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Unit 1 Growi ng Up Part II Lan guage Focus Vocabulary

I .


1. respectable

2. agony

3. put???

4. sequenee

5. hold back

6. distribute

7. off and on

8. vivid

9. associate

10.fi nally

11 . turn in

12 . tackle


1. has been assigned to the newspap'rParis office.

2. was so extraordinary that I didn'tknow whether to believe him or not.

3. a clear image of how she would look in twenty years time.

4. gave the comma nd the soldiers ope ned fire.

5. buying bikes we'keep turning them out.


1. reputati on, rigid, to in spire

2. and tedious, Whafsmore, out of date ideas

3. compose, career, avoid showing, hardly hold back


1. composed

2. severe

3. agony

4. extraordinary

5. recall

6. comma nd

7. was violating

8. anticipate


1. at

2. for

3. of

4. with

5. as

6. about

7. to

8. in, in

9. from

10. on/upon

Comprehe nsive Exercises

I . Cloze


1. hold back

2. tedious

3. scanned

4. recall

5. vivid

6. off and on

7. turn out/i n

8. career


1. last

2. surprise

3. pulled

4. blowi ng

5. dressed

6. sce ne

7. extraord inary

8. image

9. turn

10 . exciteme nt

n. Tran slatio n


1. As it was a formal dinner party, I wore formal dress, as Mother told me to.

2. His girlfriend advised him to get out of/get rid of his bad habit of smoking before it

took hold .

3. An ticipat ing that the dema nd for electricity will be high duri ng the next few mon

ths, they have decided to in crease its production.

4. It is said that Bill has been fired for continually viola ting the company's safety

rules. /Bill is said to have been fired for continually violating the company's safety rules.

5. It is reported that the government has taken proper measures to avoid the

possibility of a severe water shortage. /The local government is reported to have take n proper measures ?void the possibility of a severe water shortage.


Susan lost her legs because of /in a car accident. For a time, she di'rknow how to face up to the fact that she would n ever (be able to) walk aga in.

One day, while scanning (through) some magazines, a true story caught her eye /she was a卄racted by a true story. It gave a vivid description of how a disabled girl

became a writer. Greatlyinspired , Susan began to feel that she, too, wouldfinally be bale to lead a useful life.

Unit 2 Frie ndship

I. Vocabulary

1. Fill in the gaps with words or phrases give n in the box.

1) absolutely

2) available

3) every now and the n

4) are urging/ urged

5) desti nati on

6) mostly

7) hangs out

8) right away

9) reunion

10) or somethi ng

11) estimate

12) going ahead

2. Rewriti ng

1) It seemed that his failure in the exam in ati on was still on his mind.

2) He was completely choked up by the sight of his team losing in the final minutes of the game.

3) She was so lost in study that she forgot to have dinner.

4) Somethi ng has come up and I am afraid I won "tbe able to accomplish the project on time.

5) The cost of equipp ing the new hospital was estimated at $2 milli on.

3. Complete the senten ces.

1) were postp oned the awful

2) refere nee not available

3) not much of a teacher skips

II. Collocation

1. to

2. for

3. at

4. from

5. in

6. to on

7. on

8. with

III. Usage

1. more or less

2. kind of/ sort of is estimated an kind of go ahead

3. something

4. kind of/ sort of

5. more or less

6. or something

Comprehe nsive exercises

I. Cloze

1. text-related

1) choked up

2) awful

3) practically

4) neighborhood

5) correspondence

6) available

7) destination

8) reunion

9) Mostly

10) postp oning

11) absolutely

2. Theme-related

1) how

2) savings

3) embarrassment

4) phone

5) interrupted

6) touch

7) envelop

8) signed

9) message

10) needed

II. Tran slati on

1. Tran slate the senten ces.

1) Half an hour had gone by, but the last bus hadn ' t come yet. We had to walk home.

2) Mary seems to be very worried about the Chinese exam because she hasn ' t learnec the texts by heart.

3) Si nce the basketball match has bee n postp on ed, we might as well visit the museum.

4) He stayed in Australia with his parents all the way through WW .

5) Since I graduated from Nanjing University in 1985, I have kind of lost touch with

my classmates.

2. Tran slate the passage.

It is not easy to keep in touch with friends far away. This is true in my case.

It has bee n a couple of years since I left my old n eighborhood and all the frie nds there. I have been meaning to write to them but things come upand I just don ' t seem to find the time. They are always on my mind, however, and I think I will certainly make an effort to keep up corresp ondence with them in the future.

Unit 3

I Vocabulary


1) brief 2) in terms of 3) cut off 4) tend

5) any way 6)precise 7)i n the form of 8) in itiative

9) con vey 10) in two minds 11) con cept 12) grasp


1) has en sured their team a place in the Cup fin al.

2) medical workers' responsibility to heal the wounded and rescue the dying.

3) e nterta in as well as educate the lear ner.

4) can do without air and water.

5) is likely to be held in June.


1) lies in con tact betwee n

2) basis of is likely sufficie nt at the mome nt

3) the steady will be highly

II Word Formati on

1 regained

2 undecided

3 undersupplied

4 disabled

5 precondition

6 foresight

7 mispronounced

8 enrich

II Tran slati on

1) As is predicted by scientists, global pollution has become one of the most serious

problems huma ns are faced with.

IIIA ntonyms

1) majority 2) accepted 3)increased 5) local 6) late 7)wro ng Comprehe

nsive exercises I Close

1. Text-related 1)highly 2)bri ng about

6)put across 7)proport ion 2. Theme-related 1)un dersta nd 2)travel 6) l ikely 7)affect 4)weaknesses 8)false 3)evide nt 8)He nee 3)practical 8)developme nts 4)rate 5)sufficient 9)e nsure

4)use 5)A nother 9)supply 10) Someday

2) Competition for these jobs is very tough ~we have five times as many applicants this year as we did last year/ there are five times as many applicants this year as there were last year.

3) As the facts show, educational programs need to fit into the national plan for econo mic developme nt.

4) The car burns too much gas, and moreover, the price is almost twice as much as I intend to pay.

5) To un dersta nd a great intern atio nal eve nt, we, first of all, n eed to con sider the historical and political backgro und to it.

2 It is hard to imagine how our forefathers could do without so many conveniences that moder n tech no logy has brought about. Back the n only a small proporti on of the

population enjoyed the comforts of life. The majority didn ' even have sufficient food, not to speak of/ let alone the privilege of being educated. However, many people blame

moder n tech no logy for creati ng so many problems. They want to slow dow n the rate of progress. But no one can put the clock back.

1) to look for survivors were aba ndoned after it had bee n/was determ ined that all the people in the sunken ship had died.

2) was amazed that Bob left a well-paid job travel around the world.

3) for a loa n has bee n tur ned dow n by many a bank as her bus in ess is small and she could provide no guara ntee.

4) express her thoughts with precision, so people often misunderstand her.

5) will weake n our determ in ati on to moder nize our country in the shortest possible time.


hun ti ng for be amazed by

2) become skilled handle their 3) character by calli ng on II Con fusable words

1. 1) personal 2) personnel

2. 1) sometime 2) Sometimes 3)some time 4) sometime

III Euphemism

de hcgabf

Comprehe nsive Exercises

I Close


1) wreck 5) discard 9) checked on 2.

2) bala nee 6) Above all 10) clea ned up Unit 4

3) approachi ng 7) diet 11) weekly 4) han dle

8) do with

12) prin ciples

1) for sale loans

he passed away

1. Text-related

1) sp on sored 2)determ in ati on 3) turned away 4) assumed 5)


6)skilled 7)loan 8) character 9) hunting 10) for sale 11) send for

2. Theme-related

1)save 2)rece nt 3)modest 4) grow 5) dream

6) immigra nts 7)bus in ess 8) engin eeri ng 9)i nvest 10) rich

III Tran slati on

1) It is reported that UN mediators have worked out a plan which they

hope will be acceptable to both sides.

2) Doris walked in the forest cautiously, afraid of being attacked by gia

nt sn akes.

3) Earthquakes, typhoons and other natural disasters cannot be

preve nted, but acti on can be take n to protect life and property. 4) I bought a new issue of my favorite sports magazine and hurried

home, an xious to amuse myself read ing it.

5) Hele n lacks con fide nee. I 'e n ever known anyone so un sure of



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