Unit 1 Personal Relationship
In-Class Reading The Gift of Life
16 越南护士抬起头平静地对两名美国人说: “他以为自己快死了。他误解了你们。以为你们要他献出所有的血，小女孩才能活下来。”
18 越南护士把这个问题向小男孩重复了一遍。小男孩简单地回答道: “她是我的朋友。”
1. 1A 2B 3A 4A 5B 6C 7A 8 C
2. 1 killed 2 wounded 3 arrived 4girl 5 badly / seriously
8 American 9type 10 orphans
11 French 12 difficulty 13 frightened 14 would 15 cried
16 Vietnamese 17 found 18 understand 19 willing 20 friend
V = Vietnamese nurse H = Heng N = Navy nurse
V: Is it hurting, Heng?
V: So why are you crying? Is there anything wrong?
H: I’m sad that I will have to leave the world. I’m a little scared before I die. I don’t want to die, but I don’t want my friend to die, either.
V: Why do you think you are gong to die?
H: The doctor said unless I gave my blood to my friend, she would certainly die.
V: You must have misunderstood him. You only have to give some of your blood to the girl.
This won’t do any harm to your health.
H: Really? Are you sure?
V: Yes. Have a good sleep no w. When you wake up, I’m sure you’ll be as strong as before. V: (to the Navy nurse): He thought he was dying. He misunderstood you. He thought you asked him to give all his blood to the little girl so that she could live.
N: But why would he be willing to do that?
V: Heng, the Navy nurse wants to know why you would be willing to give all your blood to little girl?
H: She’s my friend.
1.1reply 2 land 3 supplied 4 wound 5 replied 6 signed
7 wounded 8 supplies 9 sign 10 balancing 11 land 12 balance
2 run: 1 D 2A 3C 4E 5F 6B
match: 1D 2B 3F 4C 5E 6A
3 1Insert 2in the balance 3requests 4relief 5 let out
6steady 7stiff 8misunderstood 9limited 10action
1. When I knew the details I realized that I should not have lost my temper in the office.
2. I don’t / didn’t know Bob very well, but we go / went out for an occasional drink together.
3. The meeting is supposed to take place on Tuesday, but we have to postpone it / put it of.
4. Our government took action to bring / get all the Chinese in that country back to China.
5. Including weekends, there are only 12 more days to buy Christmas presents / gifts.
6 .Without immediate action, many kinds / species of wild animals would die from hunger.
Part Three Further Development
1 Grammar Review
A: Did you hear that Tom failed the English final? He was 10 minutes late for the final because he woke up late.
B: That’s too bad. But he should have asked his roommate to wake him up.
A: Well anyway, he got to the classroom before the listening part finished. But then he found the batteries for his radio were dead.
B: Well, he should have bought new batteries the day before.
A: Yes, very true. He then had to borrow two batteries from his classmate. But when Tom was doing the exam, he found there were many words that were new to him.
B: He should have spent more time memorizing new words and phrases before the exam.
A: Yes, and then Tom had a splitting headache because he had studied until two in the morning. B: T hat’s too bad. But he really shouldn’t have stayed up the night before the exam.
A: And what’s more, Tom was so afraid to fail the final that he peeped at his neighbor’s paper. He was caught and would be punished.
B: Really? He shouldn’t have cheated on the exam.
2 Vocabulary Review
1 A Though / Although B though C though
A Both “although” and “though” can be used as conjunctions to introduce a subordinate clause of concession (让步状语从句) in which you mention something which contrasts with what you are saying in the main clause.
B “Though” is sometimes used as an adverb. When used as an adverb, it is not used at the beginning of a clause. “Although” cannot be used as an adverb.
C When a clause beginning with “though” ends with a complement or adverb, you can bring the complement or adverb forward to the beginning of the clause. However, when a clause beginning with “although” ends with a complement or adverb, you cannot move the complement or adverb to the beginning of the clause.
2 A reply / answer B answer C replying
Both “answer” and “reply” can be used as nouns and verbs. With a noun object we use the verb “answer” or “reply to”. e.g. We must answer / reply to these questions as soon as possible.
3 A speaks B speak C talking D speak / talk
You say that someone “speaks” or “can speak” a foreign language. If someone is giving a speech, you say they are “speaking”. If two or more people are having a conversation, you say that they are “talking”.You do not say that they are “speaking”. If you “speak to / talk to” someone, you have a conversation with them.
4 A injured / hurt B hurt / injured C wounded / injured D wounds
You can be “wounded” or receive a “wound” from any attack in which a gun or sharp instrument such as a sword or knife is used. You can be “hurt” or “injured” or receive an “injury”, a) when any other weapon such as a heavy stick or bomb is used, b) in an accident. Both “wound” and “injure” are more serious than “hurt”. Note that “hurt” can be used as an intransitive verb but not “wound” or “injure”.
e.g. It hurts when I try to move my leg.
5 A houses B apartment, apartments
A “house” is a building for people to live in and often has more than one level. An “apartment” in American English or a “lat” in British English refers to a set of rooms within a larger building, usually on one level.
6 A aside B apart C aside / apart
Both “aside” and “apart” can be used as adverbs. “Aside” means “away or to the side”. “Apart” means “separated by a distance”. he phrase “aside from / apart from” means a) except for, b) in addition to.
7 A requests B requested C demanded D demands
Both “request” and “demand” mean “ask for sth. or ask sb. to do sth.”. “Request” is more formal and stronger than “ask (for)”. “Demand” is even stronger. If you “demand” something, you feel strongly that you have the right to get it, and will not take “no” for an answer. Both “request” and “demand” can be used as a verb or as a noun. A “request” for something is a polite demand for it.
8 A border B boundary
The word “border” refers to the dividing line between two countries or states or the land near that line. A “boundary” is a precise line marking the outer limits of an area.
3 Roommates and Friends
In addition to those listed in the book, my ideal roommate would also be: someone who does not smoke; a responsible and honest person; someone who does not snore while sleeping; the best student in my class; someone who does not stay up too late; an independent person; someone who does not interfere in my private affairs; a tolerant person; a trustworthy person, etc.
No, I don’t think roommates are usually friends. Living in the same room doesn’t necessarily mean that friendships will develop. Although roommates are usually friendly to each other, not all of them are friends because friendliness is not always an indication of friendship. It’s true with classmates.
Only when people have similar interests and a common outlook on life will they become friends or close friends.
I think more often than not roommates will become friends. Obviously, roommates spend much time together and therefore will learn a lot about each other. When people get to know each other, friendship often develops. Many people could have become friends if they had met and got together often or long enough. Sharing rooms paves the way to friendship. We often hear older people say they were roommates or classmates and ther efore good friends. It doesn’t mean roommates will surely become friends. They’re more likely to become friends.
4 It Made Me Feel So Good
As a newcomer in this university, the first letter I’ve received here is from my best friend, Don g Ming. Dong Ming and I were classmates in high school and we spent a lot of time together, studying, talking and playing around. I can safely say that not a single day was spent without our being together during our senior high school years. But now we’re studying at two different universities far apart from each other. His letter makes me feel as if we were together again, talking. And what’s important is not the letter itself but what he said in the letter.
Dear Dong Hao,
I felt sad when we let each other last Friday and yet a little happy about all the new things and the excitement ahead of us in our new college life. It’s what we want and need. One thing is very important to both of us: to make more friends and to learn to get along with others. To do so I believe we should respect others—their point of view, their way of doing things, etc. Only in this way can we make more friends and make our campus life more interesting. What do you think? I look forward to your reply.
Somet imes I feel good about myself when I’ve been able to contribute a little bit to my relationships with others. I remember what I did for Xiao Li, my next door neighbor and good friend. Last summer Xiao Li got seriously ill and was in the hospital for five weeks.
At the beginning I didn’t know what I could do for him. I went to Mom for advice. Mom thought about it for a while and said, “Well, the only thing I can tell you is to be available when he needs you—not when you want to be available.” I took Mom’s ad vice seriously. I called him on the phone now and then to check if he needed any help and I went to see him every day after school and did what I could for him. So when Xiao Li recovered and let the hospital I felt so happy.
5 When Your Neighbor Is in Need of Help
A young woman was walking along the streets one night when she was attacked. She screamed for help and managed to escape. A few minutes later her attacker caught her again and she continued screaming for help while the neighbors watched terrified from their windows and did nothing. T hey didn’t even call the police. T he woman died of multiple stab wounds ( 多处刺伤).
1 I think there are several reasons for that. First, people were rather cowardly and selfish. When they heard someone screaming late at night, they thought that might be dangerous so they just stood back and watched the woman get killed in front of them. They preferred to protect themselves rather than get involved to risk being injured or even killed. Second, they felt that there are already institutions in cities to deal with this kind of problem. T hey didn’t think they needed to intervene because the police would do something for them. Finally, it is possible that these people were so terrified that they could not think clearly or take action to protect the woman.
2 I don’t know. Maybe I would go to the street and try to protect the woman. I think more people would come to help if they realized what was really happening. Maybe I would call the police. But I’m afraid that when the police arrived, she might already have been killed. Or maybe I would be too scared to give any help. I might simply close the window and put my ear plugs in. T hese are the different things I might do on such an occasion, but I believe it’s most likely that I would call the police.
Part Four Writing and Translation
2 Translation Practice
Lean on Me
Sometimes in our lives we all have pain, we all have sorrow
But if we are wise, we know that there’s always tomorrow.
Lean on me when you’re not strong
And I’ll be your friend, I’ll help you carry on
For it won’t be long, till I’m going to need
Somebody to lean on.
Please swallow your pride if I have faith you need to borrow
For no one can ill those of your needs that you won’t let show.
You just call on me, brother, when you need a hand
We all need somebody to lean on.
I just might have a problem that you’ll understand
We all need somebody to lean on.
When we need help, we should not hesitate to ask for it. There are two reasons for us to do so. First, sometimes in our lives we all may have pain and sorrow, so we all need somebody to lean on. For example, when we are angry, we need someone who is willing to listen to our complaints and to comfort us. Sometimes it is very likely that the one whom you have asked for help may need your help some day in the future. By helping each other, we become friends. The other reason is that no one can help us if we are too proud to let others know what we want. So next time if we have trouble, if we need somebody to lean on, don’t hesitate to ask for help. Likewise, when one day someone else needs our help lend them a hand or let them lean on us.