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Unit 1 Living in Harmony

Enhance Your Language Awareness


Text A amaze bunch bundle capacity commerce

conquer display drop roast rob

style symbol vague figure

Text B appreciate participate shift slip

1)My neighbours are a friendly bunch of people.

2)Dave amazed his friends by leaving a well-paid job to travel around the world.

3)The employees in this company work an eight-hour shift .

4)The professor came to the classroom with a bundle of newspapers under his arm.

5)A passenger asked the driver: “Could you drop me off near the post office? I'd like to post a letter.”

6)The little girl's capacity for learning languages astonished me.

7)How many countries will be participating in the Olympic Games?

8)I like the typically French style of living. It is so romantic.

9)They have made their fortunes from industry and commerce .

10)They threatened to shoot him and rob him of all his possessions.

11)In many cultures,the lion is the symbol of courage.

12)Your help was greatly appreciated . We are very grateful to you for it.

13)It's the first time the painting has been displayed to the public.

14)During the exam,the naughty boy tried to slip a note to his classmate while the teacher wasn't looking.

15)As the saying goes,conquer the desires,or they will conquer you.

16)Before the dinner party,Mother has ordered a roast from the butcher.

17)I didn't wait for you at home because I figured that you wouldn't come .


Text A at knifepoint expose...to flag down help out pick up pull over

rely on rise one's life run contrary to

take a gamble (on)

Text B in (rich) contrast to pull away stand out

1)In this painting,a single red rose stands in rich contrast to the grassland.

2)The factory workers are exposed to poisonous gases and many of them suffer from lung diseases.

3)During the war,the soldier risked his life helping others to escape.

4)Do trust me. You can rely on me to keep your secret.

5)If you are attacked or robbed at knifepoint ,how would you react then?

6)She is such an extraordinary girl that she always stands out in a crowd.

7)Obviously,this foolish idea runs contrary to common sense(常识).

8)I was very tired and had to flag down a taxi in order to get home early.

9)The mother picks/picked up her children from the kindergarten at 5:00 p.m. every day.

10)The publishers took a gamble on an unknown author,and the books have sold well.

11)The driver waved to us as he pulled away .

12)The driver pulled over to the side of the road to see what was wrong with his truck.


Translate the following sentences into English,using the words and

expressions given in brackets.

1)离婚的传言不过是为他的新电影炒作的手段而已。(a ploy to do sth.)The rumor about his divorce is just a ploy to gain publicity for his new film.

2)他孤注一掷,用父母留给他的所有来开一家工厂。(take a gamble on sth.)He took a gamble on starting a factory with all the money his parents had left him.

3)赢得那场重要的比赛之后,他们把对长抬到肩膀上,欢呼着胜利。(hoist...to..)After winning the important game they hoisted their captain to their shoulders in shouting triumph.

4)在全球化热潮中,我们要提防不同文化的冲突。(watch out for sth.)

In the rush to go for globalization,we should watch out for collision of cultures.

5)在这种情况下,出现麻烦是不足为奇的。(in the circumstances)

In the circumstances it was not surprising that there was trouble .

6)这婴儿非常健康。(the picture of)

The baby is the very picture of health.

7)人们已经意识到儿童接触有关暴力和电视节目的危害。(expose sb. to sth.)People have realized the dangers of exposing children to violence and sex on TV.

8)我们始终考虑到我们是在为谁制作这部影片。(have in mind)

We always had in mind for whom we were making the film.

Unit 2 Optimism and Positive Thinking

Enhance Your Language Awareness

1. Text A accomplish address conversely


Curse highlight incredible issue

Perspective positive rare


Text B harden startle

prior response

1)Don't just make a negative complaint about our service; give us some positive advice.

2)The noise of the car startled the birds and the whole flock flew up into the air.

3)Viewed from an international perspective,it appears absolutely essential to emphasize the importance of potential customers' needs in the developing countries.

4)In this terrible job you have to harden your heart to pain and suffering.

5)We can have many choices in life and the choices that we make will shape our life.

6)Efforts should be made to address the communication problem existing between teenagers and their parents.

7)That couple has endured so many emotional and financial crises . It is amazing that their marriage has lasted for so many years.

8)Just before the speech contest (演讲比赛),he fell ill and was not able to participate in it; he could only curse his luck.

9)It is incredible that her four-year-old boy can write some 600 Chinese characters (汉字).

10)You can add the liquid to the powder,or conversely,the powder to the liquid.

11)The next big issue confronting the workers is the question of social security (社会保险).

12)I wrote to them a month ago but haven't gotten a response yet.

13)I shall have to refuse your invitation because of a prior engagement.

14)There used to be various kinds of birds here,but now they are rare due to lack of food resources.

15)Is it true that visualizing a task by positive thinking helps to accomplish the task better?

2.Text A concerned with in reverse live through

make a difference result in slip over Text B have no idea get the hang of

mull over run into

1)You may feel awkward when you start learning how to drive,but it's easy once you get the hang of it.

2)As one of those who have lived through two world wars,Uncle Sam understands the value of life far better than his grandchildren.

3)When you are learning driving a car,it makes a difference whether you have a good teacher or not.

4)He is so stubborn. We have no idea how to persuade him to accept

our proposal.

5)Be more concerned with your character than your reputation(名声),because your character is what you really are,while your reputation is just what others think you are.

6)To our surprise,Mr. Thompson slipped over an important point in his analysis —the cause and effect of the problem.

7)To my pleasant surprise,I ran into my best friend Helen in Paris last week.

8)I hit the tree behind me when I put the car in reverse without looking back first.

9)I'll leave you alone here so you can mull over the problem and make

a decision on your own.


Translate the following sentences into English,using the words and expressions given in brackets.

1)只有那些有过类似经历的人,才能够完全理解这一点。(live through)

The only people who can fully appreciate this are those who have lived through a similar experience.

2)科学家们一直没弄明白这些粒子是怎么形成、又是如相互作用的。(figure out)

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