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Appendix I

Key to Exercises (Units 1-8)

Unit 1

Appendix I- 91 –

Language sense enhancement

1 1) warmth 2) put it down

3) recapture and hold 4) relive

5) however 6) violate

7)composition 8) a failing grade

9) mind 10) for myself


II. Synonyms in Context

1. composed

2. severe

3. agony

4. extraordinary

5. recall

6. command

7. was violating8. anticipate

III. Collocation

1. at

2. for

3. of

4. with

5. as

6. about

7. to

8. in, in

9. from 10. on/upon

Comprehensive Exercises

I. Cloze


1. hold back

3. scanned

5. vivid

7. turn out/turn in


1. last

2. surprise 2. pulled 4. blowing 5. dressed 6. scene 7. extraordinary 8. image

9. turn 10. excitement II. Translation

1 1) as it was a formal dinner party, I wore formal dress, as Mother told me to.

2) His girlfriend advised him to get out of/get rid of his bad habit of smoking before it took hold. 3) Anticipating that the demand for electricity will be high during the next few months, they have decided to increase its production.

4) it is said that Bill has been fired for continually violating the company’s safety rules./ Bill is said to have been fired for continually violating the company’s safety rules.

5) It is reported that the government has taken proper measures to avoid the possibility of a severe water shortage./ the local government is reported to have taken proper measures to avoid the possibility of a severe water shortage.

2. tedious 4. recall 6. off and on 8. career


Part III TextB

Comprehension Check

l.c 2. a

3. c

4. d


6. d


1. 我耳朵里嗡嗡作响,听不见他们后来讲的话,只东一点西一点渗入只言片语。“……玛莎是墨西哥人……辞职……不干……”

2. 等我意识到我这番话的意思时,为时已晚。爷爷知道我明白那不是钱的问题。不是那个问题。


4. 他看上去像孩子般开心,像孩子般天真无邪,可是我心里比谁都明白。

Language Practice

1 1)b 2)d

3) a 4)f

5)c 6)g

7)h 8)e

2 1) resigned 2) expectation

3) have maintained 4) represents

5)exception 6)was awarded

7) plus 8) make it

9) delicate 10)innocent

11) compare to 12) significance

Unit 2

Language sense enhancement

1 1) come to think of 2) as well

3) used to 4) much of a

5) correspondence 6) take it

7) quite a while 8) so

9) all the way 10) friendship Vocabulary

I. 1. 1) absolutely 3) every now and then 5) destination 7) hangs out 9) reunion 11) estimate 2. 1) It seemed that his failure in the examination was still on his mind.

2) He was completely choked up by the sight of his team losing in the final minutes of the game.

3) She was so lost in study that she forgot to have dinner. 4) Something has come up and I am afraid I won't be able to accomplish the project on time.

5) The cost of equipping the new hospital was estimated at $2 million.

3. 1) A couple of flights at Pudong Airport were postponed this morning because of the awful

weather. It is estimated that over one thousand passengers were held up.

2) My professor assigned me some reference books on computers to read. Unfortunately they are not available in our school library. I am kind of worried about it.

3) Michael is not much of a teacher. He often skips from one subject to another so it is difficult for his students to follow him. Besides he just lets them go ahead with exercises without making sure they have understood what they are expected to do.

II. Collocation

1. to

2. for

3. at

4. from

5. in *

6. to

7. on

8. with

2) available

4) are urging/urged 6) mostly 8) right away 10)or something 12) going ahead

III. Usage 1. more or less 2. kind of/sort of 3. Something 4. kind of/sort of 5. more or less

6. or something

Comprehensive Exercises

I. Cloze (A) 1. choked up 3. practically 5. correspondence 7. destination 9. Mostly 11. absolutely (B) 1. how

3. embarrassment 5. interrupted 7. envelope 9. message

Appendix I

II. Translation

1 1) Half an hour had gone by, but the last bus hadn’t come yet. We had to walk home.

2) Mary looks as if she is very worried about the Chinese exam because she hasn’t learned the texts by heart.

3) Since the basketball match has been postponed, we might as well visit the museum. 4) He stayed in Australia with his parents all the way through World WarII.

5) Since I graduate from Nanjing University in 1985, I have kind of lost touch with my classmates.

2 It is not easy to keep in touch with friends when they are far away. This is certainly true in my case.

It has been a couple of years since I left my old neighborhood and all the friends I had there. I've been meaning to write to them but something or other comes up and I just don't seem to find the time. Now I have kind of lost touch with them. They are always on my mind, however, and I think I will certainly make an effort to keep up correspondence with them in future.

Part III Text B

Comprehension Check

1 d

2 b

3 a

4 d

5 c 6d 7d

2. awful 4. neighborhood 6. available 8. reunion 10. postponing

2. savings 4. phone 6. touch 8. signed 10. needed


1 火舌舔着比尔的双臂、脸和双腿,但他紧紧地抓住罗伊斯。“我不会把你丢弃在这儿的,”他说道。

2 一辈子与居住在澳大利亚灌木地带的那些刚强的硬汉一起生活的人生经历,将两条准则永久地铭刻在比尔心头:无论多么艰难,决不泄气,决不抛弃朋友。

3 如果我不能挺住的话,罗伊斯就会死在那里,比尔一次又一次地告诫自己。

4 但真正令比尔激动的时刻是火灾发生六个月之后,刚刚出院的罗伊斯走进尤里卡饭店,请他喝啤酒。

language Practice

1 1)c 2)e

3)d 4)g

5)f 6)h

7)a 8)b

2 1) stuff


3)was peering/peered



6)in good shape



9)draw on

10) worse still

11) burst into

12) flinging


Appendix I

Unit 3

Language sense enhancement

1 1)put the clock back 2)techniques

3)Nor 4)cut off

5)competition 6)Moreover

7)global 8)initiative

9)wouldn’t 10)slow down


1 1)brief



7)in the form of



2 `1) Winning the match today has ensured their team a place in

the Cup Final.

2) it is medical workers’ responsibility to heal the wounded and rescue the dying.

3) these computer games entertain as well as educate the learner.

4) no living thing can do without air and water.

5) the election is likely to be held in June.

3 1) lies in ;contact between

2) basis of; is likely; sufficient; at the moment

3) the steady; ensures; will be highly

Word formation

II. Prefixation

1. regained

3. undersupplied 5. precondition 7. mispronounced 2. undecided

4. disabled 6. foresight 8. enrich

III. Antonyms

2. 1)majority



7)wrong 2) accepted

4) weaknesses

6) late

8) false

2)in terms of




10)in two minds


Comprehensive Exercises

I. Cloze


1. highly

2. Bring…about

3. evident

4. rate

5. sufficient

6. Put across

7. proportion 8. Hence

9. ensure .


1. understand

2. travel

3. practical

4. use


6. likely

7. affect 8. developments

9. supply 10. someday

II. Translation

1. 1) As is predicted by scientists, global pollution has become one of the most serious problems

humans are faced with.

2) Competition for these jobs is very tough—we have five times as many applicants this year

as we did last year/ there are five times as many applicants this year as there were last year.

3) As the facts show, educational programs need to fit into the national plan for economic


4) The car burns too much gas, and moreover, the price is almost twice as much as I intend to


5) To understand a great international event, we, first of all, need to consider the historical and

political background to it.

2.It is hard to imagine how our forefathers could do without so many conveniences that

modern technology has brought about. Back then only a small proportion of the population en-

joyed some comforts. The majority didn't even have sufficient food, not to speak of/let alone the privilege of being educated. However, many people blame modern technology for the problems it has created. They want to slow down the rate of progress. But no one can put the clock back.

The best we can do is to make informed decisions as to the direction in which technology is to develop.

Part III TextB

Comprehension Check

1 d

2 a

3 c

4 c

5 a

6 b


1.. 正如我们很多人在学校里所学的那样,科学方法是一个渐进的过程,这个过程始于某个目的,或某个需要解决或回答的问题。

2. 别的研究人员会试图重复这一实验,实验成功的次数越多,其结果就越有可能是可靠的。

3. 正如克林顿总统那天所说,发现亿万年前火星上可能存在生命这件事,有可能是我们时代最伟大的发现之一。

4. 有些人得出结论说,这些“生命的证据”大多来自南极冰的污染,或者那块石头里根本就没有有机物。

Language Practice

2 1)outcome 2)yield

3)worn down 4) professional

5)proposed 6)Somehow

7)bulk 8)challenges

9)published 10)victims

11)submit 12)compare;with

Unit 4

Language sense enhancement

1 1) passed away 2) grew in stature

3) proud 4)route

5)values and principles 6)above all

7)bottom 8)tiny

9)giant 10)balance sheets


I. 1.1) wreck 2) balance

3) approaching 4) handle

5) discard6)above all

7) diet8) do with

9) checked on10) cleaned up

11) weekly12) principles

2. 1) Efforts to look for survivors were abandoned after it had been/was determined that all people in the sunken ship had died.

2)I was amazed that Bob left a well-paid job to travel around the world.

3)Her request for a loan has been turned down by many a bank as her business is small and she

could provide no guarantee.

4)She doesn’t express her thoughts with precision, so people often misunderstand her.

5)Nothing will weaken our determination to modernize our country in the shortest possible time.

3.1) You can spend hours wandering around the department stores, leisurely inspecting the items for

sale, or hunting for some antiques along the sidewalks, where you'll most likely be amazed by the variety of things on display.

2)The local government encourages laid-off workers to learn another trade and become skilled

workers. Besides, it has done a lot to help handle their financial troubles by creating re-employment opportunities and by providing business startup loans.

3)The farmer was a man of good moral character. For years, the farmer had built up a reputation

for kindness by calling on his needy neighbors and trying to be helpful. He was very much respected in the neighborhood and hundreds attended his funeral when he passed away.

II. Confusable Words

1.1) personal2) personnel

2.1) sometime3) some time

2) Sometimes4) sometime

III. Euphemism

l.d 2. e

3. h

4. c


6. a

7. b8.f

Comprehensive Exercises

I. Cloze


1. sponsored

2. determination

3. turned…away

4. assumed

5. capacity

6. skilled

7. loan 8. character

9. hunting 10. For sale

11. send for

(B)1. save 2. recent


4. grow


6. immigrants

7. business 8. engineering

9. invest 10. rich

II correcting non-standard English

1. ―Mr. Craw, snow pretty soon,‖

Correction: ―Mr. Crawford, it’s going to snow pretty soon,‖

2. ―When winter come, you give me job clearing snow at the factory.‖

Correction: ―When winter comes, please give me the job of clearing snow at the factory.‖3.‖I’d like a buy a house.‖

Correction: ―I’d like to buy a house.‖

3.―Mr. Craw, I sell my house!‖

Correction: ―Mr. Crawford, I’ve sold my house!‖

5.‖Mr. Craw, I buy a farm.‖

Correction: ―Mr. Crawford, I’ve bought a farm.

II. Translation

11) It is reported that UN mediators have worked out a plan which they hope will be acceptable to

both sides.

2) Doris walked in the forest cautiously, afraid of being attacked by giant snakes.

3) Earthquakes, typhoons and other natural disasters cannot be prevented, but action can be taken to

protect life and property.

4) I bought a new issue of my favorite sports magazine and hurried home, anxious to amuse myself

reading it.

5) Helen lacks confidence. I’ve never known anyone so unsure of herself.

2.After graduating from college, Tony decided to start his own business. At the beginning,

many a bank turned down his request for a loan. But he was not a bit discouraged, and continued to call on one banker after another seeking help. Impressed by his determination and optimism, one banker finally agreed to loan him the money. Now he has become a wealthy businessman. Talking about his amazing achievement, Tony puts great emphasis on the importance of creating. rather than waiting for opportunities.

Part III Text B

Comprehension Check

l.a 3. d 5. b 2. b 4. c 6. d


1. 他搬到奥克兰一个房租低廉的地区,靠奖学金、贷款、少量的补助金以及一如既往地打工勉强度日。

2. 金尼奥内斯握住她的手,看着她的双眼。“手术结果的好坏,使我每天提心吊胆。坏的结果可能意味着生死存亡。”他坦率地对她说。



Language Practice

II 1. risked

3.put up with

5. deserved

7. stood a chance of 9. rare

11. temporary

2. response 4. acquired 6. reserved 8. former 10. impressed 12. make ends meet

Unit 5

Language sense enhancement

1 1) deceased 2) company 3) replace 4) look...in the eye 5)bitterness 6)straighten out 7) and all that 8) nervous 9) heart-attack 10)picked…out Vocabulary

i. 1.1 monthly

3classic 5 manufactured 7 finance 9 survived 11 married


1) survived a car crash that killed both her parents.

2) almost embarrassed to death when Sarah read my poem out to the whole class. 3) of the Children’s Hospital will care for the seriously injured pupils.

4) several phone calls making inquiries about the position of Chief Financial Officer. 5) straighten out all your financial problems if you join our club.


1)inquiry; died of hunger; people survived

2)Instantly; give up his; retire; replace him; executive 3)his beloved; odd jobs; and all that

Ii 1.embarrassment 2.survivors







Iii 1. the poor 2.the deceased/dead 3. the disabled 4.the French 5.the accused 6.the young

7. the unemployed 8.the latter…the former

2) acquaintances 4) look…in the eye 6) options 8) replacement 10) pick…out 12) grabbed at

Comprehensive Exercises


1. 1) died of 2) instantly

3) classic 4) ask around

5) surviving 6) retire

7) executive 8) replacement

9) stock 10) look…in the eye

2. 1) impressed 2) diligence

3) Instead 4) Contrary

5) professionally 6) perform

7) personal 8) balance

9) commitment 10) revealed

II. Translation

1.1) I’m not sure where you can find a good carpenter---you’d better ask around.

2) Feeling a little embarrassed, he quickly cleared his throat and looked up at the painting on the wall.

3) Michael was survived by three sons, two daughters, and his wife Elizabeth.

4) As a financial expert, William advised us to invest our money in the stock market.

5) We small retailers can’t compete with supermarkets in pricing and sales.

2. My dad is a hard-working executive of a manufacturing firm. He works six days a week. Every day he has to straighten out various kinds of problems so that he often stays up late/nights. However, he tries his best to balance/maintain a balance between work and family. On Sundays my dad usually stays at home and cares for us as much as he can. To my greatest joy, he cooks our favorite dished and plays ball with us.

Part III Text B

Comprehension Check

l.b 3b 5. c 2. d 4. d 6. c










Language Practice

1 1)d 2) h 3) e 4) a 5) g 6) b 7) c 8) f

2 1) input 2) reliable

3) staff 4) distracted

5) survey 6) In short

7) relationships 8) solution

9) extreme 10) linked

11) among others 12) detail

Unit 6

Language sense enhancement

1 1) held out 2) choked

3) must be 4) broadened into a smile

5) about 6) went by

7) wear 8) were to

9) across 10) test


1 1) fertile 2) reflected

3)overseas 4) slim

5) split 6) sustained

7) glow 8) thrust

9) keen 10) bud

11) previous 12)whichever

2 1)of carpets and furniture in the bedroom disgusts me.

2)corresponding with Henry after the death of her mother.

3)is best located at an isolated place far from cities.

4)was so absorbed in the game on TV that I didn’t he ar Martin come in.

5)players grip the ball.

3 1) to broaden; make their way

2) disgusts; take a chance on

3) the grand; and overseas; reflected


1 1) frightened

2) afraid/frightened

2 1)alike/ similar


3 1)alive


4 1)sleeping

2) asleep

Word family

1 1)disappointed 2)disappointment

3)disappointing 4)disappoint

5)disappointingly 6)disappointing

2 1)attractive 2)attract

3)attraction 4)attractively

5) unattractively 6)unattractive

Comprehensive exercise

1 cloze

1)identifying 2)gripped

3)margins 4)corresponding

5)overseas 6)more than a little

7)hesitated 8)grateful

9)made my way 10) going my way


1)first 2)ring

3)Nor 4)another

5)threw 6)deliberately

7)reasoned 8)himself

9)restaurant 10)matter

II translation

1) Before I went off to university, my grandfather gave me a few words of wisdom which impressed me deeply.

2)Never tell m y parents about my injuries and I’ll be very grateful to you (for it).

3) At he meeting some of our colleagues put forward sensible suggestions about improving our working environment.

4)The management has/have agreed to grant the workers a 10% pay rise in response to union pressure.

5) It was very thoughtful of the hostess to give the house a thorough cleaning before we arrived.

2. Not rich himself, Uncle Li never hesitates to help others. Previous to/Before his retirement, through Project Hope he located the addresses of two country kids who grew up in poor families but had a keen desire to study. From then on he sent them money regularly. Later the two made their to college, and even got a chance to study overseas.

Text B

Comprehensive check



3.d 4,b 5.c 6.d


1 钱包里面有封信,看上去已经随身携带很多年了,信上署的时间是1924年。

2 但是除了迈克尔这个名字以外,没有其他任何能确定信件所有人身份的线索。

3 我解释了一下情况。他邀请我去一趟。我到达时,他正在跟门卫聊天。

4 “嗨!等一下。纳什戈尔德斯坦先生的钱包。这钱包到哪儿我都能认出来,戈尔德斯坦先生老是丢钱包。”

Language practice

1.1) h 2) d 3)a 4) e 5) b 6) g 7)f 8) c

2.1) identity 2) came across

3)goodness 4)relief

5) other than 6) clue(s)

7)knots 8) exchange

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