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Unit One

Text A: Language Focus



1.1) respectable 2) agony 3) put..down 4) sequence 5) hold back 6) distribute

7) off and on 8) vivid 9) associate 10) finally 11) turn in 12) tackle

2.1) has been assigned to the newspaper’s Paris office.

2) was so extraordinary that I didn’t know whether to believe him or not

3) a clear image of how she would look in twenty years’ time

4) gave the command the soldiers opened fire.

5) buying bikes we’ll keep turning them out

3.1) reputation rigid to inspire 2) and tedious What’s more out of date ideas

3) compose career avoid showing hardly hold back

II. Synomyms


2. severe

3. agony

4. extraordinary

5. recall

6. command

7. was violating 8. anticipate

III. Collocation


2. For

3. Of

4. With

5. As

6. About

7. To

8. In in

9. From

10. On/upon

Comprehension Exercises



1)Hold back 2) tedious 3) scanned 4) recall 5) vivid 6) off and on

7) turn out/in 8) career


1)Last 2) surprise 3) pulled 4) blowing 5) dressed 6) scene

7) extraordinary 8) image 9) turn 10) excitement



1)As it was a formal dinner party, I wore formal dress, as Mother told me to.

2)His girlfriend advised him to get out of/get rid of his bad habit of smoking before it took


3)Anticipating that the demand for electricity will be high during the next few months,

they have decided to increase its production.

4)It is said that Bill has been fired for continually violating the company’s safety

rules./Bill is said to have been fired for continually violating the company’s safety


5)It’s reported that the government has taken proper measures to avoid the possibility of a

severe water shortage. /The local government is reported to have taken proper

measures to avoid the possibility of a severe water shortage.


Susan lost her legs because of/in a car accident. For a time, she didn’t know how to face up to the fact that she would never (be able to) walk again.

One day, while scanning (through) some magazines, a true story caught her eye/she was attracted by a true story. It gave a vivid description of how a disabled girl became a writer.

Greatly inspired, Susan began to feel that she, too, would finally be able to lead a useful life.

Text B:

Comprehension Check









Language Practice


2.1) resigned 2)expectation 3)have maintained 4)represents 5)exception

6)was awarded 7)plus 8)make it 9)delicate 10)innocent 11)compare to


Unit Two:

Text A: Language Focus



1 1) absolutely 2) available 3) every now and then 4) are urging/urged

5) destination 6) mostly 7) hangs out 8) right away 9) reunion

10) or something 11) estimate 12) going ahead

21) in the examination was still on his mind.

2) was completely choked up by the sight of his team losing in the final minutes of the


3) was so lost in study that she forget to have dinner.

4) has come up and I am afraid I won’t be able to accomplish the project on time

5) of equipping the new hospital was estimated at $2 million.

31) were postponed the awful is estimated

2) referee not available am kind of

3) not much of a teacher skips go ahead

II. Collocation


2. For

3. At

4. From

5. In

6. To on

7. On

8. with

III. Usage

1.More or less

2. Kind of/sort of

3. Something

4. Kind of/sort of

5. More or less

6. or something

Comprehension Exercises



1)choked up 2) awful 3) practically 4) neighborhood 5) correspondence 6) available

7) destination 8) reunion 9) Mostly 10) postponing 10) absolutely


1)how 2) savings 3) embarrassment 4) phone 5) interrupted 6) touch

7) envelope 8) signed 9) message 10) needed

II. Translation

1. Sentence

1) Half an hour had gone by, but the last bus hadn’t come yet. We had to walk home.

2) Mary looks as if she is very worried about the Chinese exam because she hasn’t learned the texts by heart.

3) Since the basketball match has been postponed, we might as well visit the museum

4) He stayed in Australia with his parents all the way through World War II.

5) Since I graduated from Nanjing University in 1985, I have kind of lost touch with my classmates.


It is not easy to keep in touch with friends when they are far away. This is certainly true in my case.

It has been a couple of years since I left my old neighborhood and all the friends I had there. I’ve been meaning to write to them but something or other comes up and I just don’t seem to find the time. They are always on my mind. However, and I think I will certainly make an effort to keep up correspondence with them in future.

Text B:

Comprehension Check










Language Practice


2.1)stuff 2)despair 3)was peering /peered 4)soaked 5)swung

6)in good shape 7)extent 8)rescue 9)draw on 10)Worse still 11)burst into


Unit Three:

Text A: Language Focus



1.1) brief 2) in terms of 3) cut 4) tend 5) anyway 6) precise 7) in the form of

8) initiative 9) convey 10) in two minds 11) concept 12) grasp

2. 1) has ensured their team a place in the Cup Final.

2) medical workers’ responsibility to heal the wounded and rescue the dying.

3) entertain as well as educate the learner

4) can do without air and water.

5) is likely to be held in June.

5.1) lies in contact between 2) basis of is likely sufficient at the moment

3)the steady ensures will be highly

II. word Formation









III. Antonyms



2.1) majority 2)accepted 3)increased 4)weaknesses 5)local 6)late 7)wrong 8)false

Comprehension Exercises



1)highly 2)bring …about 3)evident 4) rate 5) sufficient 6) put across 7)proportion

8)Hence 9)ensure


1)understand 2)travel 3)practical 4)use 5)Another 6)likely 7)affect 8)developments 9)supply 10)Someday



1) As is predicted by scientists, global pollution has become one of the most serious problems humans are face with.

2) Competition for these jobs is very tough --- we have five times as many applicants this year as we did last year / there are five times as many applicants this year as there were lat year.

3) As the facts show, educational programs need to fit into the national plan for economic development.

4) The car burns too much gas, and moreover, the price is almost twice as much as I intend to pay.

5) To understand a great international event, we, first of all, need to consider the historical and political background to it.


It is hard to imagine how our forefathers could do without so many conveniences that modern technology has brought about. Back then only a small proportion of the population enjoyed the comforts of life. The majority didn’t even have sufficient food, not to speak of / let alone the privilege of being educated. However, many people blame modern technology for creating so many problems. They want to slow down the rate of progress. But no one can put the clock back.

Text B:

Comprehension Check

1-6: daccab










Language Practice

1.1)frustrating 2)conclusions 3)amount 4)evaluating 5)process

6)step by step 7)Organic 8)deadline

2. 1)outcome 2)yield 3)worn down 4)professional 5)proposed 6)Somehow 7)bulk

8)challenges 9)published 10)victims 11)submit 12)compare…with…

Unit Four:

Text A: Language Focus


I.B lank-filling

1)wreck 2) balance 3)approaching 4)handle 5) discard 6)Above all

7)diet 8)do with 9)checked on 10) cleaned up 11)weekly 12)principles

2.1)to look for survivors were abandoned after it had been/was determined that all the people in

the sunken ship had died.

2)was amazed that Bob left a well-paid job to travel around the world.

3)for a loan has been turned down by many a bank as her business is small and she could

provide no guarantee.

4) express her thoughts with precision, so people often misunderstand her.

5)will weaken our determination to modernize our country in the shortest possible time.

3.1)for sale hunting for be amazed by

2)become skilled handle their loans

3)character by calling on he passed away

II. Confusable Words

5.1)personal 2)personnel

6.1)sometime 2)Sometimes 3)some time 4)sometime

III. Euphemism


Comprehension Exercises



1)sponsored 2)determination 3)turned…away 4)assumed 5)capacity 6) skilled

7)loan 8)character 9)hunting 10)for sale 11)send for


1)save 2)recent 3)modest 4)grow 5)dream 6)immigrants 7)business

8)engineering 9) invest 10)rich

II.Correcting Non-standard English

a)“Mr. Craw, snow pretty soon,”

Correction: “Mr. Crawford, it’s going to snow pretty soon,”

b)“When winter come, you give me job clearing snow at the factory.”

Correction:”When winter comes, please give me the job of clearing snow at the factory.”

c)“I like a buy a house.”

Correction: “I’d like to buy a house.”

d)“Mr. Craw, I sell my house!”

Correction: “Mr. Crawford, I’ve sold my house!”

5. “Mr. Craw, I buy a farm.”

Correction: “Mr. Crawford, I’ve bought a farm.”



1) It is reported that UN mediators have worked out a plan which they hope will be acceptable to both sides.

2) Doris walked in the forest cautiously, afraid of being attacked by giant snakes.

3) Earthquakes, typhoons and other natural disasters cannot be prevented, but action can be taken to protect life and property.

4) I bought a new issue of my favorite sports magazine and hurried home, anxious to amuse myself reading it.

5) Helen lacks confidence. I’ve never known anyone so unsure of herself.


After graduating from college, Tony decided to start his own business. At the beginning, many a bank turned down his request for a loan. But he was not a bit discouraged, and continued to call on one banker after another seeking help. Impressed by his determination and optimism, one banker finally agreed to loan him the money. Now he has become a wealthy businessman. Talking about his amazing achievement, Tony says that it is important to create rather than wait for opportunities.

Text B:

Comprehension Check

1-6: abdcbd









Language Practice

1.1) immigrants 2)environment 3)quit 4)show up 5)prospect 6)search for 7)illegal


2.1)risked 2)response 3)put up with 4)acquired 5)deserved 6)reserved

7)stood a chance of 8)former 9)rare 10)impressed 11)temporary 12)make ends meet

Test Yourself (Units 1-4)

Part I Writing

Part II Reading Comprehension

1-7 CABDADC 8. You’re interested in others. 9. Secrets

10. Make sacrifices of your time and energy.

Part III Listening Comprehension


Section B 26-35: DBDBCCCCAB

Section C 36)flash 37)board 38)airport 39)wandered 40)pages

41)fall 42)pleasant 43)covers

44) I learned who I was and who I wanted to be, what I might achieve, and what I might dare to dream about my world and myself

45) I am the sort of person who prefers to stay at home, surrounded by family, friends, and books

46) It turns out that when my younger self thought of taking wing, she wanted only to let her spirit soar.

Part IV Reading Comprehension

Section A 47-56: AKIEBJMFGD

Section B 57-66: CCDABBBCAB

Part V. Cloze


Part VI Translation

87. tried hard to keep in touch with him

88. saw people distributing advertisements and sample products

89. must have been completely lost in what he was reading

90. has the responsibility to educate the youth

91. humans and animals are far less different than we usually assume

An unforgettable Lesson

In my grade school days, some of my classmates and I would spend our lunch money at the store close to the school. After the meal, we’d walk around, talking and laughing for the rest of the lunch hour. A girl named Nancy was usually with us. But on that particular day she wasn’t there, and as we chatted away, we ended up talking about Nancy. Since opinions about her all seemed to be negative, I added, “Nancy isn’t very smart, either. She’s always asking others for their homework.”

When she saw me the next day, Nancy asked, “Did you say you thought I wasn’t very smart?” As I stood there looking Nancy in the face, I wished a thousand times that I could take ask my cruel words. As I began to answer Nancy’s question I experienced the worst feeling that I had ever had up to that point in my life.

In an apologetic voice I answered, “Yes, Nancy, I said it. But I’m truly sorry.”Nancy accepted my apology. But that day as I stood there, with my heart in my throat, I learned a lesson: Never say anything about someone that you wouldn’t want them to hear.

Unit Five:

Text A: Language Focus



1.1)monthly 2)acquaintances 3)classic 4)look… in the eye 5)manufactured 6)options

7)finance 8)replacement 9)survived 10)pick…out 11)married 12)grabbed at

2. 1)survived a car crash that killed both her parents.

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