Directions: Fill in the blanks using some of the words given below. Change the form where necessary.
1) Her most cherished possession is the diamond necklace around her neck.
2) According to the statistical figures, over half of the students had a positive attitude toward their future.
3) Deleting this plot would destroy the integrity of the story.
4) Because of the long-lasting snowstorm, the price of agricultural commodities has risen greatly.
5) It is important to be cooperative toward the other team members in order to achieve our goal.
6) Food and water have been distributed among the refugees from the neighboring country.
7) Since it is not easy to repair this highly sophisticated machine, we need more time.
8) The other positions have been filled, but there are still vacancies for cleaners.
9) At college, computers are used to facilitate students' language learning.
10) Price is determined through the interaction of demand and supply.
11) We were witnessing the most important scientific development of the century.
12) The surgical operation was conducted by the best surgeon in the hospital.
13) At the beginning, virtually every soldier confronts his own problem.
14) Internet shopping has had a great impact on the traditional bookstores.
15) Due to the lack of money, some public facilities in the community were poorly maintained .
2. Directions: Distinguish between the confusable words and fill in the blanks with the proper word from the brackets of each sentence.
1) Since he was promoted last month, he has occupied himself with the new work and has neglected his kids. (neglected; ignored)
2) Break the glass to sound the alarm in the case of fire. (in the case of; in case of)
3) It costs the couple more than 2000 Yuan per year to run the car. (spends; costs)
4) According to reliable information sources, those missing children have been found. (resource; source)
5) The apartment is very convenient in that some schools and hospitals are close at hand. (at hand; in hand)
6) It was advertised in today's newspaper that there was a(n) vacant post of manager to fill. (empty; vacant)
7) I am surprised that Andy was awarded the first prize in the speech competition. (awarded; rewarded)
8) I came here specially to present you with the birthday gift. (specially; especially)
1. Directions: Study the models and complete the following sentences by translating the Chinese into English, using "As with... " or "It seems/seemed (that)... " Model 1: (正如世间万物), too much of a good thing can be a problem. As with everything, too much of a good thing can be a problem.
Model 2: (竞争似乎会给健康带来副作用). Cooperation, and other pro-social/unselfish behavior, tends to have positive side effects.
It seems that competition has unhealthy physical side effects. Cooperation, and other pro-social/unselfish behavior, tends to have positive side effects.
1) As with hiking (如同徒步旅行一样), you should always think about your safety and wear good clothes.
2) As (it is) with learning any language (如同学习任何语言), the old saying that "practice makes perfect" applies.
3) It seemed that he didn't adopt/take my advice (看来他没有采纳我的建议) and
I was quite upset.
4) It seemed that my father would lose his temper (看来父亲要发火了) but it was not my fault.
5) It seems that Professor Smith can't come (看来史密斯教授不能来了), so we have
to invite another expert.
2. Directions: Combine the following pairs of sentences as show in the model.
Model : You have signed.
You can't change any term in the contract.
You can't change any term in the contract once you have signed.
1) I've found some place to live.
I'll send you my address.
（I'll send you my address once/when I've found some place to live.)
2) She made up her mind.
I would have little influence over her.
（I would have little influence over her once she (had) made up her mind.）
3) You will be very happy and relaxed.
You have got to know everyone in the company.
（You will be very happy and relaxed once you have got to know everyone in the company.）
4) He understood what the real purpose was.
He would be offended.
（He would be offended once he understood what the real purpose was.）
5) We have registered.
We can make use of online resources of the library.
（We can make use of online resources once we have registered.）Directions: Translate the following sentences into Chinese.
1) Yet we continue to hold the cherished belief that competition (not cooperation), to paraphrase Sigmund Freud, "is the royal road to success".
2) If in fact competition brings out the "beast" in us, then research demonstrates that cooperation surely brings out the "best" in us.
3) In this study, the more cooperative individuals were better adjusted psychologically and physically healthier than their more competitive colleagues. 在这项研究中，更乐于合作的成员在心理适应和生理健康方面都优于更具竞争性的同事。4) Simply put, cooperation is the rule, but objectivity must be maintained.
5) Research supports the fact that individuals who have witnessed a cooperative act will "pass it on," sharing some degree of cooperation with the next person they meet.
1. Directions: Fill in the blanks using some of the words or phrases given below. Change the form where necessary.
1) Should people pursue their own happiness at the expense of others?
2) Relatively speaking, most consumer goods in Wal-Mart are cheaper than those in other supermarkets.
3) China has made a series of remarkable achievements in recent years in spite of natural disasters.
4) The rent of the apartment is reasonable and, moreover, the location is perfect.
5) In such a big class, teachers have a limited amount of time to interact with each student.
6) I've offered to paint the kitchen in exchange for a week's accommodation.
7) I picked up a few words of Greek when I was there last year.
8) They have agreed to the proposal in principle but we still have to negotiate the terms.
9) Diana is working as a sales-person for an insurance company this summer. It is
a tough jo
b and she gets to be outdoors from time to time.
10) John has inherited his mother's patience, which is of great benefit to him in his teaching.
11) The couple vowed at the wedding ceremony that they would never part no matter what would happen in their life.
12) A series of movies will be shown to commemorate the 30th anniversary of his death.
13) Currently, over 500 students are enrolled on the course.
14) On production of your membership card, you will receive a ten percent discount on purchases in view of our long-standing relationship.
15) He decided to keep a travel diary to write down whatever impressed him during the journey.
2. Directions: Distinguish between the confusable words and fill in the blanks with the correct word from the brackets for each sentence.
1) Nowadays, weather can be forecast with more accuracy with the aid of advanced scientific instruments. (predict; forecast)
2) My father has great confidence that things would come out all right sooner
or later. (faith; confidence)
3) It is reported that the change of global climate has affected the reproduction of many animals. (affect; influence)
4) In a person's life, he/she will experience emotions such as love, hate, joy, anger, grief and fear. (passion; emotion)
5) My daughter accompanied me on the trip to Hainan last year and we both enjoyed it. (attend; accompany)
6) My brother is applying for a post in an oil company. (request; apply)
1. Directions: Study the models and complete the following sentences by translating the Chinese into English, using "… rather than…".
Model : In this way he learned responsibility, respect for the value of the dollar, and to be a contributor (而不仅只是一个索取者).
In this way he learned responsibility, respect for the value of the dollar, and to
be a contributor rather than just a taker.
1) This pair of shoes are comfortable rather than pretty (而不是漂亮).
2) In my view, it is the parents rather than the children (是父母而不是孩子) .
3) Rather than believe the rumor(与其相信谣言), we would investigate ourselves.
4) John always prefers starting early, rather than leaving everything to the last minute (早点着手，而不是把什么事都留到最后来做).
5) My grandparents believed it was important to stick to one's principles rather than follow the trend (坚持自己的原则，而不是随大流).
2. Directions: Write your own sentences, using the words given and the structure in brackets.
1) the school, it, all our efforts, to close, the local government, decided to save, despite, (despite…)
（Despite all our efforts to save the school, the local government decided to close it.(Or:Despite all our efforts to close the school, the local government decided to save it.）
2) Tom, was thrown, was wearing, despite the fact that, a seat belt, sharply forward, he, (despite the fact that…)
（Despite the fact that Tom was wearing a seat belt, he was thrown sharply forward.）3) don't know, but, not presents, some love and affection, some parents, what, that, their children need is (what-clause)
（Some parents don't know that what their children need is not presents, but some love and affection.）
4) both nations, the conflict, have suffered greatly, ended, between the two countries, in such a way that, (in such a way that …)
（The conflict between the two countries ended in such a way that both nations have suffered greatly.）
5) rewrote, most readers, in a way that, the writer, would like, the ending of the novel (in a way that …)
（The writer rewrote the ending of the novel in a way that most readers would like.）Directions: Translate the following sentences into Chinese.
1) From his mom he borrowed the ambition and the concept that he can do anything if he works hard enough.
2) Sam Walton talks about his dad who "had the unusual instinct to know how far he could go with someone — and did it in a way that he and the guy always parted friends".
3) He was very competitive but he was always available to listen to the opinion of the others.
4) In sports he knew where the ball was going to go and later on, in business, he developed the skills necessary to predict outcomes to any of his decisions.
5) Eventually, Wal-Mart becomes a household name associated with low prices, good deals and discounts for relatively quality products.
1. Directions: Fill in the blanks using some of the words given below. Change the form where necessary.
1) Each of us might define the concept of freedom in a slightly different way.
2) She was afraid marriage would cause her to lose her identity.
3) Alcoholism, which is harmful for people's health, means the addiction to alcoholic drink.
4) Benefits of the surgery far outweigh the risk.
5) A recent survey showed 75% of those questioned were in favor of the plan.
6) I found the temptation to miss the class too hard to resist.
7) It seemed incredible that people would still want to play football during
8) These classroom activities are intended to foster children's language skills.
9) For many the philosophy was merely a fashion, and the novelty soon wore off.
10) It is true that investment in new products is a necessary ingredient for
a company to develop.
11) Your work will be evaluated by members of the management team.
12) The prime minister would go to any lengths to keep his government in power.
13) The economy is in danger of collapse unless far-reaching reforms are implemented.
14) Computer can be used as a (an) intellectual tool as well as an evil one; it depends on the user.
15) There is no direct reference to her own childhood in the novel.
2. Directions: Distinguish between the confusable words or phrases and fill in the blanks with the appropriate word from the brackets of each sentence.
1) She displayed the classic symptoms of depression. (classic, classical)
2) The no-smoking policy in public was introduced with little resistance from heavy smokers. (persistence; resistance)
3) Professor Smith claims that another new drug has been in the experimental phase. (phase; phrase)
4) The recent market survey in this region indicates that this new product has great potential if it is well developed. (convey; survey)
5) The publication of the professor's recent works will certainly enhance his national reputation. (enhance; enlarge)
6) Andy hopes to get a job that requires considerable intellectual effort. (intelligent; intellectual)
7) I have a lot of sympathy for her; she has to bring up three children on her own. (symptom; sympathy)
8) Children hope their parents don't interfere in their private affairs. (interfere in; interfere with)
1. Directions: Rewrite the italicized parts in the following sentences in the style of the model.
Model: Some believe the thing that appears to be computer obsession might simply be a healthy process of self-learning and identity-exploring.
Some believe what appears to be computer obsession might simply be a healthy process of self-learning and identity-exploring.
1) It seems to me you just do the thing that appears best at the moment.
（It seems to me you just do what appears best at the moment.）
2) Health is the thing that makes you feel that now is the best time of the year. （Health is what makes you feel that now is the best time of the year.）
3) The thing that kept me going was my conviction that one day I would successfully complete my work.
（ What kept me going was my conviction that one day I would successfully complete my work.）
4) The thing that really annoys me is that you don't take my words seriously. （What really annoys me is that you don't take my words seriously.）
5) The parents will use all that they have to send their son to the business school. （The parents will use what they have to send their son to the business school.）2. Directions: Study the models and complete the following sentences by translating the Chinese into English, using "only…" or "see… as".
Model 1: (我们最近才逐渐意识到) that there are unpleasant side-effects to computing as well.
Only recently have we begun to realize that there are unpleasant side-effects to computing as well.
Model 2: Many people (把上网视为一种娱乐) for college students..
Many people see computer immersion as just another recreation for college students.
1) Only in this way can you (只有这样你才能) learn English well.
2) Only when agriculture is fully developed (只有农业充分发展了) can industry have sufficient materials and markets.
3) Only if a mortgage for 200,000 dollars is available (只有拿到二十万美元的抵押贷款) can I buy the house.
4) People used to see disease as a punishment for sin (认为疾病是对罪恶的一种惩罚).
5) His parents told him that he should see the work as a challenge (把这份
Directions: Translate the following sentences into Chinese.
1) Our society has generally praised computers as an incredible intellectual tool. Only recently have we begun to realize that there are unpleasant side-effects to computing as well.
2) The idea that people can form addictions to computing is a relatively new one, but quickly gaining ground.
3) However, the very ingredients that make computers so addictive can also be beneficial to a person's life.
4) There is the potential for these on-line friends to become real-world friends, lovers, and even spouses. Relationships are fostered on-line in a very powerful way that provides many advantages.
5) But, in any case, we should take computer addiction seriously, both individually and as a society.
1. Directions: Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary.
1) According to our estimate, construction costs for the bridge could exceed $230 million.
2) The man lost in the desert was desperate for water.
3) It is generally thought that traveling abroad can enrich one's knowledge and experience.
4) A Swiss company has found a way to convert animal waste into fuel.
5) The natural growth rate of the population continued to decline.
6) The report revealed that workers had been exposed to high levels of radiation.
7) The fall in the number of deaths from heart disease is generally attributed
to improvements in diet.
8) She had to alter her clothes after losing weight.
9) All the cars are tested for defects before they leave the factory.
10) He has spent the last two years working on a book about childcare.
11) Genetic engineering will have revolutionary consequences for mankind.
12) The finance committee rejected their plan because they said it was too costly.
13) We've conducted a series of investigations to examine the income distribution and unemployment in the local community.
14) The government is faced with a(n) array of economic problems.
15) Never before had his country had such a devastating earthquake.
2. Directions: Distinguish between the confusable words and fill in the blanks with the appropriate word from the brackets for each sentence. Change the form where necessary.
1) The doctor gave him a rigorous examination. (rigorous; vigorous)
2) Genetic engineering will have revolutionary consequences for mankind. (gene; genetic)
3) Your price far exceeds our budget. (exceed; excess)
4) Their most valuable belongings were locked in a safe in the bedroom. (available; valuable)
5) The money is not sufficient to cover everything that needs doing. (deficient; sufficient)
6) Her face hadn't altered much over the years. (alter; alert)
7) Water can transform a desert into a garden. (transform; transfer)
8) They could not agree about the distribution of the profits. (attribution;
1. Directions: Study the models and complete the following sentences by translating the Chinese into English, using "for all (that)…" or "far from (being)…" Model1: (尽管有这么多潜力), biotech is far from being the whole answer.
Yet for all that promise, biotech is far from being the whole answer.
Model2: Your work (一点也不令人满意).
Your work is far from (being) satisfactory.
1) For all (that) you say (尽管你说了这番话), I still like him.
2) He, for all the difficulties (尽管困难重重), remained optimistic.
3) The struggle is far from over (远没有结束).
4) Far from being kind (他非但不善良), he was most cruel.
5) For you, spending only half an hour on English is far from enough (远远不够).
2. Directions: Combine the following pairs of sentences as shown in the model. Model : About 400 million women of childbearing age are iron deficient.
This means their babies are exposed to various birth defects.
→ About 400 million women of childbearing age are iron deficient, which means their babies are exposed to various birth defects.
1) He often comes to school late.
This makes his teacher angry.
（He often comes to school late, which makes his teacher angry.）
2) It rained hard yesterday.
This prevented me from going to the park.
（It rained hard yesterday, which prevented me from going to the park.）
3) This book will give you all the information you need.
You can get it at any bookshop.
（This book, which you can get at any bookshop, will give you all the information you need.）
4) His house is now worth $350,000.
He bought it for $100,000 ten years ago.
（His house, which he bought for $100,000 ten years ago, is now worth $350,000.）5) He went out of the room without a word.
This clearly showed his disapproval.
（ He went out of the room without a word, which clearly showed his disapproval.）Directions: Translate the following sentences into Chinese.
1) Like any new product entering the food chain, genetically modified foods must be subjected to rigorous testing.
2) In wealthy countries, the debate about biotech is tempered by the fact that we have a rich array of foods to choose from — and a supply that far exceeds our needs. 在富裕的国家里，关于生物技术的争论相对缓和是由于有大量丰富的食品可供选择，而且供
3) About 400 million women of childbearing age are iron deficient, which means their babies are exposed to various birth defects.
4) Biotech can also improve farming productivity in places where food shortages are caused by crop damage attributed to pests, drought, poor soil and crop viruses. 生物技术还可以帮助那些因虫害、干旱、土壤贫瘠和作物病毒而作物减产以致食物匮乏的地
5) If that promise is not fulfilled, the real losers will be their people, who could suffer for years to come.
1. Directions: Fill in the blanks using some of the words given below. Change the form where necessary.
1) After months of tortured negotiations, China and the U.S. reached an important agreement.
2) I hope you can submit you term papers before the deadline .
3) Mr. Zhang is very stubborn and never compromises with his wife.
4) The new president outlined the government's plans to deal with crime, drugs, and education.
5) Last weekend my family went out for a picnic, but our car had a breakdown halfway home.
6) Can you cite any specific evidence in support of your opinion?
7) Science and technology have come to pervade (遍布) every aspect of our lives, so the change of society in modern China is quite unprecedented.
8) Her evasive (闪烁其词的) reply prompted me to ask her another question.
9) John and Sandy argued all the time, which completely ruined the evening for the rest of us.
10) They agreed a $55 million deal with a leading Japanese automobile company.
11) We found ourselves in opposition to our friends on this issue.
12) His brother is seemingly healthy, but in fact he has suffered from cancer for three months.
13) Use your head, and then you will find that there is more than one way to tackle the problem.
14) The comprehensive economic strength of a country can elevate its position in the world.
15) Learning to make concessions properly is just one aspect of learning to negotiate well.
2. Directions: Distinguish between the confusable words and fill in each blank with the appropriate word from the brackets after each sentence.
1) His refusal to pay the fine got him into even more trouble. (refusal; denial)
2) America is one of the countries which are rich in natural resources . (sources; resources)
3) A kind of serious illness ruined my father's life a few years ago. (ruined; damaged)
4) Since the boss of the company has suffered from cancer, the question of choosing
a successor has arisen. (successor; predecessor)
5) Britain agreed to cut emissions of nitrogen oxide from power stations. (emission; transmission)
6) In your estimation, who's going to win? (estimation; assessment)
7) To stop the argument they finally decided on a compromise. (compromise; promise)
8) In the past four years the government has lost all credibility in people's minds because of its inability and inactiveness. (reliability; credibility)
9) This modern library contains all the books we college students want to read. (contain; include)
10) We really want more participation in the decision-making process. (anticipation; participation)
1. Directions: Study the models and complete the following sentences by translating the Chinese into English, using "with the exception of... ". Model: (除了学校的课本), Jack likes to read all kinds of books available. With the exception of school textbooks, Jack likes to read all kinds of books available.
1) With the exception of Mary (除了玛丽), all the students had finished class assignments when the bell rang.
2) With the exception of an emergency (除了紧急情况), no person is allowed to open this door.
3) With the exception of children under 10 (除了十岁以下的孩子), everyone in this village should be informed of the sad news.
4) You can have access to all the books in this study, with the exception of two journals (除了两本期刊).
5) We are fully satisfied with the life in Kunming City, with the exception of housing and transport (除了住房和交通).
2. Directions: Study the model and write sentences of your own, using the given words and double negation.
Model : work, without, climate deal, can, the participation of, China and India, no No climate deal can work without the participation of China and India.
1) nobody, know me, in the neighborhood, there is, does not, who
（In the neighborhood there is nobody who does not know me.）
2) try your best, nothing, impossible if, you, is
（Nothing is impossible if you try your best.）
3) could not achieve, we, without the help of, such great success, our teachers
（We could not achieve such great success without the help of our teachers.）4) you, to pass CET-4, it is, impossible, not, next time, if, work harder （It is not impossible to pass CET-4 next time if you work harder.）
5) our work, without, most people's,has,considering,fundamental interests,no meaning
（Our work has no meaning without considering most people's fundamental interests.） Directions: Translate the following sentences into Chinese.
1) Developing nations big and small from India to Papua New Guinea openly criticize the U.S. for its last-minute refusal to support the new agreement entitled the Bali Roadmap.
2) Not one of the allies that had generally stood with the U.S. in the past two weeks — Australia, Russia, Canada — rose in its defense.
3) No climate deal can work without the participation of China and India.
4) The roadmap outlines the next steps for negotiation, and calls for a deadline of 2009.
5) At least we all seem to be headed in the same direction, if not at the same speed. 虽然可能不同速，但至少我们似乎在朝同一目标迈进。
1. Directions: Fill in the blanks using some of the words or phrases given below.
Change the form where necessary.
1) It may seem harsh to punish him, but he has to learn that this kind of behavior is unacceptable.
2) We must make the most efficient use of the available financial resources .
3) It is not enough merely to wish for peace; we must strive for it.
4) Many young people find it difficult to face the transition into adulthood.
5) When the need arises ，sub-committees will be established to consider specific environmental issues.
6) Shakespeare's genius as a dramatist is unsurpassed .
7) An enterpriser should have the wide vision.
8) The chaotic social and economic conditions could lead to civil war.
9) Many people complain that their jobs are uninteresting and stressful.
10) The increasing sale of luxury goods is an index of the country's prosperity.
11) I was confident that our team would win the match; however, the result was beyond my expectation.
12) It's up to this country to take the initiative in banning nuclear weapons.
13) The research suggests we only use a small portion of our brains at any one time.
14) The fact that she was here implies a degree of interest.
15) He had been outgoing, aggressive, and ambitious, and he planned to go into politics.
2. Directions: Rewrite each sentence using the word or phrase in brackets, keeping the same meaning.
1) His business was very successful, but it did great harm to his family life. (at the expense of)
（His business was very successful, but it was at the expense of his family life.）2) These are problems that cannot be resolved fairly soon. (in the foreseeable future)
（These are problems that cannot be resolved in the foreseeable future.）
3) His best friend kept him company in the weeks before his death. (lead up to)
（His best friend kept him company in the weeks leading up to his death.）
4) I hope you will consider the warning you have been given seriously. (take sth. to heart)
（I hope you will take to heart the warning you have been given.）
5) Investors are hoping that the new regulations will operate to their advantage. (in sb.'s favor)
（Investors are hoping that the new regulations will operate in their favor.）6) They warned against coming to a decision too quickly until more is known. (jump to conclusions)
（They warned against jumping to conclusions until more is known.）
7) If I were in your situation, I would resign immediately. (in sb.'s shoes) （If I were in your shoes, I would resign immediately.）
8) I finally managed to find the book you wanted after a difficult search in a shop near the station. (track down)
（I finally managed to track down the book you wanted in a shop near the station.）1. Directions: Study the models and complete the following sentences by translating the Chinese into English, using "now that... " or "as... ".
Model 1: It's best to convince yourself (既然大多数雇主不会像你一样对你所取得的成绩和所受的教育这么印象深刻).
It's best to convince yourself now that most employers will not be as impressed with your grades or your education as you are with them.
(如大多数有经验的求职者所了解的那样), you have to spend time every day looking for employment.
As most experienced job-seekers already know, you have to spend time every day looking for employment.
1) Now that you have grown up (既然你长大了), you should learn to be independent of your parents' help.
2) Now that you have been in this school for some time (既然你呆在这个学校已经有一段时间), please tell me what you think of it.
3) Now that he has fully recovered from his illness (既然他的病已经完全康复), he is able to go on with his research.
4) As might be expected (正如人们的预料), this policy produced few settlements.
5) The High Lands are, as the name implies (正如其名字所暗示), the hilly or mountainous region of the country.
2. Directions: Rewrite the following sentences using the -ing participle with a conjunction in the style of the model.
Model : So, just do your research about employers before you jump to conclusions about the value of certain types of jobs.
So, just do your research about employers before jumping to conclusions about the value of certain types of jobs.
1) When we do any language skills work in the classroom, we need to be aware of the cultural content of the texts.
（When doing any language skills work in the classroom, we need to be aware of the cultural content of the texts.）
2) Before he was in the army, he was the general manager of a well-known company. （Before being in the army, he was the general manager of a well-known company.）3) After we discuss the issue among ourselves, we'll have to submit it for approval by the committee.
（After discussing the issue among ourselves, we'll have to submit it for approval by the committee.）
4) While they were crossing the mountain area, all the men carried guns lest they should be attacked by wild animals.
（While crossing the mountain area, all the men carried guns lest they should be attacked by wild animals.）
5) If you work hard, you will increase your chances of passing the entrance examination.
（By working hard, you will increase your chances of passing the entrance examination.）