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全新版大学英语综合教程2(第二版)课后练习答案

Unit1 Ways of Learning Vocabulary

I

1.

1)insert

2)on occasion

3)investigate

4)In retrospect 5)initial

6)phenomena

7)attached

8)make up for

9)is awaiting

10)not; in the least

11)promote

12)emerged

2.

1) a striking contrast between the standards of living in the north of the

country and the south.

2)is said to be superior to synthetic fiber.

3)as a financial center has evolved slowly.

4)is not relevant to whether he is a good lawyer.

5)by a little-known sixteen-century Italian poet have found their way into

some English magazines.

3.

1)be picked up; can’t accomplish; am exaggerating

2)somewhat; the performance; have neglected; they apply to

3)assist; On the other hand; are valid; a superior

II

1.

1)continual

2)continuous 3)continual

4)continuous

2.

1)principal

2)principal

3)principle 4)principles

5)principal

III

1.themselves

2.himself/herself

3.herself/by herself/on her own

4.itself

5.ourselves

6.yourself/by yourself/on your own

Comprehensive Exercises I.cloze

1.

(1)contrast

(2)exaggerating (3)priority

(4)on the other

hand

(5)promoting

(6)pick up

(7)assist

(8)accomplish (9)occasion

(10)n eglecting

(11)w orthwhile

(12)s uperior

2.

(1)end

(2)perform

(3)facing

(4)competent (5)equipped

(6)designed

(7)approach

(8)rest

(9)definitely

(10)q uality

II.translation

1.

(1)It takes an enormous amount of courage to make a departure from the

tradition.

(2)Tom used to be very shy, but this time he was bold enough to give a

performance in front of a large audience.

(3)Many educators think it desirable to foster the creative spirit in the child

at an early age.

(4)Assuming this painting really is a masterpiece, do you think it’s

worthwhile to buy it?

(5)If the data is statistically valid, it will throw light on the problem we are

investigating.

2.

To improve our English, it is critical to do more reading, writing, listening and speaking. Besides, learning by heart as many well-written essays as possible is also very important. Without an enormous store of good English writing in your head you cannot express yourself freely in English. It is also helpful to summarize our experience as we go along, for in so doing, we can figure out which way of learning is more effective and will produce the most desirable result. As long as we keep working hard on it, we will in due course accomplish the task of mastering English.

Unit2 Values

Vocabulary

I

1.

1)abrupt

2)emotional

3)bless

4)wear and tear 5)dated

6)consequences

7)seemingly

8)in contrast to

9)Curiosity

10)genuine

11)primarily

12)sentiments

2.

.

1)confronted with more than one problem, try to solve the easiest one first.

2)vital to the existence of all forms of life.

3)some confusion among the students about what to do after class to follow up on the

subject.

4)nothing more than a job and an apartment to be happy.

5)tickled him to think that she’d come to ask his advice

3.

1) a lingering; fabricating; sentiments

2)fill out; every item; vital; consequences

3)be denied; tangible; cherish; attain

II

1.It is a long trip and will take us five hours by bus.

2.She arrived early and took a front row seat.

3.Don’t take me for a fool.

4.It takes a lot of imagination to fabricate such a story.

5.My uncle will take me (along on his trip) to the Arctic this summer.

6.He took the dinner plate I passed to him.

7.Kevin took second prize in the weight-lifting competition.

8.If you don’t take my advice, you will regret it.

III

1.hanging

2.to give

3.to return

4.being praised

5.not having written

6.to say

7.to open

8.being helped

Comprehensive Exercises I.cloze

1.

(1)well-off/affluent

(2)dated

(3)falling into

(4)bracket (5)deny

(6)tangible

(7)pursuit

(8)cherishes

(9)out of place

(10)a brupt

(11)f ocus

(12)d onations

2.

(1)consume

(2)fueled

(3)annual

(4)plain (5)physically

(6)security

(7)indicates

(8)equally

(9)traditional

(10)f ollow

III. Translation

1.

1)The company denied that its donations had a commercial purpose.

2)Whenever he was angry, he would begin to stammer slightly.

3)Education is the most cherished tradition in our family. That’s why my

the best private school.

4)Shortly after he recovered from the surgery, he lost his job and thus had

to go through another difficult phase of his life.

5)In contrast to our affluent neighbors, my parents are rather poor, but

they have always tried to meet our minimal needs.

2.

With more and more donations coming in, our university will be much better off financially next year. We will thus be able to focus on the most important task that we, educators, must take on: to encourage students to attain their scholarly/academic goals, to train them to be dependable and responsible individuals, to prepare them for the life ahead, and to guide them in their pursuit of spiritual as well as material satisfaction.

Unit3 The Generation Gap Vocabulary

I

1.

1)typical

2)dumb

3)junior

4)glorious 5)welfare

6)came over

7)interference

8)fading

9)narrowed down

10)frank

11)schemes

12)at any rate

2.

1)consists of five generals and four police officers.

2)will be in a location overlooking the lake.

3)was humiliated by her comments about my family background in front

of so many people.

4)have any proof that it was Henry who stole the computer?

5)was exhausted after the long cycle ride.

3.

1)hysterical; was handed down by; should have known better than

2)twisted; over and over; talented son

3)patience; not to keep him in suspense; assured; repeatedly

II.Collocation

1.adequate

2.anxious

3.certain

4.content

5.crazy

6.likely

7.fortunate

8.keen

https://www.sodocs.net/doc/9f2893641.html,age

1.be admitted

2.live

3.be postponed

4.buy

5.be banned

6.be Comprehensive Exercises

I.cloze

1.

(1)typical

(2)welfare

(3)constant

(4)frank

(5)talent

(6)dumb (7)know better than that

(8)repeatedly

(9)dread

(10)i nterference

(11)b et

(12)a ssure

2.

(1)despite

(2)really

(3)same

(4)contact (5)admitted

(6)attempt

(7)not

(8)tend

(9)different

(10)m anner

II.Translation

1.

(1)Have scientists found proof of water on Mars?

(2)The planning committee has narrowed down the possible locations for

the nuclear power plant to two coastal towns.

(3)Sam not only lost his job but also both legs; he had to live on welfare for

the rest of his life.

(4) A jury consisting of 12 members voted in unison that Mary was guilty.

(5)Sean felt humiliated to hear his talent being questioned.

2.

George, the son of Mr. Johnson, liked listening to heavy metal music in the evenings, which made it hard for other residents in the community to fall asleep. Eventually the exhausted neighbors lost their patience and decided on direct interference. They called Mr. Johnson to tell him in a frank manner what they were thinking. Mr. Johnson assured them that he would certainly settle the issue. As soon as he put down the phone he scolded his son, “What has come over you? You should know better than to disturb others for your own amusement.” In the end George traded his CD’s for computer games software from his classmates.

Unit4 The Virtual World Vocabulary

I

1)conversely

2)but then

3)symptom

4)spitting 5)abusing

6)tone

7)took; in

8)editing

9)have arranged

10)in sight

11)stretched

12)data

2.

1)smoking cigarettes jars on me.

2)find themselves getting sucked in.

3)has arranged for a technician from the computer store to check and

repair it.

4)fled their country to avoid military service/fled to other countries to

avoid military service.

5)restore people’s confidence in it.

3.

1)the virtual; on line; via

2)nightmare; routine; any appointment; arrange for

3)cue; remarks; his tune

II.Collocation

1.We came here all the way on foot.

2.Private cars are not allowed on campus.

3.They are on vacation in Florida.

4.Mary has been talking to her friend on the phone for an hour.

5.Don’t worry, Lucy is always on time.

6.Industrial demand on fuel is on the rise.

https://www.sodocs.net/doc/9f2893641.html,age

1.hard

2.difficult

3.impossible

4.tough

5.hard

6.easy

Comprehensive Exercises

I.cloze

1.

(1)Internet

(2)click

(3)virtual

(4)routines

(5)arrange

(6)nightmare (7)annoying

(8)connection

(9)crawls

(10)t ake in

(11)s pit

(12)d ata

(13)s ucked into

(14)A t times

(15)f lee

(16)o n line

(1)companion

(2)deliver

(3)access

(4)enables (5)customers

(6)delights

(7)provides

(8)small

(9)remote

(10)i nformation

II.Translation

1.

1)Research shows that laughter can bring a lot of health benefits.

2) A show Internet connection speed is really annoying.

3)As the law stands, helping someone commit suicide is a crime.

4)In her report, Mary tries to interpret the data from a completely

different angle.

5)Sue is a girl of great talent. Her amazing memory sets her apart from her

classmates.

2.

Perhaps you envy me for being able to work from home on the computer. I agree that the Internet has made my job a lot easier. I can write, submit and edit articles via email, chat with my colleagues on line and discuss work with my boss. With a click of the mouse, I can get all the data I need and keep up with the latest news. But then, communicating through the Net can be frustrating at times. The system may crash. Worse still, without the emotional cues of face-to-face communication, the typed words sometimes seem difficult to interpret.

Unit5 Overcoming Obstacles Vocabulary

I

1.

1)startled

2)mere

3)motion

4)sweating

5)stretched out 6)vain

7)On the occasion

8)anxiety

9)emotions

10)ashamed of

11)In my mind’s

eye

12)recurring

2.

1)coincides with her husband’s.

2)sends the prices soaring/results in the soaring of prices.

3)of alternate sunshine and rain.

4)have been his lifelong passions, although he studied economics at

university.

5)Tension came over her

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