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Lesson Three:Hans Christian Andersen’s own fairy tale(2)


Donald and Louise Peattie 这只鸭圈里飞出的天鹅所讲的故事老少皆宜,虽然故事使用的是孩子们能听懂的语言、孩子们喜闻乐见的情节,但却又包含生活真谛、寓意深长。功成名就的“丑小鸭” 一如既往,保持着他那平常、善良的心态,对权贵不卑不亢,对以往没有善待他的人不计前嫌。他把爱献给上帝,献给人类。

1 In Copenhagen, Hans Christian lived in an attic in an old house, where he had a good view of the city. But there was one big fact that he could not see right under his own nose. The plays and poetry that he wrote were not very good.


2 Hans Christian made friends with a few kind people. Among them was Jonas Collin of the Royal Theater. This kind man collected funds from friends to send the young writer to school. Hans felt most at ease with children. He ate his dinner in turn at the homes of six friends. In each home the children begged him for stories.


3 Hans told a tale so vividly that you could see and hear toy soldiers marching and toy horse galloping. And he could make the most wonderful papercuts. These are kept today in the Andersen Museum, which is in the house where he was born in Odense.


4 Andersen remained single all his life. The good Collin family-three generations of them-became all the family he was ever to have. They all loved him, but they advised him not to write any more poetry and plays, and to try to get a government job. They talked as he later made the animals talk in his stories:” I tell you this for your own good,” said the Han to the Ugly Duckling,” you should learn to lay eggs like me.” In The Ugly Duckling Hans Christian told the story of his own life.


5 When his first book of fairy tales was published in 1835, Andersen d idn’t think it would be successful, but children read the stories and wanted more. So,encouraged by their interest, he began what we know today as his great work, for 37 years, a new book of Andersen’s fairy tales come out each Christmas. The books were full of everyday truth, of wonder, of sad beauty, of humor. Children and their parents had never read such tales before.


6 Andersen’s tales are a poet’s way of telling us the truth about our selves. He looked deeply into the heart of things. Even in a child’s toy lost in the street, he could see some story with the light of gold in it. All of us laugh at the humor of The Emperor’s New Cloths, but we remember the story every time men pretend to be something that they are not.


7 Although he was now famous, he was more kind-hearted that ever. One day on the street he met a man who had once treated him badly. The old and unhappy man said that he was sorry for what he had done.

Andersen forgave the man and comforted him. The prince who had told Andersen to learn a useful trade was now the King. He invited the writer to his palace and told him that he might ask for any favor. Andersen replied simply,” But I don’t need anything at all.”


8 He was already loved all over the world. The awkward figure and kind ugly face had become so famous that his friends, the children, recognized him wherever he was. His books were translated into many different languages and read all over the world. He was received at the royal courts of Europe and admired by many kings.


9 The greatest writers of the day, form dickens to Victor Hugo,looked upon him as one of themselves. Among them, he at last learned happily that “it doesn’t matter if you are born in a duck-yard,as long as you come from a swan’s egg”


10 Happiest of all was the day he returned to the “duck-yard,” nearly 50 years after he had left it. All Odense took part in the great celebration for the shoemaker’s son who was now the prince of fairy tales. A great dinner was held in his honor. That night, hundreds of people came to his window and celled to him. What was then in his full heart— that gentle heart that had been lonely for so long-was best e xpressed in his own words:” To God and man, my thanks, my love.”


word list(单词表)

attic n.阁楼,顶楼

view n.(从特定处看到的)景色

fund n.资金,现款

vividly adv.生动地

march v. 行进,行军

gallop v.(指马等或骑者)飞奔,奔驰

papercut n.剪纸

publish v.出版(书籍、期刊等)

humor,humor n.(美/英)幽默

deeply adv.深刻地

heart n.实质,感情

emperor n.皇帝

kind-hearted adj.好心的,仁慈的

unhappy adj.不幸福的,不愉快的

happily adv. 幸福地,愉快地

comfort v.安慰(某人)

awkward adj.(动作或形态)难看的;笨拙的

figure n.形态,体形

court n.宫廷

day n.时代

duck-yard n.鸭圈

swan n.天鹅

celebration n.庆祝

prince n.(某领域中的)优秀或杰出人物

full adj.丰富的

proper names(专有名词)

jonas collin乔纳斯·科林(人名)



victor hugo维克托·雨果(人名)

useful expressions(常用短语)

have a good view of清楚看到

make friends with sb.与某人交朋友

send sb. to school供某人上学

be full of充满

laugh a t嘲笑

feel/be at ease with sb.与某人相处感到轻松惬意

ask for sth.请求或要求某物


at last最后,终于

in turn轮流,依次

the president shook hands in turn with the people greeting him.

come out出版

when will this book come out ?


she is so fat that she can't move easily.

look upon …as把……看做……

I looked upon you as a close friend.

John is looked upon as the best basketball player in his class.

be in sb.'s /sth.'s honour;be in honour of sb./sth. 向……表示敬意;


A party will be held in honour of the visiting president.

Verb Pattern 3(动词句型)


At last we were/got home.

The birthday party will be at nine.

The children are in the garden.

Hans felt most at ease with children.

One big fact that he could not see was right under his nose.


Questions on the Text(课文问题)

did Andersen manage to go to school?

Andersen made friends with a few kind people and one of his friends,Jonas Collin,collected funds from his friends to send Anderson to school.

did he get on with the children of the six friends?

He got on well with them and he told them felt at ease with them and he told them stories.

3.Have you read The Ugly Duckling ?What does the Hen often say to the Duckling?What did the Collin family often advice Hens to do ?What do you think of their advice

Hen often tells the Duckling "I tell you this for your own good. You should learn to lay eggs like me." The Collin family often advised Hans not to write any more poetry and plays and to get a government job. Their advice was very friendly and useful at that time.

4.When was Andersen's first book of stories published? And how was it received by children?

Han's first book was published in 1835. Children read his stories and wanted to read more.

5.According to the text how many books of fairy tales did he produce altogether?

He wrote 37 books in his life.

6.What kind of people does Andersen laugh at in The Emperor's New Clothes?

He laughted at the people who pretended to be something that they were not.

Andersen change a lot after he became famous?Give an example.

No,he didn't He became even more kindhearted.

He forgave the man who had treated him badly. He also comforted the man.

8.Give a few examples to show that he was word famous?

His books were translated into many diffenrent language. Children recognized him wherever he was. Dickens and Victor Hugo thought he was a great writer.

9.Explain in your own words the meaning of"it doesn't matter if you are born in a duck-yard as long as you come from a swan's egg."

No matter what family you are born into, so long as you've got ability and do your best you will succeed.(or: If you're a piece of gold, you'll sooner or later shine in public.)

10.How was Andersen,the writer?What do you thank of Andersen,the man?

The people there enthusiastically welcome him. They had a big celebration and gave a great dinner in his honour. At night,hundreds of people went to his window and called to him.

11.What do you think of Andersen, the writer? What do you think of Andersen, the man?

As a witer, Andersen was a genius. He had great ability to write stories and he worked very hard at it . He never gave up writing. As a man, he was very kind and forgiving. He loved books and children. do you think made Andersen a great writer?

His interest, his strong will, kind people's help and children's encouragement made him a great writer.

Written Work(笔头作业)

Translate the following passage into English.



Andersen truned many of his own experience into fairy tales and told the tales to the children of his all liked his stories because Hans had a genius for telling stories and told them vividly. After his first book of fairy tales was published ,it was liked by children and their parents and was very tales were full of everyday truths. Then his second book of fairy tales came out ,Another followed. He published 37 in Hans Andersen was looked upon as the prince of fairy tales and one of the greatest writes of his day.

Vocabulary Exercises(词汇练习)


*形空词/少数动词+_th(表示行为、过程或状态)→ 名词如:

death 死亡

length 长度

truth 真相

breadth 广度

*(除one, two 和three以外的)基数词+_th → 序数词如:

millionth 第100万

sixth 第6


fortieth 第40





1)wide (width)

grow (growth)

deep (deepth)

strong (strength)

warm (warmth)

2)five (fifth)

thirty (thirtieth)

nine (ninth)

four (fourth)

eleven (eleventh)




People can have a good view of city from this tower.


When he worked in the countryside he made friends with many young peasants. (3)那时那家很空,不能供孩子们上学。

At that time the family was too poor to send the children to school.


I'm not going to the party because I dont't feel at ease with those people. (5)学生们站起来,轮流向这位发言人提问。

The students was stood up and asked the speaker questions in turn.


Her question was so stupid that everybody laughed at her.


I adivsed him not to ask the man for help.


The book was so famous that it was translated into many languages.


Over a hundred people went to the dinner party in honor of the senior professor.


His students all look upon him as a friend.


When the book came out, he found that it was full of mistakes.



Would you please look after the baby while I 'm away?


I phoned him yesterday, but he was out.


The shop is at the corner of the street.


Betty is in front of me in the photo.


It is half past five in the morning, and he's already up.


1)I’m quite at ease with my new computer.

2)His family didn't send him to school because of his poor health.

3)You can have a really good view of the park from where you are standing.

4)The young fans shook hands with the film star in turn.

5)The building you see in the picture is known as The Great Wall Hotel.

6)The garden in front of our house is full of beautiful flowers.

7)The boy made a silly mistake,and everybody laughed at him.

8)She said she would invite me to dinner someday.

9)Don't be afraid of making mistakes when you speak English.

10)I waited for him for a long time.


When you talk about the weather,or the climate(气候),you are talking about how(1) much heat and how much water is(2)in the air.

The weather is the condition of the air at any someone asks you about the weather today,in your answer,you tell what the air is like .climate is different (3)from the climate does not(4) tell you the condition of air (5) on any climate is the average(平均)weather(6) over a lang ,you might describe(描述)the climate(7) where you live this way:"Summers(8) are hot and rainy."

(9)As you can imagine,there are(10)many different climates on are places where it is always hot or places where it rains every day or might not rain(11)at all for years.

What is the climate(12)l ike where you live?


Comparative Degrees of Adjectives and Adverbs (形容词和副词的比较级)


平行级:as+形容词/副词+as 如:as big as,as calmly as

比较级:形容词/副词 + -er(或more + 形容词/副词)+than

如:bigger than,mote beautiful than,more carefully than

最高级:the + 形容词/副词 + est(或the most+形容词/副词)

如:the biggest,the most beautiful,the most carefully


Your coffee is as good as the coffee my grandmother makes.


A boy of sixteen is often as tall as his father.


Take home as many apples as you can .


She doesn't look as ill as she sounded on the phone.


He drove as fast as he dared.


The new-comer behaved as generously as a millionaire.



1)单音节和双音节词一般在词尾加-er,但以-ful 或-re 结尾的双因音节词通常在该词前加more.此外还有一些不规则变化,如better(good),less(little)等,须牢记。

Travelling by airplane is faster than travelling by train.


She is more careful than her twin sister.


The weather is getting colder and colder.


2)比较级前可用表示程度的状语修饰,常用的有 a lot, much, a great deal, lots, very much, a bit, a little, even, far, still等。

His handwriting is much better than mine.


I am spending a great deal more time on English than before.


This story is even more interesting than that one.


注意:lots 和 a bit 是口语,要慎用。

3.对照比较:用两个以the 开始的对应比较结构表示两件事或状况之间的联系(见第1课文注释)。

The more time you waste, the easier it is so go on wasting time.


The longer you work with him, the better you'll like him,



1)单音节词和双音节词一般在词尾加 -est,但以-ful 和-re 结尾的词通常在该词前加个多音节词在该词前加most. 少数不规则变化,如least(little),worst(bad)等,须牢记。

This is the oldest theatre in New York.


It was the most exciting film I have ever seen.


He runs fastest of all.


She made the fewest mistakes in the class.


注意:使用最高级时,一般要有 in the class 等限定范围的词或短语。


I have never met a kinder man.


The old man never felt better.


He had never spent a more worrying day.


Hans Christian was happier than he had ever been in his life.


China has a bigger population than any other country in the word.


注意以上句子中的 never, ever, any other 等词及词组的用法。

3)最高级形式中有时the 可以省略,特别是在非正式文体中,书面及口头都是如此。

You are most kind.


She works best when she is alone.


Tom is happiest when he is helping others.


Fruits are best when eaten fresh.


I like swimming best.


但是最高级形式的形容词的后面如有一般限定性的状语,the 不可省略。

She is the youngest in our class.


This is the best film I've seen in recent years.


注意:前面带有 most 的形容词或副词不都是最高级形式。Most 也是一个与最高级无关的副词。意思是 very,是很文气的用法。

It is a most touching story.


They shall most certainly come.


Grammar Exercises(语法练习)

1.用 as ...as... 的句型改写下列句子。

例如:I study hard and so does he.

He studies as hard as I do.

1)Last summer was very hot and so is this summer.

This summer is as hot as last (summer)

2)Mary drives fast and so does Tom.

Tom drives as fast as Mary (does).

3)This newspaper is very popular in China and so is that newspaper.

That newspaper is as popular in China as that one (is)

4)Children love his stories very much and he does so at school.

He behaves as badly at school as (he does) at home.


1)China is larger than C in Europe.

A.Some other countries

B.any other countries

C.any country

D.All countries

2)The Yangtze River is not A than the Yellow River.

A.Much longer

B.More longer


D.Less longer

3)He is three years B than .





4)The subway is A the bus.

A.as crowded as

B.More crowded

C.as more crowded as

D.as crowded than

5)Mary os D of the four girls in the family/



C.the nicer

D.the nicest

6)Whose job is B policeman's or a fireman's?

A.the more dangerous

B.More dangerous

C.The most dangerous

D.As dangerous as

7) He is the C when he is reading a novel alone at home.


B.More happy


D.Most happy

8)I caught the last bus from town;but Tom came home C than I.

A.More late

B.More later

C.Even later

D.The later

9)I have never drunk D beer in my life.

A.The better

B.The best

C.More better


10) A you start, ____ you will finish.

A.The sooner, the earlier

B.The sooner, the more early

C.The soon, the more early

D.The sooner, the much more early



I will lend you as many books as you want.


He is as clever as his brother, but doesn't work as hard.


He speaks as good English as the English do.


This is the biggest library I have every visited.


Money is important, but there are things much more important than 6)他相信他的母亲是世界上最好的母亲。

He believes that his is best mother in the world.


The earlier we do it, the better.


The more I read the essay, the better I understand it.


Lesson One: The Time Message Elwood N, Chapman 新的学习任务开始之际,千头万绪,最重要的是安排好时间,做时间的主人。本文作者提出了7点具体建议,或许对你有所启迪。 1 Time is tricky. It is difficult to control and easy to waste. When you look a head, you think you have more time than you need. For Example,at the beginning of a semester, you may feel that you have plenty of time on your hands, but toward the end of the term you may suddenly find that time is running out. You don't have enough time to cover all your duties (duty), so you get worried. What is the answer? Control! 译:时间真是不好对付,既难以控制好,又很容易浪费掉,当你向前看时,你觉得你的时间用不完。例如,在一个学期的开始,你或许觉得你有许多时间,但到学期快要结束时,你会突然发现时间快用光了,你甚至找不出时间把所有你必须干的事情干完,这样你就紧张了。答案是什么呢?控制。 2 Time is dangerous. If you don't control it, it will control you. I f you don't make it work fo r you, it will work against you. So you must become the master of time, not its servant. As a first-year college student, time management will be your number one Problem. 译:时间是危险的,如果你控制不了时间,时间就会控制你,如果你不能让时间为你服务,它就会起反作用。所以,你必须成为时间的主人,而不是它的奴仆,作为刚入学的大学生,妥善安排时间是你的头等大事。 3 Time is valuable. Wasting time is a bad habit. It is like a drug. The more time you waste,the easier it is to go on wasting time. If seriously wish to get the most out of college, you must put the time message into practice. 译:时间是珍贵的,浪费时间是个坏习惯,这就像毒品一样,你越浪费时间,就越容易继续浪费下去,如果你真的想充分利用上大学的机会,你就应该把利用时间的要旨付诸实践。 Message1. Control time from the beginning. 4 Time is today, not tomorrow or next week. Start your plan at the Beginning of the term. 译:抓紧时间就是抓紧当前的时间,不要把事情推到明天或是下周,在学期开始就开始计划。 Message2. Get the notebook habit. 5 Go and buy a notebook today, Use it to plan your study time each day. Once a weekly study plan is prepared, follow the same pattern every week with small changes. Sunday is a good day to make the Plan for the following week.


human creations, language may be the most remarkable. Through language we share experience, values, exchange ideas, transmit knowledge, and sustain culture. Indeed, language is vital to sense of reality by giving meaning to events. 在人类所有的创造中,语言也许是影响最为深远的。我们用语言来分享经验,表达(传递?)价值观,交换想法,传播知识,传承文化。事实上,对语言本身的思考也是至关重要的。和通常所认为的不同的是,语言并不只是简单地反映现实,语言在具体描述事件的时候也在帮助我们建立对现实的感知。——语序的调整。 Good speakers have respect for language and know how it works. Words are the tools of a speaker’s craft. They have special uses, just like the tools of any other profession. As a speaker, you should be aware of the meaning of words and know how to use language accurately, clearly,vividly,and appropriately. 好的演讲者对语言很重视,也知道如何让它发挥更好的效果。词语是演讲者演讲的重要“武器”,具有特殊的用途,这和任何其他的工作技艺没什么两样。作为演讲者,必须知道词语的具体含义,也要懂得如何做到用词准确、清晰、生动、适当。 Using language accurately is as vital to a speaker as using numbers accurately to a accountant. Never use a word unless you are sure of its meaning. If you are not sure, look up the word in the dictionary. As you prepare your speeches, ask yourself constantly, “What do I really want to say? What do I really mean?” Choose words that are precise and accurate. 演讲者准确地使用语言和会计准确使用数字是一样重要的。确定词意后再措词。如果不确定,请先查词典。当你在准备演讲的时候,要不断地问自己:“我到底要说什么?我到底想表达什么意思?”用词一定要精准。 Using language clearly allows listeners to grasp your meaning immediately. You can ensure this [by using familiar words (that are known to the average person and require no specialized background); by choosing concrete words in preference to more abstract ones, and by eliminating verbal clutter]. 用词清晰可以让听众迅速理解你的意思(抓到你的点)。要做到这一点,就要尽量使用一般人都熟悉的不需要专业知识就能懂的词语;多用具象词汇少用抽象词汇;还有要减少口误。 Using language vividly helps bring your speech to life. One way (to make your speech vivid)|is through imagery,or the creation of word pictures. You can develop imagery by using concrete language, simile, and metaphor. Simile is an explicit comparison between things (that are essentially different yet have something in common); it always contains the words “like”or “as”. Metaphor is an impli cit comparison between things that are different yet have something in common; it does not contain the words “like” or “as”. 生动地用词能让演讲鲜活起来!比喻,这种能产生文字图像的修辞,可以使演讲达到生动的效果。比喻要用具象的语言,分为明喻和隐喻。 明喻是指在本质上有区别但仍然有相同点的事物之间做一个明确的比较,一般句中会含有“像”或“似”。隐喻则是一种隐藏的比较,不会出现like 和as 这些连接词。 Another way to make your speeches vivid is by exploiting the rhythm of language. Four devices for creating rhythm are parallelism, repetition, alliteration, and antithesis. Parallelism is the similar arrangement of a pair or series of related words, phrases, or sentences. Repetition is the use of the same word or set of words at the beginning or end of successive clauses or sentences. Alliteration comes from repeating the initial constant sounds of close or adjoining words. Antithesis is the juxtaposition of

综合英语教程3 翻译 答案 中英

Unit1 1. She doesn’t seem to get along with her new classmates. 2. I’d been out of touch with Mary for year, but I managed to reach her by phone yesterday. 3. The veteran enjoys showing off his medals to everyone who visits him. 4. He husband seems very much opposed to her going abroad. 5. As Thomas couldn’t settle down in his job, his parents were very worried. 6. I always have all kinds of bits and pieces in my pockets. 7. Her mother pulled a few strings to get her into the business circle. 8. I hope the food is to your liking. 9. I told the boys off for making so much noise. Unit2 1. He resolved to work on the complicated project immediately. 2. They saw an old man knocked over by a car coming from the opposite direction. 3. He walked unsteadily / stumbled along in the dark, groping for the light-switch. 4. After three month’s illness, he found it difficult to rise to his feet again. 5. Owing to the staff shortage, the task could not be fulfilled on schedule. 6. During the period of depression, the company was running into financial difficulties. 7. When the blind girl got on the crowded bus, the passengers made room for her. 8. He at last managed to hold on to the rock on the cliff and stopped himself from slipping. Unit3 1. Mother immediately sent Tom for the doctor. 2. She failed to bake the cake as she had run out of sugar. 3. I know how desperately busy you are now. 4. The whole class roared with laughter at Tom’s slip of the tongue. 5. Such things as needles and scissors should be kept out of the reach of children. 6. The soldiers stood under the burning scorching sun, drenched with sweat. 7. He returned to his own country / motherland in the end. Unit4 1. Obviously I overestimated my sense of direction. Net time, I will remember to bring along a map with me. 2. The mother is not thoroughly disillusioned with her selfish unfilial son. 3. She has no knack for saying the right thing at the right time. 4. He and football were meant for each other from the start. 5. My boss assigned me the secretarial work for the first month. 6. If a driver breaks traffic rules, are there any alternatives to a fire? 7. Being a clumsy person, he often subjects himself to ridicule. Unit5 1. Did James have supper with you on the night in question? 2. The coach was satisfied with the ultimate victory of the match. 3. To remove the linguistic barriers in communication among the people of the world, linguists have embarked on the study of a new universal language. 4. The emergence of joint-venture enterprises has increased our opportunities to have contact with foreigners. 5. Mother asked him to gather up the bits and pieces of his belongings from the desk and put them


新职业英语·职业综合英语课文翻译 第一课谷歌 上过互联网的人都见过谷歌,许多人要在互联网上查找某方面的信息时,他们都会去“谷歌”一下。作为全世界最有名的互联网搜索引擎,谷歌是网络业界功成名就的最好范例之一。 谷歌始于1996年1月斯坦福大学博士生拉里?佩奇的一个研究项目。为了找到一种能帮助网络用户搜索到相关网页的更好方法,佩奇设想可以通过检索网页之间的关系来实现。他认为其他网页链接最多的那些网页一定是最受欢迎的,这项技术结果看起来是成功的。 佩奇和他的合作伙伴谢尔盖?布林于1998年9月7日创建了自己的公司,并在之后的一周注册了https://www.sodocs.net/doc/a67387493.html,这一网址。这个搜索引擎很快声名鹊起,2000年谷歌开始在自己的网站出售广告。在投资者的热情资助下,经过几年的发展,谷歌上市了,谷歌的很多雇员一夜之间成了百万富翁。 谷歌最近收购了互联网最大的视频共享网站https://www.sodocs.net/doc/a67387493.html,,而且每天都在不断增加一些新功能,如工具栏、邮件和广告。当然,成长与成功也带来了竞争。微软最近就试图收购雅虎以便能在互联网搜索引擎领域与谷歌抗衡。 随着公司的壮大与知名度的提高,谷歌在美国公司就业吸引力的排名也上升到第一。他们尝试打破传统的办公室设计,努力把办公室变成员工感觉舒适、并能充分发挥自己才华的地方。 现在,谷歌已拥有YouTube、Blogger和其他一些热门网站,并且成为网络广告收入方面的领头羊。当初两个学生的一个小点子已发展成为一家拥有十亿美元资产的大公司,谷歌也成为全球最著名的商标之一。谷歌的发展史为当今的网络企业家树立了一个完美的典范,也提供了灵感。 第二课秘书 秘书可能会有很多其他不同的头衔,例如行政助理、文员或私人助理。尽管所有这些头衔都以行政工作为主旨,但它们却反映了不同种类的秘书工作。秘书岗位十分古老,例如,古希腊和罗马的商人和政客们就曾雇用私人秘书和文员来管理他们的事务。 秘书的工作就是使办公室顺利运转。秘书的职责范围很广,依据他们所在办公室的不同而各异。就最低要求来说,秘书要处理信函,跟踪日程安排,管理文件系统,操作电话、传真机、复印机等办公设备。许多秘书还要接听电话,并将其转给适当的人员。有些秘书还要负责办公室用品的采购,他们也可能会处理预算、簿记和人事文档。秘书应当具备使用电脑和其他电子设备的经验,因为他们将处理大量的电子资料,包括往来信函。


《综合英语教程》第二册课文、扩展阅读课文译文 Unit 1 Text 等候的人们 我坐在一个机场,观察着等候所爱之人到达或离开前最后一刻的人们。他们有的不安地来回走着,有的互相凝视着,有的拉着对方的手。此时的感情是强烈的。 一位讲西班牙语的女士正来回转圈地跑着,想要将全家人集中起来道别。她的嗓门很高。当登机前的最后时刻到来时,她用双臂搂着儿子,似乎这一紧紧的拥抱能保佑他将来平安地归来。 在我候机坐位旁的栏杆边站着一位祖母和她的孙子,该来接他们的人还没到。他们旁边有两位女士,互相之间显然没有关系,但她们的眼光都象扫视着大海的探照灯一样朝通道口仔细地搜索着。一位怀抱婴儿的母亲正与丈夫吻别。泪水打湿了她的面颊。这时刻十分令人动情。 在第13号出口处,抵达者们刚刚进站。“我看见她了,她在那儿。”以同样感人的激情,这些抵达者融入了庞杂的人群,仿佛他们是这人群中失而复得的一个组成部分。泪水、笑容,和由衷的快乐洋溢在久别重逢的欢声笑语中。 我坐着边翻书边等着我的登机时刻,感到有点孤独,因为亲人与我的时间不配;而我要去见的人,我的女儿,却在我旅程的另一端。 我在回想往日的离别和重逢。忆起我看见女儿,就是我现在要去见的女儿,正从那狭窄的通道走过来,肩上背着背包,怀里抱着塞得满满的行囊,带着的耳机让她无暇顾及身旁川流不息的人群。她当时上大学一年级,11月回家度假——8月份以来第一次回家。我紧紧地拥抱着她,似乎我曾失去过她。 今天我乘坐的航班晚点两小时。手里的书今天读起来没劲,不如观看眼前这熙来人往的人群。一个5岁左右的男孩第一次见到他的祖父。他一点点往上看,半天才看到了对成人来说并不算高的一位男人的脸。一高一矮的两人脸上都放出了喜悦的光芒,我不知道人们如何能用语言和胶卷来捕捉这一时刻。 当我的航班终于呼叫登机时,我收起书本和行李。既然无人相送,我就没有回头看看来时的方向,而是在想上班的丈夫此刻极想知道我是否已起飞,在另一端的女儿也正惦记着同一件事。 登机时,我回想起另一种离别和重逢。有一次我新婚不久,91岁的祖父去世了。我们的关系一直很密切,那天傍晚,我参加完他的葬礼乘飞机返回,一边离开机场一边哭着。我们刚刚结婚一年的丈夫等候在出站口,把我拥抱在怀中。满脸的泪水招来了大家对我的关注,但我并不在乎。不管怎么说,我内心的那种感受在机场没有什么不合时宜的。 生命始终都需要这般关注。我祝愿所有旅行的人们归来时都能看到有人在等候迎接他们。我也祝愿他们出发前有人去送行。我想到自己的祖父并认识到,如果死亡就像这样,一次旅行而已,那么,我就不会害怕。 (吕睿中译,胡一宁审校) Read more 重要之事

新标准大学综合英语2 unit1 课文翻译

NUIT1 大学已经不再特别了 有这么一种说法:“要是你能记得20世纪60年代的任何事情,你就没有真正经历过那段岁月。”对于在大麻烟雾中度过大学时光的那些人,这话可能是真的。但是,20世纪60年代有一件事人人都记得,那就是:上大学是你一生中最激动人心、最刺激的经历。 20世纪60年代,加州的高校把本州变成了世界第七大经济实体。然而,加州大学的主校园伯克利分校也以学生示威、罢课以及激进的政治氛围而著名。1966年,罗纳德?里根竞选加州州长,他问加州是否允许“一所伟大的大学被喧闹的、唱反调的少数人征服。”自由派人士回答说,大学之所以伟大正是因为它们有能力容忍喧闹的、唱反调的少数人。 在欧洲的大学校园里,大学生以新的姿态和激情投入到争取自由和正义的事业中去,大规模的社会主义或共产主义运动引发了他们与当权者之间日益升级的暴力冲突。许多抗议是针对越南战争的。可是在法国,巴黎大学的学生与工会联盟,发动了一场大罢工,最终导致戴高乐总统辞职。 20世纪60年代大学生活的特点并不仅仅是激进的行动。不论在什么地方,上大学都意味着你初次品尝真正自由的滋味,初次品尝深更半夜在宿舍或学生活动室里讨论人生意义的滋味。你往往得上了大学才能阅读你的第一本禁书,看你的第一部独立影人电影,或者找到和你一样痴迷吉米?亨德里克斯或兰尼?布鲁斯的志同道合者。那是一段难以想象的自由时光,你一生中最无拘无束的时光。 可如今那份激情哪儿去了?大学怎么了?现在,政治、社会和创造意识的觉醒似乎不是凭借大学的助力,而是冲破其阻力才发生的。当然,一点不假,高等教育仍然重要。例如,在英国,布莱尔首相几乎实现了到2010年让50%的30岁以下的人上大学的目标(即使愤世嫉俗的人会说,这是要把他们排除在失业统计数据之外)。不过,大学教育已不再是全民重视的话题了。如今,大学被视为人们急于逃离的一种小城镇。有些人辍学,但大多数已经有些麻木,还是坚持混到毕业,因为离开学校实在是太费事了。 没有了20世纪60年代大学生所发现的令人头脑发热的自由气氛,如今的大学生要严肃得多。英国文化协会最近做了一项调查,研究外国留学生在决定上哪所大学时所考虑的因素。这些因素从高到低依次是:课程质量、就业前景、学费负担、人身安全问题、生活方式,以及各种便利。大学已变成实现目的的手段,是在就业市场上增加就业几率的一个机会,上大学本身不再是目的,不再是给你提供一个机会,让你暂时想象一下:你能够改变世界。 童年与大学之间的距离已缩小了,大学与现实世界之间的距离也缩小了。其中的一个原因可能和经济有关。在一个没有保障的世界里,现在的许多孩子依赖父母资助的时间比以前的孩子更长。21世纪的学生大学毕业后根本无法自立门户,因为那太昂贵了。另一个可能的原因是通讯革命。儿子或女儿每学期往家里打一两回电话的日子一去不复返了。如今,大学生通过手机与父母保持着脐带式联系。至于寻找痴迷无名文学或音乐的同道好友,没问题,我们有互联网和聊天室来帮助我们做到这一点。


Presenting a speech (做演讲) Of all human creations, language may be the most remarkable. Through 在人类所有的创造中,语言也许是影响最为深远的。我们用语言 language we share experience, formulate values, exchange ideas, transmit 来分享经验,表达(传递?)价值观,交换想法,传播知识, knowledge, and sustain culture. Indeed, language is vital to think itself. 传承文化。事实上,对语言本身的思考也是至关重要的。[Contrary to popular belief], language | does not simply mirror reality but also helps to create our sense of reality [by giving meaning to events]. 和通常所认为的不同的是,语言并不只是简单地反映现实,语言在 具体描述事件的时候也在帮助我们建立对现实的感知。 ——语序的调整。 Good speakers have respect for language and know how it works. Words are the tools of a speaker’s craft. They have special uses, just like the tools of any other profession. As a speaker, you should be aware of the meaning of words and know how to use language accurately, clearly,vividly,and appropriately. 好的演讲者对语言很重视,也知道如何让它发挥更好的效果。词语是演讲者演讲的重要“武器”,具有特殊的用途,这和任何其他的工作技艺没什么两样。作为演讲者,必须知道词语的具体含义,也要懂得如何做到用词准确、清晰、生动、适当。 Using language accurately is as vital to a speaker as using numbers accurately to a accountant. Never use a word unless you are sure of its meaning. If you are not sure, look up the word in the dictionary. As you prepare your speeches, ask yourself constantly, “What do I really want to say? What do I really mean?”Choose words that are precise and accurate. 演讲者准确地使用语言和会计准确使用数字是一样重要的。确定词意后再措词。如果不确定,请先查词典。当你在准备演讲的时候,要不断地问自己:“我到底要说什么?我到底想表达什么意思?”用词一定要精准。 Using language clearly allows listeners to grasp your meaning immediately. You can ensure this [by using familiar words (that are known to the average person and require no specialized background); by choosing concrete words in preference to more abstract ones, and by eliminating verbal clutter]. 用词清晰可以让听众迅速理解你的意思(抓到你的点)。要做到这一点,就要尽量使用一般人都熟悉的不需要专业知识就能懂的词语;多用具象词汇少用抽象词汇;还有要减少口误。 Using language vividly helps bring your speech to life. One way (to make your speech vivid)|is through imagery,or the creation of word pictures. You can develop imagery by using concrete language, simile, and metaphor. Simile is an explicit comparison between things (that are essentially different yet have something in common); it always contains the words “like”or “as”. Metaphor is an implicit


Unit 1 Changes in the Way We Live 在美国,不少人对乡村生活怀有浪漫的情感。许多居住在城镇的人梦想着自己办个农场,梦想着靠土地为生。很少有人真去把梦想变为现实。或许这也没有什么不好,因为,正如吉姆·多尔蒂当初开始其写作和农场经营双重生涯时所体验到的那样,农耕生活远非轻松自在。但他写道,自己并不后悔,对自己作出的改变生活方式的决定仍热情不减。 Mr. Doherty Builds His Dream Life Jim Doherty 有两件事是我一直想做的――写作与务农。如今我同时做着这两件事。作为作家,我和E·B·怀特不属同一等级,作为农场主,我和乡邻也不是同一类人,不过我应付得还行。在城市以及郊区历经多年的怅惘失望之后,我和妻子桑迪终于在这里的乡村寻觅到心灵的满足。 这是一种自力更生的生活。我们食用的果蔬几乎都是自己种的。自家饲养的鸡提供鸡蛋,每星期还能剩余几十个出售。自家养殖的蜜蜂提供蜂蜜,我们还自己动手砍柴,足可供过冬取暖之用。 这也是一种令人满足的生活。夏日里我们在河上荡舟,在林子里野餐,骑着自行车长时间漫游。冬日里我们滑雪溜冰。我们为落日的余辉而激动。我们爱闻大地回暖的气息,爱听牛群哞叫。我们守着看鹰儿飞过上空,看玉米田间鹿群嬉跃。 但如此美妙的生活有时会变得相当艰苦。就在三个月前,气温降

到华氏零下30度,我们辛苦劳作了整整两天,用一个雪橇沿着河边拖运木柴。再过三个月,气温会升到95度,我们就要给玉米松土,在草莓地除草,还要宰杀家禽。前一阵子我和桑迪不得不翻修后屋顶。过些时候,四个孩子中的两个小的,16岁的吉米和13岁的埃米莉,会帮着我一起把拖了很久没修的室外厕所修葺一下,那是专为室外干活修建的。这个月晚些时候,我们要给果树喷洒药水,要油漆谷仓,要给菜园播种,要赶在新的小鸡运到之前清扫鸡舍。 在这些活计之间,我每周要抽空花五、六十个小时,不是打字撰文,就是为作为自由撰稿人投给报刊的文章进行采访。桑迪则有她自己繁忙的工作日程。除了日常的家务,她还照管菜园和蜂房,烘烤面包,将食品装罐、冷藏,开车送孩子学音乐,和他们一起练习,自己还要上风琴课,为我做些研究工作并打字,自己有时也写写文章,还要侍弄花圃,堆摞木柴、运送鸡蛋。正如老话说的那样,在这种情形之下,坏人不得闲――贤德之人也歇不了。 我们谁也不会忘记第一年的冬天。从12月一直到3月底,我们都被深达5英尺的积雪困着。暴风雪肆虐,一场接着一场,积雪厚厚地覆盖着屋子和谷仓,而室内,我们用自己砍伐的木柴烧火取暖,吃着自家种植的苹果,温馨快乐每一分钟。 开春后,有过两次泛滥。一次是河水外溢,我们不少田地被淹了几个星期。接着一次是生长季节到了,一波又一波的农产品潮涌而来,弄得我们应接不暇。我们的冰箱里塞满了樱桃、蓝莓、草莓、芦笋、豌豆、青豆和玉米。接着我们存放食品罐的架子上、柜橱里也开始堆


Unit1如何发表演说斯蒂芬·卢卡斯 1.在人类创造的万物中,语言可能是最卓越的一项创造。通过语言,我们可以分享经验、阐明价值观念、交流思想、传播知识、传承文化。确实,语言对于思想本身至关重要。和流行的信仰不同的是:语言并不是简单地反映事实,而是通过对事件意义的思考来帮助人们感悟现实。 2.优秀的演说者尊重语言并懂得如何驾驭语言。语言是演说者展示才能的工具,对于他们来说,如同其他职业的工具一样,语言也有特殊的功用。作为一名演说者,你应该意识到话语的意义,并懂得如何准确无误地使用语言,使其表达清楚,趣味横生,恰如其分。 3.如同数字对于会计的重要性一样,准确地使用语言对于演说者至关重要。在没有确切知道一个词语的意思之前,千万不要盲目使用。碰到没有把握的词语,一定要查词典追根究底。当你准备演讲之前,一定要不断地问自己:“我究竟想说些什么?我究竟想表达什么样的意思?”因此,对于一篇演讲稿的用词来说,必须准确无误。 4.语言表达清楚无误,听众就能很快抓住你的意思。鉴于此,演说者应该使用那些对于大多数人来说非常熟悉的词语,这些词语不需要任何专业背景就能够理解;演说者应该使用那些表达具体而不是相对抽象的词语;并且千万不要乱堆砌辞藻,哗众取宠。 5.准确生动地使用语言能够使你的演说贴近生活。有一种方法可以使你的语言更加生动形象,那就是通过展开联想或创造语言图示。通过使用表达具体的词语、明喻或者暗喻等手法可以展开想象。明喻是对事物不同之处的比较,不过有些是相同的:它们总是包含“像……一样”或者“如同……一样”这样的连词。暗喻是一种隐性的比喻,它能够把两个形式不同但是有一些相通之处的事物联系在一起,暗喻不包含“像……一样”或者“如同……一样”这样的连词。 6.另一种让你的演说生动形象的方法是注重语言的节奏感。有四种修辞格可以让你的语言富有节奏感:排比、重复、头韵和对比。排比是将一组或一系列具有相似结构的词语、短语或者句子排列在一起;重复是在一系列短句或者长句的开头或者结尾使用相同的一句话或者一组词语;头韵是指邻近或者相邻的几个句子中的首个词语的辅音字母相同;对比是将一些意思相反的词语或者句子并列在一起,通常使用排比结构。 7.恰当地使用语言是指语言的运用要符合特定的场合、特定的观众和特定的主题。同时,恰当地使用语言还意味着演说者要有自己的语言风格,而不是模仿他人的口吻。如果演说者的语言在各个方面都能够做到恰如其分,那么这篇演说成功的机率就会大大提高。 8.优秀的演说并不是空穴来风、缺乏论据的决断。演说者必须找到强有力的论据来支持其观点。实际上,熟练地使用论据经常是区别一篇优秀演说词和一篇空洞演说词的关键所在。一般来说,通常有三种论据材料:事例、统计数据和证词。 9.在演说过程中,你可以使用一些简明扼要的例子——比如过去发生的一个很具体的事件——有时候,你可以罗列好几个简明的例子,借此增强听众的印象。扩展性的例子——描述、

大学学术英语读写教程 下册 课文翻译

WHAT IS STRESS The term stress has been defined in several different ways. sometimes the term is applied to stimuli or events in our environment that make physical and emotional demands on us, and sometimes it is applied to our emotional and physical reactions to such stimuli. in this discussion, we will refer to the environmental stimuli or events as stressors and to the emotional and physical reactions as stress. 压力这个词已经有几种不同的定义。有时候这个术语适用于我们环境中的刺激或事件,这些刺激或事件会对我们产生身体和情感方面的要求,有时也适用于我们对这种刺激的情绪和身体反应。在这个讨论中,我们将环境刺激或事件称为压力,并将情绪和身体上的反应称为压力。 Many sorts of events be stressors, including disasters, such as hurricanes or tornadoes; major life events, such as divorce or the loss of a job; and daily hassles, such as having to wait in line at the supermarket when you need to be somewhere else in 10 minutes. What all this events have in common is that they interfere with or threat our accustomed way of life. when we encounter such stressors, we must pull together our mental and physical resources in order to deal with the challenge. How well we succeed in doing so will determine how serious a toll the stress will take on our mental and physical well-being. 许多事件都是压力源,包括灾难,如飓风或龙卷风; 重大生活事件,如离婚或失业; 每天都有麻烦,比如当你要在10分钟内到别的地方去却不得不在超市排队等。所有这些事件都有共同之处,就是它们干涉或威胁我们习惯的生活方式。当我们遇到这样的压力时,我们必须整合我们的精神和物质资源来应对挑战。我们如何成功地做到这一点将决定压力对我们身心健康将产生多大的影响。 Reacting to stressors The Canadian physiologist Hans Seyle has been the most influential writer on stress. Seyle proposed that both humans and other animals react to any stressor in three stages, collectively known as the general adaptation syndrome. the first stage, when the person or animal becomes aware of the stressor is the alarm reaction. In this stage the organism becomes highly alert and aroused, energized by a burst of epinephrine. After the alarm reaction comes the stage of resistance , as the organism tries to adapt to the stressful stimulus or to escape from it. If these efforts are successful, the state of the organism returns to normal. If the organism cannot adapt to the continuing stress, however, it enters a stage of exhaustion or collapse. 加拿大生理学家Hans Seyle在压力方面一直是最有影响力的作家。塞尔提出,人类和其他动物在三个阶段对任何压力源作出反应,统称为一般适应综合症。第一阶段,当人或动物意识到应激源时,就是警报反应。在这个阶段,机体变得高度警觉和激起,并被一阵肾上腺素所激发。当警报反应进入抵抗阶段后,机体试图适应压力刺激或逃避压力。如果这些努力成功,机体的状态就会恢复正常。然而,如果生物体不能适应持续的压力,它就进入衰竭或崩溃的阶段。 Seyle developed his model of the general adaptation syndrome as a result of research with rats and other animals. In rats, certain stressors, such as painful tail-pulling consistently led to the same sorts of stress reactions in humans, however, it is harder to predict what will be stressful to a particular person at a particular time. subjective person's the on depends stressful be will stimulus particular a Whether

综合英语教程6 翻译

1. They can move a nation to fall on its knees and sincerely worship an Emperor who, without the clothes and the title, would drop to the rank of the cobbler and be swallowed up and lost sight of in the massed multitude of the inconsequentials... 衣着与头衔能让一个民族心甘情愿地跪拜在一个君主面前。而这个君主,如果没有衣着和头衔的支撑,会沦为鞋匠之流,消失在芸芸众生之中。 2. Is the human race a joke? Was it devised and patched together in a dull time when there was nothing important to do? 人类是玩笑的结果吗?是上帝感到无聊又无大事可做时草草拼在一起的玩物吗? 3. Mine are able to expand a human cipher into a globe-shadowing portent. 我的衣着能把我从一个无名小卒变成了一个全球耀眼的巨人。 4. And probably at no other point is the sense of shabbiness so keenly felt as it is if we fall short of the standard set by social usage in this matter of dress. 可能最感到寒酸的时刻是我们没按照社会的规范穿着自己。 5. It is true of dress in even a higher degree than of most other items of other consumption, that people will undergo a very considerable degree of privation in the comforts or the necessaries of life in order to afford what is considered a decent amount of wasteful consumption. 人们为了能付得起一定量的、通常被认为是浪费性的消费,会在生活的其他方面尽量节俭。这在穿衣方面表现得尤其明显。 6. The commercial value of the goods used for clothing in any modern community is made up to a much larger extent of the fashionableness, the reputability of the goods than of the mechanical service, which they render in clothing the person of the wearer. 在任何一个现代社会,用作穿着的商品的商业价值在很大程度上不取决于它的商业服务功能,而是该商品本身和在包装穿戴者时所产生的时髦效益及声誉。 7. This would require a loss of wholeness and self, a dishonest constraint. 这会使人们失去自我,是一种虚伪的限制。 1. Today, thanks to the democratization of technology, all sorts of countries have the opportunity to assemble the technologies, raw materials and funding to be producers, or subcontractors, of highly complex finished products or services, and this becomes another subtle factor knitting the world more tightly together. 今天,由于技术的普及,每个国家都有机会聚集各种技术、原材料和资金,成为制造商或转包商,生产或者销售高度复杂的终端产品或者服务,这成为另一种把世界更紧密地联系在一起的无形的因素。 2. The creation of this corporate bond market introduced some pluralism into the world of finance and took away the monopoly of the banks. 企业债券市场的出现,将多元化引入金融界,打破了银行的垄断。 3. Investment banks started approaching banks and home mortgage companies, buying up their whole portfolio of mortgage… 投资银行开始去找银行和房屋按揭公司,将它们的按揭债务全部买下 4. You could take your choice, and people did. 人们可以有多种选择,而且也确实这样做了。 5. By shrinking a world to a size smal l, globalization brings home to everyone just how ahead or behind they are. 全球化把世界缩小,全球化让每个人都可以看清楚,自己的日子是过得比人好还是比人差