第二版课后练习答案 This manuscript was revised on November 28, 2020
Unit1 Ways of Learning Vocabulary
1)a striking contrast between the standards of living in
the north of the country and the south.
2)is said to be superior to synthetic fiber.
3)as a financial center has evolved slowly.
4)is not relevant to whether he is a good lawyer.
5)by a little-known sixteen-century Italian poet have
found their way into some English magazines.
1)be picked up; can’t accomplish; am exaggerating
2)somewhat; the performance; have neglected; they apply to
3)assist; On the other hand; are valid; a superior
by herself/on her own by yourself/on your own Comprehensive Exercises
(4)on the other
(1)It takes an enormous amount of courage to make a departure
from the tradition.
(2)Tom used to be very shy, but this time he was bold enough to
give a performance in front of a large audience.
(3)Many educators think it desirable to foster the creative
spirit in the child at an early age.
(4)Assuming this painting really is a masterpiece, do you think
it’s worthwhile to buy it
(5)If the data is statistically valid, it will throw light on
the problem we are investigating.
To improve our English, it is critical to do more reading, writing, listening and speaking. Besides, learning by heart as many well-written essays as possible is also very important. Without an enormous store of good English writing in your head you cannot express yourself freely in English. It is also helpful to summarize our experience as we go along, for in so doing, we can figure out which way of learning is more effective and will produce the most desirable result. As long as we keep working hard on it, we will in due course accomplish the task of mastering English.
d)wear and tear e)dated
h)in contrast to
1)confronted with more than one problem, try to solve the easiest one first.
2)vital to the existence of all forms of life.
3)some confusion among the students about what to do after class to follow
up on the subject.
4)nothing more than a job and an apartment to be happy.
5)tickled him to think that she’d come to ask his advice
1)a lingering; fabricating; sentiments
2)fill out; every item; vital; consequences
3)be denied; tangible; cherish; attain
is a long trip and will take us five hours by bus.
arrived early and took a front row seat.
’t take me for a fool.
takes a lot of imagination to fabricate such a story.
uncle will take me (along on his trip) to the Arctic this summer.
took the dinner plate I passed to him.
took second prize in the weight-lifting competition.
you don’t take my advice, you will regret it.
give return praised
Comprehensive Exercises I.cloze
i)out of place
1)The company denied that its donations had a commercial purpose.
2)Whenever he was angry, he would begin to stammer slightly.
3)Education is the most cherished tradition in our family.
That’s why my parents never took me to dinner at expensive
restaurants, but sent me to the best private school.
4)Shortly after he recovered from the surgery, he lost his job
and thus had to go through another difficult phase of his
5)In contrast to our affluent neighbors, my parents are rather
poor, but they have always tried to meet our minimal needs.
With more and more donations coming in, our university will be much better off financially next year. We will thus be able to focus on the most important task that we, educators, must take on: to encourage students to attain their scholarly/academic goals, to
train them to be dependable and responsible individuals, to prepare them for the life ahead, and to guide them in their pursuit of spiritual as well as material satisfaction.
Unit3 The Generation Gap Vocabulary
12)at any rate
1)consists of five generals and four police officers.
2)will be in a location overlooking the lake.
3)was humiliated by her comments about my family background in
front of so many people.
4)have any proof that it was Henry who stole the computer
5)was exhausted after the long cycle ride.
; was handed down by; should have known better than
; over and over; talented son
; not to keep him in suspense; assured; repeatedly
(2)live (3)be postponed
Comprehensive Exercises I.cloze
f)dumb g)know better than that
(1)Have scientists found proof of water on Mars
(2)The planning committee has narrowed down the possible
locations for the nuclear power plant to two coastal towns.
(3)Sam not only lost his job but also both legs; he had to live
on welfare for the rest of his life.
(4)A jury consisting of 12 members voted in unison that Mary was
(5)Sean felt humiliated to hear his talent being questioned.
George, the son of Mr. Johnson, liked listening to heavy metal music in the evenings, which made it hard for other residents in the community to fall asleep. Eventually the exhausted neighbors lost their patience and decided on direct interference. They called Mr. Johnson to tell him in a frank manner what they were thinking. Mr. Johnson assured them that he would certainly settle the issue. As soon as he put down the phone he scolded his son, “What has come over you You should know better than to disturb others for your own amusement.” In the end George traded his CD’s for computer games software from his classmates.
Unit4 The Virtual World Vocabulary
1)smoking cigarettes jars on me.
2)find themselves getting sucked in.
3)has arranged for a technician from the computer store to check
and repair it.
4)fled their country to avoid military service/fled to other
countries to avoid military service.
5)restore people’s confidence in it.
virtual; on line; via
; routine; any appointment; arrange for
; remarks; his tune
came here all the way on foot.
cars are not allowed on campus.
are on vacation in Florida.
has been talking to her friend on the phone for an hour.
’t worry, Lucy is always on time.
demand on fuel is on the rise.
1)Research shows that laughter can bring a lot of health
2)A show Internet connection speed is really annoying.
3)As the law stands, helping someone commit suicide is a crime.
4)In her report, Mary tries to interpret the data from a
completely different angle.
5)Sue is a girl of great talent. Her amazing memory sets her
apart from her classmates.
Perhaps you envy me for being able to work from home on the computer. I agree that the Internet has made my job a lot easier. I can write, submit and edit articles via email, chat with my colleagues on line and discuss work with my boss. With a click of the mouse, I can get all the data I need and keep up with the latest news. But then, communicating through the Net can be frustrating at times. The system may crash. Worse still, without the emotional cues of face-to-face communication, the typed words sometimes seem difficult to interpret.
Unit5 Overcoming Obstacles Vocabulary
e)stretched out f)vain
g)On the occasion
k)In my mind’s
with her husband’s.
the prices soaring/results in the soaring of prices.
alternate sunshine and rain.
been his lifelong passions, although he studied economics at university.
came over her
; dedication to; grace
competitors; in excitement; hug him; congratulate him on
; numerous; intensity; passion for
, a Green, made the suggestion that a large park be built near the community.
a letter to his daughter, Mr. Smith expressed his wish that she
(should) continue her education to acquire still another degree. is no reason to hold the belief that humans have no direct moral responsibility to safeguard the welfare of animals.
need to feel safe about the world they grow up in, and it is unwise to give them the idea that everything they come into contact with might be a threat.
can result from the notion that life has not treated us fairly.
believed his claim that he was innocent.
III.Words with Multiple Meanings
(1)I work out in the gym for one hour every morning.
(2)Florence has worked as a cleaner at the factory for five years.
(3)The wounded man worked his way across the field on his hands and
(4)The safe load for a truck of this type works out at about twenty-
(5)It is difficult to understand how human minds work.
(6)To my disappointment, the manager’s plan of promoting the new
products doesn’t work at all.
(7)The teacher has a lot of experience of working with children who
don’t know how to learn.
(8)The medicine was like magic, and it worked instantly after you
a)In my mind’s eye
k)brought me back to earth l)fantasy
1)It is the creativity and dedication of the workers and
executives that turned the company into a profitable business.
2)The prices of food and medicine have soared in the past three
3)We plan to repaint the upper floors of the office building.
4)His success shows that popularity and artistic merit sometimes
5)I don’t want to see my beloved grandmother lying in a
hospital bed and groaning painfully.
Numerous facts bear out the argument/statement/claim that in
order to recover speedily from negative emotion, you should allow yourself to cry. You needn’t/don’t have to be ashamed of crying. Anxiety and sorrow can flow out of the body along with tears.
Consider the case of/Take Donna. Her son unfortunately died in a car accident. The intensity of the blow made her unable to cry. She said, “It was not until two weeks later that I began to cry. And then I
felt as if a big stone had been lifted from my shoulders. It was the tears that brought me back to earth and helped me survive the crisis.”
Unit6 Women, Half the Sky Vocabulary
4)ironic 5)stumbled into
1)convert RMB into US dollars in the foreign exchange office at
2)didn’t know the first thing about cooking as she looked
puzzled as to how to cook rice with the rice cooker.
3)their faulty equipment the team had accomplished some very
4)allowing me to work flexible hours as long as I work eight
hours a day.
5)couldn’t help thinking the book must be quite fascinating.
not panic/feel panic; ’ll be at a disadvantage
; One indication; to distinguish
II.Synonyms in Context
’ve had enough
I was old enough to work and earn money ’t got enough sleep at night
so far collected enough of them
strong enough arms
just enough money to live on Comprehensive Exercises
2)not know the first thing
4)when it comes to
6)gritted her teeth 7)premise
8)at a disadvantage
1)He is a man of few words, but when it comes to playing
computer games, he is far too clever for his classmates.
2)Children who don’t know any better may think these animals
are pretty cute and start playing with them.
3)There is no way to obtain a loan, so to buy the new equipment,
I’ll just have to grit my teeth and sell my hybrid car.
4)The hunter would not have fired the shots if he had not seen a
herd of elephants coming towards his campsite.
5)I find it ironic that Tom has a selective memory---he does not
seem to remember painful experiences in the past,
particularly those of his own doing.
Nancy Hopkins is a biology professor at MIT. She craves knowledge and works hard. However, as a scientist, she could not help noticing all kinds of indications of gender inequality on campus. Men and women professors did the same work, but when it came to promotion the administrators were rather selective. It was ironic that after so much cultural progress, women were still at a disadvantage in institution of higher education. When her request for more lab space
was refused, she knew she had to fight. So she gritted her teeth and complained to the President. The fight ended in victory and Nancy was converted into a gender-equity advocate.
Unit7 Learning about English Vocabulary
8)put; into practice
1)an absolute necessity rather than a luxury.
2)is a valuable addition to the football team.
3)will get out of control, if the firemen do not arrive within
4)Alternative but to go via Vancouver to get to Seattle.
5)Declared all beef imports will be banned for the next six
months as an emergency measure to stop the spread of mad
; have invented; to a very real extent; mysteries
establish; to be modified/modifying
towards; strike out; enrich
royal kingly https://www.sodocs.net/doc/2411766810.html
(5)To my knowledge
(10)in other words
Comprehensive Exercises I.cloze
g)out of control
j)came up with
a)Many small businesses have sprung up in the city since the new
policy went into effect.
b)On hearing the news, she smiled briefly, and then returned to
her habitual frown.
c)He paused for effect, then said: “We can reach/enter these
markets through new channels.”
d)The addition of a concert hall to the school will help it
nourish young musical talents.
e)We have no way to protect our personal liberties until we have
established a sovereign state. / We can’t protect our
personal liberties unless we, first of all, establish a
Though how the English language came into existence remains a mystery to many people, linguists believe that English and most
other European languages have descended from a common source: the
Indo-European parent language. English was first spoken by the
Anglo-Saxons who invaded England in the fifth century. They passed onto us the basic vocabulary of English. In over fifteen centuries
of its development, English has enriched itself by massive borrowing. As British immigrants landed in America and established the United States as an independent nation, a new variety was added to the English language: American English. Though some people worry that
the language is running out of control, many native speakers of English take pride in the tolerance of their language.
Unit8 Protecting Our Environment Vocabulary
hatched 4)migrant 5)tragedies
9)flocks; fed on
lined with people who came to welcome the distinguished foreign guests.
boss silenced all lively conversation in the office.
a pair of sun glasses, the famous movie star passed the crowed
stricken by it.
1)patches; came into full bloom; were puzzled; mysterious
2)throbbed with; sickened; migrant; a chorus
3)had crept into; flickered; the stark
Compound words age-old
air force daughter-in-law first-rate greenhouse
half brother ice-cream lifelike
light year salesperson
self-centered threefold overuse
stone-still worldwide Chinese meaning
4)well-fed kids 5)successful spacewalk
III.Confusable Words Comprehensive Exercises
l)in harmony with
1)This is a prosperous town, but there is still poverty in the
midst of wealth and abundance.
2)The Brown family was stricken with one misfortune after
another, but their children never complained.
3)The museum is designed in such a way that it stands in perfect
harmony with its surroundings.
4)It was a miracle that these flowers did not wither at all in
the blazing sun.
5)Flocks of sheep feed on the patches of vegetation that rise
above the winter snow.
This village was once famous for its beautiful natural surroundings. All the year round, the trees were green and the
flowers in bloom. Clear streams flowed out of the hills through a checkerboard of rice fields. Birds sang all day, and deer came and went in a leisurely manner. However, with the coming of DDT and
other pesticides, an evil spell seemed to have settled over the village. Misfortunes came one after another. Chicken died suddenly, cattle and sheep were stricken by mysterious maladies, and farmers complained about a sickening feeling that puzzled the village doctor. The village square, once throbbing with life, was now deserted.