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新编大学英语1课后答案解析

新编大学英语课后答案

Unit 1

Part One

PREPARATION

1、 Different Kinds of Personal Relationships

STEP ONE

parent—child employer—employee clerk—customer

husband—wife write—reader driver—passenger

teacher—student host—guest buyer—seller

doctor—patient boyfriend—girlfriend performer—audience

STEP TWO

co-workers,colleagues,classmates,roommates,schoolmates,seatmates,playmates,lovers,supervisor,neighbors,co-author、、、

Part Two

Post-reading

Reading Comprehension

1、 1、 1) A 2) B 3)A 4)A 5) B 6) C 7) A 8) C

2、1) killed 2) wounded 3) arrived 4) girl 5) badly/seriously

6) blood 7) none 8) American 9) type 10) orphans

11) French 12) difficulty 13) frightened 14) would 15) cried

16) Vietnamese 17) dying 18) understand 19) willing 20) friend

3、(略)

Vocabulary

1、 1) reply 2) land 3) pat 4) supplied 5) wound

6) pat 7) replied 8) signed 9) wounded 10) supplies

11) sign 12) balance 13) land 14) balance

2、 run: 1) D 2) A 3)C 4)E 5) F 6) B

match: 1) E 2) B 3)G 4)D 5) C 6) F 7) A

3、 1) Insert 2) in the balance 3) requests 4) relief 5) let out 6) tiny

7) steady 8) stiff 9) occasional 10) misunderstood 11) limited 12) action

Translation

1) I'm tired、 I should not have gone to bed so late last night、

2) I don't/didn't know Bob very well, but we go/went out for an occasional drink together、

3) We are supposed to meet her at the train station、

4) You could clearly see people drowning, but/and yet you took no action to save

them、

5) Including weekends, there are only twelve more days to buy Christmas presents、

6) Without immediate action, many kinds of wild animals would die from hunger、

Part Three

FURTHER Development

1Grammar Review

B: Well, he should have bought new batteries the day before、

B: He should have spent more time memorizing new words and phrases before the exam、

If he had worked harder, the exam would not been so difficult for him、

B: But he really shouldn't have stayed up the night before exam、

B: That's terrible、 He shouldn't have cheated on the exam、

2 Vocabulary Review

1)A、 Although/Though B、 though C、 though

2)A、 reply/answer B、 answer C、 replying

3)A、 speaks B、 speak C、 taking D、 speak/talk

4)A、 injured B、 hurt C、 wounded/injured D、 wounds

5)A、 houses B、 apartment, apartments

6)A、 aside B、 apart C、 aside/apart

7)A、 requests B、 requested C、 demanded D、 demands

8)A、 border B、 boundary C、 boundary

Unit 2

Part One

PREPARATION

1 Expressions Related to Memory

STEP ONE(略)

STEP TWO

b 2)d 3)a 4)c

Part Two

Post-reading

Reading Comprehension

1、1) brother 2) late 3) land 4) take 5) because

6) noise 7) worse 8) bags 9) briefcase 10) counter 11) look 12) said 13) on 14) loading 15) get

16) have 17) form 18) delivered 19) airport 20) home

21) unloaded 22) never 23) realized 24) flights 25) midnight

2、 1)F 2)F 3)F 4)F 5)T 6)F 7)T 8)F

Vocabulary

1、 1) B

A、 flight: a journey on an airplane, etc、

B、 flight: an airplane that takes people on a particular journey

2) A

A、 meet: wait for somebody, greet somebody

B、 meet: see somebody accidentally

3) A

A、 take off: leave the ground and start flying

B、 take off: become successful or popular

4) B

A、 conclude: end or bring something to an end

B、 conclude: reach a belief or opinion as a result of thought or study

5) A

A、 whoever: anyone who

B、 whoever: no matter who

6) B

A、 view: an opinion or idea

B、 view: the ability to see or be seen from a particular place

7) B

A、 check: examine something to make sure that it is safe, correct, in good condition, etc、

B、 check: (BrE) leave (baggage, etc、) ready to be dispatched

8) A

A、 suggest: say or show something in an indirect way

B、 suggest: propose a plan or idea for somebody to discuss or consider

9) A

A、 lot: an area of land used for a particular purpose

B、 a lot: a large amount or number

10) B

A、 painful: causing physical pain

B、 painful: upsetting or unpleasant

2、 1)off 2)in 3)by 4)down 5)for 6)of

7)in 8)off 9)in 10)on 11)out/in 12)from

3、 1)shocked 2)concluded 3)glancing 4)baggage 5)exclaimed 6)display

7)whoever 8)promise 9)agent 10)airline 11)opening 12)engine

4、延误一小时delay for an hour

接机/在机场接人meet a flight/meet…at the airport

观瞧飞机起降watch planes land and take off

碰巧happen to

让(某人)想起remind…of

急忙赶回去hurry back

也许(a polite expression) by any chance

朝某人身后瞥了一眼glance/look over one’s shoulder

消失不见了 vanish from sight

平静了一点儿 calm down a little

送到……地址 del iver to one’s address

朝停车场上……得车走去head for one’s car in the parking lot

卸(某人得)车unload one’s car

不能相信自己得眼睛can’t believe one’s eyes

午夜后不久shortly/soon after midnight

Translation

1、 That songs always reminded her of the night spent in Chicago、

2、 There happened to be a policeman on the corner, so I asked him the way、

3、 All flights to New York today are delayed because of the bad weather、

4、 Whoever is responsible will have to pay for the damage、

5、 I can not find my checkbook、 I must have left it at home、

6、 By the time, the football match was going to start, the storm had already stopped、

Part Three

FURTHER DEVELOPMENT

1 Grammar Review、

1)when 2)which/that 3)who/that 4)that 5)what

6)where 7)which 8)whose 9)(that) 10)how

11)which 12)which 13)why 14)whoever

2 Vocabulary Review

Section A

1)A、 remember B、 reminded C、 remind

2)A、 number B、 amount C、 amounts

3)A、 effect B、 affect C、 affect

4)A、 compare、、、with/to B、 compared、、、to C、 compare with/to

Section B

1、briefcase

2、engine

3、specific

4、realistic

5、ability

6、airline

7、vanish

8、delivery

9、accurate 10、recall 11、display 12、expert 13、involved 14、helpful 15、view 16、repeat 17、jewel 18、dull 19、unable

Part Four

WRITING NND TRANSLATION

1、 A young man came to the check-in counter and asked if his briefcase had been

turned in、

2、 He looked over my shoulder at the conveyer belt and shouted that he had seen his briefcase going through the opening at the end of the conveyor belt、

3、 Unfortunately, his briefcase had already been loaded on one of the flights、

4、 I assured him that we would call him as soon as we found his briefcase、

5、 To our great surprise, the young man said that he had already found his briefcase in his car、

Unit 3

Part One

PREPARATION

1 Why Are You Speaking?

STEP ONE

1) The man wants to express his love to the woman、 He hopes that they could fall in love just like the two persons in the picture、

2) The woman wants to prevent the boy from doing that、

3) The woman wants to know the man's opinion about the thing、

4) The man wants to stop the boy from disturbing him, and gives the boy an advice、

STEP TWO(略)

3 Idioms Related to Parts of the Body

1)G 2)A 3)H 4)C 5)B 6)E 7)F 8)D

4 How Do Animals Communicate?

1)E 2)A 3)F 4)B 5)D 6)C

Part Two

Post-reading

Reading Comprehension

1、 Understanding the General Organization of the Text

1) Non verbal language or body language is also an important means of communication、

2) A) the gesture of nodding the head up and down,

B) eye contact,

C) the sign of waving the hand/a wave of the land,

D) Personal conversation distance、

3) cultural awareness、

2、 Understanding Specific Information

1) They may mean different things in different cultures、

2) Facial expression, gesture, and other movements of the body that send messages、

3) Nodding the head up and down、

4) Because he thought the student was expressing “I agree to buy the machine” by nodding his head、

5) People are expected to look into the other person’s eyes during a conversation、

6) He may come closer instead of going away、

7) Because they come from different countries and prefer different conversation distances、

8) It’s the awareness of differences between different cultures、/It’s the awareness of proper behavior in different cultures、

Vocabulary

1、 1)ABBAB 6)ABBAB

2、 1)gesture 2)signal 3)misunderstanding 4)behaved 5)curls

6)meaningful 7)rarely 8)means 9)unfamiliar 10)decreased

11)bowed 12)communication 13)facial 14)awareness 15)occur

Translation

1、 You won't get the job unless you have got the experience、

2、 Most of my time is spent studying the differences between Chinese and American cultures、

3、 The statement/sentence is so clear that it can't cause any misunderstanding、

4、 He wishes he could give her more help than what he does now 、

5、 Put on your coat, or you will catch a cold 、

6、 She has added a picture of Picasso to her collection、

7、 I am not aware of ever having been here before、

8、 You will soon find yourself without any friends at all if you keep on being so rude to everybody、

Part Three

FURTHER DEVELOPMENT

1 Grammar Review

Section A

1)I don't know whether to go to the movies or stay to watch TV at home、

2)I'm thinking when to leave、

3)Please tell us where to send your mail、

4)I don't decide which city to settle in、

5)I'm not sure(I don't know)who to ask for help、

6)Could you show me how to get the railway station from here?

7)We would discuss what to do with the money、

Section B

Example 1:

The earlier you leave,the sooner your will arrive、

More expensive the hotel is,the better service it has、

The more you get to know him,the more you like him、

The more longer you wait, the more impatient you have、

The garden is about four times bigger than mine、

The house is about three times as expensive as his、

He runs three times faster than I do、

Machine works ten times as efficient as people do、

Example 3:

she asks about that

you study hard

I give him $ 200

you speak loudly

2 Vocabulary Review

1)expands 2)means 3)sign 4)genuine 5)reward 6)fault 7)effort 8)horizons 9)habit 10)resolve 11)recognized

5 Eyes — The Windows of the Soul

STEP ONE

daecb

STEP TWO

caught his eye

have eyes bigger than my stomach

making eyes at

turn a blind eye to

take my eyes off

PART FOUR

WRITING AND TRANSLATION

2 Translation Practice

1) First, you must be aware that feeling nervous in a new very environment is normal、

2) Our thoughts can race a long several times faster than most people speak、

3) In order to get other’s attention, you must learn how to be a good and sympathetic listener、

4) One of the essential points is that you should try to broaden your horizons、

5) A sense of humor is helpful and you can lighten a conversation by sometimes telling

a joke about yourself、

6) Only when you are willing to talk and listen attentively, will you succeed in making friends with the people around you、

Unit 4

Part One

PREPARATION

1 A Freshman’s Alphabert

ASSIGNMENTS

BOOKS

CAMPUS I live

EXAMINATIONS

FRIENDS I enjoy talk with

GRAMMAR

HOBBIES

INFORMATION I can get it from internet

JOB

KNOWLEDGE

LIBRARY

MAJOR

NOTES

OK

PROFESSORS

QUIZZES I am afraid of them

REPORTS

SCHOLARSHIPS

TUTION I have to pay for my education

UNIVERSITIES

VACATIONS

WEEKENDS

X'MAS CARDS

YAHOO

ZOO

Part Two

Post-reading

Reading Comprehension

1、 Understanding the organization of the text

II、 A)I went to the wrong building,so went to the wrong classroom

B)step,dropped,fell

C)going to the cafeteria and stayed in room

III、 he also dropped the food tray and fell to the ground、

he seemed to fell that nothing serious had happened、

IV、 A)one made mistake in college

2、 Understanding Specific Information

1)No,it is not true that everyone on campus was not watch the narrator、 It is just a kind of feeling from the narrator、 Because it is the first day of his college life , he was very nervous、

2)He wanted to stay out of the professor's vision、

3)Literature、

4)Biology majors look serious、

5)A)Here "it" refers to my entire life、

B)It was terrible、

6)Here "it" refers to the terrible thing that the narrator fell、

7)Because she/he was afraid of those students recognized him、

8)" The same fate" means to the student drop a tray and fall just like the narrator、

9)Because he did not take it serious、

10)"It" refers to whether you drop a tray, where you sit, or whether you show up in the wrong lecture, etc、

11)Mistakes、

12)Making mistakes is not as serious as one would think、

Vocabulary

1、 1)taste 2)rearing 3)tips 4)taste 5)settled 6)major

7)lot 8)rear 9)settle 10)major 11)settled 12)tip

2、 1)tray 2)view 3)clasps 4)relax 5)crashed 6)schedule

7)slip 8)groped 9)completely 10)grinned 11)opportunities 12)hesitation

Translation

1、It’s far too hot in the room, open the window, pl ease!

2、 The noise woke us up in the middle of the night、

3、 He should have been angry at what I said、 It was nothing more than a joke、

4、 We invited all our friends to the picnic but it rained and only five of them showed up、

5、 She views marriage as a serious matter、

6、 To my disappointment, the movie didn’t live up to my expectations、

Part Three

FURTHER DEVELOPMENT

1 Grammar Review

Section A

1)laugh—to laugh/laughing 2)were—be/is 3)saw—had seen 4)to go—go

5)as—like 6)like—as 7)too—either 8)we can—can we

Section B

Sample 1:

If I found $100 in the street, I would give it to the policeman、

If someone pointed a gun at me, I would fall in a faint、

If I had had enough training, I would have been promoted、

If I had that you were ill, I would have bought some delicious food for you、

Sample 2:

It might rain、 You'd better change your plan to stay at home、

We've almost run out of money、 We'd better not continue our trip、

You don't look very well、 You'd better have a rest、

The river look very dirty、 You'd better not drink it、

2 Vocabulary Review

1) living 2) find out 3) awaiting 4) bored 5) clapped 6) in time 7) sweat 8) wondering

Section B

1)fund 2)stress 3)rear 4)aid 5)fund 6)stressed

7)rear 8)aid 9)crash 10)discipline 11)viewed

12)structure 13)crash 14)discipline 15)views 16)structure

Unit 5

Part One

PREPARATION

1 Just for Fun

STEP ONE

1、 mouse

2、pig

3、fish

4、mule

5、bird

6、owl

STEP TWO

1)fish 2)pig 3)mouse 4)mule 5)owl 6)bird

3 What Are They?

新编大学英语1课后答案解析

Post-reading

Reading Comprehension

1、 para、1-2——What we mean by culture、

para、3、——Animals can not only use tools but also make tools、

para、4——Animals can learn and share behavior、

para、5——Animals can communicate with some forms of language、

para、6——There are limits to animal culture、

2、 1)DBBBC 6)ADD、

Vocabulary

1、 1)handy 2)cultural 3)untrue 4)belief 5)scientist

6)successful 7)religious 8)defenses 9)strength 10)social

2、 1)A、limit B、limit 2)A、contact B、contact 3)A、attempting B、attempt

4)A、command B、 command 5)A、form B、form

3、 1)gesture 2)created/has created 3)abstract 4)individual 5)invention 6)feature 7)make up for 8)removed 9)response 10)rule out

4、 1)remove 2)received; accept 3)allow 4)lately 5)shore 6)taught 7)object 8)attract

Translation

1、 I used to go to the cinema/movies a lot, but I never have the time now、

2、 The two workers cooperated with each other to fix the broken pipe、

3、 This is a cruel practice which should be stopped immediately、

4、 What aspect of your job/work is(the)most difficult, and what aspect is(the)most rewarding?

5、 Some people think he is rude, but that’s not the case、

6、I’ll help as much as I can, but there is a limit to what I can do、

Part Three

FURTHER DEVELOPMENT

1 Grammar Review

Section B

1)how—that/in which 2)did—would 3)are—is 4)are—is 5)so—such 6)be seen—see

2 Vocabulary Review

Section A

1) A、 covered B、 spreads C、 spread

2) A、 agree with B、 agree with C、 agreed with D、 agree on D、 agree to

3) A、 activity B、 act C、 action D、 act/action

4) A、 adapting B、 adopted C、 adapt

5) A、 laying B、 lied C、 lay D、 lay

6) A、 weather B、 climate C、 weather

7) A、 invented B、 discovered

8) A、 as a result of B、 as a result

9) A、 fun B、 funny C、 funny

10) A、 stripped B、 strips C、 stripped

Section B

1、CHIMPANZEE

2、PANDA

3、DOG

4、INSECT

5、ELEPHANT

6、CHAMELEON

7、MOUSE 8、OWL 9、LION 10、GIRAFFE 11、PUPPY 12、TURTLE 13、CAT

Unit 6

Part Two

Post-reading

Reading Comprehension

1、 Part 1 (para、1-6); Part 2 (para、 7); Part 3 (para、 8-13)

2、 1)Flying saucers or UFOs from other plant、

2)Underwear earthquakes/Geography of the area、

3)The strange magnetic properties of the Bermuda Triangle、

4)Large amounts of methane gas escaping from the seafloor of the Bermuda Triangle 3、 1)TTFFT 6)TFTTT

1、 1)A、belief B、believable

2)A、mysteries B、mysterious

3)A、mix B、mixture

4)A、responsible B、responsibility

5)A、triangular B、triangle

6)A、explode B、explosion

7)A、intelligence B、intellgent

8)A、discovery B、discovered

9)A、scientific B、science

10)A、appearance B、disappear C、disappearance

2、 1)in 2)on 3)in 4)into 5)of 6)for 7)in 8)to 9)off 10)on

3、 1)properties 2)amounts 3)similarly 4)compass 5)escaping 6)puzzled

7)offers 8)trace 9)theory 10)normally

Translation

1、 Her hard work resulted in a big bonus for her、

2、 Children were watching the planes take off and load、

3、As soon as I’m on board a ship I always feel sick、

4、 A total of 20000 people visited the museum on the first day when it was open

to the public、

5、 The committee consists of scientists and engineers、

6、I wouldn’t dare to go home with the job unfinished、

Unit 7

Part Two

Post-reading

Reading Comprehension

1、 Understanding the General Organization of the Text

para、 1-2(c); para、 3-9(a); para、 10-13(d); para、 14-16(b)

2、 Understanding Detailed Information

1)CBDCB 2)AD

Vocabulary

1、 1)waring 2)developments 3)possibilities 4)alarming 5)mistaken

6)discomfort 7)uncertainty 8)confusing 9)anxiety 10)supportive

2、 1)if 2)was/am faced with 3)strategy 4)outcome 5)unless

6)inhibit 7)take action 8)confused 9)audience 10)created/has created

3、 1)with 2)with 3)by 4)by/at 5)of 6)into 7)about/of 8)like

Translation

1、 We are considering selling the house、

2、 I suggest he wait a while before he makes an decisions、

3、 John is very likely to come to the party tomorrow、

4、We’d like to know the reason why she didn’t accept the job、

5、You shouldn’t have gone back t the burning building, you might have been badly/seriously burnt、

6、 It/The thought had never crossed my mind that there might be a problem、

Part Three

FURTHER DEVELOPMENT

1 Grammar Review

STEP ONE

Verbs: desire, determine, intend, maintain, order, urge, etc、

Nouns: motion, pray, recommendation, etc、

Adjectives: desirable, possible, urgent, vital, etc、

STEP TWO

1)be dropped 2)bring 3)leave 4)go 5)be warned

6)do 7)finish 8)be finished 9)be held 10)have

2 Vocabulary Review

1)A、rate B、speed/rate C、speed

2)A、payments B、loan C、loan D、Payment

3)A、waiting B、awaited C、awaiting

4)A、flesh B、flesh C、flesh

5)A、escaped B、escaped/avoided C、avoided D、avoided

Unit 8

Part Two

Post-reading

Reading Comprehension

1、 Understanding the Structure of the Passage

para、1 One of the famous love stories in history、

para、2-3 Their lives before they knew each other、

para、4-6 How they met and fell in love with each other、

para、7 Their life together、

2、 Understanding Specific Information

1)TFFTF 2)TTF

Vocabulary

1、 Section A

1)add/added up to 2)criticize 3)fell/fall in love 4)take place

5)miracle 6)arranged 7)by name 8)primarily

9)face to face 10)By the age of 11)A great deal 12)ceremony

2、 Section A

1)IAJFD 6)HBCGE

Section B

1)common 2)childhood 3)compatible 4)correspondence 5)diminished

6)eccentric 7)miracle 8)impersonal 9)passion 10)popular

Translation

1、 World War II took place in 1945、

2、 My grandfather drinks a great deal、

3、 He was still working by the age of 65、

4、 The teacher knows all his students by name、

5、 The police have finally succeeded in solving the mystery、

6、 He likes all kinds of sports, but most of all, basketball、

7、 Talking on the phone is different from talking face to face、

8、 They fell in love with each other because they had common interests、

Part Three

FURTHER DEVELOPMENT

1 Grammar Review

1)Right in front of our house was a wide river、

2)From the room came the sound of children singing、

3)Beneath the streets of a modern city exists a network of pipes、

4)Amused by the joke, he couldn't help laughing loudly、

5)Interested in music, she spends all her pocket money on records、

6)Absorbed in his experiment, he didn't notice my entering the laboratory、

Unit 9

Part One

PREPARATION

3 What Is This Special Day?

On/of, on/of, at/for, by, on, on/at, in

Part Two

Post-reading

Reading Comprehension

1、 Scanning for Specific Information

For:

1)It is fun for children、

2)It gets you out of the usual routine、

3)People are friendlier、

4)Giving presents can be very satisfying、

5)One can concentrate on non-commercial values、

6)It is time to pause and reflect、

7)The preparations,like decorating the house,are fun、

8)It is a time to be with friends、

9)There are all kind of delicious foods、

10)It is a holy day、

Against:

1)It is an unchristian, and purely alcoholic occasion、

2)It is a waste of money、

3)People don't think about others who are less fortunate、

4)It is a wasteful and thoughtless ceremony、

5)It's all "humbug" or hypocritical、

6)People eat too much or eat food they don't want、

7)It's disappointing for poor people who can't afford to spend a lot of money、

8)It is no longer a religious celebration, it has lost its meaning、

2、 Understanding Specific Information

CCABCC

Vocabulary

1、 1)A、 childish B、 child C、 childhood D、 childlike

2) A、Commercially B、commercial C、commerce D、commercials E、non-commercial 3)A、 exciting B、 excite C、 excited D、 excited E、excitement

4)A、satisfied B、satisfy C、satisfaction D、satisfying E、satisfactorily

2、 1)BBAAA 2)BA

3、 1)fired 2)boiled 3)steamed 4)roasted 5)baked 6)toasted

Translation

1、 The topic of the speech is announced a week in advance, but the name of the speaker is not、

2、 It seemed incredible that some students still played football before the exams、

3、 Mr、 Auden is a happy man who derives pleasure from helping others、

4、Two Americans shared last year’s Nobel Prize for Medicine、

5、 Firs t of all I’d like to welcome you to the meeting、

6、I’m not accustomed to such luxury、It’s a waste of money、

7、 The results of the exam will be put up on Friday afternoon、

8、 Some cruel experiments on animals are carried out in the name of science、

Part Three

FURTHER DEVELOPMENT

2、 Vocabulary Review

1)rival 2)recognized 3)polluting 4)misleading 5)economic

6)luxury 7)debts 8)routine 9)represent 10)tradition

11)ideal 12)promote 13)apology 14)attitude 15)convincing

Unit 10

Part One

PREPARATION

2 Word Association

1)wheat cucumber oat pumpkin strawberry pepper corn pea mushroom lemon grapefruit orange watermelon

2)cattle turkey goose goat duck dog sheep cow pig

3)sickle tractor fork spade plow bucket

4)processing weeding tilling irrigation fertilization plowing harvesting storage

3、 A True Or False Game

1)TFTFF 6)FFTFT

Part Two

Post-reading

Reading Comprehension

1、 Understanding Organization of the passage

2)A、 destructive to the development

B、 the earth's precious supplies of water and petroleum

D、 policies, eating habits

3)sustainable

2、 Understanding Specific Information

1)DBDBD 6)CDA

Vocabulary

addition chemistry/chemical

generation/generator destructiveness/destruction

mixture/mix hunger

reduction importance

transportation distance

improvement politics

protection efficiency

treatment productivity

2、 1)prevention 2)hopeless 3)development 4)poverty 5)wasteful

6)economic 7)solution 8)pollution/being polluted

9)successful 10)industrial 11)global 12)agricultural

3、 1)A、 n、 money in the form of notes and coins

B、 v、 exchange the check for money

2)A、 n、 a substance which is used to provide heat or power, usually by burning

B、 v、 provide with fuel

3)A、 n、 a change made to a system, especially a political system, in order to improve it

B、 v、 change something such as a law, system or public organization, so that it operation with more justice and fairness

4)A、 n、 the parts that remain when the rest of a building has been destroyed B、 v、 spoil or destroy severely or completely

5)A、 n、 a farm tool having one or more heavy blades to break the soil and cut a furrow prior to sowing

B、 v、 turn over earth especially with a plow

6)A、 v、 bring in from abroad

B、 n、 commodities (goods or services) bought from a foreign country

7)A、 n、 "bring something under control" means to stop something dangerous from getting worse or affecting more people

B、 v、 make a machine, a process, or system work in a particular way

8)A、 v、 use more of something than one should

B、 n、 material which has been used, but is no longer wanted

4、 Section A

1)improve 2)avoid 3)treat 4)save 5)reduce 6)bring about 7)make use of

Translation

1、 The best way to lose weight is to avoid eating fatty foods、

2、 One of the main causes of hunger used to be lack of transportation、

3、 Wasteful packaging will add to the price of food/food price、

4、 Economic reform would not be successful without the development of agriculture、

5、 The farmers will grow more cash crops next year instead of grains、

6、 At present, there are still places in the world where farmers make use of animal labor、

Part Three

FURTHER DEVELOPMENT

1 Grammar Review

1)drink 2)getting 3)trying 4)buying 5)eating

6)make/to make 7)to feed 8)going 9)farming 10)to miss

2 Vocabulary Review

1)product 2)production 3)productivity 4)produces 5)products

6)production 7)productive 8)producer 9)reproduced 10)produce

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