimize the likelihood of an accident happening in the first place. Future cars may be able to eliminate many of the major causes of accidents, including drunk-driving, tailgating (与前车距离过近) and sleepiness. Cars could be equipped with sensors that can detect alcohol in a driver's system and prevent the car from being started, for example. Many accidents are caused by people following the car in front too closely. As early as next year, you'll be able to buy cars with radar-equipped control systems. If the radar determines you're closing too quickly with the car in front, it will ease up on the throttle (油门). For city streets, expect other radar devices that will give advance warning that the car in front of you has slowed abruptly (突然地) and you should step on the brakes-or that may even brake for you.
Will cars eventually be able to drive themselves? There's no reason to think it won't be technically possible, and Mercedes is working on a system that can brake, accelerate and steer a vehicle down a highway on its own. Nobody really expects people to give up all control to their cars, but such systems could be used as failsafe systems to keep cars on the road and bring them safely to a stop even if the driver suddenly became disabled.
但你猜怎么着?所有这些事情都将改变在不远的将来。它仍然会走和停, 但它可能不是烧汽油,我可能不需要驾驶它, 而且在不撞东西方面它可能会好很多。
1. Why was the author fascinated by cars?
A. Because other small boys liked to own a car of their own, too.
B. Because he read exotic things about cars in his brother's magazines.
C. Because his oldest brother loved to take him to places in his car.
D. Because he subscribed to cool car magazines.
2. By saying "my car doesn't do anything that my brother's Studebaker didn't do", the author
A. my car is far better than my brother's
B. my car is not as good as my brother's
C. not much has changed in the performance of cars so far
D. much improvement has been made in the design of cars recently
3. Which of the following statements is true of airbags?
A. They are in need of further improvement.
B. They are going to disappear gradually.
C. They kill people instead of protecting them in low-speed collisions.
D. They are a standard feature of European cars.
4. According to the author, what will future cars do if the sensors detect alcohol in the driver's
A. They will give a warning in advance.
B. They will brake automatically.
C. They will ease up on the throttle.
D. They will not start.
5. Which of the following statements is true according to the last paragraph?
A. People will give up all control to their cars.
B. Cars will be able to drive themselves.
C. No cars will ever break down on the roads.
D. Cars will all be equipped with failsafe systems.
The interview is an important event in the job-hunting process, because the 20 or 30 minutes you spend with the interviewer may determine whether or not you get the particular job you want. Therefore, it is important to remember that your objective during the interview may differ from the objective of the potential employer. You want to make yourself stand out as a whole person who has personal strengths, is well qualified, and should be considered the right person for the job. It is encour aging to know that the interviewer’s task is not to embarrass you or to trip you up, but to hire the right person for the job.
Remember, job hunting is very competitive. Anything you can do to enhance your interview techniques will be to your advantage. The following suggestions may help you land the most important job.
Your goal in this interview is to make sure your good points get across. The interviewer won’t know them unless you point them out, so try to do this in a factual and sincere manner.
Do not make slighting references to former employers or professors. If you have been fired from a job and the interviewer asks about it, be frank in your answer..
Show the interviewer that you are interested in the company by asking relevant questions. Ask about responsibilities, working conditions, promotion opportunities and fringe benefits (附加福利) of the job you are interviewing for.
If at some point you decide the interview is not going well, do not let your discouragement show. You have nothing
to lose by continuing a show of confidence, and you may have much to gain. It may be real, or it may be a test to see how you react to adverse conditions.
Some interviewers may bring up salary early in the interview. At this time, you may indicate that you are more interested in a job where you can prove yourself than a specific salary. This politely passes the question back to the interviewer. If the interviewer continues to press, give him a range or suggest the going rate for a particular job. If possible, you should negotiate for salary after you have been offered a job and when you are ready to complete the paperwork.
46. To get the job you want, during the interview you should____.
A. avoid the interviewer’s questions that are designed to embarrass you
B. remember that you are the best
C. make yourself stand out as the right person for the job
D. tell yourself that you want to get the job
47. If you did not get along with your former employer, you ____.
A. should tell a lie to the interviewer
B. should not speak ill of him
C. should refer to him in a factual manner
D. should never mention it
48. The underlined word “adverse” in the sixth paragraph can be replaced by“____.”
49. The passage is mainly about____
A. how to make your strengths understood
B. how to show you interest in the job
C. how to be frank and sincere
D. how to deal with an interview
1. To get the job you want, during the interview you should_________
A. avoid the interviewer’s questions that are designed to trip you up.
B. remember that you are the best qualified candidate.
C. make yourself stand out as the right person for the job.
D. keep in mind that it determines whether or not you get the particular job you want.
2. If you did not get along with your former employer, you_______
A. should tell the interviewer frankly.
B. should not speak ill of him.
C. should refer to him in a factual manner.
D. should never mention it.
3. The best time to discuss your salary is _________.
A. keep up your confidence .
B. at the end of the interview.
C. after you have completed the paperwork.
D. when the interviewer brings this matter up.
4. The most important thing to do during an interview is _________.
A. to make your strengths understood.
B. to show your intense interest in the job you are applying for.
C. to be frank and sincere.
D. to be natural and confident.
参考答案1. C 2. B 3. A 4. A
In The Disuniting of America: Reflections on a Multicultural Society, Revised and Enlarged Edition (W. W. Norton) Schlesinger provides deep insights into the crises of nationhood in America. A new chapter assesses the impact both of radical multiculturalism and radical monoculturalism on the Bill of rights. Written with his usual clarity and force, the book brings a noted historian' s wisdom and perspective to bear on America' s "culture wars". Schlesinger addresses the questions: What holds a nation together? And what does it mean to be an American? Describing the emerging cult of ethnicity, Schlesinger praises its healthy effect on a nation long shamed by a history of prejudice and narrow-mindedness. But he warns against the campaign of multicultural advocates to divide the nation into separate ethnic and racial communities. From the start, he observes, the United States has been a multicultural nation, rich in its diversity but held together by a shared commitment to the democratic process and by the freedom of intermarriage. It was this national talent for assimilation that impressed foreign visitors like Alexis de Tocqueyille and James Bryce, and it is this historic goal that Schlesinger champions as the best hope for the future. Schlesinger analyzes what he sees as grim consequences of identity politics: the widening of differences. Attacks on the First Amendment, he argues, threaten intellectual freedom and, ultimately, the future of the ethnic groups. His criticisms are not limited to the left. As a former target of McCarthyism, be understands that the radical right is even more willing than the radical left to re strict and weaken the Bill of Rights.
The author does not minimize the injustices concealed by the "melting pot" dream. The Disuniting of America is both academic and personal, forceful in argument, balanced in judgment. It is a book that will no doubt anger some
readers, but it will surely make all of them think again. The winner of Pulitzer Prizes for history and for biography, an authoritative voice of American liberalism, Schlesinger is uniquely positioned to bring bold answers and healing wisdom to this passionate debate over who we are and what we should become.
分散的美国:反思一个多元文化社会,修订和增订版(W. W. Norton)Schlesinger提供了深刻的见解关于美国国家地位危机。新章节评估了《权利法案》中的激进多元文化主义和激进单一文化的影响。以他一贯清晰和强力所写,这本书阐述了一位著名的历史学家对于美国的“文化战争”的智慧和视角。
Schlesinger提出了问题：是什么使一个国家民族在一起? 成为一个美国人意味着什么? 描述了新兴的民族狂热,Schlesinger赞扬其对令人羞愧的国家长期历史偏见和心胸狭窄的健康影响。但他警告说反对多元文化倡导者的活动将全国划分为独立的民族和种族的群体。从一开始,他辩论到,美国一直是一个多元文化的国家，拥有丰富的多样性，通过民主进程的共同承诺及通婚的自由结合在一起。。正是这种民族同化,另外国游客印象深刻，例如Alexis de Tocqueyille和James Bryce,正是这种历史目标,Schlesinger拥护者对未来最好的希望。Schlesinger分析他认为是身份政治的残酷后果：差异的扩大。对第一修正案的攻击,他认为, 威胁知识自由,最终,将威胁到民族的未来。他的批评并不局限于左派。前麦卡锡主义的目标,是正确理解激进右派比左派更愿意严格削弱《权利法案》。
For the most part, rapid economic development has been a favor. But there is a down side to development -- health problems such as overweight are all becoming more common, as more people take taxis to work instead of riding their bicycles, and other labour-saving devices become more popular.
An increasingly fast pace of life makes it difficult for p eople to spend time playing sports. “I know exercise is good for your health,” a young lady said. “ But after a busy work week, the only thing I want to do is watch some TV and go to sleep.” That attitude may explain the results of a recent nationwide stud y, which suggested 15 percent of urban adults in China have heart problems.
Local researchers found that 31. 2 percent of elderly respondents (受访者) were getting enough exercise, but less than 9 percent of youngsters and the middle-aged got enough physical activity.
Elderly people understand the importance of protecting their health. The young people, however, are busy working and use this as an excuse to avoid exercise. In fact, physica1 exercise doesn't require much time, money or a special gymnasium. People can make use of any time and any place at their convenience to take part in sports. Walking quickly, cycling, climbing the stairs and dancing are all helpful methods to improve one's health.
The benefits of adding a little more activity to your life are priceless. “There is no need to be an athlete(运动员)，however ，”a local doctor said. People should walk for 30 minutes a day and take part in some other physical activity three to five times a week ．He warns ，however ，that people in poor physical shape should start slowly ，and build up over time.
China has taken the need for more exercise to heart, with the government running several activities last Sunday, which was the designated World Health Day. Pamphlets and posters based on the theme "Move for Health" were distributed nationwide, encouraging people to develop a positive and healthy lifestyle.
For Roy Johnson, a senior magazine editor, the latest indignity came after a recent dinner at a fancy restaurant in the wealthy New York City suburb where he and his family live. First the parking valet handed him the keys to his Jaguar instead of fetching the car. Then an elderly white couple came out and handed him the keys to their back Benz. “It took them a while to realize that I was not a valet,” says Johnson. “It didn’t matter that I was dressed for dinner and had paid a handsome price for the meal, just as he had. What mattered was that I didn’t fit his idea of someone who could be equal to him.”
Such incidents, which are depressingly familiar to African-Americans of all ages, incomes and social classes, help explain why black and white attitudes often differ so completely. A recent survey found that 68 percent of blacks believe racism is still a major problem in America. Only 38 percent of whites agreed.
Many Americans find the gulf between blacks and whites bewildering. After all, official segregation is a bad memory and 40 years of laws, policies and court decisions have helped African-Americans make significant progress toward equal opportunity. Indee d, a black man born in Harlem could be the nation’s next president.
But racism persists, unmistakable to every black but largely invisible to many whites. It is evident in the everyday encounters African-Americans have with racial prejudice and discrimination, like the valet parking incident. Such encounters often strike whites as trivial misunderstandings. But they remind blacks that they are often dismissed as less intelligent, less industrious, less honest and less likely to succeed. Some insults are patently racist’ others may be evidence of insensitivity or bad manners rather than racial prejudice. But the accumulation of insults feeds anger.
“What is amazing to me is the number of whites who express surprise that any of this happens,”observes Mary Berry, chairperson of the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, who says she has been watched at shopping mall.
“另我吃惊的是，白人也对发生的事情表示惊讶”观察Mary Berry 美国民事权利证监会主席，声称她一直在商场被看着。
Add Littleton, Colorado, to the list of cities dazed with grief after a school slaughter. Two students shot and killed 12 other students and a teacher before taking their own lives. The massacre was the largest in the history of this nation. This type of crime didn't exist 10 years ago.
Americans should stop acting surprised that these shooting happen in "nicer" neighborhoods. That's the only place they happen. None of the recent school massacres took place at an inner-city campus; they all occurred in smaller towns or suburbs. These killers haven't been from impoverished or extremely violent families. They don't appear to have been picked on(挨骂受罚) any worse than kids have been for generations. They chose alienation and destruction, and they found the tools to carry out their hate-filled plan.
Do not blame schools for these massacres. Schools simply take what they are sent. Question the killers' parents. The parents are supposed to teach their children respect and empathy for others' lives. Parents should help their offspring learn to handle taunt or conflict without resorting to violence.
All concerned adults should take a youth's threat to shoot someone as seriously as airport security guards take jokes about bombs. Students must be encouraged to tell teachers if a classmate threatens or jokes about violence. Administrators at schools around the country need to emphasize they will take such reports seriously, and that they will not identify any student who comes forward with such a report.
More gun regulations probably won’t stop these shootings, but gun owners and sellers must take more responsibility for keeping weapons away from young people. Gun owners should keep their guns unloaded, locked up and hidden away. Most car owners don’t leave their keys in the car even when they park in their own garage; gun owners should be at least as careful with weapons.
The federal government can’t solve this problem. Schools alone can’t solve it.More guns won’t solve it. Americans must consciously create a culture that makes violence unacceptable. Parents need to stop allowing their children’s minds to be polluted with violence. News media need to show more restraint and thought about how and what they report.
The Colorado massacre is a national tragedy. More’s the pity if Americans do not stop, reflect and vow to m ake it the last school massacre.
A new look at an asteroid orbiting the sun shows it could possibly smash into the Earth with tremendous force. But experts say the potential impact is still 872 years away, time enough for the speeding space rock to alter its course.
Named 1950DA, the asteroid--1 kilometer wide--is the most threatening to the Earth of all of the known large asteroids, but the odds are only adout one in 300 that it would impact the planet, researchers said.
"One in 300 is pretty long odds," said Jon D. Giorgini, a scientist in Califonia. "I'm not personally going to worry about it. It is so far in the future that lots of things could change."
There are approximately 1,000 asteroids bigger than a kilometer that can pass near the Earth in their orbit of the sun. About 580 have been found and their orbits plotted. Of these, only 1950DA represents a possible threat. Scientists continue an effort to identify all the other large asteroids that pass near the Earth, and it is their great hope that they don't find any that are greater threats.
If 1950DA did hit the Earth, said Giorgini, it would have planet-wide effects, setting off fires, changing the weather and perhaps creating immense tidal waves. But it would not be a planet killer like the asteroid thought to have snuffed out the dinosaure some 65 millions years ago.
Asteroid 1950DA was first discovered in 1950, but then not noted in astronomy logs again for decades. It was rediscovered in the year 2000 and in March 2001 whizzed within about 77 million miles of Earth, giving astronomers an opportunity to gather visual and radar readings.
From that, the astronomers projected the orbital path 1950DA would take on its next 15 near passes of the Earth--over a period covering nearly nine centuries. For the 15th near pass, on March 16,2880, the analysis showed it was mathematically possible, though unlikely, that the asteroid could hit the Earth.
He said the highest probability is that the asteroid in 2880 will miss the Earth by about 290, 000 kilometers--a distance closer than the 370, 000-kilometer orbit of the Moon around the Earth.
命名1950DA的小行星- 1公里宽- 是所有已知的大型小行星中对地球最有威胁的一个，但它会影响到
“1/300，极为偶然的几率”Jon D. Giorgini，加洲的科学家说。“我个人并不会为它操心，在遥远的未来很多事情都可能会改变。”