Unit One Fighting with the Forces of Nature
Part II Text A
1) alliance 2) at the cost of 3) stroke 4) limp
5) minus 6) regions 7) eclarations 8) siege
9) raw 10) bide his time 11) have taken their toll 12) in the case of
2. 1) is faced with 2) get bogged down 3) is pressing on / pressed on
4) drag on 5) get by 6) dine out
7) have cut back 8) get through
3. 1) The rapid advance in gene therapy may lead to the conquest of cancer in the near future.
2) Production in many factories has been brought to a halt by the delayed arrival of raw materials
due to the dock workers’ strike.
3) Sara has made up her mind that her leisure interests will/should never get in the way of her career.
4) Obviously the reporter's question caught the foreign minister off guard.
5) The introduction of the electronic calculator has rendered the slide rule out of date / obsolete.
4.1) Being faced with an enemy forces much superior to ours, we had to give up the
occupation of big cities and retreat to the rural and mountainous regions to build up our
2)Unity is crucial to the efficient operation of an organization. Failure to reckon with this
problem will weaken its strength. In many cases, work may be brought to a halt by constant
internal struggle in an organization.
3)The Red Army fought a heroic battle at Stalingrad and won the decisive victory against the
Germans. In fact, this battle turned the tide in the Second World War. During this famous battle,
the Soviet troops withstood the German siege and weakened the German army by launching a
series of counterattacks.
II. More Synonyms in Context
1) During the First World War, battles occurred here and there over vast areas. Some of the
most dramatic fighting took place in the gloomy trenches of France and Belgium.
2) Elizabeth made careful preparations for the interview and her efforts / homework paid off.
3)1 spent hours trying to talk him into accepting the settlement, but he turned a deaf ear to all
4)Pneumonia had severely weakened her body, and I wondered how her fragile body could
withstand the harsh weather.
1)But often it is not until we fall ill that we finally learn to appreciate good health.
2)A rich old lady lay dead at home for two weeks—and nobody knew anything about it.
3)It's said he dropped dead from a heart attack when he was at work
4)Don't sit too close to the fire to keep warm—you could easily get burned, especially if you fall
5)In those days people believed in marrying young and having children early.
6)Little Tom was unable to sit still for longer than a few minutes.
1. 1. invasion
2. stand in the way
4. catching... off his guard
8. drag on
9. reckon with 10. bringing...to a halt
2. 1. allow 2. reckoned
9. observing 10. Powerful
1.1) Mr. Doherty and his family are currently engaged in getting the autumn harvest in on the
2)We must not underestimate the enemy. They are equipped with the most sophisticated
3)Having been cut of a job/Not having had a job for 3months, Phil is getting increasingly
1. 1) expansion 2) automated 3) vapor 4) take control of
5) hazards 6) satellite 7) vibrated 8) magnetic
9) bunched 10) in the air 11) got/was stuck in 12) approximately
2. 1) send out 2) stand up for 3) pass for 4) were closing in on
5) starting up 6) went through 7) fill out 8 ) fall into
3.1) … incorporates all the latest safety features
2) …two trees ten feet apart
3) … awarding lucrative contracts to his construction firm
4) … the prototype of a new model before they set up a factory to make the cars.
5) … are correlated in all racial groups
4. 1) the application, remote, has turned into a reality, are poised to
2) that vibrate, can detect, frequency
3) lanes, are mounted in, alert a, hazard
II. Word Formation
kilo kilogram memo memorandum
gym gymnasium lib liberation
doc doctor vet veterinarian
prep preparatory auto automobile
Medicare medical care email electronic mail
comsat communications satellite newscast news broadcast
skyjack sky hijack Eurodollar European dollar
brunch breakfast and lunch telecast television broadcast
Oxbridge Oxford and Cambridge
1. swimming pool
2. drawing board
3. enriched Middle English
4. disturbing change
5. fully developed prototype
6. Canned foods
7. working population 8. puzzling differences
1. 1) computerized 2) start up 3) be poised to 4) alert 5)hazards
6) monotonous 7) take control of 8) steer 9) lane 10) decrease
11) calculate 12) eliminate 13) getting stuck in 14) mounted
15) detect 16) vapor
2. 1) generates 2) related 3) revolutionized 4) enabled
5) opportunities 6) overall 7) manufacturing 8) dependent
9) interact 10) fatalities
1. 1) There was an unusual quietness in the air, except for the sound of artillery in the distance.
2) The expansion of urban areas in some African countries has been causing a significant fall in
living standards and an increase in social problem.
3) The research shows that atmospheric carbon dioxide levels are closely correlated with global
4) The frequency of the bus service has been improved from 15 to 12 minutes recently
2. Automobiles have, since their invention, revolutionized transportation, changing forever the way people live, travel, and do business. On the other hand, they have brought hazards, especially highway fatalities. However, today the application of computer technology and electronic sensors in designing and manufacturing cars makes it possible to eliminate most of traffic accidents. For example, electronic sensors mounted in your car can detect alcohol vapor in the air and refuse to start up the engine. They can also monitor road conditions by receiving radio signals sent out from orbiting satellites and greatly reduce your chances of getting stuck in traffic jams.
Unit 3 Job Interview
Paragraphs Main Ideas
Paras1- 6 : An ill-prepared college graduate failed his interview.
Paras 7-27: Four pieces of advice on being a successful interviewee.
Paras 28-31 Make your own tracks in whatever you do.
1) Prepare to win. 2) Never stop learning.
3) Believe in yourself, even when no one else does.
4) Find a way to make a difference.
1) Michael Jordan 2) a 90-year-old tennis player
3) the four-minute mile, the New York Marathon and the Vietnam veteran. 4) a New York
Language Sense Enhancement
1. (1) checked with (2) interview (3) grill (4) clippings (5) be right for
(6) follow up (7) indicating（8）hand-delivered (9) prepared
I. 1. 1) rude 2) physically 3) structure 4) made a difference
5) blurted (out) 6) chuckling 7) measurable 8) prospective
9) preparations 10) sparkled 11) took a crack at 12) partner
2. 1) go after 2) look back at/on 3) be put up 4) stood for
5) build in 6) follow up 7) be hooked up to 8) closed up
3. 1) grilled her about where she had been all night
2) beyond Cinderella’s wildest dreams that she could one day dance in the King’s palace
3) will be in readers’ hands soon
4) do your homework before going on an interview.
5) was in the neighborhood of 150 dollars.
4. 1）applicants, veteran, the prospective
2）From his standpoint, has made every endeavor to go after
3) as the saying goes, to have a crack at, barely
II. Words with Multiple Meanings
2. used to avoid repetition
4. get along
7. study 8. be enough 9. be acceptable
1. There is so much to say and it is hard to kno w where to begin. OK, I’ll talk about myself first.
2. Thank you very much, John, for your beautiful Christmas card. By the way, I have something here
3. The new computer language can be quite easily understood by anyone who can read the daily
newspaper. Now, why is this an advantage?
4. I’m going to work out the outline and will let you know how it goes. By the way, I will see you in
February, as I plan to attend your seminar in Shanghai.
5. OK, you got the job. Now, how to maximize your profits with as little effort as possible?
6. Chris is back from Australia. Incidentally, those pictures you sent me are wonderful.
I. Cloze1. (1) prospective (2) As I see it (3) relevant (4) beforehand
(5) endeavor (6) structure (7) partners (8) Respond
(9) take a crack (10) from the standpoint
(11) make a difference (12) follow up
2. (1) encouraging (2) inquiry (3) done your homework
1. 1) Despite the inadequate length of the airstrip in this emergency landing, the veteran pilot
managed to stop the plane after taxiing for only a short while.
2) Grilled by the reporters, the movie star eventually blurted (out) that she had undergone two
3) We have the technology and our partner has the capital. Working together, we’ll have the
future in our hands.
4) If I had known beforehand that you would bring so many friends home, I would have made
better preparations. You see, I have barely enough food and drinks for a snack.
5) People gave generously upon learning that new school rooms with stronger structures were to
be built in the earthquake-stricken area.
2. Well begun, half done, as the saying goes. It is extremely important for a job applicant to do his homework while seeking employment. From my standpoint, whether or not one has done his homework clearly makes a difference in his chance of success. I have a friend who is earning somewhere in the neighborhood of 100,000 dollars a years in a large computer software company. He told me that from his own experience the decision makers who interview prospective employees like people who are well prepared. Those who make no endeavor to learn as much about his prospective employer as possible don’t have much of a chance of success.
I.1.advantageous; let alone; witnessing…vanishing; landmark; entitled; displace;
Established; patriotic…strengthen; contradictions; aspires; divorced; pendulums
2.come to; dozed off; belived in; was set apart; take in; sucks in; clean up; turn away
3. 1) makes no/little difference whether we go there by train or by bus
2) overtaken General Motors as the world’s biggest car maker
3) at odds with his wife over money matters
4) been at the forefront of nanotechnology research
5) let alone cook a meal
4. a) is increasingly…to accelerate…their investment
b) economy…make an earnest…domestic…strike a balance between
c) a handfu l of…be endorsed by…on a large scale
II. Word Formation
WTO 世界贸易组织GDP 国内生产总值自动出纳机增值税Computer-aided design Information technology 信息技术International direct dialing Music television 音乐电视International Olympic Committee Very importment person 贵宾，大人物激光CPU
1) An unusual present, a book on ethics, was given to Henry for his birthday.
2) The reason (he gave) that he didn’t notice the car till too late was unsatisfactory.
3) Football, his only interest in life, has brought him many friends.
4) Cloning had been raised as a possibility decades ago, then dismissed, something that serious
scientists thought was simply not going to happen anytime soon.
1.academics…networking…a varity of…growth
vanish…facilitate…endorsing…outlook…sweeping aside…patritic…erasing…strike a balance 2.aided…effects
1.1)Due to his pessimistic outlook on the European economy, John has moved his assets from
Europe to elsewhere.
2) Ilike hiring young people. They are earnest learners and committed to work.
3) Unlike her girl friends who center their lives on their children, Mary cares more about her
4) Why is it that a considerable number of colleagues are at odds with you?
5) The Chinese government has introduced a variety of policies to strengthen cooperation with developing countries.
2.Globalization has great implications for young Chinese. For example, young farmers are moving
same time, a considerable number of overseas Chinese students have returned home in recent years, for they hold an optimistic outlook for the long-term growth of the Chinese economy. The Internet has strengthened the links between Chinese young people and those elsewhere. They follow the latest trend and copy fo reign fashions. Some of them don’t seem to care for traditional Chinese virtues, let alone carry them forward, which has given rise to worries that the traditional Chinese culture might one day vanish.
Unit 5 Never judge by appearances
Language sense enhancement
3. had done wrong
4. welcome reassurance
6. brought back
7. relatives 8. accomplish
9. consume 10. representing
Vocabulary I. 1. 1) sprinkled 2) in turn 3) reversed 4) repay 5) at sea 6) traditional 7) statement 8) longed for 9) in secret 10) unloaded 11) weep 12) under way
2. 1) stretch out 2) make out 3) hope for 4) turns (it) over
5) put away 6) brings back 7) got to 8) go about
3. 1) As supplies of traditional fuels diminish, people are working to increase the use of solar energy.
We accord high priority to meeting the challenges of economic and environmental development in the region.
While it is true that children of today are exposed to more information than were children of the past, it does not follow that they automatically become more sophisticated.
Since she borrowed those books from the library she has been immersed in British history and culture. Everything changed in a flash on June 1, 2000 when he lost both legs in a serious traffic accident. 4. 1) I'd like to express my sincere thanks to everyone who has been so considerate of my well- being. My heart is filled with gratitude that words cannot express.
After everyone assembled on the playground amid the noise and excitement of the spectators, our coach again impressed on us the need to do our best in quest of excellence.
Everything I saw in my hometown was marvelous. I could hardly believe that it had undergone such swift changes through cultivating fruits, vegetables, flowers and the rest in the past few years. II. Collocation
1, fond of 2. sick of 3. thoughtful of 4. confident of 5. conscious of 6. critical of
7. guilty of 8. ashamed of
To know what people really think, pay regard to what they do, rather than what they say.
It is cooperation, rather than conflict, that will enable you to achieve your success.
Ann made students think for themselves rather than telling them what to think.
I think I'll stay at home this evening rather than go / going out.
Most people are content to let perfect days happen at random rather than plan / planning for them. Comprehensive Exercises
1) at sea 2) Turning over 3) reverse 4) got to5) repay 6) gratitude
7) assembled 8)immersed in
9) unloading 10) swift
1) instead 2) possessions
3) richer 4) breath
5) cherish 6) special
7) specific 8) shining
9) miracles 10) gift
1. 1) Grandma took it for granted that food prices would soar, so she bought a lot of rice.
2) I can quote you several instances of her dedication to science.
3) The 1980s saw the start of the swift development of some special economic zones in China.
4) Tension between the two countries stemmed in part from the latest spy affair.
5) Peter has worked in a law firm for many years. You can consider having him as your lawyer to act on your behalf when you need legal help.
Amid the atmosphere of Thanksgiving, rather than joining his friends in celebration of the holiday, George was immersed in the diary left to him by his father, who died at sea after he completed two successive trips around the world. The diary brought back every moment George had spent with his father and many of the specific things his father did on his behalf. George's father used to impress on him the need to undergo all kinds of hardship in quest of excellence. He also taught him that nothing in the world could be taken for granted. Even today, George still remembers how his father would quote Aesop's famous saying "Gratitude is the sign of noble souls" and tell him to accord the greatest importance to it.
Unit 6 The Pace of Life
Text Organization 1
Part One Paras. 1-11
The author gives three reasons why we feel so time-pressed today.
Part Two Paras. 12-18
Not everyone is time-stressed, and in the case of Americans they have actually gained more free time in the past decade.
Part Three Paras. 19-23
The perception of time famine has triggered a variety of reactions.
Part Four Paras. 24-28
The author pins down the crux(症结) of the problem and puts forward a remedy for the stress we feel.
Text Organization 2
2) The aircraft creates a high demand for time-consuming journeys that we never dreamed of.
3) The washing machine, contrary to our expectations, multiplies the hours spent on washing and ironing.
4) Instead of making our lives easier, technology goes so far as to cram extra work into our leisure time.
5) Technology produces the new burden of dealing with faxes, e-mails and voicemails.
6) Technology eats further into our time by forcing us to handle software glitches on computers and filling our heads with useless information from the Internet.
1) appliances 2) comparative 3) multiply
4) distribution 5) prosperity 6) decorate 7) famine 8) large quantities of/ a large quantity of 9) streamline 10) fax 11) pointed the way to 12) bewildered Vocabulary 2
1) eat into 2) cling to 3) stand out/ stood out 4) wears away
5) set about 6) switch off 7) will be turned loose 8) poured in Vocabulary 3
1)is forecast to be below average next year, which at the moment is 4 percent.
2)to enter the building and find the baby girl proved futile as rescuers were driven out by the
heat and flames.
3)was urged to divert some of its attention from expanding production and get more involved
with issues of market demand.
4)can really eat heavily into your profits when you are selling suits at ￡900 and dresses at
5)has toiled endlessly over the exercise machine for the last twenty years in order to keep her
body in shape.
1)reaction to; discontent; provoked 2）Convention; evading tax; the confines of
3）a burden; are always on the go/ seem forever on the go; to cope
II. Confusable Words
1. 1) nervousness 2) tension 3) stress; stress 4) tension
2. 1) honorary 2) Honorable 3) honorable 4) honorary 5) honorable 6) Honorary
1)Dealing with the extinction crisis is no simple matter. Is it sensible, we may ask, to spend
large sums of money to save some species – be it an elephant or an orchid – in a nation in which a large proportion of the population is living below the poverty line?
2)This new technology could be used anywhere large numbers of people need to be quickly
screened --- at airports, train stations, bus terminals or border crossings. However, experts suspect, there is also the risk that people will learn to fool the machine the same way they try to fool polygraph readings by controlling their breath or taking drugs to relax themselves.
3)With a high percentage of marriages ending in divorce, often due to financial difficulties, you
would say that money is a big factor in making a good marriage. But, believe it or not,it isn’t money that ensures you a happy marriage; it is your philosophy of life that does.
4)Not all the risks on the Internet are sexual, you know. Sites promoting violence are just a
click away, and may include instructions for making bombs and other destructive devices. Cloze (Text-related)
1) switch off 2) obliged 3) on the go 4) cope 5) shortage 6) large quantity of 7) pouring in 8) by nature 9) fraction 10) futile
1)advantage 2) wisely 3)faithfully 4)waking
5)includes 6) schedule 7) sticking 8)priorities 9) set 10) respect Translation
1)They are exploring the new frontiers of medical science in an attempt to find remedies for
incurable diseases/ cures for diseases that are beyond remedy so far.
2)Her unique teaching methods apart, Ms Wilson, my math teacher, never tried to cram
knowledge into my head.
3)The regular weather forecast by the Central TV Station keeps us up with the changes of
weather wherever we go on a trip.
4)The appalling explosion started a big fire and caused the partial collapse of the building.
5)In the modern world, there are more ways than ever to waste away time, and all kinds of
distractions are eating into our precious time.
2. Today we are under constant pressure to work longer hours, to produce more, and to possess more. Lots of people hold the wrong perception that happiness lies in working hard and earning well/ good money.
Many women today feel the same stress to work and get ahead and, at the same time, to nurture their offspring and shoulder the burden of domestic responsibilities.
Research shows that workaholism tends to distance us from our immediate families. It forces us to toil longer and longer hours, leaving a minute fraction of our time to be physically and emotionally available to our loved ones. Intimacy among family members is doomed to die in the process.
I. 1) divined 2) nerves 3) solidarity 4) sacred, mourn 5) coated 6) perish 7) hijack 8) grief
9) farewell 10) take revenge on 11) revolves, revolves 12) denounced
1)drop …off 2)applied for 3) went off 4) are gaining on 5) bring down 6) blotted out
7)think back on 8) picking … at
1)brought down the American housing market in 2008
2)what will happen after his son steps into shoes
3)not in the mood to go out
4)long before the market began to show signs of weakness
5)mourn the loss of the tranquil life we had in the countryside
1)in the aftermath of , to blot out , the tragic
2)armed, at dusk, accomplices, explosive
3) in the space of, no illusion
1. a little of
2. a few , most of /many of
6. many of
7. much of
8. little 9. few of 10. some
1.As the boy grew older
2.She sings as beautifully as a nightingale/sings like a nightingale
3.they don’t see themselves, as servants of the people
4.As she had left her key in the office
5.Just do as you are told
6.Areas once regarded as rural
7.as they do in China
8.As he was brave and loyal as well
3. in the… aftermath of
7. take revenge on
8. thinking back on 9. mourning 10. perished
1.Some high-ranking officers of the armed forces started a coup, toppling the government
and throwing the country into chaos
2.The falling market shattered her illusion about getting rich quickly.
3.Thinking back on the history of the World War II, we can see that the formation of the
Allies was the natural product of the development of political and military circumstances then.
4.Paul felt stung when Jim called him a religious fanatic. But as he was in no mood for a
quarrel/not in a quarreling mood, he simply pretended not to hear it.
5.People say that time heals all wounds. But for those who have lost their loved ones in the
event, will time fill up the void in their hearts?
Today, long after the earthquake shook/hit my home town, I can still recall, in crystal detail, what I saw as I ran out of my home with parents. The building just across the street toppled right before our eyes, debris flew everywhere and a cloud of chocking dust blotted out the sun. Horror-stricken people ran in all directions, crying and screaming.
Now, many years after that tragic event, a new town has risen on the wreckage of the old one.
In the town square, a memorial has been built to remember those killed in the disaster. It seems the wounds in people’s hearts have healed, but the memory w ill linger.
Unit 8 Go Traveling
Part II Text A
1) Birds, insects and animals of all descriptions
2) The sweet air
3) Various kinds of trees and other plants
4) River abundant in fish
5) Little girls who liked to play with the writer's hair
6) Children singing lovely songs
7) Treating guests with wonderful foods
8) People and nature in harmony
1) heap 2) was smeared 3) warmed 4) dissolve 5) thrash 6) out of the way
7) hollows 8) tangle 9) get his hands on 10) opaque 11) at the edge of, illumined 12) hop
1) take ... apart 2) result from
3) run out of 4) feed on
5) come forward 6) woke up
7) focused on 8) settled over
1) After reading the book Little Women, Mary was dying to see the movie based on it.
2) Street noises do not penetrate to the 20th floor of our office building because as a rule, the sheer distance mutes all sound from the ground.
3) You will inevitably lose sight of the overall objective if you fuss too much over details.
4) Back at home from his long journey, Tom slumped into an armchair, (feeling) completely exhausted.
5) Dorothy Parker, an American poet and short-story writer, was reputed to be the wittiest woman of her time.
1) Thousands of people swarmed to the East Lake yesterday to watch the spectacular boat race between the world champions who paddled their boats like mad.
2) The Smiths live in the heart of a large forest, which is out of the range of all the noise of modern cities. The house itself, the ivy trailing over the stone walls and the swans gliding in the lake nearby all make for an ideal place for anyone to live in.
3) Day after day he came to the narrow strip of beach, watching the heaving waves of the sea slap angrily at the rocks of the shore.
II Confusable Words
1) worth 2) worthy 3) worthwhile 4) worth, worth 5) worthwhile 6) worthy
2. 1) lone 2) alone 3) alone 4) lonely 5) lonely 6) alone
1)are dying to
2)in the heart of
6)out of sight
1)Janet was just the kind of girl Mike knew he could trust, so he bared his heart to her on their first
2)At first the girls played on the fringe of the dark forest, now laughing, now screaming, but
before long they were out of sight.
3)The moment the football players disembarked from the plane, they saw a fleet of cars waiting
for their arrival.
4)Carson condemned his opponent for using misleading information to smear his character.
5)Alex gave the policeman a wallet stuffed with banknotes. He said he had found it on the curb
when he hopped off his school bus.
Last Wednesday my classmate Caroline and I visited Zhouzhuang, a well-known town looped all around by streams. When we arrived at the town, Caroline was so excited that she darted towards the first bridge she saw and began singing loudly there. Suddenly her voice hushed when she found that she had startled a flock of ducks not too far from us. Now as Caroline was dying for a boat ride, we decided to tour the town by boat. Now loud, now soft, Caroline talked to all the creatures in the stream and was fussing about everything while I looked at the boats gliding over the water in all silence. Though we did not see anything spectacular, we enjoyed every minute in the town that lies out of the range of the hea vy traffic and noise of the large city.
Zhouzhuang is worth visiting and, time permitting, I'd like to go there again.