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Unit 1

1. Vocabulary

1) insert 2) on occasion

3) investigate 4) In retrospect

5) initial 6) phenomena

7) attached 8) make up for

9) is awaiting 10) not …in the least

11) promote 12) emerged

1)It takes an enormous amount of courage to make a departure from the tradition.

2)Tom used to be very shy, but this time he was bold enough to give a performance in front of a large audience.

3)Many educators think it desirable to foster the creative spirit in the child at an early age.

4)Assuming (that) this painting is a masterpiece, do you think it’s worthwhile to buy/purchase it?

5)If the data is statistically valid, it will throw light on the problem we are investigating.

2. passage translation

To improve our English, it is critical to do more reading, writing, listening and speaking. Besides, learning by heart as many well-written essays as possible is also very important. Without

an enormous store of good English writing in your head you cannot express yourself freely in English. It is also helpful to summarize our experience as we go along, for in so doing, we can figure out which way of learning is more effective and will produce the most desirable result. As long as we

keep working hard on it, we will in due course accomplish the task of mastering English.

Unit 2

I. Vocabulary

1. Fill in the gaps with words or phrases…

1) abrupt 2) emotional 3) bless 4) wear and tear

5) dated 6) consequences 7) seemingly 8) in contrast to

9) Curiosity 10) genuine 11) primarily 12) sentiments

1)The company denied that its donations had a commercial purpose.

2)Whenever he was angry, he would begin to stammer slightly.

3)Education is the most cherished tradition in our family. That's why my parents never took me to dinner at expensive restaurants, but sent me to the best private school.

4)Shortly after he recovered from the surgery, he lost his job and thus had to go through another difficult phase of his life.

5)In contrast to our affluent neighbors, my parents are rather poor, but they have always tried hard to meet our minimal needs

2. Translate the passage

With more and more donations coming in, our university will be much better off financially next year. We will thus be able to focus on the most important task that we, educators, must take on: to encourage

students to attain their scholarly/academic goals, to train them to be dependable and responsible individuals, to prepare them for the life ahead, and to guide them in their pursuit of spiritual as well as material satisfaction.


I. Vocabulary

1. Fill in the gaps with words or phrases…

1) typical 2) dumb 3) junior 4) glorious 5) welfare 6) came over 7) interference

8) fading 9) narrowed down 10) frank 11) schemes 12) at any rate

II. Translation

1. Translate the Sentences

1) Have scientists found proof of water on Mars?

2) The planning committee has narrowed down the possible locations for the nuclear power plant to two coastal towns.

3) Sam not only lost his job but also both legs; he had to live on welfare for the rest of his life.

4) A jury consisting of 12 members voted in unison that Mary was guilty.

5) Sean felt humiliated to hear his talent being questioned.

2. Translate the passage

George, the son of Mr. Johnson, liked listening to heavy metal music in the evenings, which made it hard for other residents in the community to fall asleep. Eventually the exhausted neighbors lost their patience and decided on direct interference. They called Mr. Johnson to tell him in a frank manner what they were thinking. Mr. Johnson assured them that he would certainly settle the issue. As soon as he put down the phone he scolded his son, “What has come over you? You should know better than to disturb others f or your own amusement.” In the end George traded his CDs for computer games software from his classmates.

Unit 4

I. Vocabulary

1. Fill in the gaps with words or phrases…

1) conversely 2) but then 3) symptom 4)spitting 5) abusing

6) tone 7) took (her) in 8) editing 9)have arranged 10) in sight

11) stretched 12) data

1)Research shows that laughter can bring a lot of health benefits.

2) A slow Internet connection speed is really annoying.

3)As the law stands, helping someone commit suicide is a crime.

4)In her report, Mary tries to interpret the data from a completely different angle.

5)Sue is a girl of great talent. Her amazing memory sets her apart from her classmates.

2. Translate the passage

Perhaps you envy me for being able to work from home on the computer. I agree that the Internet has made my job a lot easier. I can write, submit and edit articles via email, chat with my colleagues on line and discuss work with my boss. With a click of the mouse, I can get all the data I need and keep up with the latest news. But then, communicating through the Net can be frustrating at times. The system may crash. Worse still, without the emotional cues of face-to-face communication, the typed words sometimes seem difficult to interpret.

Unit 5

1)It is the creativity and dedication of the workers and executives that turned the company

into a profitable business.

2)The prices of food and medicine have soared in the past three months.

3)We plan to repaint the upper floors of the office building.

4)His success shows that popularity and artistic merit sometimes coincide.

5)I don’t want to see my beloved grandmother lying in a hospital bed and groaning painfully.

Unit 6

I. Vocabulary

1. Fill in the gaps with words or phrases…

1) cultural/culture 2)indication 3) miniature 4) ironic 5) stumbled into 6) decent

7)buzzing 8) abnormal 9) mechanical 10) shuddering 11) implied 12)leap

1)He is a man of few words, but when it comes to playing computer games, he is far too clever for his


2)Children who don’t know any better may think these animals are pretty cute and start playing with them.

3)There is no way to obtain a loan, so to buy the new equipment, I’ll just have to grit my teeth and sell my

hybrid car.

4)The hunter would not have fired the shots if he had not seen a herd of elephants coming towards his


5)I find it ironic that Tom has a selective memory—he does not seem to remember painful experiences in the

past, particularly those of his own doing.

Translate the passage:

Nancy Hopkins is a biology professor at MIT. She craves knowledge and works hard. However, as a scientist, she could not help noticing all kinds of indications of gender inequality on campus. Men and women professors did the same work, but when it came to promotion the administrators were rather selective. It is ironic that after so much cultural progress, women were still at a disadvantage in institutions of higher education. When her request for more lab space was refused, she knew she had to

fight. So she gritted her teeth and complained to the President. The fight ended in victory and Nancy was converted into a gender-equity advocate.

Unit 7

I. Vocabulary

1. Fill in the gaps with words or phrases…

1) Strictly speaking 2) drifted 3) resembles 4) invaded

5) is conquered 6) fascinating 7) snack 8) put into


9) source 10) climate 11) surrendered 12) were aroused

1)Many small businesses have sprung up in the city since the new policy went into effect.

2)On hearing the news, she smiled briefly, and then returned to her habitual frown.

3)He paused for effect, then said: “we can reach/enter these markets through new channels.”

4)The addition of a concert hall to the school will help it nourish young musical talents.

5)We have no way to protect our personal liberties until we have established a sovereign state. /We can’t protect our personal liberties unless we, first of all, establish a sovereign state

2. Translate the passage

Though how the English language came into existence remains a mystery to many people, linguists believe that English and most other European languages have descended from a common source: the Indo-European parent language. English was first spoken by the Anglo-Saxons who invaded England in the fifth century. They passed onto us the basic vocabulary of English. In over fifteen centuries of its development, English has enriched itself by massive borrowing. As Br itish immigrants landed in America and established the United States as an independent nation, a new variety was added to the English language: American English. Though some people worry that the language is running out of control, many native speakers of English take pride in the tolerance of their language

Unit 8

1)This is a prosperous town, but there is still poverty in the midst of wealth and abundance.

2)The Brown family was stricken with one misfortune after another, but their children never complained.

3)The museum is designed in such a way that it stands in perfect harmony with its surroundings.

4)It was a miracle that these flowers did not wither at all in the blazing sun.

5)Flocks of sheep feed on the patches of vegetation that rise above the winter snow.

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