Lesson One: The Time Message
Elwood N, Chapman 新的学习任务开始之际，千头万绪，最重要的是安排好时间，做时间的主人。本文作者提出了7点具体建议，或许对你有所启迪。
1 Time is tricky. It is difficult to control and easy to waste. When you look ahead, you think you have more time than you need. For Example,at the beginning of a semester, you may feel that you have plenty of time on your hands, but toward the end of the term you may suddenly find that time is running out. You don't have enough time to cover all your duties (duty), so you get worried. What is the answer? Control!
2 Time is dangerous. If you don't control it, it will control you. I f you don't make it work fo r you, it will work against you. So you must become the master of time, not its servant. As a first-year college student, time management will be your number one Problem.
3 Time is valuable. Wasting time is a bad habit. It is like a drug. The more time you waste,the easier it is to go on wasting time. If seriously wish to get the most out of college, you must put the time message into practice.译：时间是珍贵的，浪费时间是个坏习惯，这就像毒品一样，你越浪费时间，就越容易继续浪费下去，如果你真的想充分利用上大学的机会，你就应该把利用时间的要旨付诸实践。
Message1. Control time from the beginning.
4 Time is today, not tomorrow or next week. Start your plan at the Beginning of the term.
Message2. Get the notebook habit.
5 Go and buy a notebook today, Use it to plan your study time each day. Once a weekly study plan is prepared, follow the same pattern every week with small changes. Sunday is a good day to make the Plan for the following week.
Message3. Be realistic.
6 Often you know from experience how long it takes you to write a short essay, to study for a quiz, or to review for a final exam. When you plan time for these things, be realistic.Allow for unexpected things. Otherwise you entire plan may be upset.
Message4. Plan at least one hour for each hour in class.
7 How much study time you plan for each classroom hour depends on four things: (1) your ability, (2) the difficulty of the class, (3) the grades you hope to achieve, and (4) how well you use your study time. One thing, however, is Certain; you should plan at least one hour of study for each classroom hour, in many cases, two or three hours will be required.
Message5. Keep your plan flexible.
8 It is important that you re-plan your time on a weekly basis so that you can make certain changes when necessary. For example, before mid-term or final exams, you will want to give more time to reviewing. A good plan must be a little flexible so that special projects can be done well.
Message6. Study for sometime each class day.
9 Some solid work each day is better than many study hours one day and nothing the next. When you work out your schedule, try to include at least two study hours each day. This will not only keep the study habit alive but also keep you up to date on your class assignments.
每天都踏踏实实地学习一会儿，比一天学习很长时间，第二天什么也不学要好。当你制订你的计划时，每天至少要安排出2个小时的学习时间，这不仅使你能保持这一学习习惯，而且还能帮助你跟上课堂进度。Message7. Free on Saturday----study on Sunday.
10 It is good to stop all study activities for one full day. Many students choose Saturday for sports or social activities. Sunday, one the other hand, seems to be the best study day for many students. It is a good day to catch up on back reading and other assignments.
word list （单词表）
tricky adj. (工作、问题等)微妙的，棘手的；（人）狡猾的
semester n. （尤指美国大专院校的）学期
cover v.处理duty n.任务
management n.管理number one adj.最重要的；头号的
seriously adv. 真心地，当真地；认真地，严肃地
once conj. 一旦……（就……）weekly adj.每周一次的
follow v.遵照；沿用following adj.紧接着的
realistic adj.现实可行的essay n.作文；短文
upset v. 打乱（计划等）；打翻ability n. 能力；才智
grade n.（考试或作业的）分数achieve v. 获得
flexible ad j. 灵活的re-plan v.重新计划
basis n.基础；根据project n. 课题；科研项目
mid-term adj.期中的solid adj. 扎实的
schedule n.计划表alive adj. 起作用的；现存的；活着的assignment n.（指定的）作业activity n.活动
social adj.社交的；交谊的seem v.似乎；好像
elwood n. chapman埃尔伍德·n·查普曼（人名）
look ahead看前面；考虑未来at the beginning of 在……的开始
plenty of 大量的have time on one’s hands 有许多时间
towards the end of…即将结束时work for 为……效力
work against 对……不利
get the most out of sth. 充分利用……的机会put… into practice 付诸实践
allow for 考虑到
at least 至少in… case 在…… 情况下
on a weekly /daily basis 每周/每天work out 制定出
seem to be 看来，好像keep sth./sb. + adj. 使……保持某种状况
run out (of )(被)用完，将尽
time is running out.
I have run out of money.
take… some time to do… 花…… 时间做… …
it will take us an hour to get there.
it depends on how many people are going
so that 以便（用来引出目的状语从句）
tell me your telephone number so that i can call you when i have time.
catch up on 赶上，补上
I h ave to catch up on my sleep.I didn’t sleep much last night.
Verb Pattern 1(动词句型1)
Time is money.
The dictionary is mine.
Wasting time is a bad habit.
You mus t become the master of time not ist servant.
Sunday seems to be the best study day for many students
注意:用于这一句型的系动词主要有appear, be ,become, feel ,look, prove, remain ,seem和prove后面可加to be.
○1Can you tell me the maessgae of the story?
○2.Would you mind giving him a message?
2.cover vt. 处理;涉及
○1she is so young that she can’t cover these affairs.
○2.Their work covers a wide field.
3.upset vt. 打乱(计划);打翻
○1Our plan was upset by rainy day.
○2.A large wave upset the boat.
○1At last ,he achieved his father’s support.
○2.He has achieved only half what he hoped to.
○1This plan is very flexible .
○2.The tube is flexible and tough.
○1We must do well we can to keep his hopes alive.
○2.Is he still alive?
○3The conflict is still alive.
1.work for /against为…效力/对…不利
○1He is working for an oil company.
○2.Time is working against you.
2.put…into pratice 付诸实践
We should put these principles into practice.
You must allow for his inexperience
4.keep sth./sb. +adj 使...保持某种状况
Keep the room clean
Whether or not we can overcome the difficully depends on out efforts. 能否克服困难取决于我们的努力.
6.catch up on 赶上,补上
I have got a lot of work to catch up on .
7.the more … the more …越...越…
The harder you work,the greater progress you’ll make.
Question On the Text (课文问题)
1.Who is the article written for ?And why?
It is written for first-year college student .Because some of them don’t know how to plan their study time.
2.What three things does the author say about time in the first three pargraphs of the article?
The three things are : time is tricky,time is dangerous and time is valuable.
3.What does the author advise you to do at the beginning of the term?
He advise us to make a plan at the beginning of the term
4.What is the use of a notebook?
It can be used to plan our study each day
5.Why is it important to be realistic when you plan time for a short essay,or an exam?
Because unexpected things often happen .If we don’t see this and plan to do too many things,our plan might be upset.
6.Do you think one hour of study for each class hour is enough? Not enough? Or too much?
It depends.Sometimes it enough,but sometimes,two or three hours will be required
7.Why a good plan be a little flexble?
Because it’s easy to make certain changes when necessary in a flexible plan.
8.Do you think it is a good habit to study for some time each class day?
9.On which day of the week do many students stop all study activities? Why that day?
Saturyday seems to be best day because after five days of study ,students need a rest. Saturday is a good day for sport.
10.Does the author think it is good to stop all study activities both on Saturday and On Sunday?
No.he doesn’t. He thinks Sunday is a good day for study.
11.How can Sunday be used?
It can be used to catch up on back reading and other assignments.
12.Which of the seven messages do you think is the most important?Or do you think they are all important? Are you going to put them into practice?
I think they are all important. Yes,I am .
Written Work (笔头作业)
Translate the following passage into English
译文:Time is very important.Everybody has 24 hours a day,365 days a year. Once a day in our life is gone, it will never back .If we love life, we should not waste time.We should control time. The best to use our time is to plan it well.
When we make a study plan, we must remember two things. First,we must be realistic and should not try to do many things. Second, a good plan should be a little flexible. We can make small changes but the same pattern every week.
Let us become the master of time and start our plan today.
*形容词+_ly(以…方式地) 副词如:stupidly愚蠢地cleverly聪明地weakl无力地clearly清楚地frankly 坦率
*名词+_ly(以…方式地) →形容词如:brotherly兄弟般的motherly母亲般的ghostl y deathly死一般的cowardly 胆小的manly男子气的
1)easy(easily) faithful(faithfull y) true(truly) quiet(quietly) bad(badly)
2)king(kingly) love(lovely) father(fatherly) man(manly) friend(friendly)
3)night(nightly) year(yearly) week(weekly) day(daily) month(monthly)
I have run out of food, so I have to buy more.
You have said so, you should put what you said into practice.
It takes at least 2 hours to get there by bus
Although we falied,at least we tried out best
Speak a litter louder, so that everyone can be heard.
How long has it taken you to write that article?
You seem to be very sad. Tell us what has happened so that we can help you.
We should keep our classroom clean.
We may ask Xiao wany for help. He seems to have plenty of time on his hand.
My brother will go to Bejing next week,and He wishes to get the most of the time when he stays here.
You are the person whom(who) I’m looking for
This book is not mine, but john’s.
They are always the best friends
Bejing is a beautiful city
That seems to be the best choice
1)Old people like to look back while young people always look ahead.
2)I have to catch up on the reading assignment this Sundy. I have no time playing cards(玩扑克牌)
3)Toward the end of the semester,the students began to worry about their final exams.
4)We’ve run out of writing paper.Would you go and get some,please?
5)We lost the game because our age worked against us.
6)I don’t know how much time it will take to build this road. It depends on the weather.
7)You should work out a plan at the beginning of the term.
8)I can tell from experience that something is wrong with the amchine
9) Watching TV can keep you up to date on what is happening in the world
10)You should study hard.But on the other hand,you should take some time off for sports or other pleasures 4.用下列单词填空,每词限用一次.
Many Americans (1)use informal shorter names instead (2)of their formal names.For example,someone(3)named Samuel Johnson may be called Sam(4)by his friends. Likewise,Rhichard Brown may ask you to call him Rich;Brbara Stein may (5)want to be called Barb or Bads.The family name(6) comes second in the U.S.”John’s ”family name is Smith. In formal(7)situations ,or when you meet someone(8)for the first time,you would want to call him “Mr.Smith”.Often,even people you do not know very well(9)many want to call you by your first name – this is the informal American (10)custom. Americans think it is friendlier and more relaxed to use the first name
人体名词：table, dog, map, girl, book, street
物质名词：milk, beer, glass, food, bread, gold
抽象名语：courage, education, happiness, time
集体名词：family, team, police, grfoup, audience
专有名词：China, John, Beijing, the Yellow River
A dog is a good friends. 狗是好朋友。（泛指）
Dogs are good friends. 狗是好朋友。（泛指）
He is playing with a dog. The dog is beautiful.他正在跟一条狗玩。这是条漂亮的狗。（特指）
Milk is nutritious.牛奶有营养。（泛指）
I want a glass of milk.我要一杯牛奶。（泛指）
I have bought some milk. The milk is sweet.我买了些牛奶。这些牛奶是甜的。（特指）
不可数名词在句子中出现，也有3种形式：前后什么都不加；前面加计量词或the. 不可数名词没有复数形式，但计量词有复数形式，如two glasses of milk.
His family are looking for him.他的家人正在找他。
His family is a hppay one.他的家庭是一个幸福的家庭。
Many cattle are kept on the farm.农场里养了很多牛。
Grammar Exercises 语法练习
1）Does your teacher give you any (homework, homeworks)?
2) Excuse me .Do you have any (information, informations) about this?
3) The committee (have, has) considered your suggestion.
4) The committee (are, is) divided in their opinion.
5) The cattle (are, is) grazing(吃草) on the grassy hillside.
6) (How many,How much) paper do you need?
7) Can you lend me (a cup of sugar, some sugars)
8) Don’t take a lot of (baggage,baggages) with you on this trip.
9) The police (is,are) investigating this case.
10) There (is,are) enough room for you in the car.
11) The Government (is,are) discussing the plan.
12) The Government (does not,do not) encourage this.
1）__ time is dangerous. It will control you if you don’t control it .
2) The computer is a useful machine.
3) I like to drink __ beer in the pub after work every day the beer there is good.
4) I spoke with a beer in the pub after worik every day. The beer there is good.
5)He gave me a jacket for my birthday. The jacket is beautiful.
6)An apple a day keeps a doctor away.
7)We need ___ books just as we need ___ water.
8)”All work and on play makes Jack a dull boy” is an old saying.
9)Once a plan is made, follow the same pattern every day with small changes.
10)Go and get ______ ice-cream for me. It’s too hot in the room.