Thanks to advanced technology, the film about the ancient battle gives the audience the illusion of being on the battlefield themselves.
2. 在那场大火中，整个古城毁于一旦，但是这块石碑却幸运地保存了下来。（devastate）That ancient city was devastated by the fire, but fortunately the stone tablet survived.
The videotape and the story by the woman filled them with sympathy for the child who had become an orphan in the earthquake.
In that earthquake, we heard many stories of teachers who had refused to leave their students behind and laid down their lives.
The construction of the Yu Yuan Garden began in 1558, but it was not completed until 1578 because building went off and on for lack of money.
6. 1980年我遇到她时，她刚从国外读完硕士回来。（meet up with）
In 1980, when I met up with her, she had just returned from abroad with a master’s degree.
It was my first visit to New York, but I managed to find my way to the little firm.
It is hard to make it to the top in the movie industry, but as a director Xie Jin did it.
1. 如今很多爱慕虚荣的年轻人，尽管还不富裕，但却迷上了漂亮的小汽车。（vain, be obsessed with）
Many vain young people are obsessed with fancy cars despite the fact that they are not yet rich enough to afford them.
2．当他的婚外恋被妻子发现后，他们的婚姻终于破裂了。（affair, fall apart）
Their marriage finally fell apart when his affair with another woman was found out by his wife.
3.那位艺术家为了获得创作的灵感，在农村住了三年，放弃了生活上的许多享受。(inspiration, deny oneself something)
For artistic inspiration, the artist lived in the country for three years, where he denied himself many comforts of life.
4．我不知道明天去崇明岛的远足活动能不能成行，因为这要取决于会不会下雨。(excursion, at the mercy of)
I’m not sure if we can have the excursion to Chongming Island tomorrow. It is
at the mercy of the weather.
When he was young he went to Japan to learn medicine, but after he returned to China he changed his mind and pursued a career as a writer all his life.
6．她最近和足以做她父亲的老头好上了，这使她父母感到非常丢脸。（take up with, disgrace）
She’s taken up with a man old enough to be her father, which is a disgrace to her parents.
7．1978年以来，我国经济发展神速，相比之下，一些发达国家的经济反而滑坡了。（witness, contrast）Since 1978, our economy has witnessed a rapid development; in contrast that of some developed countries has declined.
8．地震切断了这个城市和外界的联系。人们的食品供应也许捱不过冬天了。（hold out) The earthquake isolated this city from other areas. I’m afraid their food supplies will not hold out through the winter.
1. 那些粉丝在雨中苦苦等了足足两个小时，这位“超女”才到达。（show up）
The fans waited anxiously in the rain for two hours before the “super girl” finally showed up.
2. 他们恋爱八年，经历了种种苦难，才终成良缘。（go through）
They have been in love for eight years, and they went through many agonies before they finally got married.
3．I was upset by the loss of my wallet, but I could only console myself—it could have been worse. What if I had lost my passport at the airport?
Given his age and inexperience / Given that he was young and inexperienced, his performance in his first movie was excellent.
Every time he left on business, the manager would authorize his assistant to act for him, as the business of the company couldn’t wait.
The poor old man did not have much to eat but he kept healthy because he believed in the benefit of doing exercise.
Of all the ancient civilizations, only that of China has endured through the ages and is still full of vitality.
8．和许多其他作家一样，这位青年作家主要叙写爱情这个永恒的主题，他的出众之处在于他对中国农村生活的深刻体验。（focus, set apart）
Like many other writers, this young writer focuses on the eternal theme of love. What sets him apart from others is his keen observations of rural life in China. Unit4
Children may swim here provided that they are accompanied by adults
This American journalist made a fool of himself over his remarks about China, because he’s been out of touch with what’s been happening in the country in the past three decades.
Every person has the right to education, regardless of his or her family background, sex, and age.
The invention of the Internet, despite the fact that it has given rise to some problems, has greatly facilitated almost every aspect of our life, including education, medicine, and business.
Never overlook your travel insurance when you are planning to spend you holiday abroad; otherwise you might find yourself in great trouble if any accident should occur.
In the movie that billionaire was faced with a dilemma---either divorce his wife, who would then carve out half of his financial empire, or murder her at the risk of being found out by the police.
As the husband lost his job in the financial crisis, the new couple had to cut down on a lot of things---furniture, clothes, records, books, and so on.
8.三十多年前，文革刚刚结束，邓小平告诉全国人民，中国唯一的出路就是改革开放。Over thirty years ago, right after the Cultural Revolution, Deng Xiaoping told the people that the only way out lay in reform and opening up to the outside world. Unit5
1. 这位电影演员比大多数人更愿意帮助残疾人，因为他自己十年前曾中过风。（be inclined to）
This film actor is more inclined than most people to help the handicapped because he himself suffered a stroke ten years ago.
The old man is afflicted with rheumatism, but he still goes jogging and mountain-climbing every day.
3. 美国金融制度中的一些缺陷始终没有得到足够的重视，最终酿成了灾难性的后果。（lead to）
Some of the flaws in the American financial system, which had never received due attention， eventually led to disastrous consequences.
He held on to his shares of that company when the prices were dropping sharply
last year. Now he has made a fortune.
Just dismiss the idea from your mind — it’s crazy and not worth thinking about at all.
We were all set to leave for the holiday in New York when the 9/11 incident shook the whole world.
If you think I have a magic formula to solve the problem, you are bound to be disillusioned.
That Japanese company succeeded in penetrating the US TV market.
Our group was assigned to decorate the garden while the others were preparing the food in the kitchen.
2. 那位年轻人在战场上意外地遇到失散已久的兄弟，惊喜不已。（out of the blue）
On the battlefield the young man was delighted to meet a long-lost brother who came out of the blue.
Who has used up the milk? There is none to put in my coffee.
Rumor has it that this painting is fake and that the original one was stolen three years ago.
5. 你单枪匹马也许不能改变什么，但是我们大家一起努力，我们国家的面貌就会大不相同。（make a difference）
One person may not be able to change much, but working together we’ll be able to make great difference to our country.
Many burglaries took place because the owner failed to take the precaution of locking their doors and windows.
7. 为了避免爆发内战，这位部长飞到前线，和暴乱分子谈判。（in an effort to）
The minister flew to the front to negotiate with the rioters in an effort to prevent
a civil war.
I assumed you knew each other because I saw you talking with each other at the party.
1. 他因急性阑尾炎住院治疗，结果连期末考试都没参加。（with the result that）
He was hospitalized with acute appendicitis, with the result that he missed the final examination.
2. 前来听讲座的人数远远超出原来的计划，分发给大家的讲义不够了。（go round）
As many more people came to the lecture than expected, there were not enough handouts to go round.
No matter what a long / busy day he may have, he makes a point of checking his e-mail inbox before going to bed.
4.世界各国都有失业问题，但各国政府处理这个问题的方法不尽相同。（handle）Unemployment is found in all countries in the world, but governments vary in their way to handle the problem.
5.第一次来到异国的人往往会感到自己周围的一切既陌生，又有趣。（be apt to）
Anyone who has come to a foreign country for the first time is apt to find everything around him both strange and interesting.
The football fans were very disappointed at the performance of the players of both teams.
7.他的话，你得好好想一想，千万不要他说什么你就信什么。（take at face value）Never take what he says at face value. Think it over yourself.
The doctor’s words removed his fears about the operation.
1.经过几个月的讨价还价，这两家公司最后达成了一个解决方案，这个方案实质上就是我们最初的建议。（come up with）
After months of negotiation, the two companies finally came up with a solution, which was in essence our original proposal.
2.这个非洲部落的人民对于月亮的崇拜，就和我们的祖先对太阳的崇拜差不多。(in the same way that)
The people of that African tribe worship the moon in much the same way that our ancestors worshipped the sun.
It is still a puzzle as to how the ancient Egyptian pyramids were built over 4,000 years ago. Some people speculate that they were built by supernatural beings. 4.非法使用劣势建筑材料最终导致了宾馆的倒塌。(result in)
The illegal use of inferior building materials eventually resulted in the collapse of the hotel.
At present, many countries are taking action to mitigate the impact of the financial crisis on their economy.
The couple finally divorced after years of incessant quarrels, which had resulted from a lack of understanding.
The governments of the two countries agreed to set up a military hotline to reduce the risk of war due to incorrect information.
8.有些中国学生在美国的大学里不大成功，因为他们没能适应那里的新环境。（adapt）Some Chinese students were not very successful in American universities because
they failed to adapt to the new environment there.
1.1935年10月，中国红军历尽苦难和牺牲，最后终于到达了陕北。（endure，make one’s way to）
In October 1935, the Chinese Red Army, having endured through all hardships and sacrifices, finally made their way to the north of Shanxi province.
In the economic crisis, the government released a statement, calling upon the people to buy the local products as many as possible.
The statesmen in various countries are trying to harness nuclear energy and restore
a safe environment for the human race.
He didn’t hear the doorbell because he was rapt in his work.
This country suffers from frequent riots because of widespread extreme poverty, as well as people’s inherent distrust of the corrupt government.
In his lecture on the current economic situation, the economist used a lot of figures on the PPT to underline the seriousness of the crisis.
7.他笑着回答说：“不用谢。我做这件事不光是为了你，也是为了我自己。（as much as）He answered with a smile, “Not at all. I did this as much for you as for myself.”
A man is measured not by what he says, but by what he does for his country and people.