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大学英语综合教程答案

Unit 1 Living in Harmony

Enhance Your Language Awareness

1.

Text A amaze bunch bundle capacity commerce

conquer display drop roast rob

style symbol vague figure

Text B appreciate participate shift slip

1)My neighbours are a friendly bunch of people.

2)Dave amazed his friends by leaving a well-paid job to travel around the world.

3)The employees in this company work an eight-hour shift .

4)The professor came to the classroom with a bundle of newspapers under his arm.

5)A passenger asked the driver: “Could you drop me off near the post office? I'd like to post a letter.”

6)The little girl's capacity for learning languages astonished me.

7)How many countries will be participating in the Olympic Games?

8)I like the typically French style of living. It is so romantic.

9)They have made their fortunes from industry and commerce .

10)They threatened to shoot him and rob him of all his possessions.

11)In many cultures,the lion is the symbol of courage.

12)Your help was greatly appreciated . We are very grateful to you for it.

13)It's the first time the painting has been displayed to the public.

14)During the exam,the naughty boy tried to slip a note to his classmate while the teacher wasn't looking.

15)As the saying goes,conquer the desires,or they will conquer you.

16)Before the dinner party,Mother has ordered a roast from the butcher.

17)I didn't wait for you at home because I figured that you wouldn't come .

2.

Text A at knifepoint expose...to flag down help out pick up pull over

rely on rise one's life run contrary to

take a gamble (on)

Text B in (rich) contrast to pull away stand out

1)In this painting,a single red rose stands in rich contrast to the grassland.

2)The factory workers are exposed to poisonous gases and many of them suffer from lung diseases.

3)During the war,the soldier risked his life helping others to escape.

4)Do trust me. You can rely on me to keep your secret.

5)If you are attacked or robbed at knifepoint ,how would you react then?

6)She is such an extraordinary girl that she always stands out in a crowd.

7)Obviously,this foolish idea runs contrary to common sense(常识).

8)I was very tired and had to flag down a taxi in order to get home early.

9)The mother picks/picked up her children from the kindergarten at 5:00 p.m. every day.

10)The publishers took a gamble on an unknown author,and the books have sold well.

11)The driver waved to us as he pulled away .

12)The driver pulled over to the side of the road to see what was wrong with his truck.

Translation

Translate the following sentences into English,using the words and

expressions given in brackets.

1)离婚的传言不过是为他的新电影炒作的手段而已。(a ploy to do sth.)The rumor about his divorce is just a ploy to gain publicity for his new film.

2)他孤注一掷,用父母留给他的所有来开一家工厂。(take a gamble on sth.)He took a gamble on starting a factory with all the money his parents had left him.

3)赢得那场重要的比赛之后,他们把对长抬到肩膀上,欢呼着胜利。(hoist...to..)After winning the important game they hoisted their captain to their shoulders in shouting triumph.

4)在全球化热潮中,我们要提防不同文化的冲突。(watch out for sth.)

In the rush to go for globalization,we should watch out for collision of cultures.

5)在这种情况下,出现麻烦是不足为奇的。(in the circumstances)

In the circumstances it was not surprising that there was trouble .

6)这婴儿非常健康。(the picture of)

The baby is the very picture of health.

7)人们已经意识到儿童接触有关暴力和色情电视节目的危害。(expose sb. to sth.)

People have realized the dangers of exposing children to violence and sex on TV.

8)我们始终考虑到我们是在为谁制作这部影片。(have in mind)

We always had in mind for whom we were making the film.

Unit 2 Optimism and Positive Thinking

Enhance Your Language Awareness

1. Text A accomplish address conversely

crisis

Curse highlight incredible issue

Perspective positive rare

shape

Text B harden startle

prior response

1)Don't just make a negative complaint about our service; give us some positive advice.

2)The noise of the car startled the birds and the whole flock flew up into the air.

3)Viewed from an international perspective,it appears absolutely essential to emphasize the importance of potential customers' needs in the developing countries.

4)In this terrible job you have to harden your heart to pain and suffering.

5)We can have many choices in life and the choices that we make will shape our life.

6)Efforts should be made to address the communication problem existing between teenagers and their parents.

7)That couple has endured so many emotional and financial crises . It is amazing that their marriage has lasted for so many years.

8)Just before the speech contest (演讲比赛),he fell ill and was not able to participate in it; he could only curse his luck.

9)It is incredible that her four-year-old boy can write some 600 Chinese characters (汉字).

10)You can add the liquid to the powder,or conversely,the powder to

the liquid.

11)The next big issue confronting the workers is the question of social security (社会保险).

12)I wrote to them a month ago but haven't gotten a response yet.

13)I shall have to refuse your invitation because of a prior engagement.

14)There used to be various kinds of birds here,but now they are rare due to lack of food resources.

15)Is it true that visualizing a task by positive thinking helps to accomplish the task better?

2.Text A concerned with in reverse live through

make a difference result in slip over Text B have no idea get the hang of

mull over run into

1)You may feel awkward when you start learning how to drive,but it's easy once you get the hang of it.

2)As one of those who have lived through two world wars,Uncle Sam understands the value of life far better than his grandchildren.

3)When you are learning driving a car,it makes a difference whether you have a good teacher or not.

4)He is so stubborn. We have no idea how to persuade him to accept our proposal.

5)Be more concerned with your character than your reputation(名声),because your character is what you really are,while your reputation is just what others think you are.

6)To our surprise,Mr. Thompson slipped over an important point in his analysis —the cause and effect of the problem.

7)To my pleasant surprise,I ran into my best friend Helen in Paris last week.

8)I hit the tree behind me when I put the car in reverse without looking back first.

9)I'll leave you alone here so you can mull over the problem and make

a decision on your own.

Translation

Translate the following sentences into English,using the words and expressions given in brackets.

1)只有那些有过类似经历的人,才能够完全理解这一点。(live through)

The only people who can fully appreciate this are those who have lived through a similar experience.

2)科学家们一直没弄明白这些粒子是怎么形成、又是如相互作用的。(figure out) Scientists have been hard pressed to figure out how these particles form / are formed and interact (with one another).

3)那些掌握了魔(Rubik's Cube)窍门的人能在很短时间把每一面都恢复成单一颜色。(get the hang of sth.)

Those who have got the hang of Rubik's Cube (Magic Cube) can return each face to consisting of one colour in no time.

4)团队环境中员工个人的成功能带来公司的成功。(result in)

The individual success of the employees in a team environment results in success for the company.

5)这场战争,虽说从军事角度而言是成功的,却令经济几乎崩溃。(in…terms) The war,although successful in military terms,left the economy almost in ruins.

6)他决定把自己的精力用到有益的事上,而不是整天守在电视机前。(channel sth. into…)

He decided to channel his energies into something useful,instead of being glued to /sitting in front of the TV set all day long.

7)力量不勇气是有区别的。生存需要力量,生活需要勇气。(it takes sth. to do sth.)

There's a difference between strength and courage. It takes strength to survive. It takes courage to live.

8)她天生就是个非常温柔亲切的人总是乐于向别人伸出援手。(by nature) She was by nature a very affectionate person,always ready to give a helping hand to others.

Unit 3 The Road to Success

Enhance Your Language Awareness

1.Text A neglect prospect reward trace Text B consent creep discourage

establish

favourable refresh remark resolve

somewhat sufficient undergo worthy 1)A smart appearance tends to make a(n) favourable impression at an

interview.

2)The scientist failed in his experiments many a time,but he was never discouraged ; instead,he stuck it out and finally made a great scientific discovery.

3)When I asked my mother if I could marry George,she consented but rather unwillingly.

4)The garden has fallen into a state of neglect since its owner died two years ago.

5)Coming home late,the boy crept quietly into the house to avoid waking his parents.

6)If you want to learn a language well,sufficient time is necessary.

7)The origin of Chinese writing can be traced back to ancient China although we are not certain of the date of its invention.

8)The price was somewhat higher than I had expected. However,it was still acceptable.

9)When you feel tired,a rest and a cool drink will refresh you.

10)As I sit here today,I couldn't be more grateful for the opportunity,not only to be alive,but also to apply my life to such a(n) worthy effort.

11)More and more people in big companies are enrolling in English courses to improve their promotion(晋升) prospects .

12)I made full preparations for my journey to London on foot and I resolved to get there in five days.

13)At the end of the interview,she remarked,“You've proved your worthiness more than well enough.”

14)I hope that I shall never again have to undergo such a terrible experience.

15)Susan started singing to her baby and was rewarded with a smile.

2.Text A come across come up with flood in

many a pack up plunge ...

in/into

put ... to the test stay the course

Text B in sb.'s favour

1)Since the summer vacation has started,let's pack up and spend a week in the country with my grandparents.

2)The boy is so interested in the popular novel entitled Harry Porter and the Deathly Hallows(圣徒) that he has read it for many a time.

3)I admire Steve very much,for in his pursuit of a successful life,he always stays the course and never gives up in spite of the many difficulties and risks he has encountered.

4)The couple's love was put to the test when the husband was crippled in a car accident.

5)I mailed out 250 letters to complete strangers for help and within 6

weeks the stream of money came flooding in from all over the country.

6)When searching for some news online(在线的) last night,I came across an interesting website(网址) devoted to computer games.

7)He is so clever that he can always come up with solutions at the last moment.

8)At the sight of the big fish,the fisherman plunged his hands into the water and caught it with graceful ease.

Translation

Translate the following sentences into English,using the words and expressions given in brackets.

1)听说他的新书是根据发生在田纳西州一个小镇上一家人的真事写的。(rumor has it that)

Rumour has it that his new book is based on a true story about a family in a small Tennessee town.

2)他在中学教书,但也兼职做些翻译来赚取外快。(on the side)

He teaches in a middle school,but he does some translation work on the side to bring in extra cash / money.

3)自信是件好事,但自信不自负(conceit)是有区别的。(there's a difference

between …and …)

It's good to be confident (about yourself),but there's a difference between (self-)confidence and conceit.

4)只有坚持到底的人才会成功。半途而废的人永远也无法实现梦想。(stick it out)

Only those who stick it out can achieve success. Those who give up halfway will never realize their dreams.

5)一个真正的英雄有勇气,有高尚的目标,而且乐于奉献。(make sacrifices)

A true hero possesses / has courage,a noble purpose and a willingness to make sacrifices.

6)任人只要拿起这本小说读了第一段,就会发现很难把它放下。(be hard pressed to do sth.)

Anyone who picks up this novel and reads the first paragraph will be hard pressed to put it down.

7)从某种意义上说,生活就像游泳。如果你总是扶住池边,就永远也学不会。(in

a sense)

In a sense,life is like swimming; if you keep holding on to the sides of the pool,you (will) never learn.

8)一个民族的前途在很大程度上取决于其教育不培训的质量。(in a large measure)

The future of a nation depends in a large measure upon the quality of education and training.

Unit 4 B eing Creative

Enhance Your Language Awareness

1.

Text A adopt capture confidence convince creation diagnose eventually fascinating

Label side space

Text B criticism current exhibit integrate

objective outstanding painful strategy

strive thick

1)Sometimes when a person is so close to something,it is difficult to form a(n) objective opinion.

2)The official home of Time Magazine online presents the top news stories of the day and current events from around the world.

3)The couple are unable to have children of their own,but hope to adopt a little girl.

4)One's success in life depends a great deal on the ability to relate oneself to others,to understand one's self,and to exhibit character traits such as responsibility,honesty and integrity.

5)These photographs capture the essence of working-class life at the turn of the century.

6)One of the attractive features of the course lies in the fact that practice is integrated with theory.

7)The rugby player's outstanding running ability earned him a place on the team.

8)Good test-taking strategies can make a big difference to your grade.

9)The officials were eager to convince us of the safety of the nuclear reactors.

10)Teaching students how to learn and watching them striving / strive for academic excellence is an incredible teaching experience.

11)The doctor diagnosed the illness as influenza(流感).

12)I'm sorry that even my own brother didn't side with me in the quarrel.

13)Telephone boxes are spaced at regular intervals along the motorway.

14)Loneliness has nothing to do with the number of people standing around. You can be in the thick of crowds and still feel lonely.

15)As Albert Einstein once put it,"Solitude(孤独) is painful when one is young,but delightful when one is more mature.”

16)Don't worry too much. It might take him ages but he'll do it eventually .

17)Your trip to Alaska sounds absolutely fascinating . How I wish I could go there one day!

18)While girls lack confidence in themselves,boys often overestimate(高估) their abilities.

19)In the supermarket,I read the information on the label of each bottle before deciding which jam(果酱) to buy.

20)The chef had produced one of his most spectacular creations,a whole roasted turkey.

2.

Text A dawn on drop in drop out

drown out fall out lose faith

put sb. up sign off start over

Text B at rest dry out fall away

on the sidelines

1)He wrote me a brief note,saying that he had forgiven me,which finally set my mind at rest .

2)It is a pity that Bill dropped out of college after his first year.

3)I didn't know what to do when I found my wisdom was drying out .

4)To help themselves find good jobs,many unemployed young people have decided to drop in on vocational(职业的) training courses organized by the local government.

5)I didn't notice my own mistake,but at last it dawned on me that Joanna had been right all along.

6)If something such as a sound or feeling falls away,it becomes weaker and disappears.

7)The loud noise drowned out our conversation so we sat and said nothing.

8)We all felt very sorry that her injury put her on the sidelines for the rest of the football season.

9)Carrie has a bad temper and she's always falling out with people.

10)If you should make a mistake,just erase it and start over .

11)Never lose courage and never lose faith . Nothing in this world is impossible when you are determined to succeed.

12)It's getting late so I'll sign off and go home now.

Translation

Translate the following sentences into English,using the words and

expressions given in brackets.

1)我简直摸不透她,她对我是个谜。(figure out)

I just can't figure her out,she's a mystery to me.

2)他从一个村子来到另一个村子,走家串户,听他们诉苦。(drop in on)

He travelled from one village to another,dropping in on families and listening to their complaints and problems.

3)在辩论中吉姆总是站在约翰一边。(side with)

Jim always sides with John in an argument.

4)这时我忽然明白过来,他们说的是西班牙语。(dawn on)

Then it dawned on me that they were speaking Spanish.

5)他们不得不承受他们的错误决定所带来的后果。(live with)

They have to live with the consequences of their wrong decision.

6)他的话被群众的大声欢呼所淹没。(drown out)

His words were drowned out by loud cheers from the crowd.

7)我看着那印满字的书页,但不知上面写些什么。(make sense)