Unit Six Publicity and Presentation
Shanghai is literally named as "a port on the sea". For historical reasons, this city has acquired two additional names for short, "Hu"and "Shen". Shanghai occupies a soil deposit plain land of 6,340square kilometers, 0.06% of China's total territory, with an average altitude of 4 meters above sea level, the 103.4 meter Dajinshan being the summit of this land. About 17 million people register as the city's permanent residents.
Shanghai is one of the world's largest seaports and among China's biggest industrial, commercial, financial and shipping centers. Here you will see the world's fastest means of land transportation, the maglev train, and the tallest tower in Asia, the Oriental Pearl Tower, marking metaphorically the speed and height of Shanghai. With its deepening economic reform, this city, formerly crowned as the financial, economic and trade hub of the Far East, is playing a leading role in boosting economic development in the Yangtze River Delta. Meanwhile, Shanghai has attract millions of Chinese and overseas tourists with its unique charm. As an international metropolis, Shanghai provides direct flights to more than 60 cities in the world.
Known to the world as the Oriental Pearl, Shanghai is China's major eastern gate to the outside world. As early as the Tang and Song dynasties, Shanghai functioned as a foreign trade port in East China and had mercantile ties with Japan, Korea and Southeast Asia. During the reigns of Emperor Qianlong (1736- 1796) and Emperor Jiaqing(1796- 1821) of the Qing Dynasty, Shanghai turned into a navigation hub and metropolis in southeast China, which attracted numerous merchants and countless ships to the Huangpu River. What a spectacle of prosperity during that period! In the 1950s, Shanghai replaced Guangzhou as China's foreign trade center and has remained so ever since.
Today, this well-known international port has developed into China's important center of economy, finance, trade, shipping, science and technology, information and culture. The last few years have seen a rapid upgrading of Shanghai's industrial sector as a whole, led by
Pudong, which is best captured by the emergence of six pillar industries: the automaking industry, the electronics-information industry, the
steel-making industry, the petrochemical and fine chemical industry, the home electrical appliances and the bioengineering and pharmaceutical industry. Rejuvenating the city by relying on science and education, invigorating the city by relying on talents and striving to build a cluster of modern, world-class service industries -- these have not only become the consensus of the Shanghai people, but also turned from
rhetoric to action.
One of the noted historic and cultural cities in China, Shanghai has over 70 sites of historical interest and cultural relics under the protection of the state and the municipal governments, which best represent the distinctive characteristics of Shanghai regional culture. Meanwhile, Shanghai is a cherished paradise for gourmets, who may find themselves frequenting the many thousands of restaurants that serve a complete list of China's major well-known cuisines, such as Shandong, Sichuan, Cantonese, Yangzhou, Fujian traditions, to name just a few. In addition, you may easily find your way to those competing foreign food restaurants featuring French, Russian, Italian, British, German, Spanish, Japanese, Korean and Indian cuisines. On top of that, authentic Muslim and vegetarian foods may very well satisfy the palate of those religious enthusiasts and interested individuals. Known as the "Exhibition of the World's Architecture", Shanghai has a complete collection of buildings with different architectural styles along the Bund and elsewhere in the city. The Century Park, Shanghai Science & Technology Museum, the Jinmao Building, the International Convention Center, Dongfang Arts Center and the Oriental Pearl Tower in Pudong, flanked by the magnificent Nanpu and Yangpu bridges, which are connected by the city's elevated inner beltway, the Shanghai Museum, Shanghai Grand Theater and Shanghai Urban Planning
Exhibition Center standing on the People's Square -- all these bring the city of Shanghai a brand-new look. The multi-tiered transportation
system of subway, light railway, elevated expressway and the maglev
train route has contributed to the city's more convenient and efficient traffic.
Shanghai is also a tourist destination that boasts quite a few
tourist attractions and holiday resorts, including Sheshan State Holiday Resort, Dianshan Lake Scenic Area, the Sun Island Holiday Resort. the World Garden, the Dreamland and the Wildlife Zoo. Every year Shanghai hosts a variety of tourist festivals, such as the ] New Year's Greeting Bell-Striking at the Longhua Temple on the eve :I of the Chinese New Year, the Longhua Temple Fair, the Peach Blossom Festival in Nanhui
District and the International Tea Culture Festival in spring, Shanghai Huangpu Tourist Festival in autumn and Shanghai Sweet Osmanthus Festival.
Recent years have witnessed the mushrooming of many new
international festivals in Shanghai, such as the Shanghai International Film Festival, the Shanghai International Art Festival, the Shanghai International Costume Festival, and the Shanghai International Beer Festival. These fascinating festivals with distinctive Shanghai regional culture attract numerous participating tourists from both home and abroad.
Shanghai culture is the result of combining the cultures of the
south and the north and melting the cultures of the east and west. The sea admits hundreds of rivers for its capacity to hold. Shanghai's great tolerance originates from its history of sufficient opening-up. The rapid rise of Shanghai owes so much to China's reform and opening to the outside world.
In its historical development, Shanghai became a small town in the Song Dynasty, a county in the Yuan Dynasty, a walled city in the Ming Dynasty. Shanghai is by no means a shining star among the numerous
bright stars of China's famous ancient cities, comparable with no
distant cities like Xi'an, Kaifeng and Luoyang, nor with the near cities like Nanjing, Suzhou and Hangzhou. Shanghai accelerated its development at an unusual speed after it was open to the outside world. Shanghai has started a new round of rapid development since China initiated its reform and opening drive, particularly since the early 1990s. The city
is changing and taking on a new look with each passing day, pressing ahead along the road of building itself into a modernized international metropolis, with remarkable achievements recognized by the whole world. "Visit Xi'an and you'll know China's history of 2,000 years; visit Beijing and you'll know China's history of 500 years; visit Shanghai and you'll know China's history of 100 years." Shanghai has become the symbol of modern Chinese cities.
History has favored but also wronged the city of Shanghai. History now entrusts Shanghai with a rare opportunity of development. "On your steed galloping, and on my road pioneering."
Shanghai people of the 2Pt century are not only bright, but also smart and above all, wise people with broad vision and great courage, possessing the quality of world citizens. Devoted to their jobs, keen on acquiring new knowledge, Shanghai people aspire to live a better
striving to build this city into a strong, prosperous and harmonious city, a metropolis that is characteristically modern, international and fashionable.
stShanghai of the 21 century will inevitably assume the role of an international economic, financial, trade and shipping center. The world focuses its attention on China and, in particular, on Shanghai. One of
the most promising cities on the planet of the Earth, Shanghai cordially welcomes friends from all over the world.
Unit 6 宣传介绍Passage Two
1、London is the capital of the United Kingdom and chief city of the British Commonwealth. With a population of about 7 million and an area of 1,580 sq km, this vast metropolis is by far the largest city in Europe, a distinction it has maintained since the 17th century. In the 19th century it was the largest and most influential city in the world, the center of a large and prosperous overseas empire. Although it no longer ranks among the world's most populous cities, London is still one of-the world's major financial and cultural capitals.
2、By European standards, London is physically spread out and dispersed, without a predominant focal point. London's metropolitan area is divided into 32 boroughs and the City of London. At the core of this immense urban area is Central London, which includes the City of London, the City of Westminster, and districts in the West End. The City of
London is the traditional heart of the city and stands as its own political unit. The City of Westminster is the seat of the national government. Much of the outer portion of this huge conglomeration of people and activities is made up of low-rise residential development.
3、 The historical center of London is now a relatively small area still known as the City, which covers only about 2.6 sq km. Thin is where London began as a Roman colonial town around AD 50. Today this area is one of the world's leading financial centers; The permanent residential population of the City is now less than 6,000, but about 350,000 commute here daily to work. The most prominent landmark of the City is Saint Paul's Cathedral.
4、The City of Westminster, about, two miles from the City of London, emerged as
thEngland's political and religious center of power after the 11 century. At the heart of
Westminster is Westminster Abbey, which has always been closely associated with the monarchy and is used for such state occasions as coronations and royal funerals. Virtually across the street are the Houses of" Parliament, officially called the New Palace of Westminster. Farther west is the monarch's permanent residence in London, Buckingham Palace.
5、To the west and north of London's Trafalgar Square is the West End, which is usually regarded as the center of town because it is London's shopping and entertainment hub. The busiest shopping area is Oxford Street, where famous large department stores are located.
Scattered throughout the Soho and Covent Garden sections are foreign restaurants and entertainment attractions, including the Royal Opera House and most of London's major theaters and movie houses. In the northern part of the West End is Bloomsbury, the City's traditional intellectual center, with its concentration of bookshops and homes of writers and academics. Here, too, are the British Museum and the giant complex of the University of London.
6、The East End of London, in strong contrast to the prosperous West End, has frequently been characterized by slums, poverty, and crime. The East End grew with the spread of industries to the east of the City. It is especially famous as the centre of the clothing industry in London. Petticoat market takes place every Sunday morning and has become one of the beautiful sights of London.
7、London is one of the world's great centers for classical and popular culture. It has
enjoyed a reputation for superb theater since the time of Shakespeare in the 16th century. The variety ranges from the majestic Royal National Theatre to the lavish Royal Opera House. The sheer number of symphony orchestras is impressive and includes the London Symphony Orchestra, the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra and the English Chamber Orchestra. Some of the most well-known concert halls in the world, such as the Royal Festival Hall, provide favorable venues for the cornucopia of performances in London.
、 London itself is a living museum, with more than 2,000 years of history and culture. But 8
it also boasts one of the greatest concentrations of significant museums (more than 100) of any city in the world. The jewel in this
cultural crown is the British Museum, with 4 kilometres of galleries and more than 4 million exhibits. The Victoria and Albert Museum displays an important and varied collection of applied arts. Across the street are the Natural History Museum with its dinosaurs, and the Science Museum, which includes a renowned section on the history of medicine. The Museum of London effectively introduces visitors to London's history by walking them through successive eras chronologically.
9、 London is a major repository of the greatest Western art and a creative center for contemporary artists. The National Gallery on Trafalgar Square contains Britain's premier art collection, with holdings from every major European art school. Next door is the National Portrait Gallery, with thousands of striking portraits of Britons. The
Tate Gallery contains the principal collection of British art and modern international art.
10、 What Londoners do for a living has changed considerably since the city was a commercial and industrial center in the 19th century. Manufacturing has steadily declined and today accounts for less than 10 percent of total employment. The printing and publishing industry is now a leading employer. Far more important is the services sector, which employs 85 percent of London's workforce. This is led by financial and business services. Tourism is another important part of the services sector. London attracts more than 24 million visitors annually, more than half of them from outside the country. Serving tourists is thought to employ at least 300,000 Londoners.
11、Although London has suffered some growing pains through its history, we have reasons
to be optimistic about its future. We're positive that this old city will continue to be one of the
world's great cities in a new spirit of youthful enthusiasm.
地势平坦的冲积平原 a soil deposit plain land 常住居民 permanent residents
磁悬浮列车 the maglev train 长江三角洲 Yangtze River
龙头作用 play a leading role 石油化工产业 the
清朝乾隆，嘉庆年间during the reigns of Qianlong and Jiaqing of Qing Dynasty 精细化工产业 the fine chemical 家用电器产业 the home electrical appliance industry
生物医药产业 the bioengineering and pharmaceutical industry 支柱产业pillar industry
历史文物保护单位 sites of historical interest and cultural relics under protection
海派文化 Shanghai regional culture 美食家 gourmet
清真 authentic Muslim 万国建筑博览会 exhibition of the world's architecture
内环线高架道路 elevated inner beltway 野生动物园 the Wildlife zoo 迎新撞钟活动 New year's Greeting Bell-striking 庙会 Temple Fair
桂花节 Sweet Osmanthus Festival 乘骐骥以驰骋兮 on your steed
海纳百川，有容乃大 the sea admits hundreds of rivers for its
capacity to hold
来吾道夫先路 on my road pioneering 聪明，精明，高明
British Commonwealth 英联邦 physically spread out 布局分散predominant 主导 conglomeration 聚结
commute 外来工作者 prominent landmark 显著的地貌标志
Saint Paul's Cathedral 圣保罗大教堂 Westminster Abbey 威斯敏斯特教堂monarchy 君主政体 coronation 加冕礼
Buckingham Palace 白金汉宫 hub 中心 slum 贫民窟 lavish 豪华
philharmonic orchestra 爱乐乐团 venue 场所 cornucopia 各类
successive eras 各个阶段 chronologically 从历史上 repository 陈列馆premier art collection 最重要的美术作品 striking portraits of
Unit 6课外练习Passage Two
Ladies and Gentlemen, 女士们、先生们:
1、My topic today is Education in Australia. In Australia, each
state and territory has its own primary and secondary education system. Standards, however, are high and reasonably uniform.
2、Within each state and territory system there are two main types
and non-government. In government schools, attended by about two
thirds of children, tuition is free. About three-quarters of the non-government schools are Catholic. Most non-government schools charge fees. Although the states and territories are responsible for all education, the federal Government provides most funding for higher education. In 1989, it set up a system under which undergraduate and postgraduate students must make a financial contribution toward the cost of their study.
3、 Throughout Australia, schooling is compulsory between the age of six and fifteen years. However, most children begin school earlier than the law requires, usually in pre-schools run by the same organizations that administer the mainstream schools.
4、 Primary schooling lasts six to seven years and the curriculum is similar across the nation. Studies begin with basic language and mathematics, and the fundamentals of inquiry, and social, health and creative skills are taught. Before reaching secondary level, children are learning English, mathematics, elementary science, social studies, music, art, craft and physical education. Optional subjects such as religion, languages and music are common.