Unit 1 Big Bucks the Easy Way
We were informed that the Minister of Finance was to meet us the next day.
I thought it odd that he didn’t seem to remember his own birthday.
Next Tuesday is the deadline for handing in the term papers, but most students have hardly made a dent in the work so far.
It pained the headmaster to find the number of students shrinking.
Cash is commonly used in paying bills in that country, but checks are becoming more popular and will, in a short while, replace cash as a way for people to settle their accounts.
the company claims that it is not responsible for the pollution in river.
Unit 2 Deer and the Enery Cycle
Bill is a mature young man who is no longer dependent on his parents for decisions.
There are abundant supplies of meat in this region, but fresh fruit and vegetables are scarce.
Drawing on the wisdom of the workers, the engineers invented a new production method that led to increased productivity.
He spent a lot of time preparing for his math exam. Hence he was somewhat disappointed to learn that he got only a B.
We have ample time for a leisurely lunch.
The local government had to draw on its grain reserves and take other emergency measures so as to pull through the food crisis.
Unit 3 Why Do We Believe That the Earth Is Round?
In the preface to one of his plays, Bernard Shaw advances the idea that people are more superstitious today than they were in the Middle Ages.
After her husband died, she had to bear the severe financial burden of raising five children by herself.
One of the test ways to prove or refute a point is to cite examples from your own experience.
Hunt’s statement that Betty always exaggerates his faults may well lead to a quarrel.
5. 科学家发现产生日全蚀这一现象的原因之前，每当黑暗在大白天 降临时人们就怕得要命。
Before scientists discovered the cause of the total eclipse of the sun, people were extremely frightened when darkness fell in the middle of the day.
When the family gathered to discuss matters of finance, Father started off by saying that it was absolutely necessary to set aside some money each month, for in an emergency we could fall back on our savings.
Unit 4 Flight 93: What I Never Know
The strong teams from these provinces declared unanimously at the meeting that they would take part in the next national football matches.
George was severely punished for kicking an opponent in an attempt to put him out of action.
The pharmacologists have carried out a series of experiments to test the new medicine for cancer, and doctors who have heard of this are anxiously awaiting their result.
It is incredible that the amateur singer could have beaten the large number of professionals at the singing contest.
On my way home from hunting, I found Mr. Smith and his children straining to get their car out the mud and went immediately to help them.
6. 市领导 为国家赢得荣誉的运动员 举行了宴会，其中有一名来自我县的杰出 田径运动选手。
The city leaders held a banquet in honor of the sportsmen who had won glory for our nation, and among them was the outstanding track-and-field athlete from our county.
Unit 5 To Lie or Not to Lie — The Doctor's Dilemma
I am convinced that, contrary to expectations, the so-called informed decision will bring very grave consequences.
It’s true he once deceived you, but he has admitted he has done wrong and apologized. So you shouldn’t always treat him with suspicion.
He had taken a stand
on the issue before it was openly debated.
In the course of their investigation, they discovered various forms of political corruption and exposed a number of corrupt officials.
Mary’s dilemma was whether to betray her colleagues by telling her boss the truth or to betray his trust by keeping him in the dark about it.
Now, in the first place, what has made you think this program will promote reforms, and in the second, how do you know these reforms will benefit the whole county?
Unit 6 How to Mark a Book
1. 从书中吸取知识的最有效办法之一，是在页边空白处 作有见地的笔记。
One of the most effective means of absorbing knowledge from a book is to make intelligent notes in the margins.
In hot weather it is rather difficult to preserve food and keep it fresh and safe to eat. Naturally, many people prefer not to eat in restaurants during the summer months.
It will do us good to underline the points that the author emphasizes in his book.
After days of inquiry the police finally tied up the murder with the case of the recent escape from prison.
I want to persuade them to adopt our plan, because, in the first place, it calls for less funds and, in the second place, it will not cause environmental pollution.
Father bound the celery together with a rope and dipped it in the river for a while before he took it to the market for sale.
Unit 7 The Luncheon
arouse anger / innocent
The court’s judgment aroused anger among Mr. Smith’s friends, who believed that he was innocent.
hurry sb along / a fancy place / well beyond our means
As we passed the expensive restaurant, father hurried us along saying that it was well beyond our means to have dinner at such a fancy place.
评价一篇文章并给它打分时，可能是根据 总的印象 而不是根据仔细的分析。
uate / grade / on the basis of / general impression / rather than / detailed analysis
A teacher may uate and grade an essay on the basis of his general impression rather than on a detailed analysis.
4. 小狗将我的一张画搞坏了，我真想 对 它发火，可它那十分可爱的样子使我不禁笑着把它从地上抱了起来。
ruin / be inclined to / get angry at / could not help
I was inclined to get angry at the puppy for ruining my painting but he was so cute that I could not help but laugh and pick him up.
nowadays / take it for granted that
Nowadays people take it for granted that their homes have running water, but only a short time ago almost everyone had to carry water from a well or a stream to their home.
stay up all night / take a hand in / can not make up one’s mind
Anthony stayed up all night because he just could not make up his mind whether or not to take a hand in the matter.
Unit 8 The New Caves
get away from / break down
Last weekend we drove out on vacation hoping to get away from the noise and pollution of the city, but the car broke down on the way and we had to return home by taxi.
mind you / the graduation ceremony / require(从句谓语要用虚拟语气) / graduating students
Not all of the students, mind you, are willing to attend the graduation ceremony so the school has to require that all graduating students attend the ceremony if they want to receive a diploma.
the role of women in society / derive from / be not relevant
Many of the ideas we have about the role of women in society are derived from feudal times and are not relevant in today’s society.
mobile / than ever before / mobile phones
People today are more mobile than ever before; perhaps this is why mobile phones have become so common.
virtually / dream of / experience / in a g
Virtually every child has dreamed of traveling in space and experiencing what it would be like to live in a gravity-free environment.
do independent thinking / restrict
Students of our school are encouraged to do independent thinking and not to be restricted by the teacher’s point of view.
Unit 9 The Education of a Physicist
1. 任何一个国家，如打算为它的年轻一代提供一个可靠的未来，就应把环境保护 放在优先地位。
the younger generation / a secure future / environmental protection / give priority
Environmental protection should be given priority for any country that plans to provide a secure future for the younger generation.
2. 与 宁静而和平的乡村生活 相比，城市生活既闹又吵。
compare with / quiet and peaceful / rural life / hectic and noisy
Life in the cities is hectic and noisy compared with rural life which is quiet and peaceful.
3. 在许多国家，学校要求学生每天早晨上课前向国旗 宣誓效忠。
require / the flag of one’s country / pledge loyalty to…
In many countries schools require students to pledge loyalty to the flag of their country before beginning class every morning.
the impact of a drought on the environment / be more destructive / last for a longer period of time
The impact of a drought on the environment can be more destructive than that of a flood because it lasts for a longer period of time.
recede / drain the water out of the fields / replant
When the flood receded, the soldiers came to the villages to help drain the water out of the fields so that crops could be replanted in time.
at one time / at least / stay in touch with one another
At one time everyone at least knew some of their neighbors, but today it seems that people are too busy to have time to stay in touch with one another.
Unit 10 Why People Work
retired people / be depressed
Retired people are often depressed if they can’t find something to do.
2. 为了帮我们准备好参加辩论，教练要我们经常注意与我们自己的论点 相悖的论点。
be aware of / arguments / reverse
To prepare us for the debate, the coach wanted us to be always aware of the arguments that are quite the reverse of ours.
on weekdays / be busy working / drive around the nearby countryside
On weekdays the whole family were busy working, but when the weekend came they loved to get in the car and drive around the nearby countryside.
4. 医生往往为自己能够医治好病人罕见的疾病 而自豪。
prides oneself on / cure / a rare disease
A doctor often prides himself on the ability to cure his patient of a rare disease.
5. 如果不按时将书归还图书馆或到期前不续借，就得按规定 罚款。
not renewed before they are due / in accordance with regulations / pay a fine
If books are not returned to the library on time or not renewed before they are due, a fine must be paid in accordance with regulations.
on the whole / complain about
On the whole, few people do not complain about their jobs. On the other hand, they would be very unhappy if they were unable to work.