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大学英语教程课后答案

新视野大学英语第四册课后答案

Unit 1

III.

1. idle

2. justify

3. discount

4. distinct

5. minute

6.accused

7. object

8. contaminate

9. sustain 10. worship

IV.

1. accusing... of

2. end up

3. came upon

4. at her worst

5. pa:

6. run a risk of

7. participate in

8. other than

9. object to/objectedV 1. K 2. G 3. C 4. E 5. N 6.0 7.1 8. L 9. A 10. D

Collocation

VI.

1. delay

2. pain

3. hardship

4. suffering

5. fever

6. defeat

7. poverty

8. treatment

9. noise 10. agony

Word building

VII.

1. justify

2. glorify

3. exemplifies

4. classified

5. purified

6. intensify

7. identify

8. terrified

VIII.

1. bravery

2. jewelry

3. delivery

4. machinery

5. robbery

6. nursery

7. scenery

8. discovery

sentence Structure

IX.

1. other than for funerals and weddings

2. other than to live an independent life

3. other than that they appealed to his eye . . `

4. but other than that, he'll eat just about everything .

5. other than that it's somewhere in the town center

X.

1. shouldn't have been to the cinema last night

2. would have; told him the answer

3. they needn't have gone at all

4. must have had too much work to do

5. might have been injured seriously

XIII.

1.B 2.A 3.C 4.D 5. B 6.A 7.B 8.A 9. C 10.A

II.D 12.C 13. D 14.A 15. C 16.D 17.B 18.C I9. A 20.D

Unit 2

Section A

Comprehension o f the text

1. He lived a poor and miserable life during his childhood.

2.Because no one in Britain appeared to appreciate his talent for comedy.His comic figures did not

conform to British standards.

3. Because his dress and behavior didn't seem that English.

4. It was the first movie in which Chaplin spoke.

5.He used his physical senses to invent his art as he went along without a prepared script.

6.His transformation of lifeless objects into other kinds of objects,plus the skill with which he

executed it again and again.

7. She brought stability and happiness to him and became a center of calm in hisfamily.

8. Comic.

Vocabulary

III.

1. coarse

2. betrayed

3. incident

4. postponed

5. execute

6. surrounding

7. applause

8. extraordinary

9. clumsy 10. sparked

IV.

1. for

2. against

3. up

4. about

5. up

6. to

7. down

8. down

9. in 10. on

V.

l. I 2.J 3.B 4.D 5.E 6.G 7.F 8.L 9.N 10.A

Collocation
VI.

1. service

2. help/hand

3. influence

4. guarantee

5. visit

6. span .

7. welcome

8. spirit

9. duties 10. buildings

Word Building

VII.

1. artist

2. terrorist

3. novelist

4. activists

5. biologists

6. idealist

7. capitalists

8. tourist

VIII.

1. terrorism

2. industrialism

3. realism

4. idealism

5. criticism

6. heroism

7. racism

8. Modernism

sentence structure

IX

1. If I had known that you were coming, I would have met you at the airport.

2. If he had tried to leave the country, he would have been stopped at the border.

3. If we had found him earlier, we could have saved his life.

4. If I had caught that plane, I would have been killed in the air crash.

5. If he had been in good health, he could have written many books.

X.

1. it is a wonder to find

2. It is a surprise for us to find

3. it is a waste of time to argue with him

4. It's a comfort to know

5. It is a relief for us to learn

XI

1.If the characters in this comedy had been more humorous,it would have attracted a larger audience.

2. She has never lost faith in her own ability, so it is a possibility for her tobecome a successful actress.

3. I never had formal training, I just learned as I went along.

4. As their products find their way into the international market, their brand isgaining in popularity.

5. She could make up a story by saying she was knocked unconscious by thieves andthat all her

money was gone, but she doubted whether she could make it sound believable.

6. No one was certain whether he postponed the visit on purpose, but this broughtmore criticism of him.

Cloze

XIII.

1.C 2. B 3.C 4.B 5.A 6. C 7. D 8. A 9. D 10. C

11.D 12. A 13.A 14.C 15.B 16. D 17.A 18.C 19. B 20. A

Structured Writing

XV.

Charlie Chaplin is a great comic for his native land Britain, but even more so for the world. On the

stage he often wore tiny moustaches,huge pants and tailcoats that were perhaps more characteristic of

Europeans and may be not much of the British.Since more than half of the roles Chaplin played were

in silent films, people throughout the world had no difficulty understanding his films. With sound

movies,Chaplin created a nonsense language that sounded like no known nationality and was accepted

and appreciated by people all over the world. For most of his lifetime he did not stay in his mother

country;he traveled throughout the world to appear on stage for people of different nationalities

Unit 3

Section A

Vocabulary

III.

1. raw

2. convicted

3. compensation

4. notify

5. provisions

6. receipt

7. paste

8. altered

9. thrive 10. certify

Exercises on Web course only:

11. donation 12. roast 13. rent 14. champion 15. temptation

IV

1. up

2. to

3. down

4. of

5. out

6. into

7. for

8. on

9. through 10. of

V.

1. M

2. E

3. G

4. A

5. H

6. C

7.1

8. K

9.0 10. D

Collocation

VI.

1. respect

2. degree

3. money

4. living

5. praise

6. place

7. success

8. scholarship

9. job 10. reputation

Word Building

VII.

1. longish

2. animal-like

3. selfish

4. honey-like

5. ball-like

6. boyish

7. yellowish

8. bookish

VIII.

1. politicians

2. technician

3. comedian

4. musicians

5. physicians

6. electricians

7. beautician

8. magician

sentence structure

IX.

1. The wanted man is believed to be living in New York.

2. Many people are said to be homeless after the floods.

3. Three men are said to have been arrested after the explosion.

4. The prisoner is thought to have escaped by climbing over the wall.

5. Four people are reported to have been seriously injured in the accident.X.

1. He tried sending her flowers, but it didn't have any effect.

2. I don't regret telling her what I thought, even if I upset her.

3. The window was broken because I forgot to close it when I left.

4. We regret to inform you that the materials you ordered are out of stock.

5.He welcomed the new student and then went on to explain the college regulations.Translation

XI.

1. Seven or eight officials are reported to have taken bribes and the mayor hasdecided to look into the

affair in person.

2.These workers regret yielding to the management's advice and going back to work.Now they are

again faced with the threat of losing their jobs.

3. You only need to fill out a form to get your membership, which entitles you toa discount on goods.

4.Their car broke down halfway for no reason.As a result they arrived three hours

later than they had

planned.

5. The official got involved in a scandal and was forced to resign weeks later.

6. The man living on welfare began to build up his own market, one step at a timeand his business is

thriving.

XII

1.据报道这个男子曾在私下说:“许多救济对象在欺骗我们,因此,作为补偿,我们有权让他们对我们点头哈腰。

2.我们考虑了你的背景与经历,很遗憾地告诉你,我们目前没有适合你的工作机会。

3.我没能按奥斯卡的暗示去做,相反,我反驳了那个妇女,结果她竟然是我们的新经理。

4.需要有人来充当穷人权利的捍卫者,因为这一体制太容易被滥用。

5.我的车子在高速公路上抛锚后,我打电话向警察求助,20分钟后他们赶来帮我。

6.他热爱艺术,却经受了巨大的痛苦—贫穷与误解。

close

XIII.

1.B 2. C 3. A 4. D 5.B 6. A 7. D 8. C 9. A 10. B

11.D 12.A 13.C 14.B 15.D 16.B 17.C 18.A 19:D 20.B

structured Writing

XV

It is difficult to get a welf are client’s wheelchair repaired.Once my wheelchair needed repairing,

and I notified my caseworker. She gave me a lecture that I hadn’t taken good care of my wheelchair.

Then she told me that I must have the patience to wait until she had the time to report my wheelchair

conditions to my medical worker.Then the medical worker called the wheelchair repair companies

to get the cheapest bid and informed the main welfare office at the state capital.It took them another

several days to consider the matter.When they finally got my wheelchair repaired,I had been confined

to bed for more than half a month.

Unit 4

Section A

Vocabulary

III.

1. investment

2. disposal

3. condensed

4. strategic

5. revenue

6. scratch

7. utilities

8. invested

9. nowhere 10. transmission

IV.

1. is lagging far behind

2. are stuck with

3. going for

4. remain in contact

5. keep pace with

6. at your disposal

7. dates from

8. scratched the surface of

9. stuck in 10. choose between

V.

1.L

2.N

3.D

4.E

5.H

6.1

7.F

8.0

9.1 10.B

Collocation

VI.

1. exchange

2. growth

3. opportunities

4. understanding

5. benefits

6. peace

7. development

8. career

9. will 10. status

Word Building

VII.

1. superpower

2. superabundant

3. supermarket

4. super-speed

5. supercomputer

6. superman

7. superstar

8. super-efficient

VIII.

1. auto-timer

2. auto-focus

3. autograph

4. auto-reverse

5. autobiography

6. automakers

7. autoloading

8. autocriticism

sentence structure

IX

1. Concentrate on indoor delights rather than outdoor fights and you'll be muchbetter appreciated.

2.As a result of the development of computer technology many people may eventually be able to

work at home rather than go to the office.

3. Some people say that the pupils' achievements this term will be measured by aformal test rather

than their teacher's assessment.

4. They argued that their products should be developed on the basis of need ratherthan profit.

5.During weekends the businessmen may spend time establishing friendship and mutual trust rather

than discussing any particular item of business.

X.

1. Petrol now is twice as expensive as it was a few years ago.

2. Theirs is about three times as big as ours.

3. Latin American customers talk two to four times as long on the phone as peoplein North America.

4. the fee for cell phones is typically twice as much as for calls made over fixedlines

5. can transmit 250,000 times as much data as a standard telephone wireTranslation

XI.

1.Rather than invest in my education,my parents spent their money on a new house.

2.Today,people are spending twice as much on entertainment and relaxation as they did in the past.

3. In order to be successful, a business must keep pace with developments in themarketplace.

4. Her fluency in English gave her an advantage over other girls for the job.

5.For students,nowhere is better than the library,where all the books are at their disposal.

6. We should make full use of the platform to strengthen communication, expandcooperation in more

areas and seek further development through joint efforts.

XII.

1,发展中国家认为信息技术是促进经济发展的途径,但一些国家在估算成本与选择技术方面缺乏经验。

2.据说地球拥有的地下水量大约是其拥有的河流和湖泊水量的三千倍,而且地下水要干净得多。

3.任何人都能照出好照片—问题只是你是否在合适的时间和地点。

4.通过在他们的学校和图书馆安装计算机,这些社区的领导们表明他们决心不在技术上落后。

5.当他开始创办这家公司时,他想他将能在市场上与那些顶级公司并驾齐驱,可是他现在失望

了,因为他没有成功。

6.佛罗里达的一对夫妇在建造一座他们称之为未来之家的房子,它既能抵御咫风,又与周围环

境十分协调。

Cloze

XIII.

1.C 2. D 3. A 4. B 5. B 6. C 7. D 8. B 9. C 10. D

11.A 12.C 13.B 14.D 15.C 16.D 17.B 18.A 19.C 20.C

Structured Writing

XV.

Compare the new welfare system with the old one and you would find a world of difference between

the two. Under the new welfare system, the law encourages welfare clients to work on their own for a

gradual shift away from welfare,and this is not the case in the past.Welfare clients now can develop

their talents to make money. In the past, they often cheated to bleed the system for a few extra dollars.

Now caseworkers will gladly help their clients find appropriate jobs rather than act like detectives to

try to seek out any unreported properties. Today many welfare clients have made a choice to live a life

of complete honesty and they tell the truth to caseworkers and declare any extra income they make.

In cases like this,caseworkers will feel greatly relieved because they don't need to search for any

cheating as in the past.

Unit 5

Section A

Comprehension o f the text

I.

1. Because 22 millionpeople live alone,which suggests that it is an overwhelming phenomenon in the

United States.

2. Because they can find inspiration in solitude.

3.The more positive one is toward oneself,the less the need for staying with others.

4.It depends.If they live with their friends,the friends'temporary leaving will be received as a

welcome change. However, if they live alone, the temporary absence of friends may leave them with a feeling of emptiness.

5. Because the need to talk is the most basic need of a solitary person.

6.They may call friends to tell them important things,or talk to themselves,their pets, the television,

or even to strangers.

7. To stay rational, settle down in a comfortable way and find pleasure from thecurrent life,. wait for

anything happy that may happen.

8. The writer thinks that as ordinary people's solitary life differs from that ofgreat minds (like poets

and philosophers), they should cherish the thought that "since weare here, we may as well accept it

and make the best of it".

Vocabulary

III.

1. humble

2. slippery

3. tame

4. inspiration

5. crept

6. apology

7. observation

8. dictate

9. inadequate 10. solitary

Exercises on Web course only:

1l. choked 12. waterproof 13. poetry 14. commodity

IV

1. cast out

2. all by himself

3. stay up late

4. was fond of

5. at one sitting

6. filled up with

7. speaks highly of

8. set forth

9. at length 10. for the timebeing

V.

1.K

2.H

3.M

4.B

5.A

6.0

7.J

8.D

9.F 10.1

Collocation

VI.

1. efficiency

2. status

3. performance

4. standard

5. coordination

6. sense

7. career

8. quality

9. supply 10. accuracy

Word Cjuifdin8

VIl.

1. underestimated

2. underpaid

3. overslept

4. Underdeveloped

5. overestimated

6. overcharged

7. underweight

8. overloaded

VIll.

1. simplified

2. electrician

3. recovery

4. childlike

5. autobiography

6. underline

7. terrorist

8. overreact

sentence structure

IX.

1. The distance between them is not so great as to be unbridgeable.

2. The unity of the masses with the party is never so strong as it is now.

3. The punishment was harsh because Maggie would lose her position, but it was notso bad as losing

her pay.

4. I've heard the terrible noise once or twice before, but never so loud as thisone.

5. Men are never so peaceful, so graceful with each other as they are now.X.

1. You might as well go there to see whether there is the information you need.

2. We might as well call it freedom.

3.You might as well ring and tell them you're going to visit them.

4. We might as well walk home.

5. We might as well find an easier one to read.

Translation

XI.

1. This little man is not so innocent as he appears.

2.There's nothing I can do about the problem,so you might as well turn to Professor Wang for help.

3. Both sides speak highly of the fruits in their cooperation in different areas,and hope that the

cooperation can be furthered.

4. On the one hand, an image of being close to the people can get a new policy moreeasily accepted.

On the other hand, it will "encourage people to speak their minds and come up with constructive

suggestions".

5. His sense of loneliness rose and fell and he sometimes would talk at length tohimself and his pets

and the television.

6. After all, money is not everything. The richest people are not necessarily thehappiest.

XII

1.新的机制并不像他们预期的那样有效,因为数月过去了,但管理效率并没有明显改进。

2.我不想不必要地吓唬你,可你最好还是面对事实,看看一些数字吧。

3.孤独的特点是一种与世隔绝感,而独居则是独自一人却不感到寂寞的状态,它能引发自我

意识。

4.孤独是一种消极的状态,你会感到失去了某种东西。你可能与别人在一起仍然感到孤独—这也许是孤独最痛苦的形式。

5.独居是一种与自我相约的积极的状态。独居是值得向往的,是独自一人、享受自我愉快而又

充实的陪伴的一种状态。

6.梭罗说,一个人即使身处同伴之中,如果不对他们敞开心扉,仍会感到孤独。

Cloze

XIII.

1.B 2.D 3.A 4.B 5.C 6.C 7.D 8.D 9. B 10. A

11.C 12. B 13.A 14.C 15.D 16.B 17.C 18.A 19.D 20.C

Structured Writing

XV.Some people prefer to live alone whereas some others have to live alone for one reason or another.

Those people believing in inspirational solitude argue that no companion is more companionable than

solitude.Literary giants such as William Wordsworth,John Milton and Henry Thoreau enjoyed living

alone on purpose.Hunters or explorers enjoy themselves as they venture out to tame the great wild

areas. On the other hand, there are some other people who have to live alone due to various reasons:

being divorced, widowed or never married. Many of them feel bitter to live in solitude. They have no

one to talk to and as a result they talk at length to themselves and to their pets and to the television.

Unit 6

Section A

vocabulary

III.

1. Substantial

2. concerning

3. negotiation

4. exaggerate

5. withdrawn

6. commissions

7. financed

8. secure

9. impose 10. donation

IV

1. by

2. in

3. of

4. to

5. up

6. on/upon

7. with

8. in

9. in 10. between

V

1.O

2.E

3.G

4.1

5.J

6.B

7.K

8.N

9.M 10.D

Collocation
VI.

1. approaches

2. reward

3. protection

4. honor

5. advice

6. access

7. advantages

8. help

9. sympathy 10. understanding

Word Building

VII.

1. foresight

2. forewarned

3. foreground

4. postgraduate

5. post-race

6. foresaw

7. post-Christmas

8. post-election

VIII.

1. e-shopper

2. e-merchant

3. e-journal

4. e-classroom

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