1.4 Speech by Wang Guangya at Princeton University
Ladies and Gentlemen,
I am honored to be invited to your seminar tonight. For me, for my colleagues and for many other Chinese, Princeton has long been a familiar name. With a history longer than the country, it has produced many outstanding people, Woodrow Wilson, the 28th US president, Albert Einstein, the great scientist, and T. S. Eliot, the famous poet, to name but a few. As former president Bill Clinton said in 1996 at the celebr ations for the 250th anniversary of Princeton, “At every pivotal moment in American history, Princeton, its leadership, faculty and its students have played a crucial role.”
I am more pleased to learn that all of you have a keen interest in China. Though our two countries are geographically far apart, we have a great deal in common in the everyday life. While many Chinese enjoy Hollywood movies and McDonald’s fast food, many Americans find that their clothes and daily necessities are made in China.
I hop e that today’s seminar will help you gain a better understanding of China and its foreign policy, thus deepening further our friendship and cooperation.
4.4 Preserve core values of the Lunar New Year
To people of Chinese descent around the world, the Lunar New Year (also called Spring Festival) is undoubtedly the most important festival of the year. Dating back 3,000 years, it celebrates the passing of a peaceful year and welcomes a new year.
The reunion dinner, eaten on New Year’s Eve, is the most special, with members of the extended family gathering for the most significant meal of the year. Even the absent members will endeavor to return home in time for it. It underscores the supreme importance of the family in Chinese culture, and aims at strengthening the sense of togetherness and cohesion.
The way people celebrate the New Year embodies two important core values. The first value is the sense of family togetherness; members of multi-generation families are all there to have a big reunion dinner. Everyone will follow this custom. The female members are always held responsible for preparing the dinner, and some rich families may take on extra hands. The second value lies in the happy visits mutually made between friends and relatives, a good way to strengthen kinship and friendship.
However, economic development has resulted in some changes in lifestyles. After a busy year, people are tired of preparing for the reunion dinner, and would rather hold their reunion dinner in posh restaurants, despite the exorbitant costs. The festival door-to door visits have given way to New Year greetings via telephone or text messages. Some families even go to such extremes as to travel and seek temporary refuge in a hotel so as to avoid being visited.
Some tradition-minded people regard the reunion dinner and visits to relatives and close friends during the New Year as core values, without which the holiday would lose much of its significance. Some pessimists contend that, as the popularity of western culture grows, Chinese traditional festivals gradually lose their original meaning and degenerate into commercial festivals like Christmas.
The Spring Festival is an important part of the Chinese cultural heritage, and it will continue to be celebrated. The modes of celebration may change, but the core value should be sustained: that of respect for kinship and friendship.
5.3 Premier Wen’s Speech at the Opening Ceremony of the 15th General Assembly Session of the World Tourism Organization
Mr. Francesco Frangialli, Secretary-General of the World Tourism Organization, Ms. Louise Frechette, Deputy Secretary-General of the United Nations,
All Delegates, ladies and gentlemen,
At this October time when Beijing is offering us its charming autumn scenery in the fresh air and clearest weather, the 15th General Assembly Session of the World Tourism Organization is officially opened here. On behalf of the Chinese government, I would like to extend our sincere welcome to all the guests here and to express our warm congratulations on the convening of this session.//
Tourism is a nice and pleasant activity that combines sightseeing, recreation and health care. Tourism has been developing all along with the progress of the times. Since the middle of the 20th century, modern tourism has been growing at a fast pace around the world. The number of tourists has ever been on the rise, the scale of the tourism industry has been in constant expansion, and the position of tourism in the economy has clearly risen. Tourism serves gradually as an important bridge of cultural exchange, friendship and further exchanges, and exerts more and more extensive influence on the human life and social progress among various countries. // As a country with a civilization with a long history, China is also a big oriental country full of modern vitality, not to mention its unique, rich and varied tourism resources. Besides the picturesque natural scenery, profound history and extensive culture, China embodies the different folk customs of 56 nationalities. Currently, there are 29 places that have been listed as World Cultural and Natural Heritage sites. Thanks to the further push by the opening up and reform, China’s mo dern construction is surging ahead, and the cities and the country are experiencing daily changes. The ancient glory of China and its modern boom add radiance and charm to each other, joining to create most favorable conditions for developing our domestic and international tourism. //
The first 20 years of the 21 century represent an important strategic period for China to achieve the all-round construction of a well-off society and to speed up its socialist modernization. It also provides a favorable time for the further development of China’s tourism industry. We shall promote tourism as an important industry in China’s national economy, properly protect and utilize our tourism resources and try to achieve sustainable tourism development. The Chinese government welcomes all international friends to visit China. We shall do our best to protect their health and safety; and at the same time encourages more Chinese people to go abroad for visits. We are ready to develop extensive cooperation with other counties and contribute to global tourism growth.//
For many years, the World Tourism Organization has made active and effective efforts for the promotion of tourism prosperity and development around the globe. The World Tourism Organization has become a specialized agency of the United Nations. We would like to offer our sincere congratulations. We believe this WTO General Assembly session will give a major push to the further prosperity and development of tourism in the world.//
Finally, I wish the 15th General Assembly Session of the World Tourism Organization every success.
6.5 HIV/AIDS disease prevention
B: Well, in China, HIV/AIDS has become a very serious problem related to social development. There have been cases of people being accidentally infected with
HIV/AIDS, through accepting polluted blood from hospitals, babies acquiring the disease from their mothers, having improper sexual relationships. From the time we discovered the first AIDS patient in 1985, our country has entered a period of rapid development in AIDS infections. Experts estimate that more than 900,000 people had been infected with HIV by the end of last year. If we don’t take some efficient measures, this number will double by 2010.
B: First, because of poverty, people lack education and information about the prevention of HIV/AIDS. Second, ignorance. People do not pay much attention to this problem. Third, they lack proper resources, things like training, money and information. According to reports, we still do not have an efficient medicine to cure HIV/AIDS.
B: We have already got very strong support from the international community, especially on the technical side. And on the domestic front, we recognize that making our people understand and raising their awareness is very important. So, common sense, health education and behavioral changes are the only way for people to avoid HIV infection.
A: 贵国政府在发布警报及增强公众对艾滋病传播危险性的认识方面一直都在怎么做？特别是在农村地区？您认为要解决这个问题还应该进一步做什么？B: Firstly, I think the government should improve our monitoring system, and secondly, NGOs should try their best to mobilize all the resources we can use to help the people, especially people at the grass roots and the rural areas, to let them know the terrible results of spreading the disease and how to prevent HIV/AIDS. I think we should do more advocacy work among the people.
B: Thank you.
现在，我荣幸地邀请希腊共和国总统宣布第28届现代奥林匹克运动会开幕。7.5 The Olympic flame illuminates Beijing
June 8-9, 2004: history shall forever remember the date. The Olympic Flame came down to China’s Divine Land with mankind’s yearning for peace, friendship, civilization and progress and with the Greek people’s friendship for the Chinese people. rom Travling from Olympia to the Great Wall, the blazing Olympic torch has brought the Olympic spirit to Beijing, and, after illuminating Chinese people’s desire for peace, their wish for participation and their appreciation of the Olympic spirit, the torch has traveled across the five continents to every corner of the earth with the Chinese people’s hearty blessing.
With the centennial impressiveness of the Olympics and the millennial civilization of Chinese history, the Olympic Flame has tied closely together Beijing and Athens, the Chinese people and the people of other countries.
Wherever the torch went, the TV cameras focused on were like unfolding one by one our beautiful picture rolls of unique traditional eastern culture. Beijing, built more than 3,000 years ago and regarded as the ancient oriental capital for over 850 years, continually radiates its charm, to be found along the wide streets and narrow lanes, between the high buildings and large mansions. Its primitive simplicity and latest modernity, its dignity and vigor reflect Beijing’s greater openness, display the
Chinese nation’s progress and civilization, how the people live actively and optimistically, enjoy their lifestyles and yearn for the Olympics, and present the Chinese people’s passionate longing and prepari ng for the 2008 Beijing Olympic games. Not only in Beijing, but also in Qingdao, the co-host city and sub-site for competition for the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games, the people, in their own way, express their warm welcome to the Flame, with countless sails plowing through the blue sea and numerous drums sounding loudly together on the sandy beaches.
On August 29th, Beijing will take over the Olympic flag from Athens. From that moment onward, the attention of the whole world will be focused on Beijing and its preparatory work will be arranged according to a new schedule. We will carry out all the preparations to the highest standard, with the highest quality and at the highest level. We will realize far more widely and deeply the ideals of a “Green, Hi-tech, People’s Olympics”.
We believe that, with the supports of the IOC, of friends in their countries, of overseas Chinese, of our Party Central Committee and State Council and of the whole Chinese people, we are sure to bring into effect the strategic blueprint of “New Beijing, Great Olympics”, and we are sure to dedicate to the world these Olympic Games which will perfectly embody the Olympic ideal and spirit.
May the Olympic Flame blaze forever.
We hope to meet in 2008 in Beijing.
May the Olympic torch be handed down from generation to generation.
May the Olympic spirit be promoted around the world.
The term, nanotechnology, may not sound unfamiliar anymore. It has become a buzzword within the hi-tech community, but when asked what’s it about and its impact on our life, I’m afraid many people are not able to answer right away. As a matter of fact, it’s already a part of daily life for many. The promise of nanotechnology is almost unlimited.Some may think nanotechnology is all in the future; however, that’s not the cause. In the United States, nano trousers are already on sale. They feel like ordinary cotton trousers but there’s a th in nano layer, which resists spills and stains. So, if you spill your drink, it just runs off. The trousers don’t even get damp. Nano trousers are just one application of the technology. Nano can be used to produce almost anything you want Nano technology is the science of the very small. But how small is small? Well, imagine I was shrunk to a size 1,000 times smaller. I’d be about as big as the eye of a fly, but nano is even smaller than that. In fact, much, much smaller. Imagine I was shrunk again, this time by 10,000 times. I’d be about as big as a virus, but nano is even smaller than that. You’d have to shrink me another 100 times to get the nano version of me, a billion times smaller than the real me. Industry is already building devices on that scale. In Cambridge, they’re making very thin nano layers of a plastic that emit light when an electric current runs through it. The technology will soon be on the market, in mobile phones with very bright, energy-saving displays. People will see these developments initially in fairly simple products like mobile phones, but ultimately they will be in TV’s, and when the technology moves on to plastics, you’ll have a roll-down TV that you can hang on your wall. Nano technology can also be applied to medicine. Ultimately, it will be applied in making a chip that can go into the body, which will release a drug or a whole variety of drugs at an assignment period of time, thus having a healing effect on the body. Nanotechnology can be used in many other fields which are closely related to our daily life as well. The promise of nanotechnology is almost unlimited. That’s why the government is backing it strongly, yet still many critics fear possible side effects.